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The relief of Lucknow had been effect the beleaguered garrison, still further ened, and we were soon to be free. Sir Co-hanced our gratitude. lin, while the fire was still very heavy on the afternoon of the 17th, was met by Sir James Outram and General Havelock. THE RELIEF OF LUCKNOW.* A loud, long shout greeted the Generals and their staff as they shook hands, amidst About 11 P.M. Ungud, pensioner, reheart-felt cordiality, with Sir Colin Camp- turned, bringing us a letter containing bell. Proud, indeed, must Sir Colin bave the glad tidings that our relieved force, been at the success which had crowned under General Outram, had crossed the all his measures, and which stamped him Ganges and would arrive in a few days. as one of the first generals of the age. His arrival, and the cheering news he The enemy had been foiled in every in- brought of speedy aid, were well-timed; stance, and, notwithstanding his despera- for neither our fast-diminishing stores, the tion, vigilance, and unquestionably excel- vague and uncertain rumors of the adlent maneuvers, had succumbed to the vent of reïnforcements, nor the daily commander-in-chief's superior generalship, sights and sounds by which we were surand the indomitable valor and undaunted rounded, were calculated to inspire conficourage of our troops.
dence and check desertion among the Sir Colin Campbell received the hearty servants and camp-followers. All the thanks and congratulations of Sir James garrison were greatly elated with the with evident satisfaction; and General news, and on many of the sick and woundHavelock, not less delighted and proud, ed, the speedy prospect of a change of air harangued the troops who had so gallant- and security exercised a most beneficial ly carried out all the Commander-in-chief's effect. Heavy rain fell about 11 P.M. brilliant maneuvers, in that concise and September 23.-About three A.M. the yet soul stirring language for which he rain cleared off, and at eleven A.M. the was so well known by his soldiers. While sun came out and the clouds dispersed, yet speaking, his attention was drawn to and gave promise of fair weather. A the place where his only son had just smart cannonade was heard in the direcfallen, wounded by a musket-ball from tion of Cawnpore; several imagined they the enemy. Though his father's heart also heard musketry, and the sound was must have been bleeding with anguish, listened to with the most intense and even and beating with curiosity to know the painful anxiety by the garrison, who felt nature of the wound, the General, with assured it must be their friends advancing wonderful self-command, continued his to their assistance. But it was hardly discourse without interruption, and then expected that our force could have adonly amidst the cheers of the men, who vanced so far, owing to the heavy rain were unacquainted with the sad event which had fallen, and the state in consewhich had just happened, left to visit his quence that the roads and country were wounded son. Fortunately it was only a in; however, at five P.M. another distant slight wound, and he soon recovered from cannonade was heard, which last for half the effects of it.
an hour, and which appeared much nearer 'than before; this elicited many and divers
opinions, and created the greatest possible Sir Colin Campbell's army remained in excitement. occupation of the positions they had taken Throughout the day, large bodies of outside, and we received orders to prepare troops with guns and ammunition wafor leaving.-orders which took many of gons were seen moving about in the city, us by surprise, for we hoped that the gov. in the early part of the day to the right, ernment would not allow the city of Luck- and later, in large bodies to the left. In now to remain in possession of the rebels, the afternoon, the enemy placed a gun in after all the difficulties and blood expend position, facing down the Kass bazaar ed to enter it. Our noble deliverers had street, with what object it was impossible made immense sacrifices to relieve us, and it had cost as many lives as had been * The Defense of Lucknow. A Diary recording saved. The knowledge, however, of Sir the Daily Events during the Siege of the European Re
sidency, from 31st May to 25th September, 1357. Ву Colin's move into Oude having been un
a Staff Officer. With a Plan of the Residency. dertaken with no other view than to aid 16mo, 224 pp. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
to say. We threw many shells into the commenced leaving with bundles of city during the day among the parties of clothes, etc., on their heads, and took the the enemy seen moving about. At nine direction of cantonments across the differP.M. heavy rain began, and fell for two ent bridges. At 2 P.M., armed men and hours.
