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Having thus briefly attended the author to the period when the revolution commenced, we shall, for the present, take our leave of him ; reserving the examination of his relation of that great event, with its consequences, to a distinct article.
(To be continued.)
Art. X. A Journal of a journey from the Cape of Good Hope, un
dertaken in 1792, by Jacob Van Reenen and others of his Countrymen, in search of the Wreck of the Hon. the Eaft India Company's Ship the Grofvenor ; to discover if there remained alive any of the unfortunate Sufferers. With additional Notes, and a Map. By Capt. Edward Riou. 410. pp. 51. 45. sewed.
Nicol. Elegantly printed. 1792. CAPTAIN Riou informs his readers, that the journey, of
which an account is here given, was undertaken during the time of his residence at the Cape, whither he had proceeded, after the extraordinary disaster which had happened to his ship (the Guardian, ]with the particulars of which the public are already well acquainted. The Captain fays, that it was his wilh to have made one of the party, would the duties of his station have permitted so long an absence; that it was, however, a satisfaction, that he had not left that part of the world at the time when the travellers returned ; that though exceedingly rejoiced, he was not in the least surprized that they had discovered the wreck of given with the knowledge, or by the direction, of William. In the series of political intrigues the prince of Orange was carrying on in Scotland, justifiable by a regard to his own interest, and also by a zeal for the cause of liberty, he must of necessity have left a discretionary power to his principal agents, both with respe&t to the concerting of measures, and the bestowing of money. "Mr. Carftairs might approve of Argyle's expedition, though William was ignorant of it; and might pay Wishart money upon that very ac-' count, out of the fund which was put into his hands for the service of the prince and his friends in general, without any specification of the articles to which it was to be applied. Intrusted with a discretionary power, the agents of the prince, from motives of delicacy, in the case alluded to, might conceal both the measures and disbursements which they authorised. Considering the needy condition of William's friends in Scotland, and the expence of their political negotiations, it is probable, that the master of every ship sailing from Holland to Scotland, whom they could truft, would receive money from William's agents, to transmit to their friends, in repayment of fums which had been advanced, or were to be ad. vanced in carrying on the patriotic cause. Unless the purposes for which this fum was paid had been mentioned, or the privity of William to is afferied, his character contracts no Atain from this discovery.'
the Grosvenor *: yet that he could hardly credit the friends of Van Reenen, when they told him through what an extent of country he and his companions had passed; fo great did the distance and difficulties appear! The extent of their journey could not have been less than thirteen hundred miles!' Being favoured with the perusal of the journal kept by M. Van Reenen, of which Capt R. aflures us, this work is a literal translation, he thought it a duty incumbent on him to publish it, for the sake of the triends and relations of the unfortunate people who were fhipwrecked in the Grosvenor ; and whose ultimate fate, after they got on fhore, remained unknown, till this journey of inquiry after them put it out of doubt, that they all † perished, sooner or later, by the merciless hands of the favage inhabitants of the country, or by the effects of hunger, and other hardships which befel them, in the dreadful journey which they unfortunately I undertook, in that vast inhospitable region in the forlorn hope of exploring their way to the Cape.
M. Van Reenen's journal evidently contains a simple and honest detail of every day's occurrences, during the expedition ; which may truly be called The Travels of Benevolence. In this Femark, we must not omit to mention, that the journey was planned with the approbation of the Governor, Mynheer Van de Graaf. We are sorry to add, that two of the party perished, in the course of this adventurous and hazardous undertaking: ane of the Dutch travellers [for they were attended by some Hottentots, Caffrees, or Caffers |l, as they are here called,] loft his life in the following remarkable manner :
In the course of this long and dreary excursion, the party killed a considerable number of elephants $, for the sake, as we fuppose, of obtaining their teeth. One of these noble animals sold his life at a dear rate ; bravely revenging himself for his own death, and for that of his slaughtered kindred.
