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Apocrypha. gather together an host, and to provide wea- 25 ( He sent unto them therefore to this pons, that he might aid him in battle: he effect : King Demetrius unto the people of commanded also that the hostages that were the Jews sendeth greeting : in the tower should be delivered him.

26 Whereas ye have kept covenants with 7 Then came Jonathan to Jerusalem, and us, and continued in our friendship, not joinread the letters in the audience of all the ling yourselves with our enemies, we have people, and of them that were in the tower : heard bereof, and are glad.

8 Who were sore afraid, when they heard 27 Wherefore now continue ye still to be that the king had given him authority to faithful unto us, and we will well recompense gather together an host.

you for the things ye do in our behalf, 9 Whereupon they of the tower deliver- 28 And will grant you many immunities, ed their hostages unto Jonathan, and he de- and give you rewards. livered them unto their parents.

29 And now do I free you, and for your 10 This done, Jonathan settled himself in sake I release all the Jews, from tributes, and Jerusalem, and began to build and repair the from the customs of salt, and from crown city.

il And he commanded the workmen to 30 And from that which appertaineth unbuild the walls and the mount Sion round 10 me to receive for the third part of the about with square stones for fortification ; || seed, and the half of the fruit of the trees, I and they did so.

release it- from this day forth, so that they 12 Then the strangers, that were in the shall not be taken of the land of Judca, nor fortresses which Bacchides had built, fed of the three governments which are added away ;

thereunto oui of the country of Samaria and 13 Insomuch as every man left his place, Galilee, from this day forth for evermore. and went into his own country.

31 Let Jerusalem also be holy and free, 14 Only at Bethsura certain of those that with the borders thereof, both from tenths had forsaken the law and the commandments and tributes. remained still : for it was their place of ref- 32 And as for the tower which is at Jeuge.

rusalem, 1 yield up my authority over it, and 15 Now when king Alexander had heard give it to the high priest, that he may set in what promises Demetrius had sent unto Jon- il it such men as he shall choose to keep it. athan: when also it was told him of the bat- 33 Moreover I freely set at liberty every tles and noble acts which he and his breth- one of the Jews that were carried captives ren had done, and of the pains that they had out of the land of Judea into any part of my endured,

kingdom, and I will that all my officers re16 He said, Shall we find such another mit the tributes even of their cattle. man? now there ore we will make him our 34 Furthermore I will that all the feasts, friend and confederate.

and sabbaths, and new moons, and solemn 17 Upon this he wrote a letter, and sent days, and the three days before the feast, and it unto him, according to these words, saying, the three days after the feast, shall be all

18 King Alexander to his brother Jona- days of immunity and freedom for all the than sendeth greeting :

Jews in my realm. 19 We have heard of thee, that thou art 35 Alsó no man shall have authority to a man of great power, and meet to be our meddle with them, or to molest any of them friend.

in any matter. 20 Wherefore now this day we ordain 36 I will further, that there be enrolled thee to be the high priest of thy nation, and among the king's forces about thirty thouto be called the king's friend; (and there- || sand men of the Jews, unto whom pay shall withal he sent him a purple robe and a be given, as belongeth to all the king's forces. crown of gold :) and require thee to take our 37 And of them some shall be placed in part, and keep friendship with us.

the king's strong holds, of whom also some 21 So in the seventh month of the hun- | shall be set over the affairs of the kingdom, dred and sixtieth year, at the feast of the tab- which are of trust : and I will that their ernacles, Jonathan put on the holy robe, and overseers and governors be of themselves, gathered together forces, and provided much and that they live after their own laws, even armour.

as the king hath commanded in the land of 22 Whereof when Demetrius heard, he Judea, was very sorry, and said,

38 And concerning the three governments 23 What have we done, that Alexander that are added to Judea from the country of hath prevented us in making amity with the Samaria, let them be joined with judea, that Jews to strengthen himself?

they may be reckoned to be under one, nor 24 l also will write unto them words of bound to obey other authority than the high encouragement, and promise tbem dignities and || priests. gifts, that I may have their aida

39 As for Ptolemais, and the land pertaic


Apocrypba. . ing thereto, I give it as a free gift to the 55 Then Ptolemee the king gave answer, sanctuary at Jerusalem for the necessary ex- saying, Happy be the day wherein thou didst penses of the sanctuary.

return into the land of thy fathers, and sat40 Moreover I give every year fifteen test in the throne of their kingdom. thousand shekels of silver out of the king's 56 And now will I do to thee, as thou accounts from the places appertaining. hast written: meet me therefore at Prole.

