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ing, out from its thin covering all the Among the nations that sent representawhile, yet lies, in some sense, concealed, tives to the Brussels Conference, and until the light and revelation of science agreed to cooperate with the United States are thrown upon it; then it bursts out, in carrying on an uniform system of oband strikes us with exquisite force and servations at sea, our own country stood beauty.

conspicuous, and we are glad to say that “As our knowledge of nature and her a Meteorological Department was added to laws has increased, so has our under the Board of Trade, and placed under the standing of many passages in the Bible able superintendence of Rear-Admiral been improved. The Psalmist called the Fitzroy, for the purpose of carrying on earth the 'Round World ;' yet for ages it this important undertaking. The Board was the most damnable heresy for Christ- has already issued several valuable works;* ian men to say the world was round; and, and when we consider the vast extent of finally, sailors circumnavigated the globe, the shipping interest of Great Britain, its proved the Bible to be right, and saved numerous vessels of war and of commerce, Christian men of science from the stake. we have no doubt that a body of facts

"Canst thou tell the sweet influence of will be collected respecting the currents, the Pleiades ? Astronomers of the pre- winds, and hurricanes of the ocean, which, sent day, if they have not answered this while it will improve the art of navigation, question, have thrown so much light upon and add to our knowledge of the physical it as to show that, it ever it be answered geography of the terraqueous globe, will by men, we must consult the science of also give additional security to the life and astronomy. It has been recently all but property so largely exposed to the abnor. proven,* that the earth and sun, with mal influences of the elements. There is their splendid retinue of comets, satellites, no branch of administration of more value and planets, are all in motion around to the state than that which has been so some point or center of attraction incon- recently intrusted to the Board of Trade; ceivably remote, and that that point is in and we trust that the ephemeral governthe direction of the star Alcyone, one of ments, to which English interests seem the Pleiades! Who but an astronomer, destined to be committed, will not forget, then, could tell their sweet influences ?"' in their struggles for power, that a perma

“And as for the general system of at-nent reputation may be gained by those mospherical circulation, which I have been peaceful achievements which contribute to so long endeavoring to describe, the Bible the happiness of society and the wealth of tells it all in a single sentence: "The wind nations. We do not now ask them, as we goeth towards the south, and turneth have often done in these pages, to take an about unto the north; it whirleth about interest in those abstract sciences which continually, and the wind returneth again sooner or later find a social and practical according to its circuits.' (Eccles. 1:6.).. application. They have hitherto failed to Have I not, therefore, very good grounds appreciate what we unwillingly think for the opinion, that the wind in her cir- seems above their comprehension, and we cuits,' though apparently to us never so must wait in patience till a better educawayward, is as obedient to law, and as tion shall place the statesmen and senators subservient to order, as were the morning of another generation on a level with the stars, when they sang together ?» » advisers of foreign princes, who have

endowed the sciences and the arts as * This is not the opinion of Astronomers. It is the most enduring sources of national a speculation of M. Mædler, a German Astronomer. greatness. Tho central point referred to is situated between the stars 7 and u Herculis, at a quarter of the apparent distance of these stars from a Herculis. See this Journal

, vol
. iv., p. 232, vol vi, p. 241, and vol. viii., of works placed at the head of this article.

* These publications are enumerated in the list

p. 532.

From the Leisure Hour.



In a previous paper we gave some courtiers laughed at his witless sallies. illustrations of the freaks of the despotism Judging by outward appearances, there so recently extinguished by British au- were no signs of a storm on the horizon. thority at Lucknow; but there is a terrible All was clear, serene, and radiant. Precounterpart to the picture there presented. sently the king, who was attired in EuroThe caprice that sets up and aggrandizes, pean costume, rose to leave the refectory. can with equal facility cast down and de- When pleased, he was addicted to the spoil. If the beggar, by a royal word, habit of thrusting his hand into his hat, can be exalted and ennobled, the noble on and twirling it round on the point of his the other hand may by the same means thumb-a most unroyal proceeding, as it be abased, stripped, and beggared. As strikes us. In the plenitude of his fun, we have cited examples of the former, it he did so on the present occasion. Whemay not be amiss to exhibit a signal in-ther the hat was composed of bad material, stance of the latter.

