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Seized pond'rous, hoge, with which the Goddess sprung
From an Almighty father, levels ranks

Of Heroes, against whom her anger burns.' For the sake of comparison, we shall now transcribe Pope's certion of this passage:

" Pallas difrobes; her radiant veil unty'd,
With flow'rs adorn'd, with art diversify'd,
(The labour'd veil her heav'nly fingers wore)
Flows on the pavement of the court of Jove.
Now heav'n's dread arms her mighty limbs invest,
Jove's cuirass blazes on her ample breast;
Deck'd in fad triumph for the mournful field,
O'er her broad shoulders hangs his horrid fhield,
Dire, black, tremendous! Round the margin rolld,
A fringe of serpents hilling guards the gold:
Here all the terrours of grim War appear,
Here rages Force, here trembles Flight and Fear ;
Here form'd Contention, and here Fury frown'd,
And the dire orb portentous Gorgon crown'd.
The maffy golden helm she next affumes,
That dreadful nods with four o’erlading plumes ;
So vast, the broad circumference contains
A hundred armies on a hundred plains.
The Goddess thus th’imperial car ascends;
Shook by her arm the mighty jav'lin bends,
Pond'rous and huge; that when her fury burns,

Proud tyrants humbles, and whole hosts' o'erturns." vi. 345. Ως μ' οφελ' ηματι τω, οτε με πρωτον τεκε μητης, Οιχεσθαι προφερεσα κακη ανεμοιο

Εις δρος, η εις κυμα πολυφλοισβοιο θαλασσης,
Ε.θα με κυμ αποεισε παρος

Oh that the winds, the day when I was born,
Had (wept me out of sight, whirled me aloft
To fome in hospitable mountain-top,
Or plung’d me in the deep; there I had sunk

O'erwhelm'd, and all these ills had never been.' In the version of this paffage, Mr. C. has, we think, greatly the advantage of Mr. Pope.

“ Wou'd heav'n, e'er all these dreadful deeds were done,
The day, that thew'à me to the golden fun,
Had seen my death! Why did not ehirlwinds bear
The fatal infant to the fowls of air?
Why funk I not beneath the whelming tide,

And 'midst the roarings of the waters üy'd?” xvi. 401.

-Ο δε Θεσορα, Ηνoπος υιον
Δευτερον ορμηθεις (μιν ευζεςω ενι διφρω
Ηγο αλεις εκ γαρ πληγη φρενα» εκ δ' άρα χείρων

'Hyva ning om van Rev. Avg. 1792.

II h


εργα γενεσθαι. .

xvii. 143

Verf. 488. The son of Enops, Thelor next he smote.

He on his chariot seat magnificent
Low-cow'sing fat, a fear-distracted form,

And from his palfied grasp the rein had fallin.' Pope's translation of the paffage, though good, is inferior to that of Mr. C.

“ Thefter was next who saw the chief appear,
And fell the victim of his coward fear;
Shrunk up he fate with wild and haggard eye,
Nor food to combat, nor had force to fly."

επει πόλεμοιο νεφος περι παύλα καλυπτες

is happily rendered,
Vers, 285. - That cloud of battle, Hector, such a gloom

Sheds all around.'-
Ib. 236. Πληγεισ' εγχϊ τε μεγαλω και χειρι παχειη.
Verf. 358.

for huge the hand, And pond'sous was the spear that gave the blow." The translation of the celebrated passage in the twentieth book, in which is described the alarm of Pluto at the earthquake occafioned by Neptune, deferves, we think, particular praise for its strength and its fidelity. The Greek runs thus: xx. 6ι. Εδδεισεν δ' υπεγερθεν αναξ ενερων Αϊδωνευς,

Δείσας δ' εκ θρονο αλτο, και ιαχέ μη οι υπερθε
Γαιαν αναρρηξειε Ιοσειδαων Ενοιχθων,
Οικια δε θνητοισι και αθανατοισι φτανει η
Σμερδαλέευρωενία και τα τε συγκσι


