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Pinkerton's Modern Geography, 2 vols. 4to. and the Abridgment, one vol. 8vo.-Guthrie's Geographical Grammar.-The Glasgow Geography, in 5 vols. 8vo. This work comprehends an immense mass of information, on the historical and descriptive parts of geography. It also contains comprehensive compends of astronomy, geology, meteorology, &c.-Malte Brun's "System of Geography," 8vo. The English translation of this work, when completed, will comprise the fullest and most comprehensive view of universal geography that has yet appeared in our language, including details of the most recent discoveries. Five volumes of the English translation have already appeared. The first volume contains a luminous and comprehensive outline of the science of Geology, and Physical and Mathematical Geography.Myer's "System of Modern Geography," with maps, views, engravings representing costumes, &c. 2 large vols. 4to.-Cooke's "System of Universal Geography," in 2 very large quarto vols. closely printed, contains a great variety of interesting sketches in relation to Descriptive Geography, extracted from the writings of modern voyagers and travellers; the details of incidents, &c. being related for the most part, in the words of the respective authors from whom the information is collected.-Winterbotham's "Geographical and Historical view of the United States of America, &c." 4 vols. 8vo. -Morse's American Geography," 8vo.-Goldsmith's "Geography on a popular plan," contains an interesting account of the manners and customs of nations, for the entertainment and instruction of the young, illustrated with above 60 engravings. Of smaller systems, there is a great abundance in the English language, but most of them are extremely deficient, particulary in what relates to General Geography.-On Sacred Geography, Wells's Geography, modernized by the editor of Calmet's Dictionary, is the most complete work of its kind.-On Physical or General Geography-Playfair's System of Geography, vol. I. and Varenius's General Geography. A Modern system of Geography, in a separate form, on the plan of Varenius, is a desideratum. -Edin. Ency. Art. Geography.—Sup. to Ency. Brit. Art. Physical Geography, &c. &c. Books of Voyages and Travels, generally contain the most circumstantial details of the physical aspects of the different countries, and of the dispositions and customs of their inhabitants; and present to the view of the Christian philanthropist, those facts and incidents, from which the moral state and character of the various tribes of human beings may be inferred. The following works contain comprehensive abridgments of the most celebrated voyages and travels.-"Pinkerton's General Collection of Voyages and

Travels in all parts of the World,” 17 vols. 4to. -"Mavor's Voyages," &c. 28 vols. 18mo.— "The World Displayed," 18 vols. 18mo."Philips's Collection of Voyages and Travels," &c.

The following are among the most respectable modern publications on this subject, arranged according to the different quarters of the world. ASIA. Valencia's Travels in India, Arabia," &c.-" Porter's Travels in Georgia, Armenia,” &c.-"Golownin's Travels in Japan."—“Staunton's Account of Macartney's Embassy to China."-"Raffle's Travels in Java."-"Clarke's Travels in Asia Minor, and the Holy Land.""Chateaubriand's Travels in Palestine."-" Ali Bey's Travels in Arabia."—" Morier's Travels through Persia," &c. AFRICA.- Lyon's Tra vels in Northern Africa."-Burckhard's Travels in Nubia.-Bruce's Travels in Abyssinia.— Salt's Travels in Abyssinia.-Bowdich, Hutton, and Dupuis's Account of Ashantee.-Leigh's Jour. in Egypt.-Belzoni's Travels in Egypt.Sonini's Travels in Egypt.-Barrow's, Bur chell's, and Campbell's Travels in Southern Africa, &c. &c. AMERICA.-Howison's Sketches of Upper Canada. Fearon's Sketches of the United States.-Miss Wright's Views of Society in the United States.-Humboldt's Travels in South America.-Duncan's Travels in the United States.-Luccock's, Vidal's, Kosters's, and Hall's Travels in South America, &c. EUROPE.-Henderson's and Mackenzie's Travels in Iceland.-Thompson's Travels in Sweden.-Carr's Travels in Russia, Denmark, &c. -Pallas's Travels in Russia.—Wraxhall's, Neale's, Coxe's, and Lemaistre's Tours through France, Switzerland, Germany, &c-Bour going's and Jacob's Travels in Spain.-Brydon's Tour in Sicily, &c.-Von Buch's Travels in Norway and Lapland.-Cochrane's Travels in Siberia, &c.-Cook's, Anson's, Byron's. Perouse's, and Bougainville's Voyages round the World, &c.-Prior's Universal Traveller, one thick vol. 12mo. closely printed, with one hundred engravings.


Kirwan's" Mineralogy," and his "Geological Essays."-De Luc's "Geology," and his “Geological Travels."-Parkinson's "Organic Remains of a former World," 3 vols. 4to.- The Fossils of the South Downs, or Illustrations of the Geology of Sussex, by G. Mantel, F. L.S." The preliminary essay to this splendid work contains several excellent remarks respecting the connexion of geology with religion, whica are calculated to advance the interests of both.