41 And all the overplus, which the offi- mais, that we may see one another; for I will cers payed not in as in former time, from marry my daughter to thee according to thy henceforth shall be given toward the works desire. of the temple.

57 So Ptolemee went out of Egypt with 42 And beside this, the five thousand | his daughter Cleopatra, and they came unto shekels of silver, which they took from the Ptolemais in the hundred three score and uses of the temple out of the accounts year second year : by year, even those things shall be released, 58 Where king Alexander meeting him, because they appertain to the priests that gave unto him his daughter Cleopatra, and minister.

celebrated her marriage at Ptolemais with 43 And whosoever they be that flee unto great glory, as the manner of kings is. the temple at Jerusalem, or be within the 59 Now king Alexander had written unliberties thereof, being indebted unto the to Jonathan, that he should come and meet king, or for any other matter, let them be him. at liberty, and all that they have in my 60 Who thereupon went honourably to realm.

Ptolemais, where he met the two kings, and 44 For the building also and repairing of gave them and their friends silver and gold, the works of the sanctuary expenses shall be and many presents, and found favour in their given of the king's accounts.

sight. 45 Yea, and for the building of the walls 61 At that time certain pestilent fellows of Jerusalem, and the fortifying thereof round of Israel, men of a wicked life, assembled about, expenses shall be given out of the themselves against him, to accuse him : but

king the walls in Judea.

62 46 Now when Jonathan and the people manded to take off his garments, and cloche heard these words, they gave no credit unto him in purple : and they did so. them, nor received them, because they re- 63 Also he made him sit by himself, and membered the great evil that he had done said unto his princes, Go with him into the in Israel; for he had afflicted them very sore. midst of the city, and make proclamation,

47 But with Alexander they were well that no man complain against him of any pleased, because he was the first that entreat- matter, and that no man trouble him for any ed of true peace with them, and they were manner of cause. confederate with him always.

64 Now when his accusers saw that he 48 Then gathered king Alexander great was honoured according to the proclamation, forces, and camped over against Demetrius. and clothed in purple, they fled all away.

49 And after the two kings had joined 65 So the king honoured him, and wrote battle, Demetrius' host fled: but Alexander him among his chief friends, and made him a followed after him, and prevailed against i duke, and partaker of his dominion. them.

66 Afterward Jonathan returned to Jeru. 50 And he continued the battle very sore salem with peace and gladness. until the sun went down : and that day was 67 Furthermore in the hundred three score Demetrius slain.

and fifth year came Demetrius son of Deme 51 Afterward Alexander sent ambassadors | trius out of Crete into the land of his fathers: to Ptolemee king of Egypt with a message 68 Whereof when king Alexander heard to this effect :

tell, he was right sorry, and returned into 52 Forasmuch as I am come again to my Antioch. realm, and am set in the throne of my pro- 69 Then Demetrius made Apollonius the genitors, and have gotten the dominion, and governor of Celosyria his general, who gathoverthrown Demetrius, and recovered our ered together a great host, and camped in country ;

Jamnia, and sent unto Jonathan the higå 53 For after I had joined battle with him, priest, saying, both he and his host was discomfited by us, 70 Thou alone liftest up thyself against so that we sit in the throne of his kingdom : us, and I am laughed to scorn for thy sake,

54 Now therefore let us make a league of and reproached : and why dost thou vaunc amity together, and give me now thy daugh-thy power against us in the mountains ? ter to wife : and I will be thy son in law, 71 Now therefore, if thou trustest in thine and will give both thee and her gifts accord- own strength, come down to us into the ing to thy dignity,

plain field, and there let us try the matter

a de

Cuar. XI,

dpegrypha. together : for with me is the power of the

CHAP. XI. cities.

