Page images

as it doubtless will be, travelers will pro- gy of the volcano, the appearance of the bably be restrained in the use of the long- heavens, and others on which the expedibow—the suggestion is not ours, but the tion was expected to afford some informaProfessor's and many a fine flourish with tion. It is written with a great deal of pen or pencil may be checked by the con- vigor and life. The Professor does not sciousness that Nature has limned her own disdain the aid of fancy. He has made features with the stern fidelity of truth, use of this charming handmaid to knowand may be called in to convict those who ledge with considerable effect. Hence, flatter, as well as those who libel. The instead of a dry treatise, such as many author has also been aided by the atten- might have anticipated from an astrono. tions of Mr. Glaisher, of the Greenwich mical missionary, sent out with GovernObservatory, who has superintended the ment funds, we have an agreeable volume, chemical part of the operations; and, in which the solidities of science are pleastherefore, the work issues from the press antly interspersed with the small-talk of with as many advantages as the most fas- an excursion. In place of an official distidious parent could demand for his lite- patch, such as Routine loves to write and rary child. We need scarcely say, that Red Tape to receive, we have a vivid it introduces many topics of scientific in- chronicle full of graphic descriptions, terest—such as the zodiacal light, the which will induce many a reader to wish lines in the solar spectrum, the extraordi- that he could spend a summer in philosonary case of refraction witnessed by Hum-phic gipsying at the Peak of Teneriffe. boldt on his visit to the island, the geolo

From the Eclectic Review.


It may safely be asserted that scarcely more precious—the lives and the honor of ever has book been more gladly wel hundreds of our brave countrymen and comed by a public than the Memoirs of their heroic wives and daughters. That the HENRY HAVELOCK, by that of Great scenes of Cawnpore might not be repeated Britain. It seems but yesterday when at Lucknow was the earnest prayer of the astounding news of his rapid victories, every one throughout Britain. And howwhich turned the tide of rebellion, and ever inadequate the force which he comavenged the foul deeds of murderous manded, Havelock became the minister sepoys, burst upon us. Since then the of God to answer this prayer of a nation. nation watched his movements. On his Lucknow was relieved-in turn again besteps appeared to hang not only an em- leaguered and once more relieved ; and pire, but what at that time seemed almost from that dreadful Residency passed the

wan faces and haggard forms of those who

had so long been its tenants and defenders. * A Biographical Sketch of Sir Henry Havelock, The great work of victory and of rescue K.C.B. By the Rev. William Brock. Third Edi- was accomplished, and with it the mission tion. London: Nisbet & Co. 1858.

The Good Soldier. A Memoir of Major-General of Havelock. Before tidings could reach Sir Henry Havelock of Lucknow, Bart., K.C.B. him of the honors which a grateful counCompiled from Authentic Sources. By the Rev. try prepared to shower upon him, or of Wm. Owen. London: Simpkin, Marshall & Co. the love with which his people regarded 1858.

Havelock : the Broad Stone of Honor. A Tribute him, he was beyond the reach of earthly of the Tongue and Pen. By Edwin Paxton Hood. rewards. Over all that was mortal in London: J, Snow. 1858.

Havelock has the grave closed. But he

died as he had lived-a Christian. With that conquered and died in Oude. firm tread he passed through the dark tence or two will suffice to notice the valley to the land of joy and of praise. "Memoir” of Mr. Owen, and the “TriAfter forty-three years' devoted service to bute” of Mr. Hood. The latter is a funhis country, and a series of victories un- eral sermon, and not quite free from the exampled in history, he died without hav- blemishes of most such productions. Mr. ing even seen his elevation in the Gazette, Owen's book-much more extended in and leaving a personal estate sworn under size than that of Mr. Brock's, to which £1500. His reward and his riches had our after remarks shall exclusively bear throughout been other than this world's, reference-relates chiefly the outroard hisand such were they to continue till the tory of the hero of Lucknow. Although end.