Cuvier's" Essay on the Theory of the Earth," with illustrations by Professor Jameson; 4th edition.-Playfair's illustrations of the Huttonian Theory of the Earth.-Transactions of the

Geological and Wernerian Societies.-Jameson's Mineralogy.-Buckland's Account of the Discovery of a Den of Hyenas in a cavern in Yorkshire.-Philips's "Outlines of Mineralogy and Geology," 12mo. This last work forms a good introduction to the study of Geology, for those who are just commencing their inquiries on this subject. The object of this science, in the mean time, should be chiefly to the collecting of facts in reference to the structure of the earth, and the changes it has undergone. The exterior aspect of our globe, and its internal recesses, must be still more extensively explored, before any theory of the earth can be established on a broad and solid foundation. It should be left to future ages to build a system with the materials we are now preparing.


Brewster's "Ferguson's Astronomy," 2 vols. Svo. with a vol. of plates. The notes and supplementary chapters of this work, written by Dr. Brewster, contain a full and comprehensive detail of all the modern discoveries in this science." Bonnycastle's Introduction to Astronomy," 1 vol. 8vo.-La Place's "System of the World," 2 vols. 8vo. Dr. Olinthus Gregory's Astronomy, I vol. 8vo.-Mrs. Bryan's "System of Astronomy," 8vo.-Dr. Mylne's "Elementary Treatise on Astronomy," 8vo.-Adam's "Astronomical and Geographical Essays," 8vo. -Philips's "Eight Familiar Lectures on Astronomy," 12mo.-Squire's "Grammar of Astronomy," 1 thick vol. 18mo. closely printed and illustrated with 35 plates.-The "Wonders of the Heavens," 12mo. This work contains a popular view of the principal facts of Astronomy, and is illustrated with 50 elegant engravings, of a variety of interesting objects connected with the scenery of the heavens; but its discussions are too frequently blended with the peculiarities of a modern physical theory.-Martin's "Gentleman and Lady's Philosophy," vol. 1.-Derham's "Astro-Theology," and Whiston's "Astronomical principles of Religion," 8vo.-Baxter's "Matho," 2 vols. &c.-An elegant and Comprehensive outline of the leading facts of Astronomy, in their relation to revealed Religion, will be found in Dr. Chalmers's" Discourses on the Christian Revelation, viewed in connection with the Modern Astronomy," 8vo.-The general reader in commencing his study of this science, will find Bonnycastle's "Introduction" a very interesting work. It is written in an elegant and animated style, and is agreeably interspersed with a number of appropriate reflections; but it is deficient in the detail of modern discoveries. He might next proceed to the perusal of Ferguson, Gregory, Squire, &c. La Place's work contains a beautiful exposition of the Newtonian system, but it is glaringly defi

cient in a reference to the wisdom and agency of a Supreme Intelligence. "An undevout as tronomer is mad." Baxter's "Matho," contains a popular and interesting view of this subject, and forms a striking contrast to the apathy of La Place, who carefully keeps out of view the agency of the Creator-the main design of this author being to connect the phenomena of the heavens and the earth with the attributes of Deity, and the high destination of immortal minds. Though this work passed through three editions, it does not seem to have been appreciated according to its merits. As it has now become scarce, a new edition, with notes, containing a detail of modern discoveries, might be an acceptable present to the public. Those who wish to prosecute this subject to a greater extent, may be referred to "Long's Astronomy," 2 vols. 4to.-Robinson's "Mechanical Philosophy," vol. 1.-Vince's "Complete System of Astronomy," 3 vols. 4to.-"La Lande Astronomie," 3 vols. 4to.—and Biot's "Traite Elémentaire d'Astronomie Physique." A compre hensive work on Descriptive Astronomy, detailing, in a popular manner, all the facts which have been ascertained respecting the scenery of the heavens, accompanied with a variety of striking delineations, and interspersed with appropriate reflections, accommodated to the general reader, is a desideratum.


Hauy's "Elementary treatise on Natural Philosophy," translated by Dr. O. Gregory, 2 vols. 8vo. This translation contains a number of valuable notes by the translator.-Ferguson's "Lectures on Select Subjects in Mechanics," &c. by Dr. Brewster, 2 vols. 8vo with a volume of plates. The Appendix to this work, by Dr. Brewster, contains a mass of valuable information on Mechanics, Hydraulics, Dialling, and the construction of Optical Instruments; besides a variety of illustrative notes interspersed through the body of the work. A new edition of this work, comprising a detailed account of the recent discoveries in Experimental Philosophy, has been lately published.-Nicholson's "Introduc tion to Natural Philosophy," 2 vols. 8vo.→ Cavallo's" Complete Treatise on Natural and Experimental Philosophy," 4 vols. 8vo.-Martin's "Philosophia Britannica,"3 vols. 8vo. His "Gentleman and Lady's Philosophy," 8 vols. 8vo. and his "Philosophical Grammar," 1 vol. 8vo.-Gregory's " Economy of Nature," 3 vols. 8vo. and his "Lectures on Experimental Philosophy, Astronomy, and Chymistry," 2 vols. 12mo.-Joyce's "Letters on Experimental Philosophy," 2 vols. 12mo. and his "Scientific Dialogues," 6 vols. 18mo.-Adam's "Lectures on Natura and Experimental Philosophy," 4 vols. 8vo. with a volume of plates.-Young's

