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Also, in the Greek trandation of the Old Testament, the same word that we render worship in the New is frequently used where supreme worship could not be intended. Otherwise Abraham must be supposed to have intended to pay supreme worship to the angels, when he took them to be men; and to the sons of Heth, when he was making a bargain with them for a piece of ground to bury his dead.
IV. Arguments have been brought to prove the divinity of Christ from the names and titles, which are given to him, as well as from the powers ascribed to him, and the worship that is paid to him ; but if we consider the proper meaning of other fcripture-names, and the occasions on which they were conferred, we must be satisfied, that very little stress is to be laid on such an argument as this.' .
Isaiah vii. 14. Behold a virgin fhall conceive, and bear a for, and fall call his name Emanuel, Mat. i. 23. Behold a virgin shall be with child, and bear a fon, and shall call his name Emanuel, which is, being interpreted, God with us. These texts have been thought to imply that Christ is a compound-being, or that he is God incarnate; but if we consider other instances of names imposed by the divine direction in the scriptures, we shall find that they do not always express any thing characteristic of the person on whom they are imposed, tut that they were intended to be a meinorial of some divine promise or afsurance, respecting things of a public and gencral
concern. Thus the prophet Ifaiah, vii. 1, &c. was directed to call his son Shear-Jahub, which fignifies a remnant shall return, to express to the jews, that only a small number of their enemies should return from the invafion with which they Then threatened them, or that a number of their own people who had been carried captive fhould rés turn. Another child he was directed to call Maher fhalal-hash-baz, on a similar account; and of Jerusa i lem it is said, This is the name wherewith she shall be called, the Lord our righteousness, to express that God would appear in that character to his people, In like manner the divine being, admitting that he appointed Christ to be called Emanuel, might do it to engage to manifest his own presence with his people, by protecting and blessing them, anŭ in ficting vengeance on their enemies and oppreffors. For this prediction was given upon the occasion of an invasion by the Israelites and Syrians. .
Ifaiah ix. 6. Unto us a child is born, unto us a con is given, and the government shall be upon his shoulder ;. and his name hall be called wonderful, counseller, the mighty God, the everlasting father, the prince of peace. In this, as in the former cafe, these titles may not express what Christ is, but what God will manifest himself to be in him, and by him ; so that, in 'the ; dispensation of the gospel, God, the wise and benes .. volent author of it, will appear to be a wonderful counsellor, the everlasting father, and the prince of
peace, If this name be supposed to characterize Christ himself, it will by no means favour the com. mon doctrine of the trinity; because it will make him to be the Father, or the first person, and not the fon, or the second person. Besides, whatever powers or dignities are to be possessed by Christ, it is sufficiently intimated in this place, that he does not hold them independent, and underived; since he himself, and all the blessings that he bestows, are Nid to be given, that is, by God; and at the conclufion of the prophesy, in the next verse, it is said, that the zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this. I would also observe that that part of the title on which the greatest stress has been laid may be rendered the mighty God my father for ever, or the mighty God is my father for ever, which is exactly agreeable to many declarations of the scripture concerning Chrift, and his usual title of the fon of God; and to this the angel, in his falutation of Mary, might probably allude, when he said Luke i. 32. He jhall be great and shall be called the son of the highesli and it is very observable, that what he adds corresponds most remarkably with the remainder of this very prophesy of Isaiah. The prophet says, ver. 7.
Of the increase of his government, and peace, there shall : be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon bis
kingdom, to order it and to establish it, with judgment and with justice, from henceforth even for ever. The angel says, He shall be great, and shall be called the
! jon of the highest, and the Lord God shall give unto . him the throne of his father David, and he Mall reign ! over the house of Jacob for ever, and of his kingdoni there shall be no end.. ..
.V. Many of the texts, which are usually-alledged in proof of the divinity of Christ, relate to God the Father only. One of the most remarkable of these is John i. In the beginning was the word, and the word was with God, and the word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him, and without him was not any thing made that was made. In him was life, and the life was the light of men; and the light shineth in darkness, and the darkness comprehended it not. There was a man sent from liod, whose name was John. The same came for a witness, to bear witness of the light, that all men through him might believe. He was not that light, but was sent to bear witness of that light. That was the true light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world. He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not.
He came unto his own, and his own received him not. · And the word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only-begoto' ten of the Father, full of grace and truth.
These words, interpreted in the most literal manner, only imply that the word; or Chrift, had a being before the creation of the world, that he bad the title of God, or of a God, and was the in
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ftrument by whom the supreme God made a things; but they by no means imply that he was true and very God; for magiftrates and others are sometimes called gods, on account of their power and dominion, in which they resemble God. Nay the derivation of Christ from the Father, and confequently his dependence upon him, is fufficiently expressed by his being called, in the last of these verses, the only-begotten of the Father..
To me, howevee, it appears, that the apoftle does not speak of the pre-existence of Christ in this place; but only of the power and wisdom of God, which dwelled, or tabernacled in his flesh; and that he probably meant to condemn fome false opinions concerning the logos. (which is the Greek för word) which are known to have prevailed in his time. Now, in contradiction to them, the apostle here afferts, that by the word of God, we are not to understand any being diftiact from God, but only the power or energy of God, which is so much with God, that it properly belongs to his nature, and is not at all diftinct from God himself; and that the fame power which produced all things was manifeft: to men in the person of Jesus Christ, who was sent to enlighten the world.; that though his power made the world, it was not acknowledged by the world, when it was revealed in this manner, not even by God's peculiar people, the jews; and nota withstanding this power was manifested in a more