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Within twelve months she bore him a son, gion are unhesitatingly ignored and cast who was afterwards Louis XIV.: the aside; deceit, delusion, falsehood, and proudest monarch France has ever seen. treachery are the weapons of either party; On the death of Louis XIII., La Porte and the contest on which depend the life was rewarded for his fidelity by being ap- and the honor of a gentleman and a queen, pointed gentleman of the bed-chamber to is won at last by persistent mendacity the young king, whom he used to regard against courtly cruelty and hatred, and as the child of his obstinate reticence. suspicions for which, baffled as they were,
What a fearful picture does the above there were yet ample grounds. Yet such narrative present of the corrupt state of must ever be the poisoned atmosphere of society in France two hundred years ago! courts where the pure principles of ChristAll the obligations of morality and reli-ianity are not adopted and acted upon.
From Chambers's Journal.
THE MOHAMMEDAN LADY TO HER HAND-MAIDEN.
The palm-tree paroquet loves well;
BRING out the mats beneath the trees
Bring flowers—those roses of the east,
ENGLISH MELODIES.–Of all our song- strewing salt upon its tail—as children writers there is none more lovable, none are told they may do—as to decoy Charles more musical, than Charles Swain. There Swain from his natural path by showing is life in his verse, and so much soul, that him the acrobatic feats of some of his excellent mechanism is the least valuable brother rhymers. He is the last man in quality. He never tries to tinker Nature, the world who would take the trouble to never decks her out in spangled patches climb the steep ascent of Parnassus, up to of harlequinade, for he has felt, what its sacred top, to the great danger of his every true poet feels how utterly ridicu- best clothes and of his more precious lous it is to attempt to “paint the lily.” limbs, for no other reason than to stand We should as soon think of catching a upon his head in order to astonish the thrush by walking openly up to it and gods ! VOL. XLIV.-NO. I.
THE EARL OF SHAFTESBURY.*
ANTHONY ASHLEY COOPER, the seventh oppression was beneath or beyond his and the present Earl of Shaftesbury, was determined and persevering examination, born in the year 1801. Though descended Endowed with singular penetration and from a line distinguished for talent, the calmness, perfectly fearless and determined, present Earl has never been equaled by and remarkably commanding and attractany one of his progenitors, for all the ive in personal deportment, he had great qualities which constitute true greatness ability as an advocate, and most important in man, and entitle him to the admiration qualifications as a friend. He has never and confidence of his fellow-men. The been a partisan in politics, though acting title by which he was known as the eldest and sympathizing with the more liberal son of his father, and which has been in- section of the conservatives, in their deseparably connected in the public mind sires to unite appropriate improvement with the true elevation which his charac- in the social and political system with the ter gave to it, was Lord Ashley. From great fundamental securities of the settled his early maturity he has been seen fore-order of the nation. The mere questions most in all the works of Christian benevo- of political advancement and arrangelence and public philanthropy. Turning ment, however, rarely awakened his effort away from those pursuits of mere sensual or his interest. He was in the House of dissipation which so habitually ensnare Commons the friend of the friendless. the younger members of noble houses, The oppressed hirelings in their wagesas the attendants on their wealth and idle the women and children toiling in degraness, and their exposure to the sycodation and darkness in the coal minesphancy of the cringing agents of sin around the feeble little ones compelled to premathem, Lord Ashley early embraced the ture and excessive labor in the factoriesobligations and the privileges of true the poverty and sickness of the neglected Christianity. He at once gave the fine crowdsin the large cities of the kingdompowers of his mind, and his accomplished and any proposal that seemed just and education to the welfare of his fellow- righteous for the melioration of human men. To seek out and relieve the distress sorrow and want, were the themes which of the suffering classes of mankind, and to aroused his attention, and which with inunite in an earnest effort to spread the domitable resolution, and unsurpassed principles and influence of the Gospel in skill, he would press upon the House, and its power and its purity, were selected by compel their attention to his claims. him as the employment of his time, and Rarely did he fail in attaining the end for the occupation of his mind.
