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year he brought the subject forward Christendom, but especially in his own again; and finding his brother prelates realm. fixed in their neglect, he divided Tyndal's "The Bishop of Rome has studied long work into ten parts, sending one part to to keep the Bible from the people, and each bishop to correct. The Bishop of specially from princes, lest they should London alone ventured an open refusal ; find out his tricks and his falsehoods, lest the remainder complied in words, and did they should turn from his false obedience nothing
to the true obedience commanded by God; Finally, the King's patience was ex- knowing well enough that, if the clear hausted. The legitimate methods having sun of God's word came over the heat of been tried in vain, he acted on his own day, it would drive away the foul mist of responsibility. Miles Coverdale, a mem- his devilish doctrines. The Scripture was ber of the same Cambridge circle which lost before the time of that noble king had given birth to Cranmer, to Latimer, Josiah, as it hath also been among us unto to Barnes, to the Scotch Wishart, silently the time of his Grace. Through the mer. went abroad with a license from Crom- ciful goodness of God it is now found well; with Tyndal's help he collected and again as it was in the days of that virtuedited the scattered portions; and in 1536 ous king; and praised be the Father, the there appeared in London, published cum Son, and the Holy Ghost, world without privilegio and dedicated to Henry VIII., end, which so excellently hath endowed the first complete copy of the English the princely heart of his Highness with Bible. The separate translations, still such ferventness to his honor and the anomalously prohibited in detail, were wealth of his subjects, that he may be exposed freely to sale in a single volume, compared worthily unto that noble King, under the royal sanction. The fountain that lantern among princes, who comof the new opinions—so long dreaded, so manded straitly, as his Grace doth, that long execrated—was thenceforth to lie the law of God should be read and taught open in every church in England ; and the unto all the poeple. clergy were ordered not to permit only, “May it be found a general comfort to but to exhort and encourage, all men to all Christian hearts-a continual subject resort to it and read.
of thankfulness, both of old and young, In this act was laid the foundation-stone unto God and to his Grace; who, being on which the whole later history of Eng. our Moses, has brought us out of the old land, civil as well as ecclesiastical, has Ægypt, and from the cruel hands of our been reared ; and the most minute inci spiritual Pharaoh. Not by the thousandth dents become interesting, connected with part were the Jews so much bound unto an event of so mighty moment.
King David for subduing of great Goliah Caiaphas,” says Coverdale in the dedi- as we are to his Grace for delivering us catory preface, " being bishop of his year, out of our Babylonish captivity. For the prophesied that it was better to put Christ which deliverance and victory I beseech to death than that all the people should our only mediator, Jesus Christ, to make perish: he meaning that Christ was a such mean with us unto his heavenly heretic and a deceiver of the people, when Father, that we may never be unthankful in truth he was the Saviour of the world, unto him nor unto his Grace, but increase sent by his father to suffer death for in fear of God, in obedience to the King's man's redemption.
Highness, in love unfeigned to our neigh“After the same manner the Bishop of bors, and in all virtue that cometh of God, Rome conferred on King Henry VIII. the to whom, for the defending of his blessed title of Defender of Faith, because his Word, be honor and thanks, glory and Highness suffered the bishops to burn dominion, world without end." God's word, the root of faith, and to Equally remarkable, and even more persecute the lovers and ministers of the emphatic in the recognition of the share same; where in very deed the bishop, in the work borne by the King, is the though he knew not what he did, pro- frontispiece. phesied that, by the righteous administra- This is divided into four compartments. tion of his grace, the faith should be so In the first, the Almighty is seen in the defended that God's word, the mother of clouds with outstretched arms. Two faith, should have free course through all scrolls proceed out of his mouth, to the
right and the left. On the former is the the cry of delight, as if he too were deverse: “The word which goeth forth from livered from a worse bondage. me shall not return to me empty, but This was the introduction of the Engshall accomplish whatsoever I will have lish Bible—this the seeming acknowledgdone." The other is addressed to Henry, ment of Henry's services. Of the transwho is kneeling at a distance bareheaded, lation itself, though since that time it has with his crown lying at his feet. The been may times revised and altered, we scroll says: “I have found me a man after may say that it is substantially the Bible my own heart, who shall fulfill all my with which we are all familiar. The peculiar will.” Henry answers: “Thy word is a genius—if such a word may be permitted lantern unto my feet.”
