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more conformable to the original, which we conclude he understands, but he does not add the reasons by which his altera. tions are supported. It may be supposed that his comments are not wholly confined to the first three chapters of Genesis, he proceeds to the flood, and to the tower of Babel; and, among other subjects, insists on the great and superior learning of the world at that period, which, after the confusion of tongues, foon disappeared. We shall insert one fort paffage intended for the Newtonian philosophers:
- We cannot suppose, they say, that so many globes superior in magnitude, can be all in service to one only, and that one much fmaller than themselves. With equal reason might they say, that all people of great bulk and ftature ought to be masters, and never serve little thin people, who are so much less than themselves; and that no man should make a horse, and especially a camel, his servant, because the man is so inferior in size. Such mistakes have been made now and then as to bow to the servants and overlook the lord or sovereign, because they were in lace, and he without; and so it happened here. — But some of the fixed stars are so far off, that we cannot devise what service they can be of to the earth, and what if we cannot? If he that made boch can, who says that he made them all for the earth, that is enough to settle the point. P. 153.
The second volume is an Exposition of the Epifle to the Romans : Paul of Tarsus is eminently high in our author's favour. Thus he breaks forth: • 0 admirable casuift! thy wisdom has ravished my soul, and made her the captive of thy tongue! My soul thanks thee!—may the city of Tarsus be ever in remembrance for thy fake!-Great diflenter! fon of Abraham the Separatist; the father and pattern of all true Nonconformists: I go after thee: I follow thy footsteps, and am a Dissenter separated from all unto thy gospel! – Though we do not always accord with Mr. Lewelyn in his explication, and though we think he sometimes fails as an expositor through want of a due examination of his subject, we cannot but approve of the fervor with which he pleads for the rectitude of the Divine government: in doing which, he finds that the Calvinistical scheme of theology ftands much in his way: this, therefore, he freely censures, and he exposes it with irony and severity, as irrational and unchristian. - After representing the doctrine in its horrid, and, we think, its true colours, (for all attempts to modify it appear to have been of a deceitful kind,) he thus exclaims :
• I challenge the whole body and being of moral evil itself to in. vent, or inspire, or whisper any thing blacker or more wicked : yea, if an itself had all the wit, the tongues and pens, of all men and angels to all eternity, I defy the whole to say any thing of God worse than this. O fin, thou haft spent and emptied thyself in the doctrine of John Calvin ! And here, I rejoice, that I have heard the utmost that malevolence itself shall ever be able to fay against infinice benignity!—I was myself brought up and tutored in it, and being delivered and brought to see the evil and danger, am bound, by my obligations to God, angels, and men, to warn my fellow-finners; I, therefore, here before God and the whole univerle, recal and condemn every word I have spoken in favour of it. I thus renounce the doctrine as the rancour of devils; a doctrine, the preaching of which is babbling and mocking, its prayers blasphemies, and whole praises are the horrible yellings of fin and hell. And this I do, because I know and believe, that God is love ; and therefore his decrees, works, and ways, are also love, and cannot be otherwise.' P. 292.
The subject of this writer's third volume is the Doctrine of Baptism. - The Baptists (he says,) have been for many years persuading some of those among whom I officiate, that in heart I am a Baptist, only I will not openly confess it. To leave them under the apprehension that in me they have a secret friend to their cause, while I know myself to be a real enemy, would be injurious. I am therefore under obligations to friends and foes to declare my mind freely.'-Should our readers think that Mr. Lewelyn's honest zeal might have been more correct and moderate in the passage above quoted, and in some others, they will find farther reason for a similar sentiment in perusing this volume.--He is, at times, much too warm : his facetious spirit still attends him also, and not without his peculiar notions:--but amid his sallies, he shews that he can reason coolly and fairly. His view of baptism, in fume re. spects, is too high and myftic for our apprehenfion; yet he seems to think that any person may, and, in some cases, should, administer it.-He offers, as it appears to us, very satisfactory arguments to justify the baptizing of infants by sprinkling. He seems to think that our baptistical brethren may be reduced to the dilemma of suppofing, that the jailor and his bousehold were all baptized in a jug, and even concludes with saying, that he, who is immersed, is not baptized! The fourth volume is entitled, MOPOH OEOT, or the Forme
It contains some odd and unaccountable affertions, and yet the author fhews that the power of reasoning has not forsaken him. One idea runs through his works, which is here more directly considered, and maintained as of essential moment; it is this ;-that God is literally a man, the Eternal Man, or Eternal Humanity, confifting of a plurality of persons.-Most writers on the subject of the Trinity are unintelligible ;-not unfrequently, absurd and contradictory :-Mr. Lewelyn also soars or sinks beyond our comprehension.-He
opposes Athanafians equally with Arians and Unitarians.-If this volume be less amusing than some parts of the former, it seems at least equally severe.
The asperity with which our author discards fome diftinguishing tenets of the Calvinistical doctrine, reminds us of a passage in the works of Count Swedenborg, who tells us, that, in one of his journies to the other world, he met with John Calvin, whom he represents, if we remember right, in a very shabby and pitiful plight, suffering for his unrighteous positions concerning predestination.
We have nothing farther to add concerning this publication, than to direct the reader to the Review for June 1783, vol. Ixviii. p. 548, where he will find an account of a treatise on the Sabbath, by this author. The observations, which are there advanced, apply very well to the present performances.
