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our civil and religious eftablishment, which may seriously affect the
religion and morals of the people. The consequence will be, that
Good Friday and Easter-day will sometimes fall in the middle of
the Law-term, and suitors will be called from different parts of the
kingdom to attend their business at Westminster; which, he says,
by lessening the respect that has hitherto been paid to those days,
will tend to increase that general in attention and indifference which
threaten to undermine the morals and religion of this nation.
Whether the intended bill has been wholly laid alide, or whether
the considerations above suggested have had any weight with the
fupporters of the measure, we have not been informed. We believe
no fuch bill was brought in during the last session. Probably some
difficulty may have occurred among the judges respecting the pro-
posed arrangements.
· Art. 35: A second Letter to the Right Hon. Charles James Fox, upon

the Matter of Libel : suggesting the dangerous Tendency of the
Bill now [lately] before the Legislature on the above Subject,
both with respect to the Constitution itself, and the whole System
of English Law. By John Bowles, Esq. of the Inner Temple,
Barrister at Law. 8vo. 28. Whieldon, &c. 1792.

Mr. Bowles pursues this subject with unremitting industry, and with more than a common share of acuteness. He foresees, or thinks he foresees, the moft alarming consequences from enacting the bill which is the subject of his animadversions. As we do not feel the same alarm, bui, on the contrary, most firmly believe that this bill only recognises in the jury those powers which the Constitution has entrusted to them, and meant them to exercise in cri. minal cases, we heartily rejoice that it has passed into a law. Art. 36. The accomplished Practifer in the High Court of Chancery.

Shewing the whole Method of Proceedings, according to the present Practice, from the Bill to the Appeal, inclusive. Containing the original Power and Jurisdiction of the Chancery, both as a Court of Law and Equity; the Office of the Lord Chancellor, Master of the Rolls, and the rest of the Officers : * Also the Forms and Precedents of Bills, Answers, Pleas, Demurrers, Writs, Commiffions, Interrogatories, Affidavits, Petitions, and Orders : Wich a Lift of the Officers and their Fees. By Jof. Harrison, of Lincoln's Inn, Esq. The seventh Edition, being a new one, on a plan different from that pursued in the former Editions of this Work; with all the Practice enlarged under every Head, and an Addition of Precedents of all kinds; the Proceed. ings on a Commission of Lunacy; with additional Notes and References to the ancient and modern Reports in Equity. By John Griffith Williams, Esq. of Lincoln's Inn, Barrister at Law. 8vo. 2 Vols. 185. Bound. Whieldon. 1790.

This is an improved edition of a very useful practical treatise. Mr. Williams has arranged the materials in a more systematic manner, and has inserted the most important modern decisions relative to proceedings in equity. * See Review, New Series, vol. vi. p. 337. Q3


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Art. 37. The Barrister : or, Strictures on the Education propor for the Bir.

2 Vols. 6s. sewed. Deighton. 1792. These strictures are written with the laudable design of recommending a liberal and enlarged plan of education for the bar. The writer appears to have formed a very high sense of the proper dig, nity of the bar; and he wishes to point out the honourable line of advancement in it, in preference to the more gainful system of courting the hotice of attornies by an early application to the aftytiæ of practice.

The greatest part of these volumes appeared occasionally in the news-paper called “ The World." The author has now added some others, and an Introduction. Art. 38. An Enquiry into the Extent of the Power of Juries on Trials

of Indictments or Informations for publishing seditious or other criminal Writings, or Libels; extracted from a miscellaneous Collection of Papers that were published in 1796, entided, Ad, ditional Papers coucerning the Province of Quebec. 8vo. is. 6d, Debrett. 1792.

These observacions proceed from the candid and dispafionate per of Mr. Baron Maseres. Their object is to thew that the jury have a right to determine all the particulars of the charge, the malicious intention of the writer, and the mischievous tendency of the paper, as well as the more timple facts of the writing and publication. Art. 39. A Differtation showing that the House of Lords in Eases of

Yudicature are bound by precisely the fame Rules of Evidence, as are objerved by all other Courts; with an Appendix, containing far. ther Observations on the Effect of a Diffolution of Parliament on an unfinished Impeachment. By Edward Christian, Esq. Barrister, and Professor of the Laws of England in the University of Cambridge. 8vo. pp. 130.

