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Chap. LI.- Struggle for the Appointment of Sunderland to the Secretary-

ship of State, in the room of Sir Charles Hedges. Correspondence

on the Subject between the Queen, Godolphin, and Marlborough.

Resolution of Godolphin to resign deprecated by Marlborough.

Firmness of the Queen in her Opposition to the Transfer of the


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LII. - Interposition of the Duchess of Marlborough in favour of Sun-

derland. Contention between her and the Queen. Suspicions enter-

tained of the Fidelity of Harley. Arrival of Marlborough in England.

Obtains the Appointment of Sunderland


LUI. - Thanks to the Duke of Marlborough from both Houses of

Parliament. Removal of the Colours taken at the Battle of Rami.

lies to Westminster Hall. Extension of the Ducal Title to the Feniale

Line, and Entail of Blenheim, with the Pension of 5000l. Settlement

of the Union with Scotland. Address for the Appointment of Prince

Eugene to the Command in Spain


LIV. Character and Victories of Charles XII. of Sweden. His irrup-

tion into Saxony. Attention of Marlborough to the Designs of the

Swedish Monarch. Departs for the Continent


LV. - Journey of Marlborough to the Swedish Camp at Alt Ranstadt.

Visits the Elector of Hanover. His Interview with Count Piper.

Audiences of the King of Sweden. Extracts from his Correspondence.

Conclusion of his Proceedings at Alt Ranstadt. Visits the Court of

Prussia. Arrival at the Hague. Effects of his Success. Curious

Account of his first Audience with Charles XII., transmitted by

Besenval to Louis XIV.


LVI. — Plans of Marlborough for the Reduction of Toulon. Project of

the Imperial Court for the Conquest of Naples. Fatal Defeat is the

Allies at the Battle of Almanza. Letters from Lord Galway. Appeal

of Charles for Reinforcements. Military Movements and Correspond-


LVII. - Marlborough remains stationary at Meldert. Death of the

Prince of Baden. Irruption of Villars into the Empire. Marlborough
obtains the Transfer of the Command in Germany to the Elector of
Hanover. March of the King of Sweden into Muscovy Embarrass.

ments from the Intrigues of Lord Peterborough. Correspondence at


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LVIII. — Intrigues in the Cabinet. Whig Bickerings with Marlbo-

rough and Godolphin. Imprudent Conduct of Admiral Churchill.
Decline of the Influence of the Duchess with the Queen. Rise of
Mrs. Masham. Cabals of Harley. Impolitic Conduct of Marlborough
and the Treasurer. They offend both the Queen and the Whigs.

Correspondence from Meldert

LIX. Success of the Expedition against Naples. Secret Views of the

Dutch for a Peace with France. Proposal of Godolphin. Prudent

Sentiments of Marlborough. Coldness between the Electoral Family

and the Queen. Intrigues of the Tories with the Electress Sophia 111

LX. - Marlborough moves to Genappe, and compels the Enemy to

quit their Position at Gemblours. Advance of the Confederates to

Nivelle, and Preparations for a Battle. March of Marlborough to

Soignies. Correspondence from Soignies. Visit of Lord Peterbo-



LXI. — Movement of Marlborough to Helchin, and Retreat of the

French to Lille. Failure of the Enterprise against Toulon. Disputes

between the Courts of Vienna and Turin. Correspondence on that

Subject, on the Domestic Affairs of England, on the Plan for the suc-

ceeding Campaign, and on the Proposal for Eugene to command in



LXII. — Domestic Affairs. Pertinacity of the Queen in the Nomina-

tion of the two Tory Bishops. Jealousy of the Whigs of Marlborough

and Godolphin. Continuation of the Correspondence


LXIII. — Journey of Marlborough to the Hague. Distributes his

Troops into Quarters. Meets the Elector of Hanover and Count

Wratislaw at Frankfort. Increasing Difficulties with the Queen.

Cabals and Letters of Harley


LXIV. Coalition of the Whigs and Tories. Censures of Admiral

Churchill. Speech of Marlborough on the Conduct of the Earl of

Peterborough Address to the Queen, against the Conclusion of

Peace. Harley suspected of conniving at the Treasonable Practices

of Gregg. Resignation of Harley and his Adherents. Ascendency

of the Whigs

• 176

LXV. - Projected Invasion in favour of the Pretender. Activity of

Marlborough in defeating the Attempt. Change in the Character of

the Administration. Design of the Duchess of Marlborough to retire

from Court. Extorts a Promise from the Queen to confer her Offices

on her two Daughters


LXVI. - Arrival of Marlborough at the Hague. Political and Mili-

tary Arrangements with Eugene. Feuds in the British Cabinet

relative to the Promotion of Lord Somers. Journey of Marlborough

to Hanover. Complaints of his Friends on his refusal to revisit

England. Correspondence


LXVII. - Increasing Aversion of the Queen to the Whigs. Fruitless

Efforts of Marlborough and Godolphin to overcome her Repugnance.
Cabals of the Whigs with the Jacobites, to ensure the Majority in the

Elections of Scotland. Indignation of the Queen against Sunderland.

for his Agency in the Cabal. Intrigues and Influence of the Duke of


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LXVIII. Commencement of the Campaign. Marlborough departs

from the Hague. Detects an Attempt of the French 'to surprise

Antwerp. The two Armies take the field. Military Movements

on both sides.

Marlborough prepares to execute the Plan concerted

with Eugene. The French threaten Louvain. Rapid March of

Marlborough to Terbank. Correspondence on Military Affairs.

