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SLAVE and SUGAR TRADE. Art. 23. Obfervations on Slavery, and the Consumption of the Produce of

the West India Islands : together with an Abstract of the Evidence given before the Committee of the Privy Council, and the Select Committee of the House of Commons, respecting the Treatment of aves in the West Indies. 8vo. pp. 61. 15. Booley. 1792.

In seasons when people are hurried along by hafty prepoffeffions, it is pleasing to find a few individuals whose cool senle keeps them out of the croud; and such a writer is now before us; for his calmnefs enables him to comprehend the full scope of the argument, and to see it in its true light. With regard to the mass of evidence given before the commit:ee of Privy Council, and the select committee of the House of Commons, respecting the treatment of flaves, this writer juftly remarks, that most of the instances of ill treatment of the Negroes recited, are histories of particular fakts, which will occasionally occur in all situations and circumstances; while the proof of the contrary, is deduced from general observations, and prevailing experience. Of the latter, he has selected the declarations of gentlemen of known character and abundant knowlege of what they described; and their representations may prove not a licile consulatory to numbers, whose feelings have been much distressed by accounts of a very contrary tenour. Art. 24. The Duty of abstaining from the Use of West India Produce;

a Speech delivered at Coachmaker's Hall, Jan. 12, 1792. 12mo. pp. 23. 24. Knoit, &c.

This orator certainly exerted his influence to a good purpose, in trenuously dissuading his auditors from indulging their palates with articles of luxury; and so far as his arguments prevail, so far will they reap the profits of economy : provided always that they become sincere reformers,-that they do not deceive themselves as well as oihers, and

“ Compound for fins they are inclin’d to,

By damning those they have no mind to.” Art. 25. Thoughts on the present high Price of Sugars : proving it to

have arisen from the Rumour of the Slave Bill, and from that Cause only: and demonstrating the Folly, Fucility, and Ab. Surdity of attempting an Importation from the East Indies. Dedicated (without Permillion) to William Wilberforce Esq. By an Old Trader. Svo. pp. 92.

Debrett. 1792 Closet politicians, according to the Old Trader, ought not to interfere in matters of Commerce; by which we are to understand that they ought not to give their opinions on the subject of the Slave-trade, which this experienced Gentleman pronounces to be a material and interesting traffic. The Slave bill, introduced into Parliament by Mr. Wilberforce, and supported by the combined eloquence of Mr. Pitt, Mr. Fox, and other eminent members of the British Senate, is condemned by this pamphleteer as a nefarious and ludicrous bill, full of folly, indigestion, and wantonness. Ab. horrent as the Slave Trade is to the feelings of humanity, we H 3

have

23.

have announced it to be our opinion, that great wisdom and pru. dence ought to be exercised in iis abolition ; and that some regard, in point of justice, should be paid to the planter, who, relying on the faith of parliament, has embarked his fortune in the cultivation of a West Indian estate ; yet we cannot allow that the difficulties attending the abolition will justify this writer in pronouncing the abolition bill a nefarious and ludicrous one. The object of it is highly commendable: but, says this writer, if you abolish the Slave Trade, you will advance the price of sugar to so enormous a degree, as not only to exclude the lower class of people, but even the mediocrity, from the use of this article. Sugars, he proves, have regularly advanced, in proportion to the increasing price of Slaves, The answer from the nation ac large will be fiat juflitia. He ri. dicules the idea of an importation of sugars from the East Indies. The company's lips, we are told, would not bring home sugar enough to sweeten the tea of the common labourers in the hayharvett.' He does more than ridicule che idea, he demonstrates : but perhaps some of his readers will apply, to his demonitration, the definition in the play, “ Demonstration comes from Demon, the father of lies."

According to this writer, the West India islands make about four hundred thousand hogsheads of sugar in a year. Art. 26. An Address to the Right Reverend Prelates of England and

Wales, on the Subject of the Slave Trade. 12mo. 3d. Parsons. 1792.

This well-written and respectful address ought not to be overJooked by the right reverend bench.-Should there be any arch inuendos couched under this fenfible and handsome application, we shall leave them to be discovered and explained by their Lordships.-One thing is pretty clear and certain, viz. that no Christian bishop, who understands his character and office, and who thinks and acts on Cbriftian principles, can ever be an advocate for the Slave-trade, or for any kind of persecution and oppreffion.