which with so much wisdom and earnestHe was elected to the House of Com- ness he labored. These were the habitual mons as a representative of Dorsetshire, characteristics of his parliamentary career. the county in which his paternal estates At the same time that he was giving were owned, and from his entrance into unceasing attention and energy to these Parliament devoted himself, like his great interests of humanity in Parliament, eminent predecessor, Wilberforce, and his he was occupied with numerous associacotemporary, Buxton, to the consideration tions for benevolent and religious ohjects and relief of the real wants and sufferings in the community and the Church. His of his countrymen. No case of need or own heart was deeply and really interested
in the Gospel, and he adopted and mainThe Rev. Dr. Tyng, by request of the Editor, tained the most thorough and decided has kindly drawn this very beautiful and eloquent evangelical sentiments in his stand in resketch of his personal friend, the Earl of Shaftesbury. lation to it. There was never any halting Of very few men, living or dead, can so much be or hesitation in his opinions, purposes, or united in this truly Christian nobleman-EDITOR OF course. Let him see that a cause was ECLECTIC.
really the cause of his Lord, in the faithful
maintenance of Evangelical, Scriptural, mine the established renown which his Protestant truth, and that it really filled character has given to his name in the a place unoccupied by similar and ade- view of mankind. In his present position quate provision, and he grasped it imme- in the House of Lords, he fails not to emdiately, and pursued it with a zeal and brace every proper occasion to avow the purpose which were never relayed. So sentiments, and to plead the cause of the well did he become known to the Christ-Gospel of his Lord. And he never speaks ian world in this early aspect of his ele- but in a condensed, enlarged, and most vated career, that his name was the pass- influential style of expression and of port of a cause among all the Christians thought. His speech on the Russian war, of Europe, and the public even regretted comparing the different relations of Rusto lose their connection with a title which sia and Turkey to the propagation of the had been so honored, and became so en- Gospel, with each other; on the iniquideared. We go back to our first acquaint- ties of the opium trade in China ; on the ance with him when yet a young man, claims of religious liberty for the dissentonly to recall the cheerful delight which ers and other subjects of Britain ; were he inspired, and with which he was wel nothing less than master efforts of noble comed in every religious circle into which thought and eloquence. His stand is he came. Some affected to think him never to be mistaken. You know in fanatical. But no one ever questioned or every moral and religious question where doubted the transparent and disinterested he is to be found. He never skulks besincerity of Lord Ashley, even in those hind the avowed interests of a party, nor early days. For twenty-five years his suffers himself to be entrapped to an adname has been publicly associated in the vocacy of wrong and error to gratify his respectful confidence of Christian men friends. Repeatedly has he been invited with the great interests of benevolence to the cabinet, but he could never sustain and truth.
