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Yes, thou wilt greet her with a balf-forc'd smile,
Quitting thy virtuous company a while,

To say, “ Dear Madam, welcome!-how d'ye do?"
And then the Dame will answer with a dip,
Scoro in her eye, contempt upon her lip,

“ Not much the better, Mister Burke, for you."
« Poor Burke, I read thy soul, and feel thy pain-

Go, join the sycophants that I disdain.” Our attention is next directed to an Ode to Irony.' This delicate species of rhetoric is pleasantly personified, as a Quakerlooking wight, who, with mouth demure, and folemn eye, without laughing makes others laugh.' Peter considers Irony as, at present, in a dangerous situation in this country,-exposed to the criticism of the law :--but better times are prognofficated, from the approach of

Fair Liberty ! divinely strong!
A patriot phalanx leads the Dame along.

Thou*, Wit, and HUMOUR, Mall adorn her traias
And let me proudly join the noble few;
While to the cause of Glory true,

The Muse shall fout her boldest Atrain.'
• E'en I, 'midit such a patriot band,
Will gain importance through the land;

Rise, from a poor extinguisher, a steeple.-
And, O AMBITION, hear thy suppliant's pray'r,
A sprig of thy unfading laurel spare,

And crown me, crown me Poet of the People.' The flower next presented to us, is an Ode to Lord Lonsdale,' who, fome time ago, commenced, as we have heard, a prosecution against our poet, for the satire contained in his Commiserating Epiitle' to that nobleman : see Rev. for February last, p. 227:

The bard now offers, in a pleasant strain of mock submission, (which we think might easily be turned into real accommodation,) to make it up with his Lord. fhip. Even the K- is introduced, as pleading in Peter's behalf—but in Peter's language ;-and the Ode concludes with þinting the manner of ending all animosity between them :

• Thus t, LONSDALE, thou behold'ft a fair example
Of greatness in a King-a noble sample !

Thou cry'st, " What mult I do? On thee I call.”.
Catch up your pen, my Lord, at once, and say,
“ Dear Peter, all my rage is blown away ;

So come and eat thy beef at Lowther Hall."

* Irony.

† Alluding to the supposed Royal interposition in the poet's fayour, which, had it been realized, would have been generous indeed!


We come, now, to an Ode to the Academic Chair,' on the election of Mr. Weft to the presidency of the Royal Academy, in the room of the late justly lamented Sir Joshua Reynolds. On this occasion, the satirift's old enmity toward Mr. West breaks out afresh. Again the honoured artist is bela. boured by the poet; who, in furiously dealing about his blows, lets a stroke or two (unwarily, no doubt,) light on the shoulders of the patron :-Peter “must have kings," as he, whilom, declared; he employs them, too, on most occasions ; and as kings are said to be the servants of the public, he seems to consider them as fervants of all work.

« Old Simon, a Tale,' is one of the nettles in this bouquet ; and it might have been thought intended to give a little fting to the ladies: but we too well know Peter's regard for the dear creatures, to suppose that he had any such intention. Old Simon, however, might serve, in some respects, as a companion to the celebrated Ephesian Matron, were not the modern tale conceived and told in a much merrier vein.

Our attention is next called to an · Ode to the King :'-a satire on court flattery ; bearing some allufion to the quondam rumour, that the dogs of the law were to be let loose on the author.-What foundation there was for that rumour, we know not, with any degree of certainty. Be that matter

" Who's afraid ?” might have been the motto ta this Ode.

Ode to a Margate Hoy:'-a droll representation of the scenes which, no doubt, frequently occur among the gentlefolks from Wapping, &c.

• Who, fond of travel, unto Margate roam !-' « The Wolf and the Lion, a Tale, dedicated to Lord Hawkesbury.' This piece alludes, alfo, to the matter of profecution; and here again the K. is made to take part (as in the Ode to Lord Lonsdale,) with the poet:

• Now this was poble,- like a king, in footh,

Who scorn'd to choak * a subject for the truth.' The collection closes with · The Wolves, the Bear, and other Beasts, a Fable.'-An admirable satire on a late refera ence to the Judges, concerning the Libel Bill.

Thanks to you, friend Peter, for this month's entertainment; we have had a nice regale, indeed !

as it may,

* Hang


Art. XXIII. A Defence of Dr. Price and the Reformers of Eng.

land. By the Rev. Christopher Wyvill, Chairman of the late Committee of Association of the County of York. 8vo. pp. 100. 25. Johnson. 1792. TH Hou bearest record of thyself; thy record is not true :"

is an objection not less familiar in the mouth of a mo. dern pharisee, than it was in that of the pharisees of old. The Reformers are Diflenters, and the Diffenters are factious republicans, is the common cry of interested calumny; and when the parties accused deny the charge, and profess themselves “ good men and true,” the reply is, 6 thou beareit record of thyself; thy record is not true.” Here, however, cometh another who beareth testimony of themma clergyman of the church of England, of a character very generally known, and not more known than respected. He proves, in his own person, the falsehood of one part of the accusation at least; he proves that all the Reformers are not Diflenters *; and he declares his firm persuasion that the other part is false; also maintaining that it is unjust to consider the Diflenters, or their late leader Dr. Price, as factious republicans. He appeals to indisputable facts, and produces satisfactory arguments, to shew that they are not only an innocent, but a meritorious body of men.