An Address to her Royal Highness the Duchess of York, against the Use of Sugar. 1200.

pp. 22.
6d. or 2s. 6d.

per Dozen, and 20s. per Hundred. No Bookseller's Name. · 1792.

Separately from the subj. ct itself,- let us acknowlege and admire the resolution, the virtuous resolution of numbers of the advocates for the abolition of slavery. Let us admire it the more, (whether founded in mistake or not,) as respecting the branch which is the subject of this pamphlet. It seems to have originated among, or at least, to have been molt stedfastly embraced by our youth of both sexes. — Possibly, indeed, young minds, uncontaminated by bad examples, and the corrupt practices which prevail in the world, are the best filted for, and the most likely to act on, laudable and worthy exertions. This pamphlet is written in a sensible and agreeable, as well as an earnest mannır. Art. 28. Hints for some New Regulations in the Sugar Trade : with Remarks on the State of Commerce in the French and

British

Art. 27.

British Weft India Islands. By an Impartial Man. 8vo. pp. 31. 15. Symonds, &c. 1792.

These hints come professedly from a writer who has been for many years in the West Indies, and in the sugar refining manufactory; and whose present situation exempts him from the possibility of being, biassed by personal confiderations. He pronounces positively on the ill policy of encouraging new settlements for the cultivation of sugar; the temptation, as he observes, is the present high price of the article and when that fails, as fail it mult, the competition will end in mutual injury. The present high price he attributes chiefly to the failure of several successive crops in the Windward islands; and to punish the planter, therefore, is adding cruelty to misfortune. The prospects of the present crops are now good in all the islands; and to adopt permanent regulations for the sake of remedying a temporary evil, he considers as highly impolitic. He argues as Itrongly against taking off the drawback'; and advises that the West India ports should be opened for the free admission of foreign lugars and oi her produce, in the same manner as they now are for cotton; and he refers to that article, to justify the expediency of the measure. Art. 29. A Plain Man's Thoughts on the present Price of Sugar, &c. 8vo. pp. 22.

6d. Debrett. 1792. This writer agrees, in several points, with the author of the abovementioned pamphlet. He thews, we think, to fatisfation, why monopolies and speculation on sugar are not practicable to any very great extent; and that the drawback on the exportation of refined sugar, is the chief support of the planter. He presses the anti-faccharites so closely with the argumentum ad hominem, that we cannot resist the temptation of gratifying our readers with it:

• In the language of modern philanthropy, such is called free Sugar as is supposed to be made by the labour of free men, and not by that of slaves : many have been the letters and paragraphs in the public prints recommending the use of fucb free lugar only. Associations have likewise been formed, and combinacions entered into, to leave off all other sugar, with a view of destroying the Nave trade, and ruining those concerned in it, by now, but sure degrees: and very lately many thousand pamphlets have been published, and industriously circulated, at the price of only a halfpenny each, intended not merely to persuade, but even to deter, weak minded people from the use of common sugar, by asuring them roundly, that every lump they swallow is polluted with human blood. To enter into serious argument with men who have suffered their reason and judgment to be led aftray, either by the heat of their own imaginations, or the declamations of well-meaning, hut misguided enthusiasts, would certainly be time loft: it may not, however, be improper just to remind them, that great part of the cloachs they wear, much of the furniture of their houses, with many &c.'s of the most comfortable kind in civilized life, are the produce of the labour of Naves: and that, in particular, the gold and filver in their pockets is Itill more notoriously procured by

the

H 4

the very worff species of slavery, that of the mines. So that if a lump of sugar holds one drop of human blood, every guinea these advocates for unconstitutional freedom are possessed of, must contain a thousand drops. In short, if these friends of universal equality are determined to use or enjoy nothing but what is clearly proved to be procured by the exertions of free labourers, they must be content, if they mean to act confiftently, to return to the unpolished and uncomfortable state of their favage ancestors. On this occafion it has indeed been fhrewdly suggested, that conscience and worldly prudence are for once brought to go hand in hand: so that the man who in reality grudges his family the expence of sugar, enjoys a snug opportunity of hiding his parsimony under the Specious and popular cloak of humanity. But, for my own part, I will continue to suppose, that much the greater part of our present philanthropists are actuated by purer motives. Let that, however, be as it may, as their superior feelings urge them so strongly to Take off every convenience of life, which in the flightest degree partakes of the essence of slavery, the Rigbts of Man most certainly leave them at liberty to follow their own inclinations, not only in leaving off the use of sugar, but likewise in making bonfires of their mahogany chairs and tables, and lighting them up with the cotton paraphernalia of their wives and daughters ; and even in emptying their bags of gold and silver into the sea. And, in fact, until these tender-hearted Anti-faccharites have brought themfelves to this enviable pitch of self-denial, they can have no right to expect credit from the world, either for their fincerity or their consistency.'

