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be more admired, nay, loved, than any mere beauty. A sweet temper is to the household what sunshine is to the trees and flowers.

KING CHANG AND HIS SECRETARY.

Chang king was president of the High Court of Criminal Cases, and being obliged to make on the following day his report to the Emperor upon an affair of consequence, which fell out in the evening, he called for a secretary, and drew up the writings, which employed him until midnight. Having finished his papers, he was

, thinking to take repose, when the secretary by accident struck the candle and threw it down. The fire caught the papers, burnt part of them, and the tallow spoiled the rest. The secretary was exceedingly sorrowful, and fell on his knees to ask forgiveness for the offence. “It is an accident," said the President, mildly, “rise, and let us begin anew 1”

SIR ISAAC NEWTON AND HIS DOG.

Sir Isaac Newton had a favourite little dog, which he called Diamond, and being one day called out of his study, Diamond was left behind. When Sir Isaac returned, having been absent but a few minutes, he had the mortification to find that Diamond having thrown down a lighted candle among some papers, the newly finished labours of many years were in flames, and almost consumed to ashes. This loss, as Sir Isaac had no copy of the papers, was irretrievable : yet, without striking the dog, he only rebuked him with this exclamation, Diamond ! Diamond I thou little knowest the mischief thou hast done !"

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146. TEMPERANCE.

Temperance is the moderating of one's desires in obedience to reason.

--CICERO.

Temperance is reason's girdle, and passion's bridle.

The uniform testimony of brain-workers is in favour of moderation, and temperance in all things—in study, exercise, eating, drinking, and even recreation.

--SMILES.

Temperance is a tree which has contentment for its root, and peace for its fruit.

-ARABIC MAXIM.

He that holds fast the golden mean,
And lives contentedly between
The little and the great,
Feels not the wants that pinch the poor,
Nor plagues that haunt the rich man's door.

--COWPER.

The temperate man's pleasures are durable, because they are regular; and all his life is calm and serene, because it is innocent.

Temperance is the best physic.

Joy, temperance, and repose,
Slam the door on the doctor's nose.

-LONGFELLOW.

If thou well observe
The rule of not too much, by temperance taught,
In what thou eat’st, and drink'st; seeking from thence
Due nourishment, not gluttonous delight,
Till many years over thy head return :
So mayst thou live : till, like ripe fruit, thou drop
Into thy mother's lap, or be with ease
Gather’d, not harshly pluck’d, for death mature.

--MILTON.

If a man lose all else, and four things still are left him, he can take no harm : Temperance, Cheerfulness, Truth, and trust in God.

—“JAVIDAN-KHIRAD." *

Through fowle intemperaunce
Frayle men are oft captiv'd to covetise :
But would they thinke with how small allowance
Untroubled nature doth herselfe suffise,
Such superfluities the ywould despise,
Which with sad cares empeach our native joyes.

-SPENSER.

Not even pleasure to excess is good :
What most elates, then sinks the soul as low.

-THOMSON.

Avoid extremes, and shun the fault of such
Who still are pleased too little or too much.

-POPE.

* From Ancient Iranian and Zoroastrian Morals, by D. J. Medhora,

extreme to another are

Sudden leaps from one unnatural.

-SIR R. L'ESTRANGE.

Is there anything which reflects a greater lustre upon a man's person than a severe temperance, and a restraint of himself from vicious pleasures ?

It is impossible to lay down any determinate rule for temperance, for what is luxury in one may be temperance in another,

Temperance has the particular advantages above all other means of health, that it may be practised by all ranks and conditions, at any season or in any place.

-ADDISON.

It is clear that to operate advantageously on the masses, their moral, intellectual, and physical condition must be raised. Let the friends of temperance direct their energies to these objects. Wherever an effort is making to establish schools, to substitute harmless public entertainments for what are vicious, to remedy social grievances and disorders, to encourage a love of the fine arts, to rouse the fancy and stimulate the moral and religious sentiments——there let the friends of temperance be foremost.*

I have always looked upon the temperance question as the most important question of life. It is not to me a metaphysical or political problem ; it is not one which we can solve by mere speculations conducted on principles of political economy. I look upon it as a great moral and religious question. It is one in which we are spiritually interested. It is God's command to us all to be temperate, and we must do all in our power to put down intemperance and promote temperance and briety amongst all nations,

* From Chambers's Miscellany.

-KESHUB CHUNDER SEN.

.

THE TWO BEES. On a fine morning in May, two bees set forward in quest of honey ; the one wise and temperate, the other careless and extravagant. They soon arrived at a garden enriched with aromatic herbs, the most fragrant flowers, and the most delicious fruits. They regailed themselves for a time on the various dainties that were spread before them : the one loading his thigh at intervals with provisions for the hive against the distant winter; the other rovelling in sweets without regard to anything but his present gratification. At length they found a widemouthed phial, that hung beneath a bough of a peachtree, filled with honey, ready-tempered, and exposed to their taste in the most alluring manner. The thoughtless epicure, spite of all his friend's remonstrances, plunged headlong into the vessel, resolving to indulge himself in all the pleasures of sensuality. The philosopher, on the other hand, sipped a little with caution; but being suspicious of danger, flew off to fruits and flowers; where, by the moderation of his meals, he improved his relish for the true enjoyment of them. In the evening, however, he called upon his friend, to inquire whether he would return to the hive; but found him surfeited in sweets, which he was as unable to leave, as to enjoy, clogged in his wings, enfeebled in his feet, and his whole frame totally enervated, he was but just able to

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