12 Ptolemee taketh

away bis daughter

from Alex72 Ask and learn who I am, and the rest ander, and enteretb upon bis kingdom., 20 that take our part, and they shall tell thee Jonatban besiegetb the tower of Yerusalem : that thy foot is not able to stand before our 61 His exploits in divers places. face ; for thy fathers have been twice put to ND the king of Egypt gathered toAlight in their own land.

73 Wherefore now thou shalt not be able lieth upon the sea shore, and many ships, and to abide the horsemen and so great a power went about through deceit to get Alexanin the plain, where is neither stone nor Nint, || der's kingdom, and join it to his own. por place to flee unto.

2 Whereupon he took his journey into 74 So when Jonathan heard these words Syria in peaceable manner, so as they of the of Apollonius, he was moved in his mind, cities opened unto him, and met him : for and choosing ten thousand men he went out king Alexander had commanded them so to of Jerusalem, where Simon his brother met do, because he was his father in law. him for to help him.

3 Now as Ptolemee entered into the cities, 75 And he pitched his tents against Joppe : he set in every one of them a garrison of but they of Joppe shut him out of the city, soldiers to keep it. because Apollonius had a garrison there. 4 And when he came near to Azotus, they

76 Then Jonathan laid siege unto it : || shewed him the temple of Dagon that was whereupon they of the city let him in for burnt, and Azotus and the suburbs thereof fear : and so Jonathan won Joppe.

that were destroyed, and the bodies that 77 Whereof when Apollonius heard, he were cast abroad, and them that he had took three thousand horsemen, with a great burnt in the battle ; for they had made heaps host of footmen, and went to Azotus as one of them by the way where he should pass. that journeyed, and therewithal drew him 5 Also they told the king whatsoever forth into the plain, because he had a great Jonathan had done, to the intent he might number of horsemen, in whom he put his trust. blame him: but the king held his peace.

78 Then Jonatban followed after him to 6 Then Jonathan met the king with great Azotus, where the armies joined battle. pomp at Joppe, where they saluted one an

79 Now Apollonius had left a thousand other, and lodged. horsemen in ambush.

7 Afterward Jonathan, when he had gone 80 And Jonathan knew that there was an with the king to the river called Eleutherus, ambushment behind him ; for they had com- returned again to Jerusalem. passed in his host, and cast darts at the peo- 8 King Ptolemee therefore, having gotten ple, from morning till evening.

the dominion of the cities by the sea unto Se81 But the people stood still, as Jonathan | leucia upon the sea coast, imagined wicked had commanded them : and so the enemies' || counsels against Alexander. horses were tired.

9 Whereupon he sent ambassadors unto 82 Then brought Simon forth his host, king Demetrius, saying, Come, let us make a and set them against the footmen (for the league betwixt us, and I will give thee my horsemen were spent) who were discomfited daughter whom Alexander hath, and thou by him, and fled.

shalt reign in thy father's kingdom: 83 The horsemen also, being scattered in 10 For 1 repent that I gave my daughter the field, fled to Azotus, and went into unto him, for he sought to slay me. Bethdagon, their idol's temple, for safety. 11 Thus did he slander him, because he

84 But Jonathan set fire on Azotus, and was desirous of his kingdom. the cities round about it, and took their 12 | Wherefore he took his daughter spoils; and the temple of Dagon, with them from him, and gave her to Demetrius, and that were fled into it, he burned with fire. forsook Alexander, so that their hatred was

85 Thus there were burned and slain with openly known. the sword well nigh eight thousand men. 13 Then Ptolemee entered into Antioch,

36 And from thence Jonathan removed | where he set two crowns upon his head, the his host, and camped against Ascalon, where crown of Asia, and of Egypt. the men of the city came forth, and met him 14 In the mean season was king Alexander with great pomp.

in Cilicia, because those that dwelt in those 87 After this returned Jonathan and his parts had revolted from him. host unto Jerusalem, having many spoils. 15 But when Alexander heard of this, he

88 Now when king Alexander heard these came to war against him: whereupon king things, he honoured Jonathan yet more, Ptolemee brought forth bis host, and met him

89 And sent him a buckle of gold, as the with a mighty power, and put him to flight. uise is to be given to such as are of the king's 16 So Alexander fled into Arabia, there blood : he gave him also Accaron with the to be defended; but king Ptolemee was ex• borders thereof it possession,

alted :



