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Renounce slander and envy of others ;
Renounce the sins of lust and wrath ;
Renounce works of pride and covetousness."


There is a time when we carry hawkst on our hands, and Dhaunsast (large kettle drums) thunder at our doors.

There is a time again when we are on foot and carry loads upon our necks or shoulders.

There is a time when we have no appetite for the choicest delicacies.

There is a time too when even a handful of wheat we cannot get.

There is a time when we have crowds of beggars at our doors.

There is a time when we sit as a supplicant at the doors of others.

Let us not then forget the name of the Lord nor lose heart, let us be content in whatever state it pleaseth God to keep. 1

The want of education can be supplied if you will only guarantee the success of this national institution. No nation can maintain its existence without combiniug religious instruction with intellectual education, If modern education is to prove destructive of the sacred and spiritual teachings of the Gurus, it will be highly

From a Lecture on the Sikhs by Mr. Macauliffe, C.S.
+ Emblem of royalty.
$ Kettledrum and banners constitute the insignia of chiefship.

|| Poem composed by Sirdar Jassa Singh Ramgarhia and which he used frequently to repeat. From the annals of Ramgarhia Sirdars by Sirdar Sundar Singh Ramgarhia.


the pen,




unfortunate for us, and if intellectual culture is to result in a deterioration of physique, and in a diminution of spirit, of fidelity and loyalty to the Crown, our national existence will be in peril. We can benefit only from that education, which preserves our religious faith, and at the same time helps to build up our physical strength and courage. An education so called which renders our youths incapable of handing the sword because they

will be harmful and injurious to a nation, but that day will be a blessed day for the Khalsa, when the band which draws the sword against the enemies of the British Crown, is equally ready to take up the pen when needed in the same

Khâlsâ brethren, this is a most -critical moment in the history of our nation. There are only two courses open to you to day, either to go forward or to go backward. It is impossible to remain stationary. You are at liberty now to choose either course for yourself. I only wish to warn you that if you are to stand still, while other sections of the community are making such marked progress, you will bring about your own fall. The College is an instrument of your advance

. ment in learning and it is your bounden duty to help it; if you eagerly desire that your sons may obtain moral and religious education based on the inspired writings of the Gurus, which are marked by simplicity, universal toleration, and purity, you must now come forward to show your sympathy in a practical manner. are sincere well-wishers of the nation, have a true love for the Gurus, are anxious to keep up the memory of the martyrs, and wish to dispel the darkness of ignorance with the light of knowledge, and desire to see your nation become good, great, and wise, you should come forward and help the Khâlsâ College in order to

If you

raise it to that glorious and dignified position which iswell befitted to the greatness of the nation, to which you have the honour to belong.

* From a Speech by the Râjâ of Nabha, President at a Sikh Conference, held at Amritsar, on behalf of the Khalsa College, reported in the Bombay Gazette of the 16th April 1904.


I. Hail, artless Simplicity, beautiful maid, In the genuine attractions of nature arrayed; Let the rich and the proud, and the gay and the vain, Still laugh at the graces that move in thy train.

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No charm in thy modest allurements they find,
The pleasures they follow a sting leave behind ;
Can criminal passion enrapture the breast,
Like virtue, with peace and serenity blest ?

O would you Simplicity's precepts attend,
Like us, with delight at her altar you'd bend;
The pleasures she yields would with joy be embraced ;
You'd practise from virtue, and love them from taste.

IV. The linnet enchants us the bushes among ; Though cheap the musician, yet sweet is the song : We catch the soft warbling in air as it floats, And with ecstasy hang on the ravishing notes.

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Our water is drawn from the clearest of springs,
And our food, nor disease nor satiety brings :
Our mornings are cheerful, our labors are blest,
Our evenings are pleasant, our nights crowned with

From our culture yon garden its ornament finds,
And we catch at the hint for improving our minds ;
To live to some purpose we constantly try,
And we mark by our actions the days as they fly.

Since such are the joys that Simplicity yields,
We may well be content with our woods and our


How useless to us then, ye great, were your wealth When without it we purchase both pleasure and health!


There certainly is a kind of moral excellence implied in the renunciation of all effort after display.


The water that has no taste is purest, the air that has no odour is freshest, and of all the modifications of manner, the most generally pleasing is simplicity.

Simplicity and plainness are the soul of elegance.

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