or the crown had sustained injury by freThe unfortunate hero of this episode of quent similar rough usage, we are unable royal life was Rajah Buktawir Singh, to determine; but, whatever the cause, nominally the general of his Majesty's in the course of its rotations the monarch's forces, but actually chief officer of police; thumb broke through the crown. Highly for, the real command of the Oude troops amused at the incident, he turned gayly being vested in the Company's Resident, round to his courtiers and exhibited the very little more service was required of phenomenon, expecting them to laugh at Buktawir than to attend upon processions it, which they, of course most dutifully and court pageants, which are of such did. Buktawir, however, not content frequent occurrence in the East. “The with merely laughing, under a frolicsome general ” was accustomed to be present impulse cried out, in Hindostani — the at almost all the private royal parties and double entendre being equally apt in both entertainments, on which occasions—the that and the English tongue—“There's a king being very fond of practical joking hole in your Majesty's crown.” and boyish pranks-he, in common with The king's countenance underwent a the other favorites, both European and swift change as he heard this innocent but native, would fool his Majesty "to the unadvised remark. The joyous hilarity top of his bent.” Buffoonery, however, is of the previous moment vanished at once, a perilous game to play at with an irre- and a threatening frown brooded over his sponsible despot, however much he may, brow. With an awful flash in his keen for a season, seem to forget his royal pre- black eyes, he turned to one of the Euro. rogative, and conceal the iron talons of pean attendants who happened to be tryranny beneath the pleasant amenities nearest to him, and exclaimed, in a voice of the banqueting-room; and so Bukta- husky with rage : “Did you hear the wir at length found to his cost.

traitor ? The king and his attendants had one “I did, your Majesty," was the beginday been witnessing some of the custom- ning of the reply; but before there was ary conflicts between wild animals, when, time to utter more, he was shouting out wearied with the monotony of the brutal to the captain of the body-guard, " Take sport, they retired from the arena to a that man into custody forthwith !” adding, small refectory near by, where they re- to the Prime Minister : “Go, Rooshun, freshed themselves with iced claret and and take off his head.” biscuits. His Majesty happened to be in It was a moment of appalling consterquite a jocular vein, and, accommodating nation. The king had absolute power of themselves to his hilarious mood, his life and death over all the natives not in

the service of the Company; and such of the innocent members of Buktawir's was his despotism, that any attempt to family, who would inevitably be all involvthwart his rage at the moment would ed in his degradation and ruin. probably have increased its intensity. In the mean time, the European atThe captain of the body-guard-a Euro-tendants of the king, on leaving the palace, pean officer - and the Prime Minister, paid a visit of condolence to the unhappy both advanced to Buktawir, who stood culprit. They found him thrust into a with bent head and hands extended before mean out-house, formerly in the occupation him palm to palm, in the ordinary atti- of a low-caste menial, guarded by two tude of obedience. He said not a word. native sentries. The only furniture in

“The command of the Refuge of the this wretched hovel consisted of a rough World shall be obeyed,” said the Prime native bedstead, raised on four short legs, Minister, who, though on friendly terms and destitute of mat or mattress. All the with the fallen man, showed no reluctance costly garments and equipments of the towards his office.

disgraced chief had been stripped off him, “Buktawir is my prisoner,” exclaimed and, with the exception of a scanty cloth the captain, leading him off, and giving which engirded his loins, he was naked. his European associates, as he went out, The interview was a very affecting and a meaning look, which said: “Perform touching one, and afforded a terrible exyour part; I shall perform mine for the emplification of the evils of despotism. wretched man."

Though protesting his complete innocence “What would the king of England do of any traitorous intents, he expressed a to the man who insulted him thus ?» conviction that he should die, and was asked Nussir, fiercely dashing his hat on chiefly solicitous about his wives, bis the ground and stamping on it, as Bukta- children, and his aged, bed-ridden father, wir was led out.

who were all obnoxious to torture and “ His Majesty would have him arrested, death. With heart-rending earnestness as your Majesty has done,” was the reply did he plead for the kind offices of his of one of the Europeans; and, after trial, visitors on their behalf, and assurances to he would be dealt with as might be that effect were given, amidst tears of decided.”

grief excited by the tragic spectacle. “ So shall I do,” he exclaimed, continu- Stretching out his arm, the wretched ing his advance towards the door slowly, man put into the hand of one of the party and quite forgetful that the order had a signet-ring, containing a large emerald, already been given for his execution. saying: “I have preserved this one jewel;

