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The use of marriage-fuegs. Chap.1. riage was lawfull with her: And there
fore, notwithstanding this marriage, his b 1.King.
love to God is still commended, 6 so
lomon made affinity with phat asb King of c verse 3. Egypt, and Solomon loved the Lord, &c.
For, indeed herein Solomon was
First, a type of Christ , admitting the Gentiles into the fellowship of his marriage-bed.
Secondly, this Pharaohs daughter bed Psal 45. came a Profelite to the Jewish Religion, 10.–14. d Hearken (oh Daughter) and confider, and
incline thine eare ; forget also thine owne people, and thy fathers house.&c.
Now though that marriage song was penned upon that occasion; yet it ascendeth farre above all earthly respects of worldly marriage, and by a divine and heavenly workmanship sets forth a heavenly marriage-fong betweene Christ and his Church : oflike Argument was this song penned by Solomon himselfe ; not to expresse his affections to Pharaohs daughter, or hers to him, or the good parts of either of them : no, nor the like respects to any Shúnamite amongst the rest of his wives, as some have vainly conceived ; for then how absurd and
Chap.1. Who personated in this fong. monstrous were some of his comparisons, likening his spouse to A company of Horses in Pharaohs Chariot , her Head to Carmel, her Eyes to Fish.pooles, her Nose to a Tower, her Teeth to a flocke of sheep, her whole Selfe to a terrible Army with Ban. ners ? But his scope is to describe the estate of the Church towards Christ and his respect towards her, from his own time to the last judgement, as afterward it shall appeare.
Now, through this whole marriagesong this Decorum it keepeth,that though the Calamities of the Church be as well described throughout this fong, as the comfortable condition of the fame in all ages ; yet such dismall paffages are vailed and shadowed under fome tweet and amiable resemblances, left the joy of a marriage feast should be darkned by unseasonable mention of so fad occurences; Neither are all the passages of the estate of the Church in every age here defcribed, (for how can that be in so short a song?)but the chiefe heads of things in every age are sweetly, and shortly, and lively, not onely pointed at, but decyphered. These verses containe
Psalms, Hymns, Sangs. Chap.1 First, the title of the whole booke, verle i.
Secondly, the description of the estate of the Church in the dayes, First, of Solomon verse 2.--4.
Secondly, of Solomon and Rehoboam, verse 5.
Thirdly, of Rehoboam, versé 6. - 9.
In the title we have
Secondly, the excellency of it, A song of songs.
Thirdly, the Author of it, which is solomons.
The song of songs, &c. In Colof: 3. 16. there is mention made,
First of Psalmes. Secondly, Hymnes. Thirdly, spirituall Songs. Amongst the Hebrewes there were Psalmes made to be sung with Inftruments, as well as with voyce, and contained Arguments of all sorts, for petition, thanksgiving and instruction. Songs were chiefly made for the voice.
Hymnes are properly praises of God; though any of these are somtimes put for all.
I 2 3
Chap. Songs not unfeafonable, &c. 7
First, this doth let us see, that it were ( Use . to be wished, that this booke were turned into verfe or meeter in each lan
that wee might fing the Canticles as the Hebrews did.
Secondly, this teaches us to strive for use 2. such a gracious frame of spirit, that we might alwayes bee fitted to sing 'to God.
This Song containes the estate of the Church, as well in the worst as beft, times; yet Solomon can as well sing in the misery of the Church, as in her prosperity:And*David hath as wellPsalmes * Pfal.69. of his deepe waters and calamities, 2. as of his greatest deliverances : And the holy ghost faith, < Rejoyce in the Lord al
e Phil.4.4 wayes; And though singing be chiefly fit and requisite infmirth, yet wee should i Jam.s. be fit also for a Pfalme in our affliction. 13. But we commonly in our ill howers are too fullen to sing, and in our merry moods our fpirits vanish away in carnall mirth and jolity ; but whatsoever the estate of the Church be, we should have our fpirits as ready to sing as to pray. . ! Thirdly, is reproved that ancient use 3.
Why this song called Chap.I. law and custome of the Synagogue, which prohibited young men (under thirtie yeares
age) the reading and use of this booke but what
fitter for songs then cheerfull youth? And further, the amorousnesfe of the dittie will not stirre, up wantonesse in any age,
if the words be well understood: but rather, by infaming with heavenly love, will draw out, and burne up all earthly and carnall lust; and, even as fire in the hand is drawne out by holding it to a stronger fire, or as the light and heat 'of the Sunne extinguisheth a kitchin fire ; so doth heavenly love to Christ extinguish base kitchin lusts. ! A Song of Songs: That is a most excellent Song, the chiefest of Songs : as when they would exprefse the holy place, they say, The holy of holiest, * The Lord of lords, the King of kings, the Servant of servants , an Hebrew fuperlative; fo this is the chiefest Song,
first of all Solomons other Songs, even 1. Kings 4
of his thousand and five.
Secondly, of all Songs without ex
ception; for thoughDavid was in his time 8 2. Sam. 6 the sweet singer of Israel, yet as Solo