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New FOUNTAIN FOR HOLYROOD.—There formerly PERSIAN PROPHECIES CIRCULATING IN INDIA. stood in the center of the quadrangle of Linlithgow A correspondent of the Calcutta Englishman Palace a fountain of remarkably quaint and interest- affirms that General Low has received a number of ing design, erected, as antiquarians tell us, in the couplets in Persian, said to be composed by Niamureign of James II., and familiar to all readers of tolláh 700 years ago. They begin with a prophetic Scottish history as the fountain which "ran with enumeration of the successive rulers of Hindostan, wine" on those occasions when royalty wished to and conclude with stating that the rule of the Engcelebrate auspicious events by a wholesale hospital. lish is to expire in 1260 Hegira, corresponding to ity. During the troubles of 1745 this rare specimen A.D. 1864. The verses have been circulated through of ancient humor and elegance became the wreck the whole of the North-west. it at present appears. We are glad to learn, however, that Sir Benjamin Hall, Chief Commissioner of ALDERMANIC DESCRIPTION OF HAVELOCK.-We Her Majesty's Works, etc., who recently visited the were glad to see that at the Court of Common Courispot, has interested himself in the direction of Mr. cil last week it was unanimously agreed that a bust Matherson, of the Board of Works; its scattered of General Havelock should be placed in the Guildremains were carefully examined and measured, and hall. The alderman described the dead hero as "a although the old stones are too much shattered to great linguist and a good Christian ”-a concatenaadmit of reconstruction, we understand it is in con- tion not very inferential. It is pretty though to see templation to reproduce the design with every fide- peaceful commerce acknowledging the religion and lity in front of Holyrood Palace, and on the site the justice of honorable war. Surely, never since recently occupied by the statue of her Majesty. The Wolfe or Moore has an English leader earned so plan of the fountain is octagon, surrounded by a rapid a fame. We lament that a sorrowing nation basin of twenty-five feet diameter, from which it has to place the laurel crown so lately given upon rises to a height of about thirty-five feet. The ele- the coffin instead of on the head.-Scotsman. vation is divided into three tiers, surmounted by figures supporting a large crown, from the soffit of
THE PRINCE AND PRINCESS FREDERIC-WILLIAM. which a grotesque face, with open mouth, emits a -A letter from Berlin says: “The Prince and volume of water, which, falling into a basin on the Princess show themselves on every occasion towards highest tier, discharges itself through various quaint the people in a manner so as to secure the homage heads into other troughs on each successive stage. of the heart. The young Princess is effecting a quiet The second tier is decorated with eight characteris- little revolution of her own in the fearfully stiff tic carved figures representing musicians and hunt- style that formerly kept the Court circle here in a ers, while the lowest is surmounted with eight state of automatic petrifaction; and royal highness, alternate pinnacles and effigies of animals bearing ladics-in-waiting, and chamberlains are now seen to armorial shields. The supply of water is to be smile and look happy, just as if they were really obtained from springs in the Park now running human beings like other people." waste; and there is no doubt that the erection of such an edifice will be a great embellishment to the
AUSTRALIAN ACADEMIC HONORS.-A late Gazette Palace, and accord well with the historical associations already connected with the locality. We are announces that the Queen has directed that letters glad to observe that an elevation of the fountain patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting proposed to be erected is exhibited by Mr. Matherson Master of Arts
, Bachelor of Laws, Doctor of Laws,
and declaring that degrees of Bachelor of Arts, in the Royal Academy Exhibition, which opens Bachelor of Medicine, and Doctor of Medicine, to-day.-Scotsman.
already granted or conferred, or hereafter to be CHINESE MEDICINE.—The following appears in granted or conferred, by the Senate of the Univerthe Opinione of Turin: "A missionary who has sity of Sydney, in the colony of New South Wales, just returned from China, states that in that country, wards of merit, and be entitled to rank, precedence,
shall be recognized as academic distinctions and rea kind of polygala is successfully used as a cure for and consideration in the United Kingdom, and in hydrophobia. This plant has thick leaves, and its stem contains a milk juice; it grows to the height the colonies and possessions of the Crown throughof two feet
, with a thickness like that of a goose out the world, as fully as if the said degrees had quill. The flowers are small, and of nearly the
same been granted by any University of the United color as the leaves. Its root is perennial, and
Kingdom. annually produces new shoots and stems. There are several kinds of polygala in Europe, two of which
A TREMENDOUS IDEA.-A member of the Acaare used in medicine against the bite of reptiles. démie des Sciences of Paris, who is also an eminent In order to apply this plant as a remedy, the Chinese chemist, has invented an apparatus which he thinks gather a handful of the stalks, crush them, and cook will euable human beings to breathe as freely at the them in water in which about two pounds of raw rice bottom of the sea as on the surface of the earth. He have been washed. The decoction is effected by proposes to form an association for collecting all means of a water-bath. The juice is then strained, the treasures now lying at the bottom of the ocean, and half a quart of it is administered to the patient and estimates at about £800,000,000 sterling the if he be an adult, and this draught is continued for harvest of treasure to be gleaned on the route beseveral days, gradually diminishing the dose. tween England and India only. Sometimes a single dose suffices for a radical cure. It is also administered to animals with their food, A MEDAL has been struck at the works of Mr. G. large cattle requiring a much larger quantity." R. Collis, to commemorate the formation of the Na
tional Association for the Advancement of Social IN 1824, there were 50,000 tons of coal used in Science. Upon the obverse there is a capital likethe production of gas in London! in 1851, there ness of Lord Brougham, and upon the reverse an wore 500,000 tons used in one establishment.
