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OBSOLETE AND PROVINCIAL, ENGLISH
WORDS FROM THE ENGLISH WRITERS PREVIOUS TO THE NINETEENTH
CENTURY WHICH ARE NO LONGER IN USE, OR ARE NOT USED
USED ONLY IN THE PROVINCIAL DIALECTS
THOMAS WRIGHT, M.A., F.Ş.A.
VOL. II. G-2
GEORGE BELL AND SONS
The boys Cat Horncastle] annually keep up the festival of the floralia on Mayday, making a procession to this hill with May gads, as they call them, in their hands: this is a white willow wand, the bark peeled off, tied round with cowslips, a thyrsus of the Bacchanals: at night they have a fire and other merriment, which is really a sacrifice or religious festival.
Stukeley's Itiner. Curios., 1776, i, 31.
GA, 0. To go. North.
(2) v. To daub with dirt. Berks. GAB, s. (A. N.) Talkativeness. GABBARD, adj. Ill-contrived, as
GABBERN, s rooms; large. West. CABBE, v. (A.-N.) To talk idly; to
jest; to lie. GABBER, (1) v. To talk nonsense.
(2) 8. A jester. GABBERIES, 8. (1) Deceits. Minsh.
(2) Prattle; jests. GABBLE-RATCHES, 8. Birds which
make a great noise in the even.
ings. North. GABBO,
The game of three GOBBO, S card loo. GABEL, S. (A.-N.) An excise. GABERDINE, 8. (Fr.) d coarse cloak
or mantle. GABERLILTIE, S.
A ballad-singer. Norih. Gabie, s.
A large-holed sieve. North. GABLE, (1) 8. (Fr.) A cable.
(2) adj. High. GABLE.POLES, 8. Rods placed out
side the roof to secure the thatch. GABLET, s. A small ornamental
gable or canopy over a tabernacle
or niche. GABLICK, 8. A crow-bar. Linc. GABLOCKS, 8. Spurs for fighting
cocks. GABRIEL-BELL, 8.
A local name for the saints' hell or ting-tang. GABRIEL-RATCHET, 8. The name
of a ghost or night spirit. North. GABY, 8. A simpleton. GACH, 8. Filth or dirt of children.
Glouc. Gad, (1) 8. (A.-S.) A goad,or sharp
point of metal; a spear; a pole
pointed with metal. And, come, I will go get a leaf of brass, And with a gud of steel will write these words,
Tit. Andr., iv, 1.
A measuring rod of ten feet. (3) 8. A fishing-rod; any rod or stick. North. (4) s. A tall, slender person. Craven. (5) 8. The gad-fly. (6) v. To flit about as a gad-fly. (7) v. To run madly about the field, said of cattle. (8) v. To think; to believe. Ken. nett. (9) 8. A wedge used in mining. “Pick and gad, and keep the kibble going," a very common motto in the mining districts expressive of bustle and acti.
vity. GAD-ABOUT, s. A rambler. West. GADAMAN, adj. Roguish. Heref. GAD-BEE, S. The gad-fly. GAD-BIT, 8. A nail-passer. GAD-BREEZE, 8. The gad-fly.
A. He's a puppy-I can liken him to nothing but my bald heffer when she's got the gad-brecze in her tail.
The Country Farmer's Catechism, 1703. GADDRE, 4. A sheep's or calf's
pluck. GADE, s. A gadling. GADER, v. To gather. GADGER, s. A gauger. North. GAD-HOOK, 8. A long pole with an
iron crook. Somerset. GADING, s. A going about; a GADDING, ) pilgrimage. GADLING, S. (A.-S.) A worthless
vagabond. GAD-NAIL, S. A. sort of long stout
And lay it by.
Gads, 8. Knobs or spikes of iron (3) To hinder motion by tightused in armour.
ness. Northampt. Gad-steel, 8. Flemish steel, made GAGATE, S. (Lat.) An agate. in gads, or small bars.
Gage, (1) s. (A.-N.) A pledge; a GAD-WHIP, s. An ox-whip. Linc. defiance for battle. GAERN, s. A garden. Somerset. (2) v. To pledge; to lay as a GAF, pret, t. Gave.
wager. GAFF, (1) s. An iron hook. West. (3) s. A bowl. Pr. Parv. Still Called also a gaffer.
used in the Eastern Counties. (2) s. A gaffer. Linc.
(4) s. A measure of slate, a yard (3) v. To toss up three pence, a square. game in the North.
(5) 0. To harness a horse. Bedf. GAFFER, S. An old man ; sometimes GAGEMENT, s. An engagement.
a grandfather; the foreman of a Wight. set of labourers. West. Formerly, GAGGER, S. A nonconformist. East.
mode of address GAGGET, s. (Fr. gigot.) A leg of among the lower classes, equiva- mutton. See Gigget. lent to friend, neighbour.
Gaggle, v. To cackle.
GAGGLES, s. The game of nineLord, master, goodman, gaffer, or knave; lady, mistress, goodwife, gammer, or
pins. North. whore; so they do but buy my book,
GAGS, s. Children's pictures. Suf. and pay honestly for it, it's all one to GAG-TEETH, s. Teeth projecting me: a knave's money is as good as an
out. Nomencl. honest man's. Poor Robin, 1707.