“I shall inform Rooshun of your Ma they have taken all the rest. Should my jesty's commands," said the attendant, family come to want--should they only bowing and starting off, glad of even so lose their property, and be otherwise unslender a pretext for arresting the doom injured perhaps you will sell this for of the unfortunate jester till the king's them. Do, kind Englishmen; but do try wrath had time to cool. The transient and save them from torture and disgrace, reprieve was made known to those who and the blessings of the widows and or. were conducting him to his doom; and in phans will be yours.” the mean time all hopes of his deliverance At a later period in the day, the Eurodepended upon the success of the efforts pean sympathizers learned that the kinswhich might be made to interest the Brit- folk of Buktawir had been seized and ish Resident in his behalf. His power, it stripped, and thrust into the same degrad. was well known, if invoked, would avail ing prisons; and finding that a period of to shield the life of the fallen functionary, half an hour existed before their presence although his property might not escape con- was required by the king, they, at the fiscation. The task of securing the friend risk of incurring the royal wrath, spent ly interposition of the Resident was in the interval in administering solace and trusted to the captain of the body-guard. comfort to those cowering and sorrowful That gentleman, however, when apprised creatures. of the circumstances of the case, did not At the council, held that evening, every see how he could interfere, since the voice was loudly raised for the exercise alleged traitor was in no way amenable to of clemency. The nawab had been the Company. He promised, nevertheless, thoroughly frightened by the Resident's to exercise his influence for the protection declaration that he should hold him responsible for any injury that might befall was) to wear his pistols loaded or unloadthe innocent family of the rajah. The ed » Company might permit the king to slay The answer was awaited in breathless here and there; but the slaughter of a expectation, since on it a lite probably dewhole family in cold blood, or the torture pended. The captain, however, at a of delicate women and children in groups, glance saw how matters stood, and wishing was more than they would allow. Such well to the degraded general, he replied atrocities might come to the ears of Eu unhesitatingly: “It is unquestionably the rope, and tarnish the Company's honor- duty of the commander-in-chief and the able name. It did not, therefore, suit general of your Majesty's forces to be either the convenience of the Prime Mi- prepared for any sudden danger that nister or the prospects of the European might assail your Majesty. Their pistols barber to be brought into collision with would be useless unloaded.” the Resident on this question. The king The king was satisfied, and so this new was accordingly prevailed on, by the peril passed away. Next day, immured cautious diplomacy of his attendants, to in a large wild-beast cage, the prisoner commute the sentence of death into that departed northwards, the members of his of perpetual banishment, imprisonment in family following in a melancholy train. an iron cage, and confiscation of property. The interference of the dreaded Resident, On the following day the prisoner was to however, had done much to mitigate the take his departure.

severity of their treatment. Thus the But the fury of the king was not fully East-India Company, with all its imperappeased by this decision. “He must be fections, has long been, among the natives disgraced,” exclaimed the tyrant, “as of that vast country,“ a terror to evilrajah never was disgraced before. Let doers, and a praise to them that do his turban and dress be brought—his sword well.” and his pistols."

But there is a sequel to this tragic story The mandate was obeyed. According so thoroughly oriental, that it deserves a to Hindoo ideas, an indignity offered to passing notice. Buktawir was gone, and the turban is the same as if offered to there seemed not the slightest chance of the owner of it. A man acting as a sort his ever seeing Lucknow again. A simple of house-scavenger was ordered into the incident occurred, however, which represence, where he defiled the poor rajah's called him to the mind of the sovereign, head-piece with hearty good-will, to the and led to his restoration to his forfeited king's great satisfaction. Next came the dignities and honors. The event hapsword, which was broken into a hundred pened in this wise. pieces by a sturdy blacksmith, introduced A general dearth occurred throughout for the

purpose. Then followed the pis- Oude. The scarcity caused a serious entols. The son of Vulcan was about to hancement in the prices of every staple smash them in like manner, when he had article of food, with the invariable conthe precaution to look if they were loaded. comitant-great distress and discontent They were loaded, sure enough. The king in Lucknow. The bazaar-owners were observed the hesitation, suspected the loudly accused by the poor of having cause, and vehemently asked if they were produced an artificial scarceness, and riots loaded. On being answered in the affirma- occurred in consequence. Whenever the tive, he exclaimed passionately: “Said I king made his appearance in public, petinot well, the man was a traitor of the tions against the speculators were thrown worst stamp? How say you now, gen- into his howdah, or offered to him when tlemen, was this an unpremeditated mat- he was on horseback, by kneeling sufferers. ter? You hear, the scoundrel's pistols These complaints of popular grievances at are loaded !"

