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ject: but we can with great justice nience will allow. In spirit and award him the praise of ability, matter, Mr. Knowles's Life of his coupled with a diligence and eru hero falls very far short of that acdition which have enabled him to count of Fuseli which we read in bring before us a vast mass of im Mr. Murray's Family Library. It portant and interesting statements occupies the whole of the first of illustrative of the ecclesiastical bis the present volumes, and does not tory of this country. The Revenues add a single material fact concernof the Crown are next considered ; ing the celebrated painter, which and their origin and augmentation, Mr. Cunningham had not already with the delusions practised respect employed in his very animated ing them, are graphically described. sketch. The Lectures and DisserThe Civil List, with all its train of tations, which occupy the remainimposture, is amply exposed. The ing two volumes, are all devoted to author then proceeds to examine the details of that art in which the the position in which the Aristo author so conspicuously shone. Becracy stands in relation to the

peo sides the technical instruction with ple, showing the effects of their which they abound, the writings of ambition as a body, and their usur Fuseli form some of the happiest pations of interference with the re models we possess in English, of a presentative system. Indeed we fine classic composition. As one may say that every link in the of the standard works that are calcomplicated chain of Government, culated to maintain the purity of or rather, what has been Govern English literature, we strongly rement for so long a time in these commend these beautiful volumes realms, is traced with a bold and to the public. acute spirit of investigation. As a document, presenting an important, curious, and, for the most part, at ART. XIX.-A Treatise on the Natested series of facts, we think the ture and Causes of Doubt, &c. Extraordinary Black Book amply 12mo. London : Longman and merits the general attention.

Co. 1831. This is a very sensible, and we regret to have cause for saying, a very

seasonable little work, addressed in a Art. XVIII.- The Life and Writ

ings of Henry Fuseli, Esq., becoming strain, to all those rational M.A.R.A., the former written,

persons who have not yet made up and the latter edited, by John

their minds upon the great subject Knowles, F.R.S. In three vo

of their“ being's aim and end," and lumes, 8vo. London: Colburn

still retain an adequate sense of the and Bentley. 1831.

importance of such a question.

The object of our author is the very Both the biography, and most of just one of spreading Christianity, the works of Fuseli, are already an object indeed common to many; well known to the public, so that but the means which he employs, when we have awarded to these

are, we suspect, somewhat peculiar, volumes the praise of being, as to and we are mistaken if they be not mechanical elegance, a suitable re as useful as they are singular. The pository for the reliques of a con great fault of those Treatises siderable genius, we have performed which are usually written in defence all that duty commands, or conve of the Christian religion is, that

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they assume a vast deal of things alterations in wages on value-the
in the nature of principles, of which conditions of the standard of value
their adversaries or those whom -and value in exchange. We must
they desire to convert, are yet to be say that we have seldom met with
convinced. Now the author before a controversialist so perfectly fair,
us enters with evident propriety candid, and temperate to his anta-
into the chief of those preliminary gonists, as Mr. Cotterill.
questions, and by slow gradations
he labours forward in the removal
of difficulties until he attains that Art. XXI.- Invention of an effec-
point at which his predecessors have tive and unfailing Method for
always begun. There he places forming an Instantaneous com-
the inquirer unembarrassed, and munication with the Shore in Ship-
in a state which will give him the wreck, and illuminating the Scene
fairest chance of taking a correct in the dark and tempestuous Night.
view of those ulterior doctrines, By John Murray, F. S. A. Lon-
which, as we have said, it was the don : Whittaker and Co. 1831.
final object of this writer to incul-

We are glad to see one of Mr. cate. The volume is written in an

Murray's energy and scientific atexcellent spirit, and not without

tainments, attentive to a subject of some of those merits of composition such pressing interest as that to which will recommend it to popu which he has now devoted bis larity.

talents. The invention, with the history of wbich this pamphlet is

occupied, bears in its outline a reArt. XX.- An Examination of semblance to that of Captain Man

the Doctrines of Value, as set by, with, however, such a difference forth by Adam Smith, Ricardo, in favour of the new one, as justly M.Culloch, 8c. By Cbarles F. authorizes Mr. Murray to claim the Cotterill. Svo, Simpkin and merit of originating a principle. Marshall. 1831.

The object of forming a communiIn this very elaborate and acute cation between the ship in distress treatise, Mr. Cotterill attempts to and the shore, is effected in the overthrow some of the leading prin new plan by meaus of an arrowciples of the Ricardo school of po- shaped missile, which is propelled litical economy.

