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take of justification z, adoption a, fanctification, and the several benefits which, in this life, do either accompany or flow from them b.

33. What is justification ? Ā. Justification is an act of God's free grace, wherein he pardoneth all our fins c, and accepteth us as righteous in his fight d, only for the righteousness of Christ, imputed to use, and received by faith alone f.

8: 34: What is adoption?
Ā. Adoption is an act of God's free grace g, whereby

we both to will and to do of his good unto himself, not imputing their pleasure.

trespasses unto them; and hath com32. 2 Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, mitted unto us the word of reconciwhom he did predestinate, them he liation. v. 21. For he hath made also called : and whom he called, him to be fin for us, who knew no them he also justified; and whom fin; that we might be made the he justified, them he also glorified. righteousness of God in him.

a Eph. i. 5. Having predestina- e Rom. v. 17. For if by one man's ted us unto the adoption of children offence, death reigned by one; by Jesus Christ to himself, accord- much more they which receive aing to the good pleasure of his will. bundance of grace, and of the gift

b 1 Cor. i. 26. For ye see your of righteousness shall reign in life calling, brethern, how that not ma- by one, Jesus Christ. v. 18. Thereny wise men after the flesh, not ma- fóre as by the offence of one judgeny mighty, not many noble are cal- ment came upon all men to condemled. v. 30. But of him are ye in nation : even so by the righteoufChrist Jesus, who of God is made nefs of one, the free gift came upunto us wisdom, and righteousness, on all men unto justification of life. and fanctification and redemption. V. 19. For as by one man's disobe

33. c Rom. iii. 24. Being justifi- dience, many were made finners : ed freely by his grace, through the so by the obedience of one shall redemption that is in Jesus Christ: many be made righteous. V. 25. Whom God hath set forth f Gal. ii. 16 Knowing that a to be a propitiation, through faith in man is not justified by the works of his blood, to declare his righteouf- the law, but by the faith of Jesus ness for the remission of sins that are Christ, even we have believed in past, through the forbearance of Jesus Christ; that we might be juGod.' Rom. iv. 6. Even as David (tified by the faith of Christ, and also describeth the blessedness of the not by the works of the law; for man unto whom God imputeth righ. by the works of the law shall no teousness without works, v. 7. Say- flesh be juftified. Phil. iii. 9. And ing, Blessed are they whose iniqui- be found in him not having mine ties are forgiven, and whose fins are own righteousness, which is of the covered. v. 8. Blessed is the man to law, but that which is through the whom the Lord will not impute fin. faith of Christ, the righteousness

d 2 Cor. v. 19. To wit, that God which is of God by faith. was in Christ, reconciling the world

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34. 8 1 John üi. 1. Behold, what 3 D


stowed on usi

we are received into the number, and have a right to all the privileges of the sons of God h.

Q: 35. What is sanctification ?

À. Sanctification is the work of God's free grace i, whereby we are renewed in the whole man, after the image of God k, and are enabled more and more to die unto fin, and live unto righteousness l.

Q. 36. What are the benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from justification, adoption, and

fanctification ? A. The benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from justification, adoption, and fanctification, are, afsu. rance of God's love, peace of conscience m, joy in the Holy Ghost n, increase of grace q, and perseverance therein to the end.p.

Q. 37. manner of love the Father hath be- might be destroyed, that henceforth

that we should be we should not serve fin. called the sons of God: therefore 36. m Rom. v. 1. Therefore bethe world knoweth us not, because ing justified by faith, we have peace it knew him not.

with God, through our Lord Jesus h John i. 12. But as many as re

Christ: : V. 2. By whom also we have ceived him, to them gave he power access by faith into this gráce whereto become the fons of God, even in we stand, and rejoice in hope of to them that believe on his name. the glory of God. v. 5. And hope Rom. viii. 17. And if children, then maketh not ashamed, because the heirs ; heirs of God, and joint heirs love of God is shed abroad in our with Christ: if so be, that we fuffer hearts, by the Holy Ghost which is with him, that we may be also glo- given unto us. rified together.