also bearing the marks of haste, and chietly What we have traced in few sentences a compilation, it may safely be recomhas for months been known. The details mended for popular use, as giving a clear of the “hundred days,” and these unex- and detailed account of the achievements ampled feats of heroism and martial ener- of Sir H. Havelock. Still, with these gy are engraven on the national mind, three productions before us, it is matter and have become matter of history of deep regret that the life of Havelock When the din of battle shall have ceased, has not yet been written. And now a a patient hand shall draw pictures of them, brief abstract of his personal history: and explain to us at length the mode and HENRY HAVELOCK sprang from the midthe results of these victories. Meantime dle class in society. Born at Bishop we know them and we only wish to know Wearmouth, near Sunderland, 5th April, more of him who achieved them. The 1795, he was chiefly educated at the slightest trait in his character, the smallest Charterhouse School, where he had the incident in his history, is interesting. The advantage of distinguished juvenile fact that so late in life he was called to do friends, and the stimulus of noble fellowsuch great things, impresses us with the students. Among the former, we reckon belief that all throughout he had been Samuel Hinds, Sir W. Norris, and Archpreparing for them. Again, the fact that deacon Hare; among the latter, Bishop immediately afterwards he was called Thirlwall, Grote the historian, and others. away, has convinced us that with them But, better than all, he had the prayers his work was done, and that nothing more and the scriptural instructions of a pious remained than for “ the good and faithful mother. Even at school he and congenial servant to enter into the joy of his Lord.” spirits found opportunity for religious meetWe almost expect that the life of such a ings. After a short period, given to the man must have been checkered; we anti- study of law, when Talfourd was his colcipate that strength and clearness of faith league, he attains the object of his early de-genuine, practical, Christian faith--must sires, and is gazeted a second lieutenant in have been its main characteristic. The the 95th, or Rifle Brigade. But the inac"Sketch” of Mr. Brock has, therefore, tivity of a garrison life ill comported with come in time to make us acquainted with such a mind. Chance of promotion there the inner life of the hero of Lucknow. seemed none for a poor and unpatronized It bears on its face the marks of haste- subaltern; and, accordingly, having preit only professes to be a sketch, to be pared himself by the study of Hindostanee, followed by a fuller account from the we find him on board ship for India. It pen of Mr. Marshman - communicates was at that period that the great change little that is absolutely new to the general occurred in his history which gives its pepublic, and it too largely intermingles culiar direction to bis whole after-course. facts with reflections, couched in a style Reluctantly have we parted from the which betokens rather deep emotion than scanty information given us on this great calm history. All these defects are pro- period of Havelock's life. We can only bably natural under the circumstances. offer our readers such fragments as Mr. Still the book, such as it is, has deep value, Brock's volume affords, and such deducfrom the glimpses which it affords into tions as we have been able to draw from the inner history of Henry Havelock, and them. To his early religious impressions especially by the private letters which it succeeded a season of darkness and of communicates, from which each one may doubt. But in the dreary swamps of learn for himself what and who he was Unitarianism or Deism a Havelock could

not perish. His moral sense, and with it as that of Dr. Judson. But although by his sense of personal need, were too deep choice a Baptist, Havelock ever felt himto cast away the Bible, and to renounce self a member of the Church Universal. the God-Man. A candid, open, manly His advocacy, his countenance, his influmind like his, could derive no other de ence, and his contributions, were readily ductions from the Bible, than those held given to all that was "holy, just, and in common by all evangelical churches. good.” When his means were most Even before he had opened his heart and scanty, he religiously devoted one tenth submitted his life to the demands of the of his income to the cause of Christ, nor Gospel, he had reached firm ground of was he ever ashamed or afraid to acknowbelief. It was when on the eventful voy-ledge his convictions. At Rangoon, in a age to the land of his future adoption, chamber of the great idol-temple, on the that he felt the necessity of becoming de march, in the camp and city, he promoted cided in his religion. Intercourse with a the spiritual welfare of his soldiers. brother officer, Mr. Gardner, seems to Havelock's Saints” became a soubriquet have been specially useful to him. He for his company, and in conduct and landed on the shores of India a new man. / action they belied not the title. Brief Even in our days, that phantom-class--the memoranda only are given by Mr. Brock “old Indians ” — has not wholly passed of his eventful life, during the first twentyaway, and still blazons abroad its com- six years of his residence in India. What mercial selfishness, and Christianity “re- he deemed one of the most important spectabilized” as the panacea for the world events was his marriage with the daughin general, and for India in particular. ter of Dr. Marshman, of Serampore. Dur. Thirty-five years ago, when Havelock ing twenty-eight years that admirable reached the shores of Asia, theirs was the lady was the devoted companion of his dominant creed. Much regretted by life, to whom he ever turned with such some are the balmy days when “fanati- deep attachment as only a noble soul is cism” was decried, if not punished, and capable of. Talents of no mean kind-as evangelical zeal the rare exception. From we may even gather from his " Memoirs the first our young lieutenant had resolved of Campaign in Ava”--remained long unto take a stand. His clear intellect per- acknowledged. Besides other obstacles, ceived the path of duty, and he followed he had to contend against prejudices it through good report and through evil springing from his religious character. report. We can not better describe his Twenty-three years of hard toil and much character and conduct than in the words danger elapsed before he was promoted of a brother officer:

to a captaincy. Of the difficulties against

which he must have had to contend we “When I first knew Havelock, in 1824, he catch some glimpses from expressions in was only eight-and-twenty; but he was con- later letters, such as this: “Since the 22d spicuous as an earnest student of his profession, a chivalrous soldier, and a man of the highest we have been slowly steaming this sacred integrity. That which formed the brightest stream, or rather buffeting the waves of glory in his whole career was his sterling this inland sea, the banks of which you Christian consistency. He was not a man to and I so well knew in the days of our huparade his opinions or feelings, or to make any mility.” And deep must the humility of striking display, unless called for by some act a poor subaltern, with an increasing famor word of others, when no one could be more ily, have been for a good many of those firm in the avowal of his sentiments, and his calm, impressive manner always told with weary years which elapsed till the requireeffect."

ments of health obliged him unwillingly

to return to Europe. In 1849, Havelock Sharp work awaited him in India. Both came back to Britain. While his health in the Burmese war and in the negotia- here rapidly recovered, he was still entions with the court of Ava, he took a gaged in those occupations which, as a distinguished_part. Here he came into Christian, were nearest to his heart. All contact with Dr. and Mrs. Judson, whose around noticed the deep earnestness, the “praise is in all the churches."' With manly, working, warm-hearted Christianithem the young officer could sympathize ty of the soldier of the cross.” But the the more deeply, as for some time previ- bitterest pang was yet to come. The eduously his religious principles had tended cation of his family imperatively required towards the same ecclesiastical connection that his wife should remain with the

children in Europe — their requirements Bonn, and longs to press his wife again to that he should return and serve in India. his heart, but otherwise also in emotions At a period of life when few would have which some of us will be glad to think chosen such sacrifices, and still without were shared by a Havelock: prospects, save those of a doubtful and difficult future, of which he could

not see I confess it, twice shed tears over it last night.

“I am in the midst of Uncle Tom,' and, shall the end, Havelock tore himself from the I read on, and looking suddenly at my watch, embraces of his family, whom he left in found it was midnight. I must be very old, for Germany, and all alone, save as Abraham I have shed tears of joy again, this morning, with his God, went he forth on his jour- over little H.'s good letter." ney. Thence only his deeds, not his per

At length, in 1857, there was a prosson, were to return. It will best throw light on his feelings and prospects if we pect of Mrs. Havelock joining her hustransfer to our pages one of those almost

band at Bombay, when the declaration of daily letters which on his voyage he sent war against Persia put an end to the to his wife :

much-cherished plan. This time Have“LEIPSIC, Oct. 30, 1851.

lock was appointed to command the "I purpose going to see the battle-field (of second division of the invading army. the Völker-Schlacht, as the Germans call it) to- Honors, new to him, poured in. “On morrow morning, so I will commence another the morning of the 27th,” he writes from letter to you in the solitude of my chamber, on board ship,“ the battery on the Apollo Oh! how ardently I desired to turn back and Bunder fired a salute, as I

was supposed rejoin you at Bonn, as I lay in my bed at then to have gone on board, the first exFrankfort. It was a totally sleepless night-a thing, as you know, most unusual with me. I pense of the kind to which' I have ever sat up meditating and writing until near eleven, put the Indian government.” Our readand when called at six had not once closed my

ers know that peace so speedily followed eyes; not even dozed or slumbered for a mo- this short campaign that there was no call ment. The bitterness of parting, my position for General Havelock's active services. after so many years, which renders it unavoid- But more stern duties awaited him on his able, and, I fear, not a few doubts about the return to India. The great and fearful worldly future, passed in rapid succession rebellion had broken out, and Havelock through my brain, which, without being in the least fevered, was so wrought upon that I never was to enter on his first campaign as Comslept a single second. But I did, indeed, find mander-in-Chief, unequaled in its achievesweet relief in the thought of meeting you in ments by any thing recorded in modern that better kingdom, for all earthly meetings history. From victory to victory, and, as are uncertain, and only terminate in longer or at every step he acknowledged the guidshorter separations. Join with me in prayer ing hand of his God, we will not follow that we, through faith in the blood of the him-nay, we need not, for all Britain has Lamb, may be held worthy to partake in his resurrection, and be together with him and

