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Such is the land designed by God for the noblest, most thrilling, and glorious story home of liberty. The people to whom He ever penned on earth. Yet the fact remains has intrusted it have not abused His good that the great mass of the American people ness. In the short space of two centuries, are but imperfectly acquainted with it. There the American people have grown from a is a real need that we should know better small handful of hardy adventurers to a than we do what we have done. It is only "mighty continental nation," increasing with | by a thoughtful study of our past that we can a rapidity that is almost marvellous. They safely provide for the perils of the future. have built up their country on a scale of | We have triumphed over adversity, and we magnificence of which they are justly proud. are now called upon to bear the test of sucThey have covered it with powerful and free He can be no good citizen who is States, and splendid cities, connected by a | ignorant of his country's history. network of railways, telegraphs, navigable In the preparation of this volume, no rivers, and canals, which bind all the scat authority of importance has been overlooked; tered parts into one solid whole. They have the author has carefully searched every made a commerce and a system of manufac- source of information open to him; and has tures before which the fabled wealth of Tyre availed himself of every fact that could throw sinks into insignificance. They have created new light upon, or impart additional interest a literature which commands the respect of to, the subject under consideration. the world; they have illustrated their history In the narration of military events, he has with deeds of arms not less splendid than preferred to give each campaign as a whole their more peaceful achievements, and have rather than to mingle several by presenting given to the world names in every walk of the events in chronological order. At the life that will never die. They have shown same time he has sought to preserve the that liberty and power can go hand in hand; inter-relation of events in one field of operathey have made themselves a nation in which tions to those in the others. God is feared, and of which Christianity is the The book is offered to the public in the basis, in which ignorance and vice are des- sincere hope that it may induce its readers to pised, and in which the great lesson that lib- take to heart the lessons which our history erty is possible only to an educated and teaches, and to set a higher value upon the virtuous people is being practically demon- precious heritage of constitutional liberty strated.

which our fathers won for us with their blood, This is a grand history-a record of and handed down to us in trust for our chilthe highest achievement of humanity-the dren's children.


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Discovery of the North American Continent by John

Cabot— Voyages of Sebastian Cabot—The English
Fail to Follow Up these Discoveries - Efforts of the



The English Claim to America—Voyages of Fro-

bisher—Exploits of Sir Francis Drake—Sir Humph-
rey Gilbert—Intends to found a Colony in America
-Is lost at Sea-Sir Walter Raleigh obtains a Pat-
ent of Colonization-Discoveries of Amidas and

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Emigration of Royalists to Virginia-Virginia and

and the Commonwealth— Treaty with England~

The Assembly Asserts its Independence of the Gov-

- The Restoration--Berkeley Chosen Gover.

nor by the Assembly–His Hypocrisy .




Characteristics of the Virginians-Causes of the Suc-

cess of the Royalists—Growth of the Aristocratic

Class—Berkeley decides against the People--The

Aristocratic Assembly Claims the Right to sit Per-

petually-Deprives the Common People of their

Liberties--Revival of the Navigation Act by Charles

11.---The King bestows Virginia as a Gift upon his

Favorites--Protests of the Assembly-Growing Hos-

tility of the Virginians to the Colonial Government-

The Indian War--The Governor Refuses to allow

the Colonists to Delend themselves--Nathaniel Ba-

con--He Marches against the Indians--Rebellion

of the People against Berkeley and the Assembly-

The Convention-Repeal of the Obnoxious Laws,

Berkeley's Duplicity-- The People take up Arms

-Flight of Berkeley-Destruction of Jamestown-

Death of Bacon--Causes of the Failure of the Rebel.