n Rom. xiv. 17. For the kingdom 35. i 2 Theff. ii. 13.-God hath of God is not meat and drink, but from the beginning chofen you to righteousnefs, and peace and joy salvation, through fanétification of in the Holy Ghoft. the Spirit, and belief of the truth. o Prov. iv, 18. But the path of

* Eph. iv. 23. And be renewed the just is as the shining light, that in the spirit of your mind; v. 24. shineth more and more unto the perAnd that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righ- pi John v. 13. These things teousness and true holiness.

have I written unto you that believe i Rom. vi. 4. Therefore we are on the name of the Son of God; buried with him by baptism into that ye may know that ye have eterdeath: that like as Christ was rai- nal life, and that ye may believe on fed up from the dead by the glory the name of the Son of God. 1 Pet. of the Father, even so we also should i. 5. Who are kept by the power walk in newness of life. v. 6. Know- of God through faith unto salvation, ing this, that our old man is cruci- ready to be revealed in the last fied with him, that the body of fin, time.


fect day.

That because God is the Lord, and our God, and Re-
deemer, therefore we are bound to keep all his command-

Q. 45. Which is the first commandment?

A. The first commandment is, Thou shalt have no other gods before me g.

46. What is required in the first commandment À. The first commandment requireth us to know and acknowledge God to be the only true God, and our Godb; and to worship and glorify him accordingly i?

Q. 47. What is forbidden in the first commandment ?

À. The first commandment forbiddeth the denying k, or not worshipping and glorifying the true God as God l, and our God m; and the giving of that wor

ship 44. f Luke i. 74. That he would if thou seek him, he will be found grant unto us, that we being deliver- of thee; but if thou forsake him, ed out of the hands of our enemies, he will cast thee off forever. Deut. might serve him without fear, v. 75. xxvi. 17. Thou haft avouched the In holiness and righteousness before Lord this day, to be thy God, and him, all the days of our life. 1 Pet. to walk in his ways, and to keep i. 15. But as he which hath called his statutes, and his commandments, you is holy, so be ye holy in all and his judgments, and to hearken manner of conversation ; v. 16. Be- unto his voice. cause it is written, Be ye holy. for i Matth. iv. 10. Then saith Jesus I am holy. v. 17. And if ye call on unto him, Get thee hence, Satan : the Father, who without respect of for it is written, Thou shalt worship perfons judgeth according to every the Lord thy God, and him only man's work, pass the time of your

shalt thou serve. Psal. xxix. 2. Give sojourning here in fear: v. 18. For unto the Lord the glory due unto asmuch as ye know that ye were not his name; worship the Lord in the redeemed with corruptible things, beauty of holiness. as silver and gold, from your vain 47. k Psal. xiv. 1. The fool hath conversation received by tradition said in his heart, There is no God : from your fathers; v. 19. But with they are corrupt, they have done athe precious blood of Christ, as of a bominable works, there is none that Lamb without blemish and without spot.

I Rom. i. 21. Because that when 45.8

they knew God, they glorified him 46. b i Chron. xxviii. 9. And not as God, neither were thankful, thou, Solomon my son, know thou but became vain in their imaginatithe God of thy father, and serve ons, and their foolish heart was him with a perfect heart, and with darkened. a willing mind : for the Lord scarch- m Pfal. Ixxxi. 10. I am the Lord eth all hearts, and understandech all thy God which brought thee out of the imaginations of the thoughts: the land of Egypt; opco thy mouth

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doth good.

Exod. XX. 3.

ship and glory to any other which is due to him alone ne

Q. 48. What are we specially taught by these words(before me) in the first commandment?

A. These words (before me) in the first commandment teach us, That God; who feeth all things, taketh notice of, and is much displeased with the fin of having any other god o.

49. Which is the second commandment? Ā. The second coinmandment is, Thou mall not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing, that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; and shewing mercy unto thousands of theil that love me, and keep my commandments p.