He indeed gives by a gun from the shore. This Mr. Ricardo credit for the profound instrument is so formed as to be and original views which he took able to maintain its direction against of the efficient and determining the resistance of the storm-to secause of value—but says, that from cure itself a hold where it strikeswanting the necessary skill in an and it is armed with a rod and ring, alytical subtlety, he mistook the to which latter a line is attached true theory on this point. Mr. Cot the moment that the shot is fired. terill contends, in opposition both to The apparatus is further supplied Smith and Ricardo, that the cost of with a most ingenious appendage production, or labour, and its gene for illuminating the flight of the ral productiveness, determines, or is arrow and the scene of the shipthe cause of value : and he follows wreck. We trust that this pamphup the consequences of his doctrine, let will meet with immediate atteninasmuch as it affects collateral tion from the numerous bodies of questions—such as the effects of humane associations which have

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been formed in this country on the ments, or with the traditions and same benevolent principles as seein testimonies, to which his acquainto have actuated Mr. Murray. tance with the colonists must have Every suggestion for lessening the given him access. The account of dangers that are so imminent to the insurrection in 1795, when the the existence of those who are inhabitants of St. Vincent, by their obliged to “plough the watery

plough the watery patriotic and disinterested conduct, main” should be seized with avidity, laid such an immense obligation on and the utmost latitude of experi- the proprietors of estates there, is ment afforded to it ; but this com- now presented to us in an enlarged pliment, which is so amply due to and correct form, and proves to be such suggestions or plans on ac- a very interesting and important count of the value of their object, passage in our colonial annals. Au is certainly challenged with tenfold appendix of copious statistical deforce in favour of a contrivance tails is added ; and in point of plan which has for its author a gentle- and execution, we have not seen, for man with the information, expe- some time, an historical and toporience, and abilities of Mr. Murray. graphical work that reflects more In bestowing this recommendation credit on the good sense and dilion the pamphlet before us, we may gence of the author, than the vobe allowed to mention, as some test lume before us. One fact wbich of our sincerity, that we, at the same we glean from Mr. Sheppard's work time, feel no little displeasure at the deserves, for the eternal instruction indiscriminateinsinuation of corrup- which it holds out, to be mentioned. tion against Reviews, which, coming When the settlements of North and from one that has been so fairly South Carolina were first establishdealt with by cotemporary critics, ed, the celebrated Locke was preis as ungenerous as it is unjust. vailed on to digest a code of laws

for the new colonists. The code was put into operation, but in a few

years it was deliberately abandoned, ART. XXII.-An Historical Ac

in consequence of its michievous count of the Island of St. Vincent.

effects !-Another circumstance is By Charles Sheppard, Esq. 8vo.

noted by the author, as proving the London: Ridgway; Liverpool,

most criminal apathy to the sufferRobinson and Son; Glasgow, ings of humanity in the members Smith and Son. 1831.

of the local legislature of St. VinTue circumstances under which cent. Whilst the aged and infirm this History is compiled, are such slaves are enjoying the comforts of as to claim for it the consideration a decent maintenance from their that is due to an authentic and

masters, the corresponding class of standard account of the Island of free labourers is left wholly unproSt. Vincent. The author appears vided for, there being neither relief to be well acquainted with all the fund nor even hospital to receive descriptions of the colony, which them when sick. The want of the have, from time to time, been con- latter institution is quite unaccounttributed to our literature by writers able, as the leprosy, in all its horrideserving of confidence; and their ble violence, is increasing amongst materials he has had the opportu- the population. We should observe nity, from his residence in the island, that some excellently engraved of comparing with official docu- views are annexed to this volume.

Arr. XXIII.—The Medical Annual searches of the most eminent con

for 1831, containing a Popular tinental chemists. But whilst he Account of all the Discoveries of pays to such authorities the deferMedicine and of Domestic Articles ence that is due to their talents and of real Utility, &c. &c. By R. experience, he is far from implicitly Reece, M. D. London : Simkin adopting their conclusions, and and Co. 1831.

honestly declines giving his sancA Medical Annual! what will not

tion to the employment of any ingenuity compass and execute ?

medicine of their recommendation, This work is but a new and agree

which has not attested its character able method by which Dr. Reece

as a remedy in his own practice. seeks to place sound medical know

There is a great deal of stubborn ledge at the door of every member

strong sense in the following obser

vations. of the community, not only perfectly free from technical obscurities and

• Of all the new remedies, Iodine, difficulties, but in such a clear and

Morphine, Prussic Acid, and Strychnine, obvious way as all can easily under are the only ones in the favour of which stand. This Annual appears to be

the results of our own experience have more particularly intended to con enabled us to speak decidedly. Of the

other new articles—as Emetine, Veravey a description of the new discoveries and improvements which

trine, Atropine, &c.—we have not given

a trial, for a plain reason that may excite have occurred in the Art of Medi the derision of the philosophical practicine during the last ten years. The tioners of France and Italy, viz. because mere knowledge, however, of the we would not take any one of them ourproperties of the new medicines selves in any case of disease. We do would go but a little way in an

not mean to say that great credit is not swering the whole of the author's

due to some French chemists, particularly

to M. Pelletier and M. Caventou, for disinterested wishes; and he has

their late discoveries of the alcalies of accordingly treated them with re

numerous natural productions of the ference to their virtues in such an vegetable kingdom, in which they suparranged form, as that the simplest pose the virtues of the articles to reside; person may be able to know in what and also to the justly celebrated physiodisease, or what stage of it, the logist, M. Majendie, for the numerous article is to be used, and in what experiments he has made on different

animals, for the purpose of ascertaining proportion, and under what pre

their medicinal properties: but this we cautions.