Gagy, adj. Showery. Suss. GAFFLE, (1) 8. A part of the cross- GAHUSEY, S. A worsted short shirt bow used in bending it, inoved
with sleeves. East. in a part called the rack.
Gaibeseen, adj. Gay-looking. My cross-bow in my hand, my gaffle on
Now lykewyse what saie you to courtiers ? my rack,
These minión gaibeseen gentilmen. To bend it when I please, or when I please
Sir Tho. Chaloner's Moriæ Enc., Q 2, b. to slack. Drayt. Muses' Elys.
GAIGNAGE, S. (A.-N.) Profit; gain. (2) v. To tease; to incommode.
GAIL, S. A tùb used in brewing. West.
Gail-clear, a tub for wort. Gail(3) v. To chirp, or chatter.
dish, a vessel used to pour liquor (4) v. To gad about. West.
into a bottle. North, (5) 8. A dung-fork. Somerset. GAILLARD,adj. (A.-N.) Gay; frisky. (6) v. A term applied to ducks Gaily, adj. Pretty well in health. when feeding together in the
North. mud. Northampt.
Gain, adj. Near; convenient; pro
fitable ; easy; tolerable; tractable;
dexterous; expert; active; re. GAFFLED, adj. Silly. Northampt.
spectable; accommodating; good GAFFLOCK, S. A crow-bar. Derb. tempered. Var. d. liares. s. Spurs for fighting-cocks. GAINAGE, 8. (A.N.) Profit. GAFT, 8. A sort of hook for catch- GAINCOME, S. (A.-S.) Return. ing eels. Wilts.
GAINCOPE, v. To go across a field Garty, adj. Suspicious. Chesh. the nearest way; to meet with, Giag, v. (1) To nauseate. Suff.
South. (2) To gad about.
Some indeed there have been, of a moro
, } 8. A cock's spur.
heroical strain, who striving to gaincope | GALAGE, 1 o. (Fr. galloche.) A these ambages, by venturing on a new discovery, have made their voyage in
GALLAGE, } clog or patten, fashalf the time.
tened with latchets; any coarse Comenius's Janua Ling, ed. 1659. shoe. GAINFUL, adj. Tractable. Yorksh. My heart-blood is nigh well frorn I feel, You'll find him gainful, but be sure you
Aúd my galage grown fast to my heel curb him,
Spens. Shep. Kal. Feb., 243. And get him fairly, if you can, this lodg. GALANTNESSE, 8. Fashion in dress. ing. B.& Fl. Pilgrim, iv, 4.
GALAOTHE, 8. A chaplet. MaunGAINGIVING, 8. A misgiving.
devile, p. 244. GAINLY, (1) adj. Suitable.
Galash, v. To cover the upper (2) adv. Readily; easily.
part of the shoe with leather. GAINSHIRE, S. The barb of a hook. Yorksh. Derb.
GALCAR, 8. An ale-tub. Yorksh. GAIN-SPUR, 0. To excite by the GALDER, S. Vulgar talk. East. prospect of gain.
GALDIMENT, s. A great fright.
GALE, (1) o. To cry; to scream. Save for the reverence of th' unstained (2) s. Song; noise. credit
(3) 8. A castrated bull. West. Of many a witnes where I yerst have read it:
(4) v. (A.-S. galan.) To sing.
(5) 8. Wild myrtle. Cumb. And saving that our gain-spurr'd pilots (6) s. (Fr.) Any sort of excres
finde, In our dayes, waters of more wondrous
cence, Linc. kinde.
Du Bartas. (7) v. To ache with cold; to fly GAINSTAND, 0. To withstand.
open with heat. North.
(8) v. To gale a mine, to acquire GAINSTRIVE, v. To strive against.
the right of working it. West. GAIRISH. See Garish.
(9) A taunt, or gibe. GAIRN, S. Yarn. Yorksh.
(10) Gaol, or prison. GAIT, (1) s. A path, or street. (2) 8. Summer pasturage for
Litul Johne and Moch for sothe cattle in a common field. North.
Toke the way unto the gale.
Cambridge II s., 15th cent. (3) s.
A gait of water is two buckets carried with a yoke. GALE-HEADED, s. Stupid. Devon. (4) 8. A goat.
GALENTINE, 8. (Fr.) A sort of sauce. (5) s. A single sheaf of corn.
We have in the old cookery reNorth.
ceipts for such dishes as lain. (6) v. To set up sheaves of corn preys in galyntyne."
in wet weather to dry. GAIT-BERDE, S. Goat's beard.
Galyntyne. Take crustes of brede, and
grynde hem smalle. Do thereto powdor GAITING,(1) adj. Frolicsome. Dors. of galyngale, of canel, gyngyves, and
(2) s. A single sheaf of corn set salt it. Tempre it with vynegar, and on end to dry. North. See Gait.
drawe it up thrugh a straynor, and
messe it forth. Forme of Cury, p. 25. GAITRE-BERRIE, 8. The berry of the dog-wood tree.
GALES, 8. Wales.
GALIARD, adj. Gay. See Gaillard GALAGANTING, adj.
Galiardise, gaiety. awkward. West.
GALILEE, 8. A church porch.