-which breathes through it—the mingled Immediately below, the King is seated tenderness and majesty—the Saxon simon his throne, holding in each hand a plicity-the preternatural grandeur-unbook, on which is written: “The Word of equaled, unapproached, in the attempted God.” One of these he is giving to Cran- improvements of modern scholars--all are mer and another bishop, who, with a here, and bear the impress of the mind of group of priests, are on the right of the one man-William Tyndal. Lying, while picture, saying, “Take this and teach ;" engaged in that great office, under the the other on the opposite side he holds to shadow of death, the sword above his Cromwell and the lay peers, and the head and ready at any moment to fall, he words are: “I make a decree that, in all worked, under circumstances alone permy kingdom, men shall tremble and fear haps truly worthy of the task which was before the living God.". A third scroll
, laid upon him—his spirit, as it were difalling downwards over his feet, says alike vorced from the world, moved in a purer to peer and prelate : “Judge righteous element than common air. judgment. Turn not away your ear from His work was done. He lived to see the prayer of the poor man.” The King's the Bible no longer carried by stealth face is directed sternly towards the bish into his country, where the possession of ops, with a look which says: “Obey at it was a crime, but borne in by the solemn last, or worse will befall you."
will of the King-solemnly recognized as In the third compartment, Cranmer the word of the Most High God. And and Cromwell are distributing the Bible then his occupation in this earth was gone. to kneeling priests and laymen; and, at His eyes saw the salvation for which he the bottom, a preacher with a benevolent had longed, and he might depart to his beautiful face is addressing a crowd from place. He was denounced to the regent a pulpit in the open air. He is apparently of Flanders; he was enticed by the subcommencing a sermon with the text:"Iorned treachery of a miserable English exhort therefore that, first of all
, suppli- fanatic beyond the town under whose libcations, prayers, intercessions, and giving erties he had been secure; and with the of thanks be made for all men-for kings." reward which, at other times as well as And at the word “ kings” the people are those, has been held fitting by human shouting, “Vivat Rex! Vivat Rex !" justice for the earth's great ones, he children who know no Latin lisping, "God passed away in smoke and flame to his save the king !" and, at the extreme left, rest. at a jail-window, a prisoner is joining in
From Chambers's Journal
TII E BARON GRANDENIG O'S DAUGII TERS,*
The three young daughters of the great court—roses and lilies fresh from the Baron Grandenigo having been deprived mountains, and sweet as their wild-thyme by death of their mother, who had always and blooming heather. Madame Offugo rather inclined towards spoiling them, her did not spare to tell her young charges of place was excellently supplied by an an- their faults, whenever she saw occasion to cient female relative, who came unasked do so; to warn, exhort, and instruct. To to superintend the domestic affairs of the Lisa, the eldest, she would say: “You are Baron's secluded stronghold among the prone to search for defects in every thing, green mountains. There she regulated and not only that, but you see a great the household, jingled the keys, and was many things you ought not to see. People especially particular in watching over de must sometimes walk with a shade over fenses and drawbridge, the baron bimself their eyes in this world; ay, even blindbeing usually absent at his sovereign's folded it may be. Your eyes are not court, or fighting his sovereign's battles ; given to you in order to pick out flaws so that old Madame Offugo felt she had á and to make quarrels, but for good and responsibility in her self-imposed task, wise purposes: to be useful, and to behold which made her doubly careful. The the glories of a beautiful universe, the three young ladies of Grandenigo were work of a beneficent Creator." good-natured girls on the whole, but they Lisa perfectly understood old Madame had their faults like the rest of us; and Offugo's words; for her bright black eyes Madame Offugo made it her study to dis- were dreaded at Grandenigo-poking and cover and root out, as far as possible, peering about every where, and into every those noxious weeds which disfigured the thing, and seeing things in such a manner, otherwise fair and promising parterres. that the poor maids said Lady Lisa must Lisa, Lota, and Lora, as the three young surely