The Doctor very pro say, that the value of many of these perly justifies what might be called

discoveries, as remedial agents, has been the unprofessional simplicity of his by them much overrated. When the work, by observing that the healing extracts of poisonous vegetables contain art has not only ceased to be the

all their medicinal virtues in such a property of any privileged body,

state of concentration, that one or two but it has been brought to such a

grains is a sufficient dose, what ad

vantage can arise from a still further degree of perfection, by the labours

concentration by tedious and expensive of the moderns, as not to require processes; and especially when the artithe cloak of technicalities, or of a cle so concentrated is too powerful to be dead language. The preliminary administered without dilution? If the estimate which the author gives of atropine (the alcali of the deadly nightthe value of some of the proposed

shade), the daturine (the alcali of the

stamonium seeds), and other alcalies of new remedies, shows him to be extensively and analytically ac

poisonous vegetables, are to be mixed

with a converse, or dissolved in a fluid, quainted with the scientific re to render them safe articles for conver

2

ing into the human stomach, surely Art. XXIV.— The Pious Minstrel; they cannot differ, as remedies, from

a Collection of Sacred Poetry. carefully made extracts, which are, in

12mo., pp. 351. London: Č. fact, the alcalies in combination with

Tilt. 1831. gummy matter.

As to the solutions of these alcalies in alcohol, which Majendie A BEAUTIFUL little volume, bound and others term tinctures, they possess in morocco, in the best taste, with no advantage whatever over the common

gilt edges, looking like a prayertinctures of the articles from which the

book, lies modestly on our table, alcalies are obtained, for they cannot deny that they are powerfully’impreg- asking us not to pass it over among nated with the alcaline bases. The dis

the multitude of works by which we covery of an alcali in such powerful are surrounded, -perhaps we might poisons as the deadly nightshade, the also truly say,--and confounded. garden nightshade, &c. &c. is only in

We open it, and the first object we teresting in a chemical point of view.

behold is-oh ye muses, sacred and In medicine, we are satisfied, such

Now articles are far more like to prove in

profane !—Robert Pollok !

who is Robert Pollok ? He is the jurious than beneficial, by supplying with dangerous implements those theo

author of “ The Course of Time." rists and experimentalists who think What is “ The Course of Time ?. hospital patients fair objects for the We have not the most trifling idea, boldest experiment. We have noticed but we believe that, under that title some of the following articles, more to

a poem was written in English, induce practitioners to avoid than to subject their fellow-creatures to dangerous

such as it then was, about 300 experiments. To Majendie, Orfila, and years ago. But what brings Robert other cool philosophical experimentalists,

with his sober face and un-combed the profession is, unquestionably, much hair into the frontispiece of this indebted for the numerous trials they little book? May we perish if we have made with the new alcalies on dogs know! we cannot even conjecture, and other animals; but had they com

unless that, like our friend Montmunicated the unfavourable results of their experiments on their fellow-crea- gomery-him we mean of Heaven, tures, who had placed their lives in their

Hell, &c.—he had an ambition to hands, the medical profession of this

exhibit bis portrait to the eyes of country would have been more competent

the world. We would recommend to form a just opinion of their value. the spirited publishers to serve The life of a member, even of the lowest Robert Pollok with an ejectment, class of society, is, in this country,

to give him notice to quit forthwith, deemed much too valuable to be sub

otherwise their book will not sell. jected to rash experiments.'--Pp. 40, 41.

It is truly ridiculous to put a face This is the language of true

side by side with the transfiguraphilosophy, whose characteristic at- tion, and in front of a collection of tribute it is to be applicable to all poetry, which boasts of the names times, and all places; nor is it

of Milton, Southey Campbell, necessary, after such an extract, to Cowper, Burns, Watts, and Byron. take further trouble in claiming the

From these, and indeed from many public confidence for this book. of the best poets in our language,

Some very curious and useful in- a charming selection of verses has formation on various points con

been made, which take us out of nected with the preservation of this noisy and transitory world at health are added, for which we once, and lift us to the contemplarefer to the volume itself.

tion of those regions where Peace has her eternal abode. The tumult of life becomes hushed while we

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