περ •
Τοσσος αρα κτυπος ωρίο θεων εριδι ξυνιούλων-
• Upstarted from his throne, appallid, the King
Of Erebus, and with a cry his fears
Through hell proclaim'd, left Neptune, o'er his head
Shatt'ring the vaulted earth should wide disclose
To mortal and immortal eyes his realm
Terrible, squalid, to the Gods themselves
A dreaded ipeciacle; with such a sound

The pow'rs eternal into battle rush'd.' We shall conclude this article, already perhaps too long, with the well-known paffage in which Homer beautifully describes the sorrows of Ulysses during his confinement in the island of Calypso: Odyf. v.151. Τον δ' αρ' επ' ακης ευρε καθημενον' εδε ποπ οσσε

Δακρυοφιν τερσολο" κατειβ. το δε γλυκυς αιων
Νοσον οδυρομείων, επει εκεττι δανε εμφη.
Αλλ' ητοι νυχίας μεν εαυεστε, και αναγκη
Εν σπεσσι γλαφυροισι πας εκ εθελων εθελοση
“Ηματα δ' εν πετρησε και η ονεσσι καθιζων,
Δακρυσι και σοναχησι και αλγεσι θυμον ερεχθων,
Πούλον επ' αταυγετον διακεσκίο, δακρύα λειβων.


Confeffedly beautiful as the original is, it fuffers little in the hands of Mr. Cowper; and though Pope has been happy enough in his version of this paffage, yet the present translator has nothing to dread from comparison,

on the more
She found him feated ; tears fucceeding rears
Delug'd his eyes, while, hopeless of return,
Life's precious hours to eating cares he gave
Continual, with the nymph now charm'd no more.
Yet, cold as she was am'rous, fill he pass'd
His nights beside her in the hollow grot,
Contrain'd, and day by day the rocks among
Which lined the thore heart-broken sai, and oft
While wiitfully he eyed the barren deep,
Wept, groan'd, desyonded, ligh’d, and wept again.'

“ Him pensive on the lonely beach she found,
With freaming eyes in briny torrents drown'd,
And iniy pining for his native shore;
For now the soft Enchantress pleas'd no more:
For now, reluctant, and constrain’d by charms,
Absent he lay in her defiring arms,
In slumber wore the heavy night away,
On rocks and shores consum'd the tedious day;
There fat all desolate, and ligh'd alone,
With echoing sorrows made the mountains groan,
And roll'd his eyes o'er all the restless main,
Till dimm'd with siling griel, they ftream'd again."


For AUGUST, 1792.


EAST INDIA AFFAIRS. Art. 15. Representation ard Petition from his Highness the Nabob of

she Carnatic, presented 10 the House of Commons, March 5, 1792. 8vo. pp. 75.

Debrétt. THERE is, perhaps, no class of men that more requires hints of

recollection that they are but men, and subject to human vicism ficudes, than sovereign princes; and perhaps there never was an age that furnished more pointed le tons of this kind than the prelent. Among the humiliating examples, is that of the Nabob of the Carnatic, standing at the bar of a popular afsembly fome thousands of miles from his own dominions, suing for protection against a long series of oppressions and usurpations of a company of merchants, who have, at length, taken the administration of his government out of his hands, in violation of a recent treaty, on the plea of that treaty being insuficient for securing the expected advantages! This Hh 2


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treaty of perpetual friendship and alliance was concluded with the Nabob in February 1-87, by Sir Archibald Campbell, under the orders of the Board of Controul; from which board, it is stated, the treaty received the fullest approbation.

« Sir Archibald Campbell, when he sent home the treaty, speaks in the following terms of the Nabob.

• I have narrowly watched all the Nabob's conduct and sentiments fince my arrival in this country, and I am ready to declare that I do not think it possible that any Prince, or Power on earıh, can be more fincerely attached to the prosperity of the Honourable Company than his Highness, or that any one has a bigher claim to their favour and liberality.