Apocrypbz. 17 For Zabdiel the Arabian took off | Jerusalem, instead of the payments which the Alexander's head, and sent it to Ptolemee. king received of them yearly aforetime out

18 King Ptolemee also died the third day of the fruits of the earth and of trees. after, and they that were in the strong holds 35 And as for other things that belong were slain one of another.

unto us, of the tithes and customs pertaining 19 By this means Demetrius reigned in unto us, as also the salt pits, and the crown the hundred three score and seventh year. taxes, which are due unto us, we discharge

20 ( At the same time Jonathan gathered them of them all for their relief. together them that were in Judea, to take 36 And nothing hereof shall be revoked the tower that was in Jerusalem : and he from this time forth for ever. made many engines of war against it.

37 Now therefore see that thou make a 21 Then certain ungodly persons, who copy of these things, and let it be delivered bated their own people, went unto the king, unto Jonathan, and set upon the holy mount and told him that Jonatlian besieged the in a conspicuous place.

38 After this, when king Demetrius saw 22 Whereof when he heard, he was an- that the land was quiet before him, and that gry, and immediately removing, he came to no resistance was made against him, he seat Ptolemais, and wrote unto Jonathan, that he away all his forces, every one to his own place, should not lay siege to the tower, but come except certain bands of strangers, whom he and speak with him at Ptolemais in great had gathered from the isles of the heathen : haste.

wherefore all the forces of his fathers hated 23 Nevertheless Jonathan, when he heard him. this, commanded to besiege it still : and he 39 Moreover, there was one Tryphon, chose certain of the elders of Israel, and the that had been of Alexander's part afore, who, priests, and put himself in peril ;

seeing that all the host murmured against 24 And took silver and gold, and raiment, || Demetrius, went to Simalcue the Arabian, and divers presents besides, and went to that brought up Antiochus the young son of Ptolemais unto the king, where he found fa- || Alexander, your in his sight.

40 And lay sore upon him to deliver him 25 And though certain ungodly men of this young Antiochus, that he might reign in the people had made complaints against him, his father's stead: he told him therefore all

26 Yet the king entreated him as his pre- , that Demetrius had done, and how his men decessors had done before, and promoted of war were at enmity with him, and there him in the sight of all his friends,

he remained a long season. 27 And confirmed him in the high priest- 41 In the mean time Jonathan sent unto hood, and in all the honours that he had be- | king Demetrius, that he would cast those of fore, and gave him preeminence among luis the tower out of Jerusalen, and those also chief friends.

in the fortresses : for they fought against 28 Then Jonathan desired the king, that || Israel. he would make Judea free from tribute, as 42 So Demetrius sent unto Jonathan, sayalso the three governments, with the coun- ing, I will not only do this for thee and thy try of Samaria ; and he promised him three people, but I will greatly honour thee and hundred talents.

thy nation, if opportunity serve. 29 So the king consented, and wrote let- 43 Now therefore thou shalt do well, if ters unto Jonathan of all these things after thou send me men to help me; for all my this manner;

forces are gone from me. 30 King Demetrius unto his brother Jon- 44 Upon this Jonathan sent him three athan, and unto the nation of the Jews, send thousand strong men unto Antioch : and eth greeting :

when they came to the king, the king was 31 We send you here a copy of the letter | very glad of their coining. which we did write unto our cousin Last- 45 Howbeit, they that were of the city henes concerning you, that ye might see it. gathered themselves together into the midst

32 King Demetrius unto his father Last- of the city, to the number of an hundred and henes sendeth greeting :

twenty thousand men, and would have slain 33 We are determined to do good to the

the king people of the Jews, who are our friends, and 46 Wherefore the king fled into the court, keep covenants with us, because of their good but they of the city kept the passages of the will toward us.

city, and began to fight. 34 Wherefore we have ratified unto them 47 Then the king called to the Jews for the borders of Judea, with the three govern- help, who came unto him all at once, and, ments of Aphcrema and Lydda and Rama- || dispersing themselves through the ciiy, slew them, that are added unto Judea from the that day in the city to the number of an buacountry of Samaria, and all things appertain- dred thousand. ing unto them, for all such as do sacrifice in 48 Also they set fire on the city, and

