Page images

to any science which is conversant solely with the qualities of things.'

We know not how this cenfure of one of our universities, by a Son of the other, will be received: but it seems clear, that there is very little ground for the distinction by which the good Bishop attempts to obviate the consequence of the application of mathematical principles to theology. Most certainly, when the question is, whether there be three divine persons or one, it is a question of quantity and not of quality; for to whatever substance the axiom be applied, it must always be true, that one, three times taken, is more in quantity than one. The corrupt nature of man; the saving power of faith; the essential difference between morality and religion; and the divine authority of episcopal and of civil government; are the principal points discussed in this charge; in which, with the fullest persuagoa of the good intentions of the writer, (whose worldly cares and Jabours are now ended,) we mult confess that we do not find much Arength nor conclufiveness of reasoning. Art. 68. Remarks on Mr. Wakefield's Inquiry into tbe Expediency and

Propriety of Public or Social Worship. By a Layman. 8vo. 60, Stockdale. 1792.

Little addition is made by this publication to the argument in reply to Mr. Wakefield's oljections against public worship. The following remark may perhaps be thought worth transcribing :

• Our Lord found social worsip eltablished in principle, though wretchedly corrupted in practice, among the Jews. It was not therefore necessary for him co institute, but to reform it : and if we can find him actually doing so, the obligation to public worship will be as completely authorized by him, as any positive inflitution whatever. Let his declaration, si God is a Spirit, and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth ;" let the form, or model of prayer prefcribed by him to his disciples, and their fabsequent practice, be duly considered, and it will appear, that the reformation, and not the abolition, of public worship was intended. Art. 69. Two Sermons : the first addressed to Seamen: the second

to the British Weit India Slaves. By a Physician, Author of Unanswerable Arguments against the Abolition of the Slave-trade, &c. To which are subjoined, Remarks on Female Infidelity, and a Plan of Platonic Matrimony; by which that Evil may be Jeslened, or totally prevented. By F. G. Published for the Benefit of the Tin-miners in Cornwall, 8vo.

I S. Ridgway. 1791.

This benevolent writer offers very good advice to seamen and flaves. The firit of these fermons was rather haltily composed during a voyage from the West Indies to Britain. . It was well received by the audience to whom it was delivered. • The honest Tars were so pleased with the discourse, that they asked permiffion to transcribe ii. The second sermon was delivered to a number of Naves, on a plantation which had been the property of the author. His aim, in both, is to render them what he justly styles fractical Christians ; whereas, he observes, some persons seem to consider morality as no


pp. 65.

part of the Christian religion. Our author, whom we still regard as a philanthropist, is well known, strange as it may appear, to be wholly adverse to the abolition of the traffic in his fellow-creatures. His reasons, without doubt, appear valid co himself. We will not enter into any debate with him on the subject. We suppose that Naves may meer with milder treatment in the Grenades, or in those parts with which he was connected, than in some other places. Yes, allowing that this may be true, it enters but little into the main argument.

'The latter part of this pamphlet stands rather in odd connection with the former. It is of the serio-comic kind, intermixed with grave and senlible reflections:- There is (says the author,) a radical defect in the management of young people of both sexes. Bý being too early introduced into the world, they are taught to consider themselves as men and women before their time. They re. mark in their parents an insatiable attachment to pleasure and distapation, and a total inattention to religious duties : from the examples perpetually before their eyes, the boys become complete coxcombs, and the girls finished coquettes: another source of corruption is the general perusal of novels.'-Unequal matches the author numbers among the causes of that female infidelity which he at. tacks; as one means of its cure, he selects three clasles of each sex, as fitted for what he calls Platonic love; and, with a degree of humour and drollery, furnithes the parties with their Platonic advertisements ! All the rest we commit to the reader's own examination and criticism. Art. 70. Forms of Prayer for Public Worship. 12mo. Pp. 144.