The question of reformation, however, does not turn on the character of the Disfenters. Were they as black as the poor abused Africans, it would not justify us in depriving them of the rights of human nature, and of the common privileges of citizens. Before we can be authorized to do this, we must prove, which the African merchants have already so clearly demonstrated of the Negroes, that they are no part of the human {pecies ;—and even then, we ought not to forget that “the devil himself should have his due." The inquiry concerning neceffity of reformation is to be taken up on a much broader ground. It is a question which concerns not one, but every, class of the community.

In our government, with all its excellences, which are undoubtedly many and great, are there not likewise some gross abuses which (to use the words of our author,) promote the interest of a few, and injure or destroy the happiness of mil

* As zealous churchmen, we do not like to hear it said or infinuared, as is often is, that all the reformers are Diflenters. Can no body do good and improve but a Disfenter? are the non-cons the only people that can fing the song of reformation? As Whitefield said on another occafion, “ Why must the devil have all the good tunes "

lions ?

lions?' are there not multiplied and grievous corruptions, both in church and state, highly detrimental to the moral and civil interests of the community at large? Does not our duty to God, and to our brethren of mankind, call on us to advance the cause of piety and virtue, peace and happiness, by the removal of these evils ? Mr. Wyvill, with many other able and excellent men among us, answers these questions in the affirmative; and accordingly, as an honelt and upright citizen should do, he labours to correct what he deems amiss, by pointing out a plan of ecclesiastical and political reform, so judicious and moderate, that, we thould think, no reasonable objection could be urged against it.

So it is however, that there is always something found to urge against every attempt at reformation.

There is always something wrong, either in the matter, or in the manner, of every reformer.

Is he warm and zealous in his cause, and high in his demands ? the constitution is in danger : “ He that turneth the world upside down is come hither also.” Is he cool and temperate in his language, and moderate in his views ? He has chosen an improper hour for his purpose : “ Go thy way for this time ; when I have a convenient feason I will call for thee."

The danger of such policy, and its necessary tendency to create the very disturbance and tumult which governments affeet so much to dread, are well asierted, and maintained, toward the close of Mr. Wyvill's defence. We recommend what is there said, and indeed the whole of this excellent pamphlet, to the serious attention of all who truly love their country.

2 s. 6 d.


For JUNE, 1792.

TRIAL of MR. HASTINGS. Art. 24. An Account of the Expences incurred by the Solicitors em

ployed by the House of Commons, in the Impeachment against Warren Haflings, Ed. with Observations. 8vo.

pp. 155. Debrect. 1792. By this account, we learn that, to the several other extraordinary

circumstances attending the impeachment of Mr. Hastings, mult be added nearly 37,000l. of the public money already expended; beside the obftruction which it occasions to the progress of the national business! To those, who are fond of litigation, it may prove agreeable paltime when others are to pay the bills: but, as no enjoyment is without its correctives in this world, the tide of popularity in this prosecution has been on the turn for some time, and the impeachers are themselves boldly impeached in every step which they have


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taken. They cannot be in better hands than they are at present, until the public, ashamed of looking on any longer, undertake to drive out the mouse with which the mountain has been groaning to piteously during the last five years. This is a curious and valuable publication :- the more valuable, on account of the editor's explanatory notes, &c. &c.

Art. 25. The Case of the Sugar Colonies. 8vo. pp. 97.

Johnson. 1792. A hort expressive title is good evidence of the merit of a literary work. The makers and sellers of books never think that they can fufficiently blazon the contents, nor promise enough, in the front, to invite purchasers ; while a man, who is seriously intent on his subject, disdains clumsy amplification, and contents himself with giving to his production a neat sententious form without as well as within, We have received much information and satisfaction in the perufal of this dispallionate, cool, and argumentative performance ; which ftates the circumstances of our West Indian islands, our treatment of them, and the tendency of that treatment, in a clear, comprehenfive, and convincing manner. To all, therefore, who are interefted, or who wish to form juft ideas, on a very important subject, we can recommend this tract as containing the sentiments of a well-informed and judicious writer. Art. 26. Historical Sketches of the Slave-trade, and of its Effects

in Africa. Addressed to the People of Great Britain. By the Right Hon. Lord Muncalter. 8vo. Pp. 100. 2 8. Stockdale. 1792.

The principal object of Lord Muncaster, in these sketches, is to prove that the trade in Negroe slaves owed its origin to American West Indian colonization ;-and that the West Indian plantacions might be the firft occasion of a naval resort to Africa for slaves, may be very true. It is no part of our province to engage in a controversy on the subject, or it might not be difficult to hew that a regular llave-trade is carried on by the Moors of Barbary and their oriental neighbours, by an inland current intercourse, to a far greater extent than ever was attempted by the Europeans on the coast. As this trade, however, does not come under general ob. servation, the antiquity of it may not be easily traced : but it is probably coeval with eastern maxims and modes of government, which are old enough to exculpate Europeans from being the ofiginal contrivers of this odious article of commerce. Odious it certainly is : but we do not perceive that our noble author has thrown any new light on the subject; and his work is written in too confident and petulant a style to be read with pleasure. His Lord hip may plead an honest indignation at the hard fate of Negroes, yet surely he is not to be informed, that laves are to be found in our own country, who, on his principle of fiat juftitia, claim emancipation at our hands, before we become eager champions for African liberty. Ic is the cruel fate of every Briton, who engages in seafaring employ. ment, or is known ever to have been so engaged, so be marked out


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