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stances of the power of divine

After this brief statement, the grace. Since my fixed residence following remarks will exhibit the here, which is almost nine years, distinguishing features of this work, things have remained, in the most and enable the candid and imparunpromising state, as to the inter- tial to judge, for themselves, ests of religion, with little excep- whether it be indecd, the Lord's tion, 'till about the middle of Feb. doing, and worthy of its reputed ruary 1799. That period, how- author. ever, was rendered memorable, 1. It is worthy of notice, that by the commencement of a work, numbes were deeply impressed, btthe happy fruits of which are still fore they were apprized, that any apparent, and which, I trust, will others were in like circumstances be lasting, as eternity. From Impressions did not seem to be {mall beginnings, it made fuch generally imparted, from one to progress, in a few weeks, as to another. Frequently, without the have arrested the general attention; intervention of any means, which while great numbers were under could be distinctly recollected, the the molt serious and impresive sense truth and reality of eternal things of their forlorn state, as fianers. were brought home, and fastened The public worship, on the lab. on their minds, with a sort of ire bath, and all other nieetings, ap-relistable and impressive weight, pointed for religious purposes, were pointing them to the vast imporunusually attended, both as tance of fieeing quickly from the numbers, and seriousness. Many wrath to come. This evidently seemed anxious, and in great ear. was not the work of enthusiasm, nest, to know what they must do nor but flightly, if at all tin&tured to be saved. It was not long be with it. Hence, the subjects of it fore fundry persons manifested an pretended neither to fee, Dor hear, hope of having passed from death nor feel, any of those things unto life.

In the compass of a which denote a disordered state of few months, their number became the understanding. None were confiderable, and continued still carried away by impulses, or the increasing. In the month of Sep-flights of an ardent imagination. tember following, twenty-five per- None were disorderly, or indecent sons were admitted, as members in their behaviour, either in pubof the church ; in November for. lic, or private. Their paflions ty-eight ; and in January of the were oot generally wrought upon, present year, four; making in the to any considerable degree. Hence, whole feventy-seven. A consider. instead of being noisy, or much inable number remain still, who ex- clined to conmunicate their feel. hibit the usual evidence of a new | ings to others, they were comhcart, who have not made public monly filent and reserved, except profeffion of their faith. The vis where they had opportunity of ible change, which has been converfing with those, when they wrought in many, is truly great thought able to inftru&t them. and wonderful. Those, who gave 2. The first impressions on the previous evidence of friend thip to minds of those, who were fub. the Redeemer and his cause, seem- | jects of the work, did not in ed to say, with one voice, and in common, conilt chiefly of fears,

This is the Lord's excited by the dreadful forebadoing, it is marvellous in our eyes." | dings of future puoillament. It

effable joy,

was apparent, that their most deep iffue, relief and comfort were and painful impressions arose espe. found, in some fort, very differcially, from convictions of lin, by ently from what was expected. which they were set at variance The comfort and joy of the sub. with themselves, and their past jects seemed not to arise, primariconduct, as finners; and by which ly, from an apprehension, that it was awfully realized to then, they were brought into a safe and that, “ There was no peace to the happy state ; but from new and des wicked." Accordingly, it was a lightful views of God, of the remarkable characteristic of this Redeemer, and the great truths, work, in the early lages of it, which pertain to his kingdom. It and before the subjects were appa- is hence remarkable, that frequentrently renewed, that they were ly, the subjects of the work seemconvinced of those truths, to which ed to be brought out of darkness, all natural hearts are opposed.- into marvellous light, and to ex. They were generally made ac-perience the sublime joys of reli. quainted with the controversy be- gion, before they conceived any tween God and them, so as to distinct hope of having become feel, and that frequently, in a new creatures. It was herce renvery clear and affecting manner, dered hopeful, that this joy was their opposition to God, to his not selfish and delusive, as it could justice, to his sovereignty, as ex. not have risen primarily, or chiefcrcised in dispensing mercy to fin ly, from an apprehension of their ners, and thence to the whole own good estate. They thereplan of salvation, by Jesus Christ. fore seemed frequently to lose fight In many instances, when their at- of themselves, and their own pare tention was first arrested, they sat ticular intereft, while contemplaout, in apparent hope of working ting the glory of God, as exhibited out their own salvation, with ease in the face of Jesus Christ. and dispatch. But the attempt Those, however, who were alike ferved to show them, that they as to the nature of what they ex. were ftill working out their de perienced, were different, in this struction. It is hence worthy of view, that all had not the same particular mention, that those, meafure of light and comfort. It who became eventually reconciled

