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came across the Atlantic with two ships in 1614 and explored the coast from the Penobscot to Cape Cod.

The region is halfway between the equator and the north pole, and, though the winters are severe, the summers are warm enough for the growth of a great variety of grains, fruits, and vegetables. It is not so far north that its harbors are closed by ice in winter,

nor so far south
that the cli-
mate lessens
the energy of
its people. Per-
sons with weak
find the climate
too harsh, but

it helps those
A deserted home among the hills

who are natu

rally robust to develop a desirable vigor of body and mind.

New England is more than four hundred miles long north and south, and often the southern lowlands are bare when the forested uplands on the Canadian border are buried deep in snow. The winter weather is very changeable. A southeast wind from the Gulf Stream is likely to bring a winter rain, but such a storm may be followed by a cold “northwester" with driving snow. Then, after the skies clear, the mercury may drop well below zero.



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In the summer the prevailing winds are from the southwest, and the heat is frequently intense, except along the coast, where the sea breezes moderate it. Afternoon and evening thunderstorms are a feature of the warm months. These showers, though they often interrupt farm work and do more or less damage, supply needed moisture to the crops, and replenish the streams to the great benefit of the mills that depend on water power.

The climate was once much colder than it is now. In the northerly part of the continent the snow did

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Apple blossom time



not melt in the spring, but accumulated and formed an immense sheet of ice. The ice extended across

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AMONG those who have furnished illustrative material for this book are the following, and the pictures obtained from them appear on the pages as here listed :

The Boston and Maine Railroad 5, 22, 26, 77, 88, 97, 98, 127, 130, 135, 146, 147, 151, 249, 259, 262, 264, 266, 267, 270, 271, 274, 276, 277, 280, 281, 282, 284, 287, 296, 297, 299, 307, 311, 340, 341, 346, 347, 350. The Boston and Albany Railroad

9, 121, 131, 139. The Bangor and Aroostook Railroad 330, 354.

The Kalkhoff Company - 107, 113, 166, 189, 240, 247, 268, 321, 334, 343, 349, 351, 359. Houghton Mifflin Company 64, 96, 125, 152, 278, 358. G. P. Putnam's Sons — 13 from Bacon's "Connecticut River," 153 from Abbott's "Old Paths and Legends of New England,” 206 from Clark's “History of Connecticut.” E. L. Cleveland Company of Houlton, Maine - 364.

State Publicity Bureau of Vermont — 23, 286, 294, 308, 310, 312, 313.

Mr. Thomas A. Hine of New York 109. Mr. J. B. Standish of Hartford — 162. Mr. Albert H. Pitkin of Hartford 199. Dr. George P. Coopernail of Bedford, N. Y. — 209. Mr. F. N. Kneeland of Northampton, Mass. — 197, 260, 265, 291, 315, 361.

Nearly all the other engravings are from photographs by the author.

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