STRANGELY enough, the most glaring of substituting for an exclusively classical defect in our programmes of education is training a training in which the modern entirely overlooked. While much is be- languages shall have a share, is argued on ing done in the detailed improvement of this ground. The necessity of increasing our systems in respect both of matter and the amount of science is urged for like manner, the most pressing desideratum reasons. But though some care is taken has not yet been even recognized as a de. to fit youths of both sexes for society and sideratum. To prepare the young for the citizenship, no care whatever is taken to duties of life is tacitly admitted by all to fit them for the still more important posibe the end which parents and schoolmas- tion they will ultimately have to fill-the ters should have in view; and happily position of parents. While it is seen that the value of the things taught, and the for the purpose of gaining a livelihood, an goodness of the method followed in teach- elaborate preparation is needed, it appears ing them, are now ostensibly judged by to be thought that for the bringing up of their fitness to this end. The propriety children, no preparation whatever is need
ed. While many years are spent by a * Some Thoughts on Education. By John LOCKE. boy in gaining knowledge, of which the London. 1710.
chief value is that it constitutes “the edLevana; or, the Doctrine of Education. Trans- ucation of a gentleman;" and while many lated from the German of JEAN PAUL FR RICHTER. London: Longmang. 1848.
years are spent by a girl in those decoraThe Quarterly Journal of Education.
1831 to tive acquirements which fit her for evening 1835.
parties; not an hour is spent by either of VOL XLIV.-NO. II.
them in preparation for that gravest of the time. Commenting on the chaotic all responsibilities—the management of a state of opinion and practice relative to family. Is it that this responsibility is family government, Richter writes: but a remote contingency ? On the contrary, it is certain to devolve on nine out “If the secret variances of a large class of of ten. Is it that the discharge of it is ordinary fathers were brought to light, and laid easy? Certainly not: of all functions down as a plan of studies, and reading catawhich the adult has to fulfill this is the logued for a moral education, they would run most difficult.. Is it that each may be somewhat after this fashion: In the first hour trusted by self-instruction to fit himself
, by myself or the tutor;' in the second, mixed or herself, for the office of parent ? No: morality, or that which may be applied to one's not only is the need for such self-instruc- own advantage ;' in the third, 'do you not see tion unrecognized, but the complexity of that your father does so and so l' in the fourth, the subject renders it the one of all you are little, and this is only fit for grown-up others in which self-instruction is least people ;' in the fifth, the chief matter is that likely to succeed. No rational plea can you should succeed in the world, and become be put forward for leaving the Art of Ed- something in the state ;' in the sixth, 'not the
temporary, but the eternal, determines the ucation out of our curriculum. Whether worth of a man;' in the seventh, therefore as bearing upon the happiness of parents rather suffer injustice, and be kind;' in the themselves, or whether as affecting the cha eighth, but defend yourself bravely if any one racters and lives of their children and re-attack' you ;' in the ninth, do not make a mote descendants, we must admit that a noise, dear child;' in the tenth, `a boy must not knowledge of the right methods of juve- sit so quiet ;' in the eleventh, you must obey nile culture, physical, intellectual, and cate yourself
. So by the hourly change of his
your parents better;' in the twelfth, and edumoral, is a knowledge second to none in principles, the father conceals their untenableimportance. This topic should occupy ness and onesidedness. As for his wife, she is the highest and last place in the course neither like him, nor yet like that harlequin of instruction passed through by each man who came on to the stage with a bundle of papers and woman. As physical maturity is under each arm, and answered to the inquiry, marked by the ability to produce offspring, what he had under his right arm, ' orders' and so mental maturity is marked by the abil orders. But the mother might be much better ity to train those offspring. The subject compared to a giant Briareus, who had a hun; which involves all other subjects, and dred arms, and a bundle of papers under each." therefore the subject in which the education of every one should culminate, is the The This state of things is not to be readily ory and Practice of Education.
changed. Generations must pass before In the absence of this preparation, the any great amelioration of it can be exmanagement of children, and more espe- pected. Like political constitutions, educially the moral management, is lamenta- cational systems are not made, but grow; bly bad. Parents either never think and within brief periods growth is insensiabout the matter at all, or else their con-ble. Slow, however, as must be any imclusions are crude and inconsistent. In provement, even that improvement implies most cases, and especially on the part of the use of means; and among the 'means mothers, the treatment adopted on every is discussion, occasion is that which the impulse of the moment prompts: it springs not from any We are not among those who believe reasoned-out conviction as to what will in Lord Palmerston's dogma, that "all most conduce to the child's welfare, but children are born good.” On the whole, merely expresses the passing parental the opposite dogma, untenable as it is, feelings, whether good or ill; and varies seems to us less wide of the truth. Nor from hour to hour as these feelings vary. do we agree with those who think that, Or if these blind dictates of passion are by skillful discipline, children may be made supplemented by any definite doctrines altogether what they should be. Contraand methods, they are those that have riwise, we are satisfied that though imbeen handed down from the past, or those perfections of nature may be diminished suggested by the remembrances of child by wise management, they can not be rehood, or those adopted from nurses and moved by it. The notion that an ideal servants - methods devised not by the humanity might be forthwith produced enlightenment, but by the ignorance of by a perfect system of education, is near