50. What is required in the second commandment? À l'he second commandment requireth the receiving, observing and keeping pure and entire, all such religious worship and ordinances as God hath appointed in his word g.

0.51 wide, and I will fill it.

V. 11. But the great abominations that the house my people would not hearken to

of Israel committeth here, that I my voice, and Israel would none of should go far off from my sanctuary?

but turn thee yet again, and thou n Rom. i. 25. Who changed the shalt see greater abominations, bi. truth of God into a lie, and wor- to the end of the chapter. fhipped and served the creature more 49. p Exod. xx. 4, 5,6. than the Creator, who is blessed for

50. q. Deut. xxxii. 46. And he ever. Amen. .y. 26. For this cause said unto them, Set


hearts God gave them up unto vile affec- unto all the words which I testify tions :

for even their women did among you this day; which ye ball change the natural use into that command your children to observe which is against nature.

to do, all the words of this law. 48. Ezek. vii. 5. Then said he Matth. xxviii, 20. Teaching them unto me, Son of man, lift


thine to observe all things whatsoever I eyes now the way towards the north: have commanded you: and lo, I am fo I lift


with you alway even unto the end wards the north, and behold, north- of the world." Amen, Acts ii. 42. ward at the gate of the altar, this And they continued stedfastly in the image of jealousy in the entry. v. 6. apostles doctrine and fellowship, and He said furthermore unto me, Son of in breaking of bread, and in prayers

. man, seest thou what they do? .eyen




way to

Q. 51. What is forbidden in the second commandment ?

À. The second commandment forbiddeth the worshiping of God by images r, or any other way not appointed 1 his word.

Q. 52. What are the reasons annexed to the second comrandment ?

A. The reasons annexed to the second commandment, re, God's sovereignty over us t, his propriety in us v; nd the zeal he hath to his own worship w.

O. 53. Which is the third commandment ? Ā. The third commandment is, Thou shalt not take the ame of the Lord thy God in vain : for the Lord will not hold vim guiltless that taketh his name in vain x.

Q. 54. 51. Deut. iv. 15. Take ye crificed thereunto, and said, These herefore good heed unto yourselves be thy gods, O israel, which have for ye saw no manner of fimilitude brought thee up out of the land of in the day that the Lord spake un- Egypt. o you in Horeb, out of the midst s Deut. xii. 31. Thou shalt not of the fire) v. 16. Left ye corrupt do so unto the Lord thy God : for yourselves, and make you a graven every abomination to the Lord mage, the fimilitude of any figure, which he hateth, have they done he likeness of male or female, unto their gods : for even their 7. 17. The likeness of any beast fons and their daughters they have that is on the earth, the likeness burnt in the fire to their gods, of

any winged fowl that flieth in v. 32. What thing foever I comthe air.

v. 18. The likeness of mand you, observe to do it : thou any thing that creepeth on the shalt not add thereto, por diminish ground, the likeness of any fish from it. that is in the waters beneath the 52. t Psal. xcv. 2. Let us come earth : v. 19. And left thou lift before his presence with thanksgiup thine eyes unto heaven, and ving, and make a joyful noise unto when thou seest the sun, and him with psalms. v. 3. For the Lord the moon, and the stars, even all is a great God, and a great King the host of heaven, shouldst be above all gods. v. 6. O come, driven to worship them, and serve worship and bow down : let us kneel them, which the Lord thy God before the Lord our Maker. hath divided unto all nations under v Psal. xlv. 11. So shall the King the whole heaven. Exod. xxxii. 5. greatly desire thy beauty : for he is And when Aaron faw it, he built an thy Lord, and worship thou him. altar before it, and Aaron made w Exod. xxxiv. 13. But ye

shall clamation, and said, To-morrow is destroy their altars, break their a feast to the Lord. v. 8. They images, and cut down their groves. have turned aside quickly out of V. 14. For thou shalt worship no the

way which I commanded them: other god : for the Lord, whose they have made them a molten calf, name is Jealous, is a jealous God. and have worshipped it, and have fa- 53. * Exod. xx. 7.


let us

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