Letter from Lady W-ll-ce, to Captain - 8vo, pp. 223. 55. Couch and Laking, Curzon Street. Ho OWEVER disipated and frivolous the present generation
may be, we ftill hope that the tender feelings of human nature are not quite discarded; and that there are yet to be found some women who are not too genteel to fulfil their maternal duties during infancy, as well as to supply the opening minds of their offspring with good principles :--but, still keeping in our eye the general objects of modifh attentions, it is not every good mother whose intellectual acquirements and Jiberal sentiments enable her, like Lady Wallace, to extend maternal kindness to the cultivation of a son's understanding on a large scale, and to advise him in his general conduct through public life. Some mental compensation, indeed, often results from our interruptions in the career of worldly prosperity, by calling home our stray thoughts; which, without wholesome checks, are too apt to wander till they lose themselves : though fuch advantages are certainly received on compulsion,
The powers of Lady Wallace's imagination, as a poet, are already known *; in this didactic compofition, addressed to her fon in the East Indies, fhe displays the more valuable properties of her mind, which are unfolded on a variety of religious, moral, and political subjects; and it is very seldom that her opinions on any point are open to objection. An uniform feady course of virtue is thus forcibly recommended by an appeal to conscience:
• See Rev, vol. Ixxvii. p. 78. and vol. Ixxviii. p. 351. and 437.
. An undefinable something, placed in every man's breast, will ever direct him right-if he has firmness enough to consult it, upon his first enrering upon life, but if once you give way to parfion, this good Genius will fly you--it is true, we often see the most profligate turn from the most destructive path; and in the Laws of God, and Man, find the road to duty, but no longer can the uncorrupted voice of Purity, and Integrity, speak in his heartno longer Peace smile upon his solitude ;-and the most delicious moments which a reflecting mind can enjoy, is when retired from the coils and disappointments of life, seated in some folitary, tranquil spot, where the Sun, hiding himself behind the mountain, leaves the pensive looking Moon to ascend with a rapid motionwhich tempis us to reflect on our short passage to Eternity.- Then the memory of paft scenes, which the heart approves, exuliing in acts of generosity-or even sufferings, which probity made one a prey to-then, and only then, can any one truly say, they are happy.'
This argument is still farther pursued in the following short summary view of human life, which reminds us of the plaintive Dr. Young, and of what every thinking person will find frequently obtruded on his mind, as well by his feelings as by his observation :
• Every thing in nature seems created for toil, change, and de. struction; desolation and death is the goal of all creation!-to man alone the Hope is given to live beyond the Grave, where his conscience must make his bliss or torment!--the greatest and best of mankind we often find suffer the most in this world of woe!—every amiable feeling gives a thousand pangs for one sensation of joy. What anxieties prey upon our sensibility for objects worthy our benevolence, in every sorrow or misfortune of those we love ;-our bofom is torn, and our fondet-fairest wishes are almost for ever disappointed !--we have no good which we can call our own, save Immortal Fame, which our own good conduct can alone fecure.
• How momentary Life seems to the most aged ;-how few, if any, of its pleasures that do not leave some sting in reflection : how mournful is the retrospect of past joys-lot friends-or confidence misplaced.-Even our griefs seem less painful than our pleafures on reflection-we at least feel some satisfaction in thinking that they are past.
" What then is worth the toils of life, were it not for hopes of Eternal Existence?-Infancy pafles helpless and unnoticed-and then comes manhood, the conflict of paflions-feeling--and disappointment. Finally, before we are aware, old age and infirmity teaches us the fieeting nothingness of that life, to which in childhood we looked up as wonderous long! How mortifying a state, if unaccompanied with self-approbation, or undistinguished by virtue. -Pains of body, and anxiety of mind beset us from every quarter, and hurry our forms so cherished and vaunted to furnith materials for uncealing creation.
• What fignifies then the continuance of what at bef, on retro. fpect, seems a momentary existence, except from the desire of gaining Glory? – What is fortunempower—or enjoyments which only survive in reproach. Epictetus in slavery-Socrates in prison-and Cato seeking death to rob his enemies of their triumph, are objects far more enviable than the man crowned with empire and rursounded by llaves, and whose peace is corroded by a sense of Guilt:-amidit fickness and contempo his soul finks friendless to a World dreaded and unknown. Death seems in every step-in every colling bell, like a criminal, he thinks he hears his summons. -He lives loit to friends-none seek to soothe his griefs - he remains an object of horror amidit unthinking fools like himself;yet indulging in jollity and diflipacion-laying up a store of regrets in those fcenes which has filled his soul with Remorse, and his body with Disease. On that bed-monce that of guilty transport, or ucdisturbed repose-he trembling yields a foul which never lived to Virtue or to Glory!-What bui a guilty conscience could tempt one thus wretched to wish to live!"
In the course of her recommendation of the study of history, Lady W. takes occalion to give her sentiments at large on the recent revolution in France; in which even those, who may not agree with her, will find no opportunity to censure her' for venturing beyond her sphere of comprehenfion.
We have pointed out fome instances of the general incorrectness of this fair writer's language, by the silent criticism of Italics.
Art. 1X. The French Conftitution; with Remarks on some of
its principal Articies; in which their Importance in a Political, Moral, and Religious Point of View, is illustrated ; and the Necefliiy of a Reformation in Church and State in Great Britain enforced. By Benjamin Flower. 8vo. Pp. 501. 6s. Boards.
Robinsons. 1792. IN N reviewing a work, like the present, abounding with evi.
dent marks of good intention, replete with scund argument, and written in a clear and manly style, it would be something worse than fuperfluous, it would be unjust, both to the public and the author, to encroach on our narrow limits by launching forth in praise of a publication, whose praise will be more unequivocally and more effeciually secured, by bringing forward as much of it as our space will permit, to speak for itfelf. We shall therefore only detain our readers, while we inform them, that, beside a copy of the French Constitution, and some introductory obfervations, Mr. Flower's book contains five
* Taken from Mr. Christie's translation, which, as we observed in our Review for March lat, p. 326, is the beit extant.