25. 60. Deighton, &c. 1792. In a former publication on the subject of Mr. Hastings's impeachment, Mr. Christian observed, that “the rules of evidence, like the rules of morality, are presumed to be founded in the best sense poffible, in reason and wisdom matured and confirmed by the experience of ages; and that in all criminal proceedings, both in the highest and lowest courts, whether at the Quarter Se:lions or in the High Court of Parliament, and in the Court of the Lord High Sreward, they are and cught to be precisely the same.” This pofition, it seems, attracted the notice and animadversion of a gentleman of the first celebrity for talents in this country, who declared in the House of Commons, that he could not suffer so erroneous and dangerous a doctrine to pats unnoticed, especially as it came from one whose duty it was to instruct the rising generation in the principles of the Law and Constitution of England; and, in a speech of considerable lenguh, he endeavoured to prove that the House of Lords is not bound by the laws of Evidence like other couris. Mr. Chrillian, in the Dissertation now before us, reasserts and maintains his former doctrine, with considerable force and ability; and produces a great variety of instances, before the Lords, . See Review, New Series, vol. iv. p. 335.

in their judicial capacity, where he finds points of evidence argued and decided on the same principles which would have been the ground of decifioniin every inferior court. Art. 40. Of Exemptions from the Payment of Tithes of the Lands of

the Monasteries and Abbies dissolved by Stat. 31 Hen. 8. Cap. 13. as stated in the Arguments in the Case of Devie against Lord Brownlow and others, in the Court of Chancery 1790.

Wich an Appendix, containing authentic Documents relative to the local Site of Farcet Fen. 8vo. Pp. 136. 25. 6d. Brooke. 1792.

In the important cause of Devie against Lord Brownlow, the law respecting the exemption of lands from the payment of rithes was very fully difcuffed ; and a judicious fummary of the argonenes employed on that occasion might be well expected to exbibit almost all the information that can be of use both to the proprietor of tithes, and to the owners of lands claimed to be tithe. free. The editor of this case, however, after devoting a very few pages to the general view of the subject, immerges into a wide sea of facts and evidence peculiar to this cause, and which muft be very uninteresting, except to the parties themselves. In the course of his narration, the discovers a conciderable partiality in favour of the Vicar, Devie, who does indeed appear to have been considerabl.y haraffed by his powerful and more opulent opponent. Art. 41. Points in Law and Equity, selected for the Information

and Direction of all Persons concerned in Trade and Commerce; with References to the Statutes, Reports, and other Authorities. 8vo. Pp. 208. 35. 6d. Boards. Cadell. 1792.

The compiler of this work laments that, in the education of young men for the commercial world, the most obvious and material parts of those laws, which must affect their future property and engagements, are not included. We entertain considerable doubts whether this publication be well calculated to supply its deficiency. The points of law, for there are few of equity that occur in this collection, are stated in too short and unconnected a manner to afford much light to those for whose direction it is profeffedly intended.

MEDICAL, &c. Ast. 42. A Plan of a charitable Inftitution, intended to be efta

blished upon the Sea-coast, for the Accommodation of Persons afflicted with such Diseases as are usually relieved by Sea-bathing. By John Latham, M. D. Fellow of the Royal College of Phy.. cians, and Physician to the Middlefex and Magdalen Hospitals. 8vo. pp. 22.

60. Longman. 179!. Whoever reflects on the number of diseases requiring sea air and fea bathing, will own the utility of a plan, the object of which is to enable the indigent part of the community to procure the advantages resulting from their use. The difficulty is in selecting the most proper mode of conferring these benefits. Dr. Latham's scheme is, in a great measure, fimilar to that of the charitable fund established at Buxton, which is formed from a very small contribu.


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tion folicited by a gentleman, who acts as a fteward, in each lodging house, from every visitor who frequents the place. The Doctor proposes that so much of the Buxton plan as refpe&s the boarding of persons amongst the inhabitants in the vicinity of Margate, or of any other convenient place upon the sea coast, be adopted,

• That a certain number of persons who may be deemed proper objects shall be admitted amongst such families as are willing to accommodate them with board and lodging.

• That there shall be paid for each persoo, whether pauper or otherwise, to the managing committee, three shillings and fixpence per week, towards defraying the expences of board and lodging.