was very common, for a new to the truth, and found a comfort heart to discover itself, and to able hope of their good estate, were produce the joys of holiness, in led to such an acquaintance with view of different objects, especialthe plague of their own hearts, as ly at first. In some, it seemed to served to subvert all hope, arising be first apparent, by a spirit of from themselves and their own do complacency, in the perfe&tion of ings. They were thence shown, God's law; in others, by a fense that if laved, it must be, not by of his justice, in the punishment works of righteousness, which of fin ; in others, by their approthey had done, or could do, but bation of the holy and wise soveby the walking of regeneration and reignty of God and in others, the renewing of the Holy Ghof, by a complacency, in the glorious according to the divine purpose and character and all sufficiency of the grace, in Chrift.

Redeemer. There were some, 3. Where the foregoing con. whose right views and exercises victions were brought to an happy seemed to confift, in a fort of gen

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eral sense of the glorious excellen. specially owned and blest, by the cy of the divine perfections, with holy spirit, and thence made the an answerable sense of their own wisdom and power of God, to the guilt, baseness and deformity, as falvation of finners. Many were finners. There frequently appear brought to embrace those doctrines, ed to be a reconciliation, and with readiness, and evident comthence a profound submission of the placency, which they had once conheart to God, in the view of his templated, with abhorrence, and glorious perfection and majesty, which are too often regarded, as before there was any distinct ap. intricate and unprofitable. Indeed, prehension of the Reileemer, and they now appeared to furmount hence before there was any clear their former difficulties, with great and explicit exercise of faith in ease, and to embrace those truths, him. This seemed the more evi underliandingly, and with great dedential, that old things were palled light, which had once seemed to away, and all things become new, them hateful and mysterious. In from its being common for persons this view, the words of Solomon when convinced of the truth, to were fingularly pertinent ; They feel the most lively and sensible are all plain, to him, who underopposition to God, and the dif- landeth, and right to them, who tinguishing doctrines of his word. find knowledge." It may be seasonable to notice here, 4. The subjects of this work that frequently the doctrine of were in some respects, exceedingGod's sovereignty, in electing, ly various, as to their previous and actually distinguishing the ver characters, and circumstances.sels of mercy, and which was the There was no apparent discrimina. most painful to persons, under tion, through the diversity of temtheir antecedent convictions, was poral circumstances. In dispenyet exceedingly consoling and de- sing his mercy, the most high lightful, on becoming reconciled did not regard the rich, more to the holiness and justice of God. than the poor ; nor the poor, more In some instances, those who had than the rich. The rich and poor been used, to discard the doctrine met together, and shared indirof election, and of answerable criminately, in the unsearchable distinguishing mercy, were brought, riches of divine grace. Sundry while yet opposed to them, to children exhibited marks of und acknowledge, that they could see sual feriousness, for a time, and no other ground of hope, in their hopes were conceived, that some case.

of them were made new creatures. It is worthy of particular no The far greater part, however, tice, as a distinguishing feature of who were subjects of the work, the lace work, in this place, that were young, and middle-aged perthore, who have been the hopeful fons, from fifteen, to forty years subjects of it, in its saving effects, of age ; though there were several notwithstanding their foregoing hopeful instances, at fifty years, or prejudices, and opposition, have more. A large proportion of the come uniformly and with one con whole number were those, who sent, into the scheme of doctrines had been educated, in babits of understood by the general term, general respect, for religion, for

Calvinism. These are the doc the fabbath, and public worship. trines, which seem to have been of these some were evidently go

ing about, to establish their own principles of human nature, or the righteousness, not regarding the influence of natural causes ; but necessity of a new heart, and of such a diversity, in the antecedent being clothed with the righteous. characters, habits and circumstances ness, which is of God, by faith. of the subjects, renders this still In a few instances, those who had farther impossible.

