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within the limits of the Nile. This is farther manifest from Pliny. 'Intus, et Arabiæ conterminum, claritatis magnæ, Solis oppidum. Within the boundaries (of Egypt) stands the celebrated city of the Sun, bordering upon Arabia. m. The true name of the city was On, which was given on account of the worship. For the deity there honoured was the Sun, stiled by the Egyptians improperly On; and the city in consequence of it had the name of Heliopolis and Civitas Solis, which refer to the same object. We find it to have been a place of great antiquity, for it existed before the arrival of Joseph in Egypt. This is manifest from his marrying the daughter of Potiphera, a priest of On. Gen. xli. 45. And it is farther said of him, that he had two sons, which Asenath, the daughter of Potipherah priest of On bare unto him. ver."50. That it was rendered Históris, Heliopolis, we learn from * Cyril. Dve jesov HassTokis. On, which is Heliopolis. The like is to be found in the Greek version of the Bible, Genesis xli. 45. The same occurs in every history either Greek or Roman where the city is mentioned. It stood towards the western part of the province, and" upon the " Pliny, 1. 5. p. 258.
* Cyril contra Hoseam. | EybevTsv PCEV (CCTTO Jadaoons) xalo pasxage 'HASTONOS, Es Thy Pearce gabav. 1. 2. c. 7. p. 106.
Sebennytic, or central branch of the Nile, so that nobody could pass upwards through the middle of Egypt, but he was obliged to go by it in the course of his navigation. This is abundantly shewn by ' Herodotus, as well as by Strabo. The former says farther, that the inhabitants of this place were esteemed the wisest of the Egyptians. Hence many of the Grecians resorted thither for knowledge ; and among these Solon, Eudoxus, and Plato. Strabo speaks of the observatories of Eudoxus as remaining in his time; but he adds, a pev our navegnuos ♡ Tomis. The city is now entirely deserted. From the description given by these and other writers, we may know for a certainty where this ancient and original city stood ; which we find was near the first division of the Nile; and the nome of Heliopolis lay between the Pelusiac and Sebennytic branches.
Eşi de odos es tnv HA18ToNav ava sorti. Ibid. "H des Hristorov 2770 Jeenecons. Ibid.:
-Ato de 'HASTONGOS avw boyti. Ibid. * L. 17. p. 1158.
Heliopolis of the Desert.
This city of the same name was of later date, and according to the authors of the Greek version was built by the Israelites during their servitude in Egypt.---' και ωκοδομησαν πολεις οχυρας τω Φαραω την τε Πιθω, και Ραmeron, na svo ý 8500 'HA08Todos. And they built for Pharaoh some cities of strength, Pithom, and Ramesses, and On, which is Heliopolis. The latter part concerning On, and Heliopolis is not in the original. This gives reason to suspect, that it was an interpolation, and inserted for a particular purpose, in order to enhance the honour of the place by this pretended antiquity. We may however perceive from hence, that in the time of the Hellenistic Jews, of Egypt a secondary city of this name existed.
And we not only find that there were two cities of this name, but their situation also may be easily ascertained. The one stood within the limits of Egypt, as has been shewn; the other in the desert of Arabia, about twelve miles from Letopolis and ’ Babylon, and to the north-east of both. The proximity of
| Exod. i. 11.
2 See Antoninus, p. 169.
this city to Babylon is thus described by Prolemy'. Ev peelogra Agabas---Ba@uwv, 'HA18Todas. Upon the confines of Arabia stand Babylon and Heliopolis. The author of the Itinerary, in his account of the Egyptian cities which were beyond the Nile, in Arabia, mențions Heliopolis.
Iter per Arabium trans Nilum.
In Arabiâ Aphrodito M. P.
Scenas Mandras M. P. XX.
M. P. XII.
M. P. XII.
M. P. XII.
He gives the like situation to this city, in the route, which he describes through Arabia from Pelusium southward to Memphis s.
* Itinera Antonini, p. 169.
, 'Geog. 1. 4. p. 116. 3 Ibid. p. 162.
Iter a Pelusio Memphim,
This secondary Heliopolis is by many supposed to have been the city which was rebuilt by that fugitive Jew Onias, who came into Egypt in the time of Ptolemy Philometor. This' person requested of the king, that he would permit him to build a temple for the Jews in Egypt, after the model of that which was at Jerusalem. He had been one of the chief priests; and in his petition to the king, he mentioned, that a prophet of his country had foretold, that such a temple should be built, and that the place where it was erected, should be called the City of the Sun, or Heliopolis. The prophet, to whom he alluded, was * Isaiah ; and the passage is supposed to
Josephus, Antig. 1. xiit. c. 3. p. 639. * Isaiah xix. 8.