25. Johnson. 1791. This compilation has been formed, we are told, for the use of an evening lecture, fupported during the fix months of winter, by Proteftant

Diflenters at Portsmouth. By a variety of services, it is said to be their with to obviate, in some degree, the objections to a ftated form. These services are five in number, collected chiefly from the Common Prayer reformed by Dr. Samuel Clarke; froin the Liverpool form; fiom pravers published by the Rev. Mr. J. Palmer; and from others, by a friend to family devotion. Some, it may be fupposed, have received alterations and additions; and the minister is left at liberty to introduce such prayers of his own as may accord with the occasion. The editor affumes no particular name but that of Protestant Disenter; it may, however, be readily in. ferred that these services are not formed on a Calvinistical or what is termed an orthodox plan. The doxologies, as, according to the editor's proper expression, they undoubiedly ought to be, are from the Scriptures. We have only to add that these forms seem to be very well adapted to answer the proposed intention.

Art. 71.

SINGLE SERMONS. The Rights of Government not compatible with the Rights of Man. Preached at the Alize, held at Chelmsford, in .. the County of Enex, before the Hon. Mr. Justice Gould, and


Mr. Juftice Wilson, Aug. 1, 1791. 410. pp. 16.

Is. 6d. Kearsleys. 1791.

The objects, which this preacher profeffes to have in view, are to condemn the abject doctrine of palive obedience, to repress the intemperate zeal of licentious innovation, and to enforce the duty of obedience to rulers whose chief care is the public safety. He would be thought to preserve a middle course, between the Scylla of Republicanism and the Charybdis of Despotism: but, at the same time, he maintains the absurd and savih doctrine, that the present generation has a right to bind the next to certain forms of government, and he rejects the only true foundation of political liberiy, that the fovereign will of the people is the standard of human govern ment. How far such doctrines are consistent with that air of mode. ration which the preacher allumes, we leave the public to determine, Art. 72. Cruelty the natural and inseparable Consequence of Slavery,

and both diametrically oppolite to the Doctrine and Spirit of the Chriftian Religion ; preached March 11, 1792, at HemelHempstead, Herts. By John Liddon. 8vo. 6d. Dilly.

An ingenious, senfible, and spirited discourse, from Psalm lxxii. 14. The author does not fail to recommend the practice, adopred, it'is faid, by many thousands in the kingdom, of disusing the Weft India produce.--Every Chriftian, (it is observed,) is here of importance. They may prevent the wounds of many by rendering their labour useless. Avarice will then leave the trade, from the same principle from which it firit engaged in it.'—This fermon will probably contribute its mite toward increasing obat defire of immediately abolishing our flave-trade, which appears to be almost general throughout the kingdom. How far the nation, in general, are competent io judge, on a subject attended with so many difficulties, is a point on which we dare not presume to determine. Art. 73. The Principles of Proteftant Dissenters flated. Preached

at Fairford, August 28, 1791. By Josiah Townsend. 8vo. 6d. Johnson. 1791.

It appears to be the principal design of this discourse, to remove the odium which has fallen on the Diflenters, as enemies to the State and Church, by proving that their principles are pacific, and that the general tenor of their conduct entitled them to the confidence of their fellow-citizens, The spirit, with which it is written, is candid, and the language is conciliating. Art. 74. Preached by the Rev. Dr. Hussey, at the Opening of the

Spanish Chapel, on the 8th of December 1791. Taken in Short Hand by a Gentleman present. 8vo. Ridgway. 1792.

We desire to exercise candor, and we wilh every man to enjoy his opinion at eale ; yet we can perceive but litile reason for the labour that has been used to communicate this discourle to the public. There are, no doubt, several pertinent and good observacions



in it: but, at the same time, there are expressions, such as myftic facrifice, symbolic ornaments, sacred robes, &c. which we cannot approve, beside the frequent sound of THE CHURCH! THE CHURCH! sounds which tend to impose on, delude, and mislead, the ignorant and unwary; of which, it is plain, to our grief, there are great numbers, of all ranks, in this Proteftant, and [supposed to be] enlightened country.-Some parts of the sermon, however, are fenfible, and calculated to promote real religion. We cannot much applaud this short-hand manner of obtaining publications of this kind. Art. 75. Youth reminded of a Future Judgment ; in a Discourse oc