* Of the wreck, however, little was found remaining, except fome cannon, and a large quantity of iron ballast.- The place where the disaster happened is here fixed, by computation, to have been some- . where between lat. 27° and 28o.
+ Except about 12 mariners, who happily reached the Cape. See Monthly Review for April 1792, p. 470.
| It is supposed that means of escaping by sea were not impracticable.
-|| The Dutch travellers consisted of twelve persons, beside M. Van Reenep.
Also many deer, of the Elk kind, named Eelands. They likewise lot abundance of sea-cows, (the hippopotamus,) and buffaloes. The poor tenants of the forest were great sufferers from this invasion of their retreats !
• A large
A large male elephant came one day) up to the waggons. We instantly pursued and attacked him ; when after he had received several hot, and that he had twice fallen, he crept into a very thick thorny underwood. Thinking that we had fully done for him, Tjaart Van der Waldt, Lodewyk Prins, and Ignatius Mulder, advanced to the spot where he was hid; when he rushed out, in a furious manner, from the thicket, and with his trunk catching hold of Lodewyk Prins, who was on horseback, trod him to death; and driving one of his tasks through the man's body, threw him iato the air, to che distance of 30 feet. The others perceiving that there was no possibility of escaping on horseback, dismounted, and crept into the thicker, to hide themselves. The elephant having nothing now in view, but the horse of Van der Waldt, followed it for some time ; but turned about, and came to the spot near to where the dead body lay, looking abouc for it. At this instant our whole party renewed the attack, in order to drive him from the spot; when, after he had received several thots, he again escaped into the thickest of the wood. We now chought that he was far enough off, and had already begun to dig a grave for our unfortunate companion ; at which we were busily employed, when the elephant rushed out again, and driving us all away, remained by himself there on the spot. Tjaart Van der Waldt got another shot at him, at the disa tance of an hundred paces. We every one of us then made another attack upon him ; and, having now received several more bullets, be began to stagger; then falling, the Hottentots, with a lot or two more, killed him, as he lay on the ground.
• The fury of this animal is indescribable. Those of our party who knew any thing of elephant-hunting, declared, that it (the one now killed] was the feetest and most furious they had ever beheld.—The Hottentots told us, that the elephant's custom is, whenever attacked, never to leave a dead body till they have swallowed the whole carcass ; and that they themselves had seen a Hottentot killed, (much in the same manner as our friend,) of whose body they never could find the least remains. This, probably, would have been the face of our companion, had we not made so severe an attack on the elephant.-We now fet about finishing the grave, in which we interred the body of the unfortunate Lodewyk Prins.'
The death of another of the party was occasioned by his falling into one of those pits which the Caffrees dig to catch, and at the same time to kill, the elephant; the bottom of the pit being fortified with sharpened stakes, the points of which are hardened in the fire. The pits are concealed from view, by branches of trees, and grass laid over them.
*To illustrate this narrative, Capt. Riou has added to it a map of the eastern part of the southern extremity of Africa. This map, which, no doubt, may prove useful to the seaman, is compiled by the Captain himself, from authorities and materials, which he specifies, in his very proper and satisfactory Ine troduction, prefixed to the Journal.
ART. XI. A Voyage from Calcutta to the Mergui Archipelago. Allo
an Account of the Islands Jan Sylan, Pulo Pinang, and the Port of Queda; the present State of Archeen, and Directions for failing from thence to Fort Mariborough, down the South-weft Coaft of Sumatra: to which are added, an Account of the Iland Celebes; a Treatise on the Monsoons in India ; a Proposal for making Ships and Vessels more convenient for the Accommodation of Passengers; and Thoughts on a new Mode of preserving Ships Provisions : also, an Idea of making a Map of the World on a large Scale. By Thomas Forrest, Esq. Senior Captain of the Company's Marine at Fort Marlborough in 1770. The whole illustrated with Maps, Views of Land, and other Engravings.