wear a pair of magnifying-glasses. ladies were named, greatly reverenced This did not effect much harm or perplexand respected Madame Offugo; nor had ity in the quiet retreat of Grandenigo; she failed to inspire them with a good but Lady Lisa was going to a town-life, deal of awe, though she never scolded to a courtly circle, and therefore Madame them, nor treated them with barshness, Offugo lectured her in time, and of course, but, on the contrary, was always kind and as all lecturing is, for her “own good.” considerate. Yet Madame Offugo had Lady Lota, though not quick-sighted, queer ways of her own; and as those were like her eldest sister, but, in fact, quite the days, and theirs was the country, otherwise, made up for that defect by the when fairies were still authentic facts, it extraordinary acuteness of her hearingis not in the least surprising that some her ears doing as much mischief, in the folks went so far as to hint that Madame way of quarreling and magnifying, as the Offugo claimed kin with the elfin race. Lady Lisa's bright eyes. Madame Offugo
At Grandenigo they all led a life of had more than once, and with much macomparative retirement, free from the jesty and severity, impressed on Lady cares, anxieties, and turmoils of the outer Lota's mind that well-known adage--apworld; but this could not be expected to plicable at grand baronial Grandenigo as last always, as Baron Grandenigo was a elsewhere—that “listeners never hear any person of importance in the solemn coun- good of themselves.”. Hence it may be cils of the land, and his daughters would inferred, alas ! that the Lady Lota-dein time be summoned to the sovereign's spite her descent from the ancient Grende
nigos-was not wholly free from human * A short story with three morals or useful les- failings, or rather, we might more justly Bons.-EDITOR.
say, meannesses. Hence the Lady Lota's
temper, it is to be feared, was ruffled and the saying is always getting into troublo, disturbed by not hearing “good of her from seeing what ought not to have been self;" “ and 'if,” as Madame Offugo sagely seen, hearing what was not meant to be remarked, “good is not spoken of us at heard, and speaking what it was inconvehome, what shall be said of us in the cold, nient and dangerous to retail; far, far hard world ?"
more so here in the city and the courtly The Lady Lora, the youngest of the circle, than at quiet Grandenigo, sleeping three sisters of Grandenigo, did not make among the pleasant heathery hills. And Bo much use of her eyes and ears as she their troubles and perplexities so increasdid of her own little tongue; she retailed ed, that one evening when they had rewhat Lisa saw, and what Lota heard, flu- tired rather earlier than usual, and had ently, unfailingly, and, we regret to add, dismissed their attendants, and were conexaggeratingly. She did not like the versing with terror and dismay on their trouble of doing any thing but talk-talk: lamentable position, all three exclaimed she left her eldest sister to look about together: “Oh! that dear old Offugo was her, and poke and peer here, there, and here to direct and aid us! I wonder if every where; she left her second sister to she has quite forgotten us by this time: saunter unsuspected, with her ears wide she said she wouldn't.” open, because she was so near-sighted, and At that instant, a gentle tap, tap, came who dare accuse a Grandenigo lady of to their door, and a little page in green listening? Now, that troublesome little gave in a small packet, silken-bound, ad. member, the tongue, can do a world of dressed to the ladies Lisa, Lota, and Lora. mischief, as we all know; and Madame Quickly they opened it, and what did they Offugo said every thing to Lady Lora behold? First the words written in golden that was right, and true, and kind, and type: "I have not forgotten you-do nos wholesome on this topic. And the Lady you forget old Offugo.” And the conLora listened with respectful attention, tents of the packet? Each sister blushed and promised not only to remember what consciously as she appropriated to herself was said, but to try to follow the kind one of the three gifts it contained ; thus and motherly advice. And so did the proving that they had not altogether forLady Lisa, and the Lady Lota; but in the gotten old Offügo's lessons. "How the mean time, the unruly eyes, and ears, and court circle would have laughed and jeste d tongue often rebelled, and occasioned a had they seen these “ remembrances," so vast deal of petty trouble and vexation carefully bound up with silken cord, and among the small community of Grand- so fondly and reverently received by the enigo.