Arrangements for the Junction of Eugene


LXIX. - Plans of the French Commanders for the Recovery of the

conquered Places in Flanders. Surprise of Ghent and Bruges. Move-

ment of the French to cover the Siege of Oudenard. Arrival of

Prince Eugene. Temporary Illness of Marlborough. Rapid March

to the Camp of Lessines. Retreat of the French towards the Scheldt.

Resolution of Marlborough and Eugene to risk an Engagement. Ad-

vance towards the Scheldt. Description of Oudenard and its Vicinity.

Passage of the Scheldt. Victory of Oudenard. Retreat and Loss of

the French Army. Letters written from the Field of Battle 247

LXX. — Designs of the Confederate Generals. Capture of the French

Lines between Ypres and Warneton. Advance of Marlborough to

Werwick. Correspondence on Military Affairs, and on the State of

the Public Mind in England. Proposal of Marlborough to mask

Lille, and penetrate into France, opposed by Eugene, and counteracted

by the Dutch Deputies


LXXI. — Increasing Contentions between the Duchess and the Queen.

Their violent Altercation soon after the Thanksgiving for the Victory

of Oudenard. She adopts the Resolution of suspending her Corre-

spondence and Remonstrances with the Queen

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LXXII. — Allies adopt the Resolution to besiege Lille. Situation and

Defences of the Place. Successful March of the Convoy of Artillery

and Ammunition from Brussels to the Allied Camp. Investment of

Lille by Eugene. Progress of the Besiegers. Junction of Vendome

with Berwick, and March of their combined Force round the Sources

of the Dyle, to raise the Siege. Camp of Marlborough at Fretin. In-

decision of the French Commanders. Eugene wounded in the Attack

of the Counterscarp. Marlborough superintends the Operations both

of the besieging and covering Armies. Complains of the Mismanage-

ment of the

Engineers. Receives from King Charles the Offer of the

Government of the Netherlands for Life


LXXIII. Descent at Ostend. March of a grand Convoy to the

Camp. Action at Wynendale. The Enemy repulsed, and the Convoy

preserved by General Webb. Movements of Marlborough. Death of

Overkirk. Capture of Leffinghen by the Enemy. Surrender of Lille.

Attack of the Citadel of Lille. Plan of the French to surprise

Brussels. Marlborough and Eugene force the Passage of the Scheldt,

and defeat the Design


LXXIV. Reduction of the Citadel of Lille. French Army distri-

buted into Winter-quarters. Investment of Ghent. Evacuation of

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Bruges, Plassendael, and Leffinghen. Close of the Campaign. State

of the War in Spain. Proposals of the Duke of Orleans to the Allies.

Military Operations in Italy. Dispute between the Emperor and the

Pope. Transactions on the Rhine. Dissatisfaction of the Elector of


- Page 338

LXXV. Renewal of the Struggle for the Promotion of Somers.

Accusation against Admiral Churchill. Threatened Censure of the

Prince of Denmark. Death of the Prince. Somers appointed Pre-

sident of the Council, Wharton Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, and Lord

Pembroke High Admiral. Temporary Renewal of the Intercourse

between the Queen and the Duchess

. 354

LXXVI. — Arrangements at the Hague. Marlborough induces the

Dutch to consent to an Augmentation of Troops. Obtains from the

Emperor a promise, that his Troops should winter in the Netherlands.

Ineffectual Labours to conciliate the Duke of Savoy, and to reconcile

him with the Court of Vienna. Arrangements with the King of

Prussia for the Augmentation of his Troops


LXXVII. - Vote of Thanks to General Webb, for the Action at Wy-

nendale. Counter Address to the Queen on the Successes of the

Campaign. Vote of Thanks to Marlborough. Alienation of the

Queen from Godolphin. Dissatisfaction of Halifax and Sunderland.

Perplexities of Marlborough


LXXVIII. Negotiations for Peace between France and Holland.

Marlborough's Correspondence with the Treasurer. Returns to England.

His Anxiety at the Alienation of the Queen, and the Change of Popular

Opinion. Resolution of the Whigs to place Lord Orford a': the Head

of the Admiralty. Increasing Perplexities of Marlborough 385

LXXIX. - Marlborough receives fresh Instructions. Lord Townshend

appointed Joint Plenipotentiary. Renewal of the Negotiations. Con-

ferences with Torcy. The Pensionary delivers the Preliminaries, in

the Name of the Allies. Louis XIV. refuses his Ratification. Vindi-

cation of Marlborough from the Charge of obstructing the Peace 395

LXXX. - Opening of the Campaign. Strong Position of Villars

behind the Lines of La Bassée. The Armies of Eugene and Marlbo-

rough assemble on both sides of the Upper Dyle. Stratagems to

deceive Villars. Sudden March, and Investment of Tournay. Inef-

fectual Attempts of Villars to relieve it. Surrender of the Town.

Siege of the Citadel. Dreadful Effects of the subterraneous Warfare

in the Mines. Surrender of the Citadel


LXXXI. - Movements before the Battle of Malplaquet


LXXXII. - Battle of Malplaquet. Retreat of the French 445

LXXXIII. Siege and Capture of Mons


LXXXIV. - Military Operations on the Rhine.

Failure of the pro-

jected Invasion of France. Defeat of Count Merci on the Rhine

Disputes between the Courts of Turin and Vienna. Spirit an..

Energy of Philip and the Castilians. Disputes between the French

and Spanish Troops. Capture of Balaguer by the Allies. Embarrass

inents of Marlborough from the Claims of the King of Spain. Affairs

of Portugal. Wretched State of the Country. Fatal Defeat of

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