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afterwards Amasis ambassadors Apollo Arabian Argives Aristagoras army Artabanus Artaphernes Artayctes Artemisium Asia Astyages Athenians Athens attack Attica Babylon Barbarians battle Battus besieged Boeotia bridge brother called Cambyses Carians cavalry chap Chersonesus Cleomenes conquered Corinthians Croesus cubits Cyrenaeans Cyrene Cyrus Darius daughter death defeated Delphi Demaratus Democedes desert Dorians Egypt Egyptians Ethiopians Euxine fled fleet force gave Greece Greeks Harpagus Hellespont Hercules Herodotus Histiaeus honour horses iEginetae invade Ionians island Ister Isthmus joined Jupiter killed king Lacedaemonians Lake land Libya Libyan Lydians Magi marched Mardonius Medes Megabazus Milesians Miletus Miltiades nations nians Nile oracle Otanes Pausanias Peloponnesians Peloponnesus Persians Phocians Phoenicians Plataea Polycrates reached refused reign revolt river sacrifice sailed Salamis Samians Samos Sardis Scythians sent ships sians silver talents slain Smerdis Sparta Spartans stadia subdued Susa temple Thebans Thebes Themistocles Theraeans Thermopylae Thessaly Thrace Thracians took triremes troops tyrant whilst Xerxes
Page i - HERODOTUS, Notes on. Original and Selected from the best Commentators. By DW Turner, MA Coloured Map. Analysis and Summary of, with a Synchronistical Table of Events — Tables of Weights, Measures, Money, and Distances — an Outline of the History and Geography — and the Dates completed from Gaisford, Baehr, &c. By JT Wheeler. NEW TESTAMENT (The) in Greek.
Page 18 - ... accustomed to ascend the highest parts of the mountains, and offer sacrifice to Jupiter, and they call the whole circle of the heavens by the name of Jupiter. They sacrifice to the sun and moon, to the earth, fire, water, and the winds. To these alone they have sacrificed from the earliest times : but they have since learnt from the Arabians and Assyrians to sacrifice to Venus Urania, whom the Assyrians call Venus Mylitta, the Arabians, Alitta, and the Persians, Mitra.
Page 20 - Persians, sent ambassadors to Cyrus at Sardis, wishing to become subject to him, on the same terms as they had been to Croesus. But he, when he heard their proposal, told them this story : " A piper seeing some fishes in the sea, began to pipe, expecting that they would come to shore ; but finding his hopes disappointed, he took a castingnet, and enclosed a great number of fishes, and drew them out. When he saw them leaping about...
Page 43 - Bubastis, they celebrate the festival with numerous sacrifices, and consume more wine than in all the rest of the year.
Page xi - ... terminated in a complete defeat (Book VI.). Herodotus next pursues the constantly increasing causes of enmity between Greece and Persia ; among which is the flight of the Spartan king Demaratus to Darius. To this event he annexes a detailed explanation of the relations and enmities of the Greek states, in the period just preceding the first Persian war. The expedition against Eretria and Athens was the first blow struck by Persia at the mother country of Greece, and the battle of Marathon was...
Page 184 - This inscription was made for all ; and for the Spartans in particular : " Stranger, go tell the Lacedaemonians, that we lie here, obedient to their commands." This was for the Lacedaemonians ; and for the prophet, the following : " This is the monument of the illustrious Megistias, .whom once the Medes, having passed the river Sperchius, slew ; a prophet, who, at the time well knowing the impending fate, would not abandon the leaders of Sparta.
Page 181 - ... Phoenix and Thermopylae is a village, the name of which is Anthela, by which the Asopus flowing, falls into the sea : the country about it is wide, and in it is situated a temple of Ceres Amphictyonis, and there are the seats of the Amphictyons, and a temple of Amphictyon himself. 201. King Xerxes, then, encamped in the Trachinian territory of Malis, and the Greeks in the pass. This spot is called by most of the Greeks, Thermopylae, but by the inhabitants and neighbours, Pylae.
Page x - ... Greek states, particularly Athens and Sparta. In this manner Herodotus, in describing the first subjugation of the Greeks by an Asiatic power, at the same time points out the origin and progress of those states by which the Greeks were one day to be liberated. Meanwhile, the attack of Sardis by Cyrus brings the Persian power on the stage in the place of the Lydian ; and the narrative proceeds to explain the rise of the Persian from the Median kingdom, and to describe its increase by the subjugation...
Page 39 - ... support their parents, but daughters are." P, 36 : " The priests have shaven heads, but in other nations they have long hair. The people wear long hair when mourning for near relations instead of shaving it. They live with their domestic animals. They make bread of spelt, thinking it infamous to feed on wheat or barley. They knead dough with their feet, but pick up dung or clay with their hands. They are circumcised. The men wear two garments, the women but one. They fasten the rings and sheets...
Page 86 - Darius crossed over against them, to be not more than a thousand years, but just that number. This sacred gold the kings watch with the greatest care, and annually approach it with magnificent sacrifices to render it propitious. If he who has the sacred gold happens to fall asleep in the open air on the festival, the Scythians say he cannot survive the year, and on this account they give him as much land as he can ride round on horseback in one day.