lion--Berkeley's Triumph--Execution of the Patriot

Leaders--Berkeley's Course Condemned by the

King ---Death of Berkeley-- The Unjust Laws Re-

enacted--Lord Culpepper Governor-Ilis Extor-

tions-- James II. and Virginia—Effects upon Vir-

ginia of the Revolution of 1688— William and Mary

College Founded





Introduction of Negro Slavery into Virginia --Efforts of

the Assembly to Restrict Slavery—The Indians At-

tempt the Destruction of the Colony—Terrible Suf-

ferings of the Whites-Aid from England - The

Indian War Begun--King James Revokes the Char-

ter of the London Company-Charles I. Desires a

Monopoly of the Tobacco Trade--Action of the

Assembly-Sir William Berkeley's First Adminis-

tration-Severe Measures against Dissenters—Close

of the Indian War-Death of Opechancanough-

Extent of the Territory of Virginia-Clayborn's Trad-

ing-Posts established—Sir George Calvert, Lord

Baltimore--Becomes interested in American coloni-

zation-Obtains a Grant of Maryland– Terms of

the Charter-A Colony sent out-Arrival in the

Chesapeake-St. Mary's Founded-Charter of the

Colony-Friendly Relations established with the

Indians—First Legislature of Maryland— Trouble

with Clayborne—Rapid Growth of the Colony-

Progress of Popular Liberty-Policy respecting the

Treatment of the Indians ---Clayborne's Relveliion-

Law granting Religious toleration enacted-Condi-

tion of Maryland under the Commonwealth-The

People declared Supreme-Lord Baltimore re-

covers his Proprietary Rights--Characteristics of

the Colony-Rapid Increase in Population-Charles

Calvert, Governor-Death of the sacend Lord

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Baltimore-Roman Catholics disfranchised-Mary-
land becomes a Royal Province—Triumph of the
Protestants—Annapolis made the Seat of Govern-
ment-Restoration of the Proprietary Government-
Continued Prosperity of Maryland


The Dutch claim the Connecticut Valley—They build

a Fort at Hartford-Governor Winslow makes a
Lodgment in Connecticut for the English-With-
drawal of the Dutch—The First Eftorts of the Eng.
lish to Settle Connecticut-Emigration of Hooker
and his Congregation—They Setile at Hartford

Winthrop builds a Fort at Saybrook-Hostility of

the Indians—Visit of Roger Williams to Miantono-

moh—A Brave Deed— The Pequod War—Capture

of the Indian Fort-Destruction of the Pequod

Tribe-Effect of this War upon the other Tribes--

Connecticut Adopts a Constitution—Its Peculiar

Features--Settlement of New Haven .




Feeling of the Colonies towards England - Hostility of

the English Government to New England-Efforts

to Introduce Episcopacy-Massachusetts Threatens

Resistance—The Revolution in England-Estab-

lishment of Free Schools in New England--Har-

vard CollegeThe Printing Press—The Long Par-

liament Friendly to New England— The United

Colonies of New England-Rhode Island obtains a

Charter-Maine Annexed to Massachusetts— The

Quakers are Persecuted-Efforts to Christianize the

Indians-John Eliot, the Apostle to the Indians . . 157



Arrival of the News of the Restoration of Charles II.

-The Regicides in New England— They are Pro.

tected-Revival of the Navigation Acts—Effect of

this Measure upon the New England Colonies--

Massachusetts delays the Proclamation of the King

-Connecticut obtains a Charter-Union of New

Haven with the Connecticut Colony-Rhode Island

given a new Charter-Massachusetts settles her diffi-

culties with the Crown-Changes in the Govern-

ment-High-handed acts of the Royal Commission-

ers— Troubles with the Indians—Injustice of the

Whites--King Philip's War-A Forest Hero—An

Incident in the Attack upon Hadley-Sufferings of

the Colonies-Destruction of the Narragansetts-

Death of Philip-Close of the War--England asserts

her right to Tax the Colonies-Massachusetts buys

Gorges' claims to Maine-New Hampshire made a

separate Province-James II. Revokes the Charter

of Massachusetts-Dudley and Randolph in New

England-Andros appointed Governor-General

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