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“ devil, the world, and the flesh: That they are Christians, and fe. " derally holy before baptism, and therefore are they baptized : That the inward grace and virtue of baptism is not tied to that

very moment of time wherein it is administred; and that the fruit and power thereof reachreth to the whole course of our life: " and that outward baptifin is not fo neceflary, that, through the “ want thereof, the infant is in danger of damnation, or the parents « guilty, if they do not contemn or neglect the ordinance of Christ, " when and where it may be had.”

In these or the like instructions, the minister is to use his own liberty and godly wisdom, as the ignorance or errors in the doctrine of baptism, and the edification of the people, shall require.

He is also to admonish all that are present,

To look back to their baptism; to repent of their fins against “ their covenant with God; to stir up their faith; to improve and " make right use of their baptifm, and of the covenant fealed thereby betwixt God and their souls.”

He is to exhort the parent,

“ To consider the great mercy of God to him and his child ; to bring up the child in the knowledge of the grounds of the Chrif“ tian religion, and in the nurture and 'admonition of the Lord; " and to let him know the danger of God's wrath to himself and “ child, if he be negligent: requiring his folemn promise for the “ performance of his duty."

This being done, prayer is also to be joined with the word of institution, for fanctifying the water to this fpiritual ufe ; and the minister is to pray to this or the like effect:

“ That the Lord, who hath not left us as strangers without the Covenant of promise, but called us to the privileges of his ordinances, would graciously vouchsafe to fanctify and bless his own “ ordinance of baptism at this time : That he would join the in« ward baptism of his Spirit with the outward baptism of water ; “ make this baptism to the infant a seal of adoption, remission of

sin, regeneration, and eternal life, and all other promises of the “ Covenant of grace: That the child may be planted into the likenefs of the death and resurrection of Christ; and that, the body of “ fin being destroyed in him, he may serve God in newness of life « all his days.

Then the minister is to demand the name of the child, which being told him, he is to say, (calling the child by his name,)

I baptize, thee in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghof.

As he pronounceth these words, he is to baptize the child with water: Which, for the manner of doing of it, is not only lawful but fufficient, and most expedient to be, by pouring or sprinkling of the water on the face of the child, without adding any other ceremony. This done, he is to give thanks and pray, to this or the like

pur. pose:

« Acknowledging with all thankfulness, that the Lord is true and “.faithful in keeping Covenant and mercy: That he is good and



“ gracious, not only in that he numbereth us among his faints, but “ is pleased also to bestow upon our children this fingular token and " badge of his love in Christ : That, in his truth and special provi. « dence, he daily bringeth some into the bofom of his church, to be « partakers of his inestimable benefits, purchased by the blood of his « dear Son, for the continuance and increase of his church.

“ And praying, that the Lord would still continue, and daily « confirm more and more this his unspeakable favour : That he « would receive the infant now baptized, and folemnly entered in“ to the household of faith, into his fatherly tuition, and defence, “ and remember him with the favour that he sheweth to his people; « that, if he shall be taken out of this life in his infancy, the Lord, ~ who is rich in mercy, would be pleased to receive him up into “ glory; and' if he live, and attain the years of discretion, that the « Lord would so teach him by his word and Spirit, and make his bapve tifm effectual to him, and so uphold him by his divine power and

grace, that by faith he may prevail against the devil, the world, " and the flesh, till in the end he obtain a full and final victory, and “ so be kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation, “ through Jesus Christ our Lord.”

Of the Celebration of the Communion, or Sacrament of the Lord's Supper.
H E communion, or fupper of the Lord, is frequently to be

celebrated: but how often, may be considered, and determin. ed by the ministers, and other church-governors of each congregation, as they shall find most convenient for the comfort and edification of the people coinmitted to their charge. And, when it fall be administered, we judge it convenient to be done after the morning. sermon.

The ignorant and scandalous are not fit to receive the facrament of the Lord's supper.

Where this facrament cannot with convenience be frequently administred, it is requisite that public warning be given the Sabbathday before the administration thereof : and that either then, or on fome day of that week, fomething concerning that ordinance, and the due preparation thereunto, and participation thereof, be taught; that, by the

diligent use of all means fanctified of God to that end, th in public and private, all may coine better prepared to that heavenly feast.

When the day is come for administration, the minister, having ended his fermon and prayer, shall make a short exhortation.

Expressing the inestimable benefit we have by this facrament; together with the ends and use thereof; setting forth the great « necessity of having our comforts and strength renewed thereby, in this our pilgrimage and warfare: how necessary it is that we “.come unto it with knowledge, faith, repentance, love, and with

hungring and thirsting souls after Christ and his benefits : how great the danger, to eat and drink unworthily.

“ Next,

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" Next, he is, in the name of Christ, on the one part, to warn

all such as are ignorant, scandalous, profane, or that live in any. “ sin or offence against their knowledge or conscience, that they "presume not to come to that holy table ; fhewing them, that he " that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh judgment unto


; and, on the other part, he is in especial man. ner to invite and encourage all that labour under the sense

f the burden of their sins, and fear of wrath, and desire to reach out unto a greater progress in grace than yet they can attain unto, to come to the Lord's table; afturing them, in the same

name, of ease, refreshing, and strength to their weak and weari« ed souls.?