all the measures of any ministry, and has The death of his father, perhaps six or never been willing to hamper his higher seven years since, removed Lord Asbley work with the snares of office. The from the Lower to the Upper House of grants to Maynooth College which have Parliament. Becoming thus the Earl of made a part of every programme of poShaftesbury, the habit of myriads had to litical arrangement, he could never deundergo the cbange to which we have fend. Accordingly he has never been scarcely yet become familiar, of connect- willing to occupy an office under any mining these great works of benevolence with istry which has yet attempted the governa new title. But in his new position as ment of the Empire. the head of one of the oldest and most Lord Shaftesbury's labors out of Parliahonored of the families of the aristocracy, ment are intense. We have often thought Lord Shaftesbury has relaxed none of his the accomplishment of them was a marvel determination and none of his diligence of human power. He is at the head of in the great interests of his Redeemer's every thing which labors for man's real kingdom. He stands out boldly and advancement and benefit. At the death purely, the uncompromising advocate of of Lord Bexley, he was elected the third every righteous cause, the imperturbable President of the British and Foreign Biopposer of human violence, oppression, and ble Society, the crowning office of Engcrime. Such is the purity of his personal lish voluntary Christianity. In many character, the dignity of his own bearing, other of the leading religious and benevothe accuracy and accumulation of his lent societies he occupies the same posiknowledge on the subjects to which he tion.' Over a multitude of minor enterdevotes his time and mind, the decision of prises of Christian and social benevolence, his judgment and his choice, that no man he also presides. And in them all, he furcan despise him, and no one dares to in- nishes an effectual aid in actual labor, as sult him. It is not too much to say that well as the highest influence in the power he commands and compels the reverence of patronage of his name. His labor and and confidence even of those who most industry in all these works is almost indislike his opinions, and most differ from credible. Ragged-schools and lodgingthe choice and stand which he assumes. houses for the poor, efforts for social imThey vainly affect to sneer at his tri- provement running out even to schemes umphs, and as vainly attempt to under-1 for better ventilation of crowded dwell
ings, and many more such plans of do- mand of his particular subject. We have mestic benevolence, claim his constant ef- heard him day after day, sometimes forts. The Protestant college at Malta, twice in one day, on subjects entirely difthe varied Church efforts for the evange- fering from each other. But he is always lizing of the Jews, the exertions of British ready, always informed, and always full
. Christians for every scheme of aid to con- There are few speakers of higher attain. tinental Protestants, besides scores of kin- ment or more controlling power in actual dred temporary committees and associa- address. And then there is unlimited tions, in every conceivable variety of ap- confidence in his righteous character, and plication and demand, find him a willing his discreet judgment. When he underand a most efficient participant. Wher- takes a cause, in the view of the great ever you see him, you find him perfectly Christian public of Great Britain its claims at home, and what men call “ thoroughly are already established and acknowledged. posted.” We have met him at the Bible A higher illustration of this confidence in Committee in Earl Street, and no man character we have never seen, than in the better understood the minutest details of case of Lord Shaftesbury. To his friends the vast concern. We have seen him in he is almost an object of adoration, such the common Sunday evening exercise of is their reverence for him, and such their the Ragged-School in Field Lane-where delight in him. And for ourselves, we every poor child knew him, and he sung can truly say, that years and observation with them in deep emotion their hymns of and knowledge have but served to increase praise—and where he entered into minute our admiration of his character, and our explanation to us of the whole detail of conviction that he is justly entitled to all the school and the lodging-rooms, and the the exalted influence of his position, and various tickets bestowed. The red-coated to all the Christian confidence and renown shoe-blacks of the street pride themselves which this position gives him. in the title of Lord Shaftesbury's Brigade. Lord Shaftesbury's personal relations And then sometimes in a single day you may are most attractive and agreeable to those follow him from scenes like these, to the who meet him. His house and household presidency of a monster meeting in Exeter are the unpretending exhibition of his Hall for some grand object of the Saviour's own principles and cause. Consistency is kingdom. How many times we have the ruling attribute of his life and of his heard him speak in the twenty years past, establishment. His paternal seat of St. it would be impossible to tell.” “But it has Giles in Dorsetshire is a large domain in been upon nearly all subjects, and on all a flat and not a striking country. His occasions connected with these great and house is abundant, though old and not varied works of usefulness to man. And elegant. His village and his little church we have never ceased to wonder at the with its rectory adjoining, are the monuendurance of fatigue involved, and at the ments of his kindness and his care. The accumulation of labor and toil actually and venerable and excellent minister of the satisfactorily accomplished.
