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Once a dweller on its shore, while out with his dog, hunting, saw a fine white deer stooping to drink at the margin of the lake. He raised his gun to fire, but, before he could pull the trigger, his dog howled, and the deer faded away. There is a Mohegan legend of such a deer that came each spring with the opening of the cherry blossoms to drink from this lake. It was the Indian belief that, so long as the snow-white doe came there to drink, their harvest would not fail them, or pestilence destroy them, or fires lay waste

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their country. They never molested the creature. However, at last, a Frenchman from Canada, who visited


them, induced a warrior, by a gift of fire-water, to
kill the gentle deer. He set out for Montreal with
the skin, but was slain on the journey. Never after

that did things
go well with
the Indians.

The town of
was originally

out for their accommodation, and in 1737 church and schoolhouse were built for them there. The settlement gradually increased in size until the In

dians A Berkshire waterfall

bered nearly five hundred. They were Christianized by John Sargent, who came into the wilderness of southern Berkshire at the age of twenty-four, mastered their language, and preached three or four sermons a week to them. In 1751 Jonathan Edwards settled in Stockbridge to assist in the task of converting the red



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heathen. His grandson, the notorious Aaron Burr, spent a part of his boyhood in the town. The Indians all migrated to western New York shortly after the Revolution.

Cyrus Dudley Field, who laid the first telegraph cable across the Atlantic, was born in Stockbridge. His father was the minister. Cyrus had three brothers and all four boys were mischievous. It is said that their father would take two of them into the pulpit with him, while the other two sat in a pew with their mother. During the “long prayer" the minister would pray with a hand on the head of each of his charges “to be sure they were there."

Stockbridge and Lenox are both famous summer resort towns. The creation of beautiful estates at the latter place began about 1850, and now there is not a hilltop nor a valley but has its splendid houses and far-flung attendant gardens, and each mansion commands some natural mountain vista of great beauty.

At one time the vicinity was such a resort of notable writers, who had either permanent or summer houses there, or came thither as visitors, that it was called "a jungle of literary lions.” Among the rest was Hawthorne, who came in the spring of 1850 to dwell with his family in a little red house in Stockbridge, just over the line from Lenox. Down below, in the valley, was a beautiful lake, and roundabout were hills and mountains. While there he wrote “The Wonder Book," which boys and girls have read with delight ever since.


Each day he went with his children, Una and Julian, to a farmhouse half a mile distant for milk along a road that he called “The Milky Way”; and he used to

play with them flying kites, went nutting and climbing trees, made boats for them to sail on the lake, took them fishing and flowergathering, and tried to teach them to swim. In winter he was their companion

in coasting, and in building a palace of snow

with ice winThe old white church in Lenox

dows. Yet he

was SO shy with strangers that he would jump a fence to avoid meeting them on the highway.

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Bay State Industries, Places, and Famous People MA

ARKET gardening is done on a large scale near

the cities. Many of the market gardeners have big glass houses that are heated in winter so that crops are growing in them all through the year. In the adjacent fields several crops are raised each season.

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