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For who would bear the whips and scorns of time,
“ In thoughts from the visions of the night, when deep sleep falleth on men, fear came upon me, and trembling which made all my bones to shake. Then a spirit passed before my face; the hair of my flesh stood up. It stood still, but I could not discern the form thereof: an image was before my eyes, there was silence, and I heard a voice, saying, “Shall mortal man be more just than God? Shall a man be more pure than his Maker?'”
And now the grave for its cold breast has won thee,
And, oh! my last caress
Upon his clustering hair!- Willis.
And the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood; and the stars of heaven fell upon the earth, even as a fig-tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken by a mighty wind. And the heavens departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.—Bible.
“ Toll, toll, toll,
“Night, sable goddess, from her ebon throne,
In rayless majesty now stretches forth
66 When for me the silent oar
Parts the Silent River,
Of the strange Forever,
Emphasis produces a primary beauty of oratory ; it gives
the nice distinctions of meaning, the refined conceptions which language is capable of expressing, and imparts a a force and harmony to composition which its absence would render lifeless, and frequently unintelligible. The best rule for emphasizing justly is to study the true meaning of the author, and lay the stress upon such words as you would make impressive were you conversing upon the same subject.
Athos, thou proud and aspiring mountain, that liftest thy head unto the heavens, be not so audacious as to put obstacles in my way; if thou dost, I will cut thee level with the plain, and hurl the headlong into the sea.—Absurd boast of Xerxes.
And David's anger was greatly kindled against the man, and he said to Nathan, “ As the Lord liveth, the man that has done this thing shall surely die ;
“ And he shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, and because he had no pity.”
And Nathan said to David, “ Thou art the man.”—Bible.
The raven himself is hoarse,
“I tell you, though you, though all the world, though an angel from heaven, should declare the truth of it, I would not believe it."
-Macbeth, Act III, Scene 4.
“A Daniel come to judgment! yea, a Daniel! O wise young judge, how I do honor thee!”
Speak clearly, if you speak at all; Carve every word before
let it fall;
stick on conversation's burs, Do n't strew the pathway with those dreadful urs.”
-0. W. Holmes.
A thousand hearts are great within my bosom.
Born for your use, I live but to obey you ;
- Tragedy of the Revenge, Act 5.
A Climax is a figure in rhetoric, which rises in force and
dignity of expression with the sense, and is productive of much grandeur and effect. The rule for reading or speaking a climax, is to raise the voice progressively with the subject.
“And from the sacrifice, by priestly hands,
“ llear the loud alarum bells,
Leaping higher, higher, higher,
" Yet this is Rome,
“But see! he has stepped on the railing, he climbs with his feet and
hands, And firm on a narrow projection, with the belfry beneath him, he
stands. Slow, steadily mounting, unheeding aught save the goal of the fire, Still higher and higher, an atom, he moves on the face of the spire."
Not wholly lost, O Father! is this evil world of ours;
-John G. Whittier.
“Hark !—the bell, the bell !
“ Let old Timotheus yield the prize,
Or both divide the crown :
She drew an angel down.”
“Strike-till the last armed foe expires;
fires; Strike-for the green graves of your sires,
God, and your native land.”
This figure, the reverse of the Climax, imparts force,
beauty, and pathos to language. Begin the passage in the middle tone, letting the voice fall to the lowest tone.
“ Were I an American, as I am an Englishman, while a foreign troop was landed in my country I never would lay down my arms ! -never! never! never !"