church, the Rev. Mr. Moore, is a faithful Lord Shaftesbury is a commanding helper and agent in all his plans for the speaker. His personal aspect is serious welfare of the people, and on the walls of and engaged. He is a tall and slender the quiet rural sanctuary are the mural man, pallid in countenance, wearing the tablets in various styles, of all the prefeatures of intense earnestness and sin- ceding Earls to whose name and titles his cerity, perfectly natural and unassuming Lordship has so worthily succeeded. His in manner, and appearing at once so really town residence in Grosvenor Square is superior to other men, that it would be equally simple and unostentatious. And impossible not to attend to him, or to all that one sees of Lord Shaftesbury, in treat him with disrespect. His voice is his person, his influence, or his style of clear, though not loud. His extempora- life, combines to increase and perpetuate neous utterance is free and chaste. He is the affection with which he must be renever weak or verbose, and no man in garded by every good and just man who England more surely commands the at- becomes acquainted with him. tention of an audience, on any subject of At fifty-seven years of age he is in Engpublic address. But what has been al- lish habits in the prime of life, and should ways a wonder to us is his fullness of he live like Lord Lyndhurst, or Lord knowledge, and his readiness in the com- Campbell, to be active in his great works
for these thirty years to come, surely no of the third Earl of Exeter. The mehuman mind can estimate the influence moirs of the Earl of Shaftesbury, valuable for benefit to mankind that will have to history, were committed in manuscript flowed from such a life. The engraving to Locke, who, frightened at the execution which we give of him is a copy from a of Algernon Sidney, destroyed them. late subscription engraving of large size, The third Earl of Shaftesbury was born which is in the Managers' room in the at Exeter house in London, February,1671. American Bible House, and is remarkably He was the pupil of Locke. He was a accurate and effective.
member of Parliament and acted a con
spicuous part in public affairs. He beBRIEF FAMILY SKETCH.
came a man of letters—wrote much, and
collected and published an edition of his We subjoin a brief sketch of the noble works. Lord Shaftesbury's writings exfamily of Shaftesbury, as a matter of in- cited great attention and admiration in terest and information to our readers, in his own day, and his name still remains a connection with the portrait which em considerable one in the history both of bellishes our present Number, and the English philosophy and English eloquence. sketch by Dr. Tyng.
Late in life he was compelled by impairThe first Earl of Shaftesbury was borned health to repair to Naples, where July 22, 1621. His father was created a he died, Febuary 15, 1713. This is but a baronet in 1622. His mother was the glimpse of the renounced ancestry of the only daughter and heiress of Sir Anthony eminently great and good Earl of ShaftesAshley, who was secretary of war to bury, whose portrait adorns our present Queen Elizabeth. He was elected to number, Parliament at the age of nineteen-was a We only add a remarkable anecdote of member of the first Parliament of Oliver the first Earl of Shaftesbury, who originatCromwell, April 28, 1652, and also a ed the celebrated law of Habeas Corpus, member of the last Parliament of Crom- so valuable to the rights of personal liberwell. He was a member of the Conven- ty, and secured its passage in the House tion Parliament, and of the Select Com- of Commons. “The third reading of the mittee who invited the return of King bill is said to have been carried by an acCharles, and had the credit of bringing cident; though strongly opposed by the about the Restoration ; after which under court of King Charles and by the House Charles, he was Lord Lieutenant, Chan- of Lords. Bishop Burnet says, Lords cellor of the Exchequer and privy-Coun- Grey and Norris were named to be telselor, and sat in judgment as one of the lers. Lord Norris being a man subject Commissioners at the trial of the regicides to vapors, was not at all times attentive October, 1670. In 1672 he was created to what he was doing. So a very fat Earl of Shaftesbury. He acted a distin- lord coming in, Lord Grey counted him guished part in the history of the times, for ten, as a jest, at first; but seeing Lord in opposition to the papal tendencies of Norris had not observed it, he went on Charles—was imprisoned in the Tower- with his miss-reckoning of ten. So it was was released-was acquitted by acclama- reported to the house, and decided that tion which lasted a full hour. He died they who were for the bill were the maJune 21, 1683. He was three times mar- jority, though it indeed went on the other ried, and left a son who succeeded him in side.”—Lives of Lord Chancellors, Vol. his titles. His mother was the daughter III., page 276.