sisters in the privacy of their own chamber. Suddenly Madame Offugo was wanted And what were they ?-what mysterious elsewhere: the drawbridge was let down, and inexplicable things to send from a and she crossed it quickly, disappearing distance to three fair young ladies, daughin the winding road leading up the hill-ters of the grand Baron Grandenigo ? side from Grandenigo, and leaving the First, there was a woven bandagethree young ladies weeping bitterly, and thick and smooth, flexible and elastic—to waving their white handkerchiefs, and bind over the eyes, as if for playing at kissing their hands as the good old lady blind-man's-buff. Lady Lisa fitted it on receded.
directly; intuitively she understood its "Don't forget us, dear Madame Offu- meaning and arrangement. Then came go," said they on parting.
a bundle of fine white cotton-wool, rolled “ I will not, my dears," she replied, and up in golden tissuc. Lady Lota stuffed she spoke with impressive emphasis. some into her ears on the spot. Then,
And now Baron Grandenigo took his what a funny-looking thing! They all three girls away to the court of his sove-three laughed aloud as the Lady Lora reign. in the midst of a gay and popalous put it into her pretty mouth, though she city. The change was very great indeed declared afterwards it became as sweet as for young ladies brought up in retire- a sugar-plum to her taste. But the greatment, like our Lisa, Lota, and Lora; and est wonder of these gifts was-proving at first they forgot good old Madame Of- beyond a doubt that Offugo must be a fugo and her excellent advice and tender fairy-that although the three fair daughadmonitions. But as time progressed, ters of Grandenigo continued to wear they were never out of “ hot-water," as thein at all times and on state occasions, VOL. XLIV.-NO. IV.
their true significance continued unsus- , fort to themselves, than if they had seen pected. The bandage, by fairy contriv- too much, heard too much, and spoken ance, only resembled a becoming fillet too much by the way. round the ivory brow; the cotton wool Some of us in these days need the gifts was hidden by the ebon tresses, so co- of a good fairy Offugo, and we might even quettishly disposed for the purpose; and appropriate all three for our own share; as to the uncourtly gag, being inside the for sometimes, if we desire to live in mouth, it was not seen at all. A fasci- peace, it is better to tie a bandage over pating reticence was the consequence of our eyes, and to stuff our ears with cottonthat; and forever afterwards, the ladies wool, and furnish our mouths with a gag of Grandenigo walked through this weary -even though it does not taste like a world with far less stumbling and discom- sugar-plum.
From Crabbe's Poetical Works,
Then she plots, then she ruminates, then she devises; and what they think in their hearts they may effect, they will break their hearts but they will effect.
Merry Wives of Windsor, act ii. scene 2.
A vicar died, and left his daughter poor- Am I not honored by such friend and guide ?
His heart before her and to urge her stay;
Thus urged by fears, his trembling hopes avow: I know his love, his temper I can trust; Her father's glebe he managed ; every year But small his farm, it asks perpetual care, The grateful vicar held the youth more dear; And we must toil as well as trouble share: He saw indeed the prize in Colin's view, True, he was taught in all the gentle arts And wished his Jesse with a man so true; That raise the soul, and soften human hearts; Timid as true, he urged with anxious air And boasts a parent, who deserves to shine His tender hope, and made the trembling In higher class, and I could wish her mine;
prayer; Nor wants he will his station to improve, When Jesse saw, nor could with coldness see, A just ambition waked by faithful love ; Such fond respect, such tried sincerity: Still is he poor—and here my father's friend Grateful for favors to her father dealt, Deigns for his daughter, as her own, to send; She more than grateful for his passion felt; A worthy lady, who it seems has known Nor could she frown on one so good and kind, A world of griefs and troubles of her own: Yet feared to smile, and was unfixed in mind; I was an infant, when she came, a guest But prudence placed the female friend in view Beneath my father's humble roof to rest; What might not one so rich and grateful do? Her kindred all unfeeling, vast lier woes, So lately, too, the good old vicar died, Such her complaint, and there she found His faithful daughter must not cast aside repose;
The signs of filial grief, and be a ready bride : Enriched by fortune, now she nobly lives, Thus, led by prudence, to the lady's seat And nobly, from the blest abundance, gives ; The village-beauty purposed to retreat; The grief, the want of human life, she knows, But, as in hard-fought fields the victor knows And comfort there and here relief bestows; What to the vanquished he in honor owes, But are they not dependents !--Foolish pride! So in this conquest over powerful love,