calioned by the Death of Mr. John Vowel, who died at Hackney, Dec. 24, 1790; in the cwenty-second Year of his Age. By William Benneti. 8vo. pp. 52. 15. Dilly. The subject and the occasion of this discourse are too serious and affecting to admit of criticism. It is very well written, and urges with energy an early and constant regard to the great concerns of human life. There are indeed phrases and expressions of a Calvinistical kind, which we cannot approve; to some other readers they may be acceptable, and possibly of service : but the event itself is powerfully instructive, and the preacher's remarks farther recommend it to regard. The youth, whom the sermon commemorates, appears to have been amiable and promising, in an eminent degree, and to have met his early dismision with a cheerful relignation and Chriftian hope. Some account is added of his sister, who, with fimilar dispositions, died a short time before him, in the fixteenth year of her age. Art. 76. Reflections on the Character and State of departed Christians:

occasioned by the Decease of the Rev. Caleb Evans, D. D. Pastor of the Baptist Congregation meeting in Broadmead, Bristol, and Senior Tutor to the Academy in that City. Preached in Cannonftreet, Birmingham, Sept. 4, 1791. By Samuel Pearce. 8vo. 6d. Knott.

A proper tribute of respect is here paid to the memory of a worthy man; who, for many years, filled the ofices of a minister and a tutor with great respectability among the independent class of Disfenters.


"To the Monthly Reviewers. « GENTLEMEN, In your Review for December laf, p. 431, you have committed a

mistake, which I have no doubt of your correcting as soon as it is pointed out. Having mentioned a case of inverted uterus by Dr. R. Cleghorn of Glasgow, you fubjoin : " To this case are added some judicious remarks by Dr. Garth more.” Now, Gentlemen, I saw the paper before publication, and I assure you, that every part of it was


written by Dr. Cleghorn himself, without the smallest affiftanee from Dr.G. This information being anonymous can occasion no scruple on your part; for, by looking at the paper itself, you will see thai it was only communicated by Dr. G.

Permit me to say one word more concerning the title given to this paper by the Society. It is " A Case of Invertion of the Uterus;" it ought to have been, " The Hisory of a Woman who survived a continued Inversion of the Uterus.” Cases of inverted uterus are so come mon as hardly to be worth recording; but instances of women living with their uterus inverted are very rare, and must, in the present ftale of our knowledge, be regarded as objects of curiosity. • With great respect, I am, Gentlemen,

Your most obedient servant,

• Lucius.' We are obliged to this Correspondent for pointing out an overfight in our account of Dr. Cleghorn's paper. The remarks in question we find, on farther inspection, to be written by that gentleman: we were milled by the manner in which they are printed ; namely, at some distance and apart from the case which they were intended to accompany.

This, at first view, gives an appearance of their being the production of the gentleman who communicatid Dr. Cleghorn's case.

*** A Correspondent in the country begs leave, through the channel of the Monthly Review, to requelt the publishers of fingle fermons, not to sell them at so high a price as one thilling, which greatly hinders the sale of them, and ihus lessons their usefulness. Where one is sold at one filling, he says three would be sold at fix pence.-The booksellers, however, are the best judges of this


+*+ Our female Correspondent, who dates from Layton, May 23d, is informed that we have not reviewed the novels which the mencions. Publications of this class are become so numerous, and are, in general, so trifling and infipid, that we do not chuse io torment ourselves, and to disgust our readers, by noticing every work of this description.

Iti CELADON's Verses, entitled, “ Farewell to the Muses," and addressed to the Monthly Reviewers, have sufficient pathos to make us regret the hally resolution formed by the ingenious and ingenuous young writer. Why should he be thus early discouraged ?

This gentleman, we understand, is the author of An Epiftle to W.Wilberforce, Esquire, (see p. 104.) wricten when under the age of twenty. At that age, even the great Dryden was not so good a writer, if we may judge from his juvenile productions.

111 We cannot at present find the little work called “ The Blind Child;" it is mislaid: but we will look farther for it.

« PreviousContinue »