length became so annoying to his Majesty, “ It was part of his duty as a general that he almost ceased his visits to the city. to have his pistols loaded to defend your This unsatisfactory state of things conMajesty,” said the tutor firmly.

tinued long after the ostensible cause had Not satisfied with this explanation, the passed away. A year of plenty came, but captain of the body-guard was summoned still want and discontent continued, and to decide the serious question. “Cap- the king was bored beyond endurance tain,” said the king, as he entered, was with the memorials of starving families it the duty of Rajah Buktawir Singh (that I and outraged property. One day, at the durbar, he said to his courtiers : “There" There's nothing doing now. Change is evidently something wrong; I never for a gold mohur? Certainly, my lord. knew discontent continue so long in Fifteen rupees, eleven annas, and four pie, Lucknow before.” The nawab obscurely four annas, cight pie dustooree. Some hinted at the failure of the crops; but his people charge five annas, but I only four, Majesty was not satisfied with the expla- and eight pie. Bad times, as you say, nation, and invited the opinion of the Baboo." tutor. The reply of this attendant was “It wasn't so when Rajah Buktawir to the effect that there must be some mis- was the king's minister. He kept the management in the bazaars or markets, bazaars in order," said the merchant. which required royal investigation.

The king started on hearing this reThe sovereign's love of novelty and mark, and, advancing nearer to the adventure was excited by the remark, speakers, he continued to listen with inand he answered: “I quite agree with creased eagerness. you, master; let us go this very evening “ He did, Baboo, he did,” rejoined the and inquire into it. Let us all go in dis- money-changer. "Rajah Buktawir kept guise, as the Caliph used to do in Bagdad. the bazaars in order, as you say. Bad I will go with you; it will be both useful times, bad times !" and agreeable.” The transformation was The king had heard enough. Perhaps speedily effected, and the courtly adven- his conscience was touched ; at all events turers started on their romantic errand, he returned to the palace in a reflecting without having any definite idea, how- mood. The idea that had been put into ever, what they were about to do. his head worked there, and in two months

Reaching the places of eastern con- from that date the expatriated functionary course, on we went,” says the narrator, was in his old place at court, and con“through the oily, steaming crowd, redo- tinued for years to be higher than before lent of unsavory odors. Fierce rajpoots in his sovereign's favor. His bitter expeand patans, with their tulwars and shields riences of the caprices of unbridled power jingling by their sides and on their backs, had probably made him a wiser if not a elbowed us and scowled. Well-bearded sadder man. Mussulmans, pious, devout, observed, as It certainly can be no matter for lamenwe passed, it was no place for sahibs. tation that the supremacy of the British Sleek Hindoos smiled, and tempted us authority in Oude should have extinwith their wares, flattering us, in affected guished the practice of such freaks of humility, with their words. At length arbitrariness as we have just narrated. we drew near a money-changer's, where Such facts as these ought to be seriously there was more room. His coins lay weighed in forming our judgment of the scattered in little heaps over the large propriety or impropriety of the annexation trays, that served as tables. He sat on of that disorganized kingdom to the his bended legs, after the manner of British dominions. money-changers in the East and tailors in Since the commencement of the present the West. Two sturdy attendants lounged fearful conflict in Oude, we have heard a near by.” A merchant of some conse- great deal about the fierce and turbulent quence approached the money-changer, character of the population of that province, and, exchanging greetings with the new- and much of the wild ferocity lately displaycomer, said: “Another attack on the rice-ed there has, by some writers, been ascribed stores this morning, Mhadub.”

to the feelings of exasperation aroused by “Bad times, bad times!" replied Mha- the suppression of the native government. dub, shaking his head gloomily, as he It would appear, however, from many paslooked towards the disguised king and sages in the work before us, that society courtiers. The king looked significantly in and around Lucknow has for many round as he heard the reply; and, anxious years past been steeped in disaffection, to catch more, he lingered at a neighbor- and large numbers of the natives have ing stall, examining some article, while been ever ready for the perpetration of his companions subjected some swords to deeds of violence and rapine. At a time a critical scrutiny.

when attempts are made to excite sympa“Very hard, very hard, indeed; it thy for the deposed dynasty, it may not wasn't so in times past,” went on the be amiss to give an example of the disloyal dealer in coins, shaking his head again. style of treatment on one occasion inflicted

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