Large 4to. pp. 141. 11. 1s. Boards. Robson. 1792. THE "he chain of islands, here called the Mergui Archipelago,
extends along the eastern shore of the Bay of Bengal, from about the latitude of 9 degrees to 1 degrees and 20 minutes north; forming a strait between them and the main, or coast of Mergui, of about 125 miles in length, and from 20 to 30 miles wide. Though many small islands were scattered along the eastern shore of the Bay of Bengal, in most of the maps which were extant heretofore; yet the manner in which this was done, and their fize as there represented, rendered them rather objects of terror than of curiosity to the navigator ; who, of course, when he fell in with any of them, instead of examining them, turned his ship's head another way to avoid them ; and it seems highly probable that they might ftill have remained without notice, if Captain Forrest had not undefignediy (as well as unexpectedly,) met with them, by falling to leeward of the Andaman islands, which he was sent from Calcutta to furvey, in the year 1783.
Captain Forreit traced the strait which is formed between these islands and the main, .from north to south, keeping chiefly the western shore, or that formed by the islands, on board. He found it in general clear, the shores of the islands, bold, and the foundings uniform, with good anchorage and regular tides all the way through. These circumstances in.. duce Captain Forrest to think, that when a ship happens to be caught in the Bay of Bengal by the south-west monsoon, then, by making the island of Clara, which he considers as the key to this strait from the northward, and by entering the strait that way, the will be sheltered from the violence of the monsoon, and may tide it up from that island to the Aladine islands, which form the south-west boundary of the firait; where she may anchor, and take advantage of the first spirt of wind that blows from the northward of weit, and which frequently happens in the months of July and August, to get round Atcheen-head, and so proceed for Europe ; escaping, by these means, the disagreeable cir
cumstance of being embayed, and locked up in an harbour, as many ships have hitherto been, for the whole time that the south-west monsoon blows.
Notwithstanding the diminutive fize which these islands affume in all former maps of those parts, Captain Forrest found some of them very considerable ; particularly those which he called St. Matthew's and Sullivan's islands.
• Some of them are rocky, some hilly, fome Alat; but, in general, they are covered with trees, on a good soil, in a climare always cool, ard favourable to vegetation. The channels between them produce great plenty of fith; and the rocks which border the smaller islands are generally incrusted with a small, but delicate oyster, between the high and low watermarks, with which a boat may presently be loaded: there are also larger oysters found in the mud at low water, and a particular clam-sort with red roes. The highest rise of the spring-tide is 12 feet.'
What we have given above is a very concise abstract of Captain Forrest's account of these islands, and of the strait by which he palled them. His description of them is fufficiently minute : but it must be allowed, however interesting the account of this voyage may be to geographers, or bowever useful it may be to seamen who may navigate this part of the world after him, nautical details of bearings and distances of land, soundings, and anchorage, do not afford much entertainment to the generality of readers; and therefore Captain Forrest must not be surprized if he should find the work before us less souglat than the account of his voyage to New Guinea has been.
Beside the relation of his voyage to the Mergui Archipelago, Captain Forrest gives us descriptions of the islands of Jan Sylan and Pinang, with the port of Queda, on the same coast; the present state of Atcheen, and directions for failing thence to Fort Marlborough, down the west coast of Sumatra ; and an account of the island Celebes, one of the Moluccas. He has also reprinted his treatise on the monsoons in India, of which an account was given in our Review, vol. Ixx. p. 192.: fome few notes seem to be added to it in this edition. He gives also
a proposal for making ships and vessels more convenient for the accommodation of passengers ;' thoughts on a new mode of preserving thips' provisions ;' and an idea of making a map of the world on a large scale;' the last of which being short, quite original, and at the same time fufficiently characteristic of the author's manner of thinking and writing, we lball give it entire :
• In the account of my voyage to New Guinea, I forgot to mention that, at my leisure ac Mindano, during the south-west moaREV, AUCH 1792.