Sepoys commenced to follow them, accomSeptember 24.-Every thing most un- panied by large bodies of irregular cavalusually quiet throughout the night, and ry. Every gun and mortar that could be only one or two cannon-shot were fired brought to bear on the evidently retreatearly in the morning. A considerable ing enemy, was fired as fast as possible, body of cavalry were seen moving to the for at least an hour and a half. The enright through the city, and about half past emy's bridge of boats had evidently been eight A.M. å distant cannonade was heard, destroyed and broken away, for many which continued nearly all day.
were seen swimming across the river, We had no news of any kind, and the most of them cavalry, with their horses' anxiety of the garrison was very great. bridles in their hands. Strange to relate, During the morning, large bodies of the during all this apparent panic, the guns of enemy were seen moving through the city the enemy in position all round us kept to the right and left. Ensign Hewitt, of up a heavy cannonade, and the matchlockthe 41st Regiment Native Infantry, was men or riflemen never ceased firing from slightly contused on the head by bricks their respective loop-holes. struck out of a wall by a round-shot. At At 4 P.M. report was made that some eight P.M, the enemy made a false attack officers dressed in shooting-coats and solah on the Cawnpore battery, keeping up a caps, a regiment of Europeans in blue heavy cannonade and musketry fire, which pantaloons and shirts, and a bullock batlasted for about half an hour, after which tery, were seen near Mr. Martin's house all became moderately quiet. During the and the Motee Muhal. At 5 P.M., volnight guns were heard in the direction of leys of musketry, rapidly growing louder, the Cawnpore road, and the flash of them were heard in the city. But soon the could be very distinctly seen ; they were firing of a Minié ball over our heads gave supposed to be about seven miles distant. notice of the still nearer approach of our
September 25.--A very unquiet night. friends; of whom as yet little or nothing Two alarms, one at half
past one A.M., and had been seen, though the enemy were to another at four A.M. The whole garrison be seen firing heavily on them from many was under arms nearly the whole night. of the roofs of the houses. Five minutes A very great disturbance in the city, in later, and our troops were seen fighting the direction of Mr. Gubbins' post espe- their way through one of the principal cially. To the very great regret of the streets; and though men fell at almost garrison, Captain Radcliffe, of the 7th every step, yet nothing could withstand Light Cavalry, was dangerously wounded the headlong gallantry of our reïnforcewhile in command of the Cawnpore bat- ments. Once fairly SEEN, all our doubts tery. About ten A.M. a messenger came and fears regarding them were ended : in, bringing a letter of the 16th instant and then the garrison's long pent-up feelfrom General Outram, dated Cawnpore, ings of anxiety and suspense burst' forth announcing his being about to cross over in a succession of deafening cheers; from to this side of the Ganges, and march on every pit, trench, and battery—from beto Lucknow. The messenger could give hind the sand-bags piled on shattered no account of our force, beyond its having houses-from every post still held by a reached the outskirts of the city. few gallant spirits, rose cheer on cheer
About 11 A.M., nearly all sound of fir- even from the hospital! Many of the ing had ceased, but increased agitation wounded crawled forth to join in that was visible among the people in the town, glad shout of welcome to those who had in which two large fires were seen. An so bravely come to our assistance. It was hour later, the sound of musketry and the a moment never to be forgotten. smoke of guns was distinctly perceived Soon all the rear guard and heavy guns within the limits of the city. All the were inside our position; and then ensued garrison was on the alert, and the excite a scene which baffles description. For ment amongst many of the officers and eighty-seven days the Lucknow garrison soldiers was quite painful to witness. At had lived in utter ignorance of all that 1:30 P.M., many of the people of the city had taken place outside. Wives who had
long mourned their husbands as dead, forcing their way through the city: inwere again restored to them; others, deed, the losses were so heavy, that they fondly looking forward to glad meetings could effect nothing towards our relief; as with those near and dear to them, now the enemy were in overpowering force, for the first time learned that they were and the position having been extended, in alone. On all sides eager inquiries for re. order to accommodate as far as possible lations and friends were made. Alas! in our great increase in numbers, and the too many instances the answer was a pain- guns that were in our vicinity having ful one.
