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Met ever, and to shameful silence brought,
The city which thou seest, no other deem
31 septentrion) See Drayton's Polyolbion, Song 10, p. 844, ed. 8vo.
. From the septentrion cold.' 35 seven) Virg. Georg. ii. 535.
Septemque una sibi muro circumdedit arces.' Newton. 45 queen) Rutilii Itin. i. 47.
· Exaudi, regina tui pulcherrima mundi.' Dunster. In the Ode to Rome, falsely attributed to Erinna, that city is termed daippov avaoox.' ver. 2. A. Dyce.
So far renown'd, and with the spoils enrich'd
56 gods] Some editions read incorrectly. God! 66 turms] Virg. Æn. v. 560.
Equitum turmæ. Newton. 71 Nilotic] Martial Ep. vi. 80.
Nilotica tellus.' Dunster.
The realm of Bocchus to the Black-moor sea;
72 Black-moor] Hor. Od. ii. vi. 3.
• Ubi Maura sempe. Æstuat unda.
Appearing and beginning noble deeds,
To whom the Son of God unmov'd replied.
tell Their sumptuous gluttonies and gorgeous feasts On citron tables or Atlantick stone,
115 citron tables or Atlantick stone] Citron wood grew on Mount Atlas, and was held by the Romans as valuable as gold. Martial Ep. xiv. 89. "Accipe felices Atlantica munera, sylvas.' Atlantick stone, the Commentators say, was never heard of; nor can they explain the meaning of the expression: had the mantle therefore of Bentley descended on me, I should read
and gorgeous feasts
On citron tables or Atlantic, stor’d.' I can find no account of Atlantic marble in the learned work of Cariophylus de Ant. Marmoribus.—Since writing the above, I believe that I have detected the true meaning of Atlantic stone, which has escaped the Commentators. Pliny mentions that the woods of Atlas were eagerly searched by the Romans for citron wood and ivory. Hist. Nat. lib. v. c. i. 1. vol. i. p. 366, ed. Brot. "quàm luxuriæ, cujus efficacissima vis sentitur atque maxima, cùm ebori citroque silvæ
(For I have also heard, perhaps have read,)
exquirantur.' Diod. Siculus joins them, lib. v. c. xlvi. vol. iii. p. 355, ed. Βip. τα δε θυρώματα του ναού θαυμμαστάς έχει τας κατασκευάς εξ αργύρου και χρυσού και ελέφαντος, έτι δε θίους δεδημιουργημένας ; 8o the author of the Apocalypse, xvii. 12. πάν ζύλον θυΐνον, και πάν oxĒvos thepártivov; Suidas and Pausanias also mention them together. We may, therefore, consider Atlantick stone' to be a learned and poetical way for naming the “ Ebor Atlanticum ;' and Pliny also says, that the forests in Mauritania were filled with elephants, lib. v. c. i. 1. vol. i. p. 364, the same forests which afforded the citron wood. Should 6 stone' be still thought a singular expression for ivory, it may be observed, that “fossil ivory' might have been sought for; and that Pliny, lib. xxxvi. c. xxix. 18, vol. vi. p. 230, mentions a mineral ivory, which he calls a stone.
115 Citron tables, &c.] 'Citrus arbor in Atalante Mauritaniæ monte nascitur, ex qua olim faciebant lectos fores et mensas, quas eboreis pedibus fulcientes feminæ, viris contra margaritas regerebant. Cato in ea, quam habuit, oratione, ne quis consul bis fieret: Dicere possum, quibus villæ atque ædes ædificatæ atque expolitæ maximo opere, citro, atque ebore, atque pavimentis Pænicis stent.' Aus. Popmæ Not. in Fragm. Varronis, ed. Bipont. p. 319.
ryrrhine] Plinii N. Hist. lib. xxxv. c. xlvi. vol. vi. p. 172. "Quoniam eò pervenit luxuria, ut etiam fictilia pluris constent quam murrhina.