This author is an able defender of the Duke of Richmond's plan for the defence of the West India islands, and especially now when their quiet is endangered by schemes of reformation in Europe, and by the devastations carrying on in St. Domingo. We recommend both these publications to those who wish to form mature ideas on this interesting subject,

POETRY. Art. 30. An Epifle to William Wilberforce, Esg. Written during

the Disturbances in the West Indies. Small 8vo. Pp. 31. 68. Darton and Harvey, Gracechurch-ftreet. 1792.

This writer speaks of himself with great modesty; and to his modesty rather than to his poetry we very willingly extend our commendation : • And what is liberty?

a gem,
That far exceeds a diadem :
For diadems will soon decay,
Was liberty alone away.
Witness the Gallic Monarch's fate,
Though deck'd in all the robes of state.'-
• A king is nothing but a man,
Deny th'assertion if you can.'
• Beasts seek not to destroy their kind,
Here man does leave them far behind.'

Williams. 1792.

If these lines be poetry, any body might make himself a poet, in spite of Apollo and the tuneful Nine, and of the old adage, Poeta nafcitur, non fit. Art. 31. Admonitory Epiftles, from Harry Homer, to his Brother,

Peter Pindar. No. 1. 4to. pp. 15. 15.

It cannot be said of Peter Pindar, as of Falstaffe, that “ he is not only witty himself, but the cause of wit in others;" for, in the various poetic pieces to which his publications have given birth, we meet with nothing but dulness and wretched writing; of which a Aagrant instance is furnished by these epiftles;- burlesqueing the venerable name of Homer. Art. 32. Lord Mayor's Day; or City Pageantry: a Poem. With

Notes, illustrative and explanatory. By Timothy Touchstone, Gent. 460. pp. 30. 15. 6d. Ridgway. 1792.

The annual festival of the “good men and true, of the city of London," bas long been the butt of our wits and witlings :--but wherefore? Is it because the show continues to be exhibited with some regard to the old style of pageantry which pleased in days of yore, and which may now be deemed out of taste? or is it because the said wits and witlings find it difficult to obtain tickets for the good dinners? The latter is, probably, the case; and so the hungry scribblers, in revenge, rhyme to the grumbling of their craving gizzards !-How unfortunate it is, that among the incorporated citizens, there is no Poet's Company! Art. 33. Poems, Miscellaneous and Humorous, with explanatory Notes

and Observations. By Edward Nairne, of Sandwich in Kent. 8vo. pp. 144. 35. 6d. Johnson. 1791.

In this plentiful country, (happily for its inhabitants !) the fupply of food for the mind is as copious and various, as in the mar. kets for bodily sustenance; there is meat for all mouths, as well as mouths for all meat. The present compofitions may, doubtless, find admirers in the numerous classes of those, who, though they have been taught to read at school, have never burchened their heads with di&ionary words, or book learning, afterward. With such approbation, the writer of these humorous poems probably will, or positively must, be satisfied. Art 34. The Owl, obe Peacock, and the Dove; a Fable. Addressed

to the Reverend Dr. Tatham, and the Right Honourable Edmund Burke : with the Fable of the Oxen and the Grasshopper, addressed to the Revolution Society, in Illustration of Mr. Burke's celebrated Simile. To which is added, The Sorrows of Mr. Ed. mund Burke. 410. pp. 24. 15. Johnson. 1792.

When the champions in politics engage in serious contefts, they may be considered as heavy-armed troops ; the poetical auxiliaries, who attend on either side, act in the capacity of light irregulars, to skirmish with and harass their opponents, as opportunities fa

One of these bush-fighting partisans has thrown three of his hand-grenades at Mr. Burke, and lies kulking to watch their ef. fects : he must, however, be aware, that the execution in all such

inftances

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