been captured at considerable loss to ourThe force under the command of Gene- selves, we remained on three-quarter raral Sir J. Outram, G.C.B., came to our as- tions, as closely besieged as before, until sistance at a heavy sacrifice to themselves. the 22d November, when the garrison Of 2600 who left Cawnpore, nearly one were finally relieved by the army under third was either killed or wounded in the Commander-in-chief.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF SIR HENRY HAVELOCK.*
HAVELOCK'S RELIGIOUS TRAINING. they were conclusive. He might almost
have been claimed as a believer in the As with so many others, the religious Unitarian creed. impressions of Havelock were traceable
Subsequent investigations, however, to the influence and the efforts of his convinced him that he had been commitmother when he was a little boy. It was ting some great mistakes. He had been her custom to assemble her children forgetting that his business was not with for reading the Scriptures and prayer in that which was antecedently probable her own room. Henry was always of the about Christ, but with that which was party whenever he was at home, and in actually written about him in the Old and course of time he was expected to take New Testaments. He had been overthe reading, which he generally did. It looking the obligation to take the entire impressed him; and under these pleasant testimony of Scripture, and to accept circumstances he knew, like Timothy, the every thing which, when honestly interHoly Scriptures from a child. After the preted, it is found to teach. Because he death of his mother, his religious feelings could not understand how Jesus Christ fluctuated considerably, and he became could be both human and divine, he had dissatisfied with the generally-received pronounced that he could not be soopinions of the character and the work of that such union was impossible and abChrist. It was necessary for him, with surd. But no sooner did he recognize his uneasiness of mind, to go thoroughly the authoritative nature of the divine orinto that question. He listened to the acles, and the corresponding duty, of rearguments which were addressed to him ceiving their communications on the subagainst the divinity and the atonement of ject without objection, than he renounced the Saviour, and at one time thought that all his disbelief and doubt, and held fast
to the doctrine, that whilst his Saviour is * A Biographical Sketch of Sir Henry Havelock, the man Christ Jesus, he is at the same K.C.B. By the Rev. W. Brock. Fcap. 8vo, 288 pp. London: James Nisbet & Co.
time over all God blessed for evermore.
THE ENCOUNTERS WITI NANA SAHIB. of whom was the central battery of six
guns under Captain Maude. The 64th The bugle.notes rung clearly out, and 84th had two guns more in their rear, through the mango groves on the Pandoo and the Regiment of Ferozepore closed Nuddee, and wakened the weary soldiers the column. long ere the morning of the 16th was The troops defiling at a steady pace, gray. A welcome rumor had run through soon changed direction, and began to their lines on the previous night. It bore circle round the enemy's left. They were to them the good tidings that the wives shrouded for some time by clumps of and children of their foully-slaughtered mango; but as soon as the enemy comcomrades and friends still lived in Cawn- prehended the object of their march, an pore. They knew the road was long, and evident sensation was created in his lines. the fields of maize were heavy and soft. He pushed forward on his left a large They knew that the rain would fall in tor- body of horse, and opened a fire of shot rents, or the sun would beat on them with and shell from the whole of his guns. scorching heat. They knew that many But he was evidently disconcerted by the times their number of well-armed men advance on his flank, and anxious for his stood between them and those whom they communication with Cawnpore. Havehad hoped to save. But they knew lock's troops continued their progress not that of those women and little child- until his left was wholly opened to attack, ren many were already massacred, and then forming line, advanced in direct whilst others at the time were expiring echelon of regiments and batteries from amidst the throes and throbbings of a the right. A wing of the Fusiliers again lingering and yet procrastinated death. covered the advance, extended as riflemen. Cheerily, therefore, they rose from their “The opportunity had arrived,” says pillows of earth, girt on their armor and Havelock," for which I had long anxtheir knapsacks, and light of heart, and iously waited, of developing the prowess strong in hope, they made their way of the 78th Highlanders. Three guns of through the darkness, thinking not then the enemy were strongly posted behind a of country or of honor, so much as that lofty hamlet, well entrenched. I directed they were the defenders of the widow this regiment to advance, and never did and the orphan.
I witness conduct more admirable. They Havelock had learned that Nana Sahib were led by Colonel Hamilton, and fol. had taken up a position at the village of lowed him with surpassing steadiness and Ahirwa, where the Grand Trunk Road gallantry under a heavy fire. As they unites with that which leads direct to the approached the village, they cheered and military encampment of Cawnpore. He charged with the bayonet, the pipes soundfound his intrenchments had cut and ing the pibroch. Need I add that the rendered impassable both roads, and his enemy fled, the village was taken, and the guns, seven in number, (two light and five guns captured ?” siege caliber,) were disposed along his po The Highlanders had never fought in sition, which consisted of a series of vil that quarter of India before, and their lages. Behind these his infantry, consist- character was unknown to the foe. Their ing of mutinous troops and his own armed advance has been described by spectators followers, was disposed for defense. It as a beautiful illustration of the power of was evident that an attack in front would discipline. With sloped arms, and rapid expose the British to a murderous fire tread through the broken and heavy from his heavy guns sheltered in his in- lands, and through the well-directed fire trenchment. The General resolved, thereof artillery and musketry, linked in their fore, to maneuver in order to turn his unfaltering lines, they followed their left. The camp and baggage were ac- mounted leaders, the mark for many cordingly kept back, under proper escort, rifles. They did not pause to fire-did at the village of Maharajpoor, while he not even cheer; no sound from them was halted his troops there two or three hours heard as that living wall came on and on, in the mango groves, to cook and gain to conquer or to die. Now they are near shelter from a burning sun.
the village; but their enemies occupy The column then moved off, right in every house, and from every point a gallfront. The Fusiliers led, followed by two ing fire is poured on them from the guns; then came the Highlanders, in rear heavy guns. The men lie down till the
iron storm passes over. It was but for a who were lying down in line, to leap on moment. The General gave the word, their feet, I directed another steady ad"Rise up! advance !” and wild cheers vance. It was irresistible. The enemy rung out from those brave lines—wilder sent round-shot into our ranks until we even than their fatal fire within a bun- were within 300 yards, and then poured dred yards; and the pipes sounded the in grape with such precision and determimartial pibroch, heard so often as earth's nation as I have seldom witnessed. But latest music by dying men. The men the 64th, led by Major Stirling and my sprung up the hill, covered by the smoke aide-de-camp, who had placed himself in of their crushing volley, almost with the their front, were not to be denied. Their speed of their own bullets; over and rear showed the ground strewed with through all obstacles the gleaming bay- wounded; but on they steadily and silentonets advanced; and then followed those ly came, then with a cheer charged, and moments of personal struggle, not often captured the unwieldy trophy of their protracted, when the Mahratta learned, valor. too late for life, the power of the Northern “The enemy lost all heart, and after a arm. The position was theirs. All that hurried fire of musketry, gave way in tostood between them and the guns fled the tal rout. Four of my guns came up and field or was cut down. General Have- completed their discomfiture by a heavy: lock was with his men. Excited by the cannonade; and, as it grew dark, the scene, some letter-writers say that he ex- roofless barracks of our Artillery were claimed: “Well done, 78th. You shall dimly descried in advance, and it was evibe my own regiment. Another charge dent that Cawnpore was once more in our like that will win the day.”
possession." Nor was the gallant 64th bebind. “Such,” says the author of The Indian Charging with equal bravery another vil. Mutiny,' “ was the battle of Cawnpore, in lage on the left, and firing four volleys as which 1000 British troops, and 300 Sikhs, they rapidly advanced up the rising laboring under every disadvantage, a ground, they soon made the place their powerful sun over their heads, a merciless own, and captured its three guns. enemy in their front, strongly intrenched,
“ The enemy's infantry,” continues without cavalry, and with an artillery of Havelock, “ appeared to be every where in inferior weight, defeated 5000 native full retreat, and I had ordered the fire to troops, armed and trained by our own cease, when a reserve 24-pounder was officers. Perhaps in no action that ever opened on the Cawnpore Road, which was fought was the superior power of arcaused considerable loss to my force; and, rangement, moral force, personal daring, under cover of its fire, two large bodies of and physical strength of the European cavalry at the same time riding insolently over the Asiatic, more apparent. The over the plain, their infantry once more rebels fought well; many of them did not rallied. The beating of their large drums, flinch from a hand-to-hand encounter with and numerous mounted officers in front, our troops; they stood well to their guns, announced the definitive struggle of the served them with accuracy; but yet, in Nana' for his usurped dominion. spite of this, of their strong position, of,
“I bad previously ordered my Volun- their disproportionate excess in number, teer Cavalry to adventure a charge on a they were beaten." more advanced part of the enemy's horse, And now the bugle sounds; this time and I have the satisfaction to report that to rest. The wounded were gathered tothey conducted themselves most credit- gether and cared for. The sentries comably. One of their number, Mr. Carr, menced their nightly watch, the overwas killed in the charge.
wrought soldiers soundly slept for many “But the final crisis approached. My hours, when a crash that shook the earth artillery cattle, wearied by the length of awoke them : Nana Sahib had blown up the march, could not bring up the guns the Cawnpore magazine, and abandoned to my assistance; and the 1st Madras the place. Fusiliers, 64th, 84th, and 78th detach The following general order, issued on ments, formed in line, were exposed to a the morning after the battle, and one of heavy fire from the 24-pounder on the the last General Havelock penned, must road. I was resolved this state of things now possess a melancholy interest : should not last ; so, calling upon my men, “Cawnpore, won by Lord Lake in 1803,