followed him. Those memorable.“hunour children in his glory. I know not what dred days,” and that campaign, ending lies before me, but I do feel that we are both in with the relief of Lucknow, by Sir Colin the path of sacred duty. Let us do his will, Campbell, are still events almost present and leave the event to God. Perhaps he may to us. One more letter, the last he be merciful to us, and grant that we may soon wrote, and we are at the end of his meet again, though we see not how."

career: What a story of cares and trials in these

"Nov. 19. - Sir Colin has come up with lines ! what deep affection! what elevated some 5000 men, and much altered the state of Christian feeling! Once more in Asia,

affairs. The papers of the 26th of September and this time with his son beside him, re- Commandership of the Bath, for my first three

came with him, announcing my elevation to the commences his life of toil and of faith. battles. I have fought nine more since. Years again roll round, epistolary inter- Dear H. (his son) has been a second time course with those he loves being his chief wounded in the same left arm. The second earthly comfort. Each birthday is care- hit was a musket-ball in the shoulder. He is fully marked, the recurrence of interesting in good spirits and doing well. family events noted—all lovingly, bravely, elevation in the Gazette, but Sir Colin address

the children. .. .. I do not, after all, see my and piously. An almost womanly tender

es me as Sir Henry Havelock. . . . . Our bag, ness of feeling possessed that manly soul, gage is at Alumbagh, six miles off

, and we all showing itself not only in the solicitude came into this place with a single suit, which with which he watches all movements at I hardly any have put off for forty days.”

His sands were now fast running out. and so died a Christian hero; such a A long day of unacknowledged labor had branch could not have sprung from other been followed by a glorious evening. He than the True Vine. How different had had done his task faithfully and well

. One it been if Henry Havelock had been Infiof his great desires, at last, had been ful- del or Deist - but his faith was his life, filled ; “One of my prayers, oft repeated and rich, precious fruit did it bear. Bethroughout my life since my school days, fore we close this volume, we look once has been answered, and I have lived to more into his expressive featurés. A nocommand in a successful action.” Even ble face-thoughtfulness, firmness, earnbefore the relief by Sir Colin Campbell estness, manliness, depth of feeling in came, symptoms of illness had appeared. every feature-especially in that intense Soon after his removal to Alumbagh, it look, and in the deep furrows of his counassumed the form of dread disease, and tenance. Reader, he was a good and a far from his beloved ones, attended only great man. Every life has a deep moral by his son, he laid him down to die. To meaning. We say of him that he was Sir James Outram, who visited him, he true true as a soldier, true as a man, true remarked : "For more than forty years I as a Christian. His Christianity made him have so ruled my life that when death true. Reader, it may not be thine to be came I might face it without fear. So a Havelock-of such men time produces be it, I am not in the least afraid. To few: but whatever, or wherever thou die is gain.” To his son he gave this art, be thou a Christian, and be thou parting testimony: “Come, my son, and true ! see how a Christian can die.” So lived

From the Dublin University Magazine.




ments enter into man, and, according as

they predominate, form his temperament. It is a strange combination of Talmudic Man is the little world of which the larger legends and old Cabalistic philosophy, world is the type. To use the alchewhether that be of Egyptian or Chaldaic mist's ponderous words, chaos, or the origin. Add to this a dash of Neo-Plato-great mystery, is the back of every thing, nism, a tinge of Greek materialism, blended beyond which the mind of man can not together in a mind purely scientific and penetrate. All things will perish, not practical, and you obtain a fair impression again to become chaos, but what was of the Swiss philosopher of the sixteenth before chaos. The great mystery is “the century.

mother of all the elements, and the grand Creation was a chemical mystery, a mother of the stars.” It gave powers of separation. Space at first was chaos, or a reproduction to all secondary creatures. common principle from which all perish- All was created without an effort, and able things came. The first separation passed at once into being like a flower was the universe or macrocosm, and the opening to bloom. All things lay hid in four elements—fire, which is the hot part chaos as the statue does in the marble. of every thing; air, the moist; water, the All passed into form and essence by a cold; and earth, the dry. These ele separation. Created things were not

« PreviousContinue »