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65 Then Simon encamped against Bethking:

sura, and fought against it a long season, and 49 So when they of the city saw that the Jews had got the city as they would, 66 But they desired to have peace with their courage was abated: wherefore they i him, which he granted them, and then put made supplication to the king, and cried, them out from thence, and took the city, and saying,

set a garrison in it. 50 Grant us peace, and let the Jews 67 As for Jonathan and his host, they cease from assaulting us and the ciiy. pitched at the water of Gennesar, irom

51 With that they cast away their weap- whence betimes in the morning they gat ons, and made peace; and the Jews were them to the plain of Nasor. lionoured in the sight of the king, and in the 68 And behold, the host of strangers met sight of all that were in his realm; and they them in the plain, who having laid men in returned to Jerusalem, having great spoils. ambush for hiin in the mountains, came them

52 So king Demetrius sat on the throne selves over against him. of his kingdom, and the land was quiet be- 69 So when they that lay in ambush rose fore him.

out of their places, and joined battle, all that 53 Nevertheless, he dissembled in all that were of Jonathan's side fled; ever he spake, and estranged himself from 70 Insomuch as there was not one of them Jonathan, neither rewarded he him according left, except Mattathias the son of Absalom, to the benefits which he had received of him, and Judas the son of Calphi, the captains of but troubled him very sore.

the host. 54 After this returned Tryphon, and with 71 Then Jonathan rent his clothes, and him the young child Antiochus, who reigned, cast earth upon his head, and prayed. and was crowned.

72 Afterward turning again to battle, he 55 Then there gathered unto him all the | put them to flight, and so they ran away. men of war, whom Demetrius had put away, 73 Now when his own men that were fled and they fought against Demetrius, who turn- saw this, they turned again unto him, and ed his back and fled.

with him pursued them to Cades, even unto 56 Moreover Tryphon took the elephants, their own tents, and there they camped. and won Antioch.

74 So there were slain of the heathen that 57 At that time young Antiochus wrote day about three thousand men : but Jonathan unto Jonathan, saying, I confirm thee in the returned to Jerusalem. high priesthood, and appoint thee ruler over

CHAP. XII. the four governments, and to be one of the 1 Jonathan renewith bis league with the Romans king's friends.

and Lacedemonians: 95 be fortifieth the castles 58 Upon this he sent him golden vessels in judia, 48 and is shut up by the fraud of to be served in, and gave him leave to drink Tryphon in Ptolemais. in gold, and to be clothed in purple, and to TOW when Jonathan saw that the time wear a golden buckle.

served him, he chose certain men, and 59 His brother Simon also he made captain sent them to Rome, for to confirm and refrom the place called, The ladder of 'Tyrus, new the friendship that they had with them, unto the borders of Egypt.

2 He sent letters also to the Lacedemo60 Then Jonathan went forth, and passed nians, and to other places, for the sanie purthrough the cities beyond the water, and all pose. the forces of Syria gathered themselves unto 3 So they went unto Rome, and entered him for to help him: and when he came to into the senate, and said, Jonathan the high Ascalon, they of the city met him honourably. priest, and the people of the Jews, sent us

61 ( l'rom whence he went to Gaza, but unto you, to the end ye should renew the they of Gaza shut him out; wherefore he friendship which ye had with them, and laid siege unto it, and burned the suburbs league, as in former time. thereof with fire, and spoiled them.

4 Upon this the Romans gave them letters 62 Afterward, when they of Gaza made unto the governors of every place, that they supplication unto Jonathan, he made peace should bring them into the land of Judea with them, and took the sons of their chief peaceably. men for hostages, and sent them to Jerusa- 5 And this is the copy of the letters which lem, and passed through the country unto Jonathan wrote unto the Lacedemonians : Damascus.

6 Jonathan the high priest, and the elders 63 Now when Jonathan heard that De- of the nation, and the priests, and the other metrius' princes were come to Cades, which people of the Jews, unto the Lacedemonians is in Galilee, with a great power, purposing their brethren send greeting : to remove him out of the country,

7 There were letters sent in times past un64 He went to meet them, and left Simon to Onias the high priest from Darius, who his brother in the country.

reigned then among you, to signify that ye

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