It is neicher practicable nor necessary for us to enter into the de. tail of the Nabib's complaints, but he concludes with the following representation:

. That the Nabob has now been the most faithful and stedfast ally of the English nation, during a period of near fifty years: that he has gone hand in hand with them at all times of adversity as well as prosperity, and has devoted his whole life and fortune to their welfare : that, after al, infead of enjoying repose and tranquillity which he had expected would have been the reward of his long and faithful attachment to the English nation, his latter days are embittered with aggravated misfortune and affliction, and his grey hairs treated with de:ision and contempt: that there are many other grievances under which the Nabob labours, but which the elta. blishing a general line, that must not be transgressed, will remove : that, in feiting forth the grievances he has explained, he has avoided to accule or blame individuals: that redreis is his object, and not revenge; and that, content with receiving justice for the future, he wants ro retribution for past injuries: that he is willing to ascribe fome public encroachments upon his rights to the Company's being ignorant of the limits of their own; and far be it from his heart to lay to the charge of a great nation, whom he esteems, admires, and loves, thoie enormities, encroachments, and oppresfions, which passions of various kinds have suggested to individuals: that the Nabob of The Carnatic sends this his Petition to the Honourable the Commons of Great Britain in Parliament assembled, as the Company of Merchants of England trading to The East Indies, and their concerns, are peculiarly under their inspection and controul; and therefore praying the House to take the premises into their consideration, and to do in chem as to the House fhall seem fir.'

Surely it does not become a generous government to suffer a friendly ally to be reduced to the circumftances fo pathetically, yet so mildly, represented! Art. 16. A Letter from a Gentleman in Lancashire to bis Friend in

the East Indies, on the Subject of the War with Tippoo Sultan. 8vo. Pp. 27

19. Richardson. 1792. It is fuficiently clear that this was intended to be a very clever letter : but its particular aim, if it has any, beyond being witty on


the Eastern war, bafles our discovery. The occasion is also passed, and our operations are closed; whether to the author's satisfaction, we know not: but if he has any stock of humour on hand to send to market, he may now employ it on the treaty of peace. Art. 17. A general View of the Variations which have been made in

the Affairs of the East India Company, from the Conclusion of the War in India in 1784, to the Commencement of the present Hotlilities. By George Anderson, A. M. Accountant to the Right Honourable the Commiflioners for the Affairs of India. Large Paper 8vo. Pp. 116; with a Supplement, pp. 37. 6s.

Stockdale. 1792. Art. 18. A Letter to the Right Hon. Henry Dundas, President of the

Board of Controul, on the Statement of the Affairs of the East India Company, lately published by George Anderson, Esq. Accountant to the Commissioners for the Affairs of India. By George Tierney, Eq. Large Paper 8vo. pp. 47• Is. 60. Debrett. 1792.

We have classed these two publications together, because Mr. Anderson principally controverts the disadvantageous statements in A Letter to the Right Hon. Henry Dundas, published during the last year *, and which, by the letter above mentioned, appears to have been the work of Mr. Tierney; and the supplement to Mr. Anderson's pamphlet is a reply to this second letter. These two gentlemen are both deeply in: olved in the mazes of East India accounts, whither we cannot pretend to follow them; and are warmly contelling maiters on which we presume not to decide. We can however add, that Mr. Anderson's statements are introduced by a clear explanation of the several, departments of the Company's accounts, both in their commercial and in their sovereign capacities :- but these blend with and interfere so intricately in general statemenis, that we can only infer that their concerns are grown too mighty either for proper management, or for due comprehension.

Strictures and Occasional Observations upon the System of British Commerce with the East Indies : with Remarks, and propoled Regulations, for encouraging the importation of Sugar from Bengal; and Hints for the Arrangement of the Trade, after it shall be feparated from the Revenue of our Territorial Acquifitions. To which is added, A Succinct History of the Sugar Trade in general. By the Author of A Short Review of the Trade of the Eait India Company. 8vo. pp. 210. Deoreti.

1792. This pamphlet contains proposed regulations for the supply of this country with sugar from the East Indies; in his expectations of the success of which, the writer is very fanguine. He does not, however, advice to the circumnitances of our West Indian islands, nor to our reciprocal engagements with the planters, who have cultivated those islands in reliance on parliamentary faich :- bue it must be ad

Art. 19.

45. sewed,

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