"Lectures on Natural Philosophy," 2 vols. 8vo. -Walker's system of "Familiar Philosophy," 4to. in 12 lectures, with 47 quarto engravings. -Conversations on Natural Philosophy, by the author of Conversations on Chymistry, 1 thick vol. 12mo. with 23 engravings.-Blair's" Grammar of Natural and Experimental Philosophy," especially the late editions, contains (at a small price) a comprehensive view of the principal departments of Philosophy, including Astronomy, Geology, Chymistry, Meteorology, &c.Euler's "Letters to a German Princess," 2 vols. 8vo. contains a popular view of the most interesting subjects connected with Natural and Experimental Philosophy, Logic, and Ethics. This work is distinguished by a vein of dignified and scriptural piety, which runs through every part of it. Euler was one of the most distinguished philosophers and mathematicians of his day. He died in 1783, at the age of 77. A new edition of this work, with notes by Dr. Brewster, has been lately published. These notes are excellent, so far as they extend; but it is to be regretted that they are so sparingly distributed, and that the passages suppressed by M. Condorcet, and De la Croix, which were restored by Dr. Hunter, who translated the work, and the notes of the French and English editors, are, for the most part, discarded. Notwithstanding the numerous excellent treatises which are to be found on this subject, a comprehensive work on experimental philosophy, blended with sketches of those parts of natural history, which are connected with it, and enlivened with appropriate reflections on the peculiar agencies of the Deity, which appear in the various processes of nature is still wanting to interest the general reader, and to attract his attention to this department of knowledge. Were philosophers, in their discussions of natural science, more frequently to advert to the agency of the Deity, and to point out the religious and philanthropic purposes to which modern discoveries might be applied, they might be the means of promoting, at the same time, the interests both of science and of religion; by alluring general readers to direct their attention to such subjects; and by removing those groundless prejudices which a great proportion of the Christian world still entertain against philosophical studies. About the period when Boyle, Ray, Derham, Nieuwentyt, Whiston, Addison, the Abbe Pluche, and other Christian philosophers flourished, more atten

tion seems to have been paid to this object than at present. Since the middle of the last century, the piety of philosophers appears to have been greatly on the decline. It is to be hoped that it is now beginning to experience a revival. But, whatever may be the varying sentiments and feelings of mere philosophers, in reference to the agencies of the material system-"all the works of God invariably speak of their Auth to the humble and enlightened Christian; and if he be directed to contemplate the order of nature, with an eye of intelligence, he will never be at a loss to trace the footsteps and the attributes of his Father and his God.


Davy's Elements of Chymical Philosophy, 8vo.-Ure's Dictionary of Chymistry, on the basis of Mr. Nicholson's, large vol. 8vo. Henry's Epitome of Chymistry, 2 vols. 8vo.— Accum's Chymistry, 2 vols. 8vo.-Thomson's System of Chymistry, 4 vols. 8vo.-Murray's System of Chymistry, 4 vols. 8vo. and Appendix.-Kerr's translation of Lavoisier's Elements of Chymistry, 8vo.-Chaptal's Chymistry, applied to the Arts, 4 vols. 8vo.-Fourcrey's Chymistry, 4 vols.-Accum's "Chymical Amusements," and Griffin's “Chymical Recreations," contain a description of a variety of interesting chymical facts and amusing experiments.— Gurney's Lectures on the Elements of Chymical Science, 8vo.-Mackenzie's One Thousand Experiments in Chymistry, &c.-Mitchel's Dictionary of Chymistry.-Conversations on Chymistry, by a Lady, 2 vols. 12mo.-Joyce's Dialogues on Chymistry, 2 vols. 18mo.-Par ker's Rudiments of Chymistry, 18mo. and his Chymical Catechism, 8vo. The four works last mentioned may be recommended as popular introductions to the study of this science. Parker's Rudiments and Catechism are distinguished by their constant reference to the agency of the Deity, and by the anxiety which the author displays to fix the attention of his readers on the evidences of benevolent design which appear in the constitution of nature. The numerous notes appended to the Chymical Catechism, imbody a great variety of interesting facts in reference to the economy of nature, and the processes of the arts. To this amiable and intelligent writer I feel indebted for severa, of the chymical facts stated in this volume.

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