' That each person thall pay always at least one month in advance,

• That he shall have the advice of a physician and a furgeon, with all necessary medicines, gratis--and shall incur no other expences whatever, except in his conveyance to and from the sea coast.'

This, he observes, is all that can be at present proposed: but he thinks that, in a few years, a general hospital mighi be built for the reception of all the proper objects who might offer.

At the conclusion, the Doctor remarks that, lince the writing of his pamphlet, considerable progress has been made in building an hofpital at Margate ; but, as the plan is totally different, he thinks it necessary to propose his scheme, though not with the least intention of impeding any design which other gentlemen may have in contemplation. Art. 43. The great Importance and proper Method of cultivating and

curing Rhubarb in Britain, for medicinal Uses ; with an Appendix. By Sir William Fordyce, M. D. F. R. S. 8vo. Pp. 27.

Cadell. 1792. Rhubarb is imported into this country at the annual expence of 200,000l. It is an article of the utmost consequence in medicine; and its uses are so many, that its price becomes an object highly interesting to the poor. Moved by these confiderations, Sir William Fordyce was ambitious of trying whether this valuable plant might not be brought within the reach of multitudes, who cannot now afford to purchase it, by promoting its general cultivation and cure in our own country; and thus supplying the market entirely, without fo. reign feed; or at leait by greatly reducing the price of that which is imported. His praise worthy attempts have been crowned with their deserved success ; and the Society for the Encouragement of Arts,&c. have unanimously voted him a gold medal, as their premium for railing three hundred plants of the true palmated rhubarb, in conformity to their advertisement for the year 1791.

For the benefit of his fellow-fubjecis, Sir William now lays before them such facts as he has been able to collect, regarding the culture and preservation of this admirable root; and, in an Appendix, he has explained the method of combining rhubarb with tartar under various forms, so as at once to ensure and increase its efficacy.

Sir William observes, that, by attentively following the rules which he has specified, all who possess a garden will have it in their



power to raise and prepare for themselves, or others, one of the moft ofefal simples hitherto known ; and, he adds, it is pleasing to think, that while persons of rank and afuence are often indulging in the contents of the wine cask, to the prejudice of their health, the poorest and lowest of the people may be enabled to mend their constitutions when impaired by very different causes, by mixing rhubarb with the tartar that adheres to the empty cask; for when this is done in due proportions, and with the necessary prepa. rations, they form together some of the moft fovereign remedies for the relief and comfort of the human constitution.

TRA V EL S. Art. 44. A Tour through Italy. Containing full Directions for trá.

velling in that interesting Country; with ample Catalogues of every Thing that is curious in Architecture, Painting, Sculpture, &c.; some Observations on the Natural History, and very particolar Descriptions of the four principal Cities, Rome, Florence, Naples, and Venice, with their Environs. Wich a coloured Chart. By Thomas Martyn, B. D. F. R. S. Professor of Botany in the University of Cambridge. 8vo. PP. 480. 75. Boards. Kearsley: 1791:

The subject of this work is so fully explained in the title-page, that we need only say that the performance does not fall short of the promise. In a parrow compass, Mr. Martyo has compreiled the most material information contained in the voluminous works of Richard and De la Lande. His style is easy and perspicuous, and bis information as accurate as the Auduating nature of his subjeet can well admit. He seldom indulges himself in the privilege of making reflections: but when he does, they are pertinent, and fa. tisfactory.

We would gladly have given some extracts from this work: but the overflow of our materials, at this season, is so great, that we are constrained to refer many articles to the Catalogue part of our Journal, which may, intrinsically, merit a larger display of their contents. We cannot, however, overlook the author's very striking remark on the popular fondness of the Romans (the modern Romans !] for that infamous, gambling species of taxation, the fate lottery. The common people' (of Rome) says Mr. M. ' are in a ferment during all the time of the lottery, which is drawn eight times a year. Such is the rage for it, that the quantity of bread baked in the city is at these seasons considerably less than usual * : in short, it is the locust which consumes what the caterpillar had left.'-By the caterpillar, Mr. M. no doubt, alludes to the miserable government of that country,-once the mistress, now the contempt, of the world.

* Is it through expectation, or disappointment, that the people lose their appetite > Perhaps both concur to produce this effect. In our own country, much worse consequences have followed.


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