It is wholly made public profession of religion, unaccountable, that any cause, unand thought themselves heirs of less absolutely divine, and thereheaven, were convinced, that they fore poffeffed of infinite wisdom and were still in the gall of bitterness, power, as well as goodness, Mould and in the event, hopefully estab- wnite such base and jarring materilished, in holiness. Others had als, in the sweetest harmony of been for several years, if not al. fentiment, affection, intereft, deways, in the habit of paying little lign and pursuit. Few things have respect to religion, in any form. been more noticeable, among the A considerable number were more happy effects of this work, than or less immoral, and irreligious, in its influence, for uniting many their visible conduct. Several, hearts, in the bonds of mutual love. who were scoffers at the serious One can hardly fail of adopting, and universal strictness of true ré in this view, the exclamation of the ligion, and who made light of the Pfalmift, “ Behold, how good, and attention, on its first appear- how pleasant it is, for brethren, to ance, were afterwards anong the dwell together in unity.That hopeful subjects of genuine convic- mutual love, fo much inculcated tion, and of saving mercy. A by St. John, and by which Christ few, who had endeavoured to for- tells us, all men fall know his difrify themselves, against the fears ciples, is most evidently characterof wrath to come, in a belief of istic of those among us, who prouniversal falvation, were convint fess to have obtained mercy of the ced, that they had made lies their Lord. refuge. Several, on whom the 5. It is not common, for those work was productive of the most who manifest an hope of themevident, and apparently, most fal felves, to be very confident of their utary and abiding effects, had been title to salvation. There are few, sceptical and much inclined to in- if any, but feem, at times, in mucha fidelity.

doubt, whether their names are If we take for granted, that the written in heaven. One reason of work which has been so far descri- this is plain ; it is not usual, for bed, is a work of the holy spirit, those, who are hopeful subjects of one remark, which naturally oc mercy, to seem wifi, in their own curs, is the evident design of conceits ; or to have high thoughts providence, to confound all at of their own experiences, and atiempts, which should be made, tainments, in religion ; but, “ in by philosophy and human reason, lowliness of mind, to esteem others at accounting for the effects better than themselves." A reason, wrought, without ascribing them which is naturally affigned for this, to God, as the marvellous work and which fairly accounts for the of his spirit and grace. The ef. fact, is, its being a uniform char. fects were not only fuch, in them- acteristic of the work, that it has, felves, as made it impossible to ac- sooner or later, led the subjects of count for them, by any of the known it, to a deep and abiding sense of VOL. I. No. g.



their own unworthiness, and thence sprang up, but having no depth of their fitness, to be clothed with hu- earth, when the sun was up, it mility. It is not uncommon, for withered away. These, faith the such as are visibly purified from divine teacher, are they, who hear their iniquities, to think themselves the word, and anon with joy remøre vile than others ; and that ceive it ; but having no root in themthey have far less evidence of be- felves, endure for a while, but is ing fan&tified, chan is usual with time of temptation fall away, true saints. On this ground, num It is manifest, however, so far bers seem ready at times, to give as present evidence can go, in deci up their hope, and conclude, that ding it, that there are with us, a they have been deceived, and ought goodly number, represented by the to despair of any present title to seed, which fell into good ground, the promises of the gospel. and brought forth fruit. Thefe

6. The subjects of this work give daily reason to hope, that they are apparently disposed to perse will continue to let their light shine vere ; to run, with patience, the before men, and to walk worthy of race set before them, and to evi- their high vocation. They discordence their union to Christ, by er little, if any abatement of their keeping his commandments. zeal, for attending on the public

It is important, however, for institutions of religion, and other illustrating this observation, so as opportunities and means of instructo avoid occasion of mistake, to Thus, the evidence of their remark the following things.-In being renewed, after the image of the first place, the attention, which Christ

, is exhibited, in part, by was excited, for a time, and in their engagedness, to grow in some degree, was far more exten- knowledge and holiness, and thence five than the lasting effects. Mul- become meet for the inheritance of titudes were unusually attentive, the faints in light. They appear and probably most of them under indeed, to have been ordained of fome serious thoughtfulness. But God, that they should go and all this was temporary, in respect bring forth fruit, and that their to many. It must be understood, fruit should remain, upto the praise that these never gave evidence of of the glory of his grace. being impressed, with any great de In giving the foregoing account, gree of conviction of their being I may, in some measure, have mil finners. There were, however, taken my own feelings, for facts, a few instances of persons, who fo as thence to have represented the were, in appearance, very deeply work, rather as what I wish to impressed, for a time, from whose have it, than as what it would apminds the impression seems, in a pear, to an impartial observer. Of great measure effaced. In feveral this however, I have no conscious instances, persons seenied 10 have ness, and am more sure of nothfelt considerable alarm, through ap. ing, than to have aimed at giving prehension of danger, rather than an impartial view of facts, so far to have been convinced of fin, who as would conll with a general and now appear much as before. We brief ftatement. I might have fiod, in this view of the subject, added a lengthy detail of particular an evident example of what Christ cases, which would doubtless bave intended, by the seed, which fell afforded entertainment, to the into stoney places, and forthwith friends of experimental piety.

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