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Make the best use of thy prosperity,
L “ HITOPADESHA."
Three men are never distressed by adversity, or exposed to solitude and grief : the brave man, of whose prowess all men stand in need; the accomplished man, whose knowledge all men require ; the pleasant speaker, of whose eloquence all men are enamoured.
-“ JAVIDAN KHIRAD."*
He that has never known adversity, is but half acquainted with others, or with himself. Constant successshews us but one side of the world. For, as it surrounds us with friends, who will tell us only our merits, so it silences those enemies from whom alone
we can learn our defects.
Not to be unhappy is unhappiness,
* From Ancient Iranian and Zoroastrian Morals, by D. J. Medhora. Men shut their doors against a setting sun.
Fortune does not change men ; it only brings out in clear light what's in them.
Prosperity is no just scale ; adversity is the only balance to weigh friends in.
It is generally in the season of prosperity that men discover their real temper, principles, and designs.
One should neither rejoice at obtaining what is pleasant, nor sorrow in obtaining what is unpleasant.
If rich, be not elated; if poor, be not dejected.
Whomsoever riches do not exalt, poverty will not abase, and calamity cannot cast down.
“ JAVIDAN KHIRAD.'
Prosperity is no test of character; it is adversity that surely finds us out. Adversity is a great educator and teaches more truly than all the schools.
In prosperity we need moderation, in adversity patience.
The virtue of prosperity is temperance; the virtue of adversity is fortitude, which in morals is the more heroical virtue.
* From Ancient Iranian and Zoroastrian Morals, by D. J. Medhora. * Translated by Platts.
There are many who encounter adversity, that are happy ; while some in the midst of riches are miserable ; every thing depends on the fortitude with which the former bear their misfortune, and on the manner in which the latter employ their wealth.
Be it happiness or sorrow, be it agreeable or disagreeable, whatever comes should be borne with an unaffected heart.
Happiness and misery, prosperity and adversity, gain and loss, death and life, in their turn, wait upon all creatures. For this reason the wise man of tranquil soul would neither be elated with joy, nor be depressed with
Receive blessings with thankfulness, and afflictions with resignation.
I have felt so many quirks of joy and grief
O poor man! murmur not at the vicissitude of fortune,
Though from thy grasp all worldly things should flee;
-A PERSIAN POET.
Whosoever desires a succourer in the day of adversity, Bid him strive to act generously in the day of pro-sperity.
Fortune and futurity are not to be guessed at,
If fortune disregard thy claim,
Alike in joy and in distress
-LADY FLORA HASTINGS.
HYMN TO ADVERSITY.
Daughter of Jove, relentless power,
• Translated by Erstwick. + Translated by Platts.
Bound in thy adamantine chain,
Scar'd at thy frown terrific, fly
Wisdom in sable garb array’d,
Oh! gently on thy suppliant's head,