After this exhortation, warning, and invitation, the table being be fore decently covered, and fo conveniently placed, that the commu. nicants may orderly fit about it, or at it, the minister is to begin the action with fanctifying and blessing the elements of bread and wine set before him, (the bread in comely and convenient vessels, fo pre: pared, that being broken by him, and given, it may be distributed amongst the comniunicants; the wine allo in large cups,) having first, in a few words, shewed that those elements, otherwise common, are now set apart aiid failetified to this holy use, by the word of institution and

prayer. Let the words of institution be read out of the evangelists, or out of the first Epistle of the Apostle Paul to the Corinthians, chap. xi. v. 23. I have received of the Lord, &c. to the 27th verse, which the minifter may, when he seeth requisite, explain and apply:

Let the prayer, thanksgiving, or blessing of the bread and wine, be to this cffect:

« With humble and hearty acknowledgment of the greatness of " our misery, from which neither man or angel was able to deliver

us, and of our great unworthiness of the least of all God's mercies ; to give thanks to God for all his benefits, and e{pecially for that

great benefit of our redemption, the love of God the Father, the “ lufferings and merits of the Lord Jesus Christ the Son of God, by « which we are delivered; and for all means of


the word « and facraments; and for this facrament in particular, by which ." Chrift, and all his benefits, are applied and sealed up unto us,

which; notwithstanding the denial of them unto others, are in

great mercy, continued unto us, after so much and long abuse of « them all.

“ To profess, that there is no other name under heaven by which “ we can be saved, but the name of Jesus Christ, by whom alone we « receive liberty and life, have access to the throne of grace, aic o admitted to eat and drink at his own table, and are sealed up by

liis Spirit to an assurance of happiness and everlasting life. ** Earnestly to pray to God, the Father of all mercies, and God of « all consolation, to vouchifafé his gracious presence, and the effec« tual working of his Spirit in us; and fo to fanctify these eleinents !? both of bread and wine, and to bless his own ordinance, that we 3 R


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" may receeive by faith the body and blood of Jesus Chrift, cruci« fied for us, and fo to feed upon him, that he may


us, “ and we one with him; that he may live in us, and we in him, and 6 to him who hath loved us, and given himself for us."

All which he is to endeavour to perform with suitable affections, answerable to such an holy action, and to stir up the like in the people.

The elements being now fanctified by the word and prayer, the minister, being at the table, is to take the bread in his hand, and say, in these expressions, (or other the like, used by Christ or his apostle

, upon this occafion :)

• According to the holy inftitution, command, and example of

our blessed Saviour Jesus Christ, I take this bread, and having “ given thanks, break it, and give it unto you, (there the minister, “ who is also himself to communicate, is to break the bread, and “ give it to the communicants): Take ye, eat ye ; this is the body of Christ which is broken for you i do this in remembrance of him.

In like manner the minister is to take the cup, and fay, in these expreffions, (or gther the like, used by Christ or the apostle upon the fame occasion :)

“ According to the institution, command, and example of our “ Lord Jesus Christ, I take this cup, and give it unto you, (here he " giveth it to the communicants), This cup is the new testament in « the blood of Christ, which is shed for the remission of the fins of many: drink


all of it.After all have communicated, the minister may, in a few words, put them in mind,

« Of the grace of God, in Jesus Christ, held forth in this facrament, and exhort them to walk worthy of it." The minister is to give folemn thanks to God,

“ For his rich mercy, and invaluable goodness, vouchfafed to them " in that facrament; and to intreat for pardon for the defects of " the whole service, and for the gracious assistance of his good Spirit

, “ whereby they may be enabled to walk in the strength of that

grace, as becometh those who have received so great pledges of '66 falvation."

The collection for the poor is fo to be ordered, that no part of the public worship be thereby hindered."


Of the Sanctification of the Lord's Day.
HE Lord's day ought to be fo remembered before-hand, as that

all worldly business of our ordinary callings may be so order ed, and so timely and seasonably laid afide, as they may not be inpediments to the due fanctifying of the day when it comes.

The whole day is to be celebrated as holy to the Lord, both i public and private, as being the Christian Sabbath. To which end

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it is requisite, that there be a holy ceflation, or resting all that day, from all unnecessary labours; and an abstaining, not only from all sports and pastimes, but also from all worldly words and thoughts.

That the dict on that day be fo ordered, as that neither servants : be unnecefl'arily detained from the public worship of God, nor any other person hindered from the fanctifying that day.

That there be private preparations of every person and family, by prayer for themselves, and for God's affiftance of the minister, and for a bleffing upon his ministry; and by such other holy exercises, as may further dispose them to a more comfortable communion with God in his public ordinances.

. That all the people meet so timely for public worship, that the whole congregation may be present at the beginning, and with one heart foleninly join together in all parts of the public worship, and not depart till after the blessing.

That what time is vacant, between, or after the folemn meetings of the congregation in public, be spent in reading, meditation, repetition of sermons ; especially by calling their families to an account of what they have heard, and catechizing of them, holy conferences, prayer for a blessing upon the public ordinances, singing of psalms, visiting the sick, relieving the poor, and such like duties of piery, charity and mercy, accounting the Sabbath a delight.


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of Cod, but common to mankind, and of public intereft in every commonwealth; yet, because such as marry are to marry in the Lord, and have special need of instruction, direction, and exhortation, from the word of God, at their entering into such a new condition ; and of the blessing of God upon them therein; we judge it expedient, that marriage be folemnized by a lawful minister of the word, that he may accordingly counsel them, and pray for a befling upon them.

Marriage is to be betwixt one inan and one woman only; and they, such as are not within the degrees of consanguinity or affinity prohibited by the word of God, and the parties are to be of years of discretion, fit to make their own choice, or, upon good grounds, to give their mutual confent.

Before the folemnizing of marriage between any persons, their purpose of marriage shall be published by the minister three several Sabbath-days, in the congregation, at the place or places of their most usual and constant abode, respectively. And of this publication, the minister who is to join them in marriage shall have fufficient teftimony, before he proceed to folemnize the marriage.

Before that publication of such their purpose, (if the parties be under age), the consent of the parents, or others under whose power


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