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mitted, that when such frenuous efforts are made, and when measures are pursuing, which may render the future supply of West lodian sugar at least problematical, it may be high time to look out for a supply of lo necessary an article ellewhere.
The writer urges many reasons for ierminating the monopoly of our trade to the Eait, or at least for transferring it to a company purely mercantile.
SLAVE-TRADE. Art. 20.
Substance of a Speech intended to have been made on Mr. Wilberforce's Motion for ibe Abolition of the Slave-Trade, April 3d, 1792: but the Unwillingnels of the Committee to hear any Thing farther on the Subject, after Mr. Pite had spoken, prevented the Member from being heard. 8vo. PP. 76. Owen, Piccadilly,
This intended speich may gain more attention in print, than in an afembly of men whose imaginations are heated by declamatory addreflis to the paffiors. The writer combats ! he idea that the voice of the people demanded the abolition of the save.trade, by giving Colonel Tarleton's representation of the dilingenuous mode by
hich the sense of the people has been obtained: that is, from those who know no more of the futject than ihey have been taught by the indullrious circulation of garbled and partial accounts of it. He turns the evidence and arguments against this trade entirely against the abolitionists; for example:
• A Right Hon Gentleman *, whose weight with the House is deservedly great, and whose abilities and eloquence are sufficient to. make the worse appear tbe better cause, has exerted both in support of the motion. He has endeavoured to thew, that the abolition of this trade cannot be injurious to our Wett lodia colonies, “ because it appears we are able now to keep up the present stock by the number of births, which, upon an average in all the iBands, equal, if they do not exceed the deaths." Bui permit me to observe to this Committee, that if there be already a sufficieot number of Negroes in our colonies, this argument proves too much-there would be no need to abolish a trade which would end of itself, because there would be no market for the flaves in the West Indies, and consequently no person would bring them over.'
He news, from the savage manners of the Africans, which are too well known to be doubled, thai whatever may be the abstract speculative merits of such a trade, it is a positive act of humanity to carry any human beings out of the country; and that even the late interference in regulating slave fhips, is likely to occasion violent outrages against humanity. The circumitanies of the following story are too natural to be doubied:
• A captain of a trading ship had a young woman with a child at her breal broughrio him to purchase, which he refuled, as by the late regulation such child would be reckoned among the number he was perinitred to carry. Some few days after, one of his officers purchased a young woman, who having a breait full of milk, and appearing melancholy, the captain endeavoured, by his linguist, to learn the cause; he found that this poor woman was the same he had refused some little time before. Her owner had taken her away, murdered the infant, and brought her back without the child. The gentle abolitionists may glory in their humanity. --The barbarous flave captain cold the story with the most live!y seniiments of regret.
* Mr. Piit.'
. If this horrid transaction happened in consequence of regulasion, and many others of the faine fort will undoubtedly happen, which we shall know nothing of, the consequences of abolition will be a thousand times worse; in proof of which we refer to the billories of Africa, the evidence on your table, and the affidavit annexed.''
We shall close this article by a transcript of the following 65 fervation:
• The only rational mode of abolishing the slave trade, is to increase the population in the Weft Indies ; and the mode of doing 1o, in the ipeediet and most effectual magner, is by increasing the importation of young women. When by that means you have as many Negroes in the colonies as you have occasion for, ine trade to Africa for them will end of courie. This will be a gradual abolition, and the only mode by which a gradual abolition can take place, confiltent with justice or humanity. In time, this will aliv abolith servitude--for it is an abule of the word, to call the condision of the Negroes in the Wett Iudies, jluvery.'
A Letter to Bache Heathcote, Esq. on the fatal Conse. quences of Abulishing the Slave Trade, both to England, and her American Colonies. By Henry Redhead, Esq. 8vo. pp. 80.
Stockdale. 1792. This is anocher seofbe confideration of the Nave trade, so far as it goes, but it does not enter into an abitract discussion of the leading queition agitated by the abolitioners. How fatal the abolition of the trade may prove to England, to her American colonies, or even to the poor wretches in Africa who are the objects of this trade,-are matters surely not beneath the noice of these gentlemen, while they plead that the rights of man are invaded by in! Art. 22. Thoughts in favour of the Abolition of the Slave Trade,
and the Emancipation of ine Negroes, relpecifully incribed to the Honourable House of Commons. By Francis Stone, M. A. F. S. A. Rector of Cold-Norton, Esex. 8vo.
PP: 35: Sia!ker. Mr. Stone, most probably, means well: but when a parochial clergyman, who has immediate duties enough on his hands, wanders into a subject embracing 10 many circumitances and confiderations foreign to his knowlege and profesional itudies, he must neceffarily treat is superficially: especially when he is dilposed' to indulge in a little ludicrous innocent fun on a serious subject.' (P. 19.) Art. 23. The Interim; or, Thoughts on the Trafic of Wet India Slaves; and on fome ocher Slaves, not less worthy of Compal
fion; with an Address to Mr. Wiberforce. By Homo. 8vo. Pp: 33 Printed at Newark; and fold by Gardner, &c. in London. 1792. These are confefledly the hally undigested thoughts of an old man of nearly fourscore; who pleads, in extenuation of their having i no accuracy, no correctness,' the expediency of their appearing before the day when Mr. Wilberforce was to introduce his bill into the House of Commons! Alas, he might have hufanded his reflections to amuse himself and a few of his neighbours over their pipes, without the least public injury. His savings, in paper and print, would have fupplied ale and tobacco for two or three months. Art. 24. Reasons for not fgning the Petition; or, The Abolition
Scheme taken into cool and candid Consideration. By a privare disinterested Perfon, independent and unconnected with any Seat or Party. 8vo. pp. 48. is. 6d. Printed at Leominster; and sold by Evans, in London.
These reasons, it seems, were at first separately published in three parts, at 6d. each, and clafled under Natural, moral, and Political Reasons, for not figning the petition. In the preface to the third of these parts, the writer says, “If I could have had a little more time, (ory shoughts croud in fo fast,) I could have foon (welled this little treatise io four cimes the size: but perhaps I have said 100 much already.' In this conclusion, we cordially join. This odů kind of a writer, who nevertheless really appears to mean well, and, in his way, ftarts now and then fome home truths, gives up the whole Negroe race to flavery, as the juft doom of the worthless deícendants of the accurled Hain! We wish he would take a ride over to Newark, and smoke a pipe with the preceding old gentleman; they would, between them, settle this question admirably! Art. 25. An Appeal to the Candour and Justice of the People of Eng
land, in Behalf of the West India Merchants and Planters, founded on plain Facts and incontrovertible Arguments. Svo.
25. 6d. Debreit. 1792. This appeal is a republication of the petition of the West India merchants and planters, with an abstract of the speeches of Mell. Bailey, Vaughan, Tarleton, Jenkinson, and Dundas, against the motion for the abolition; concerning which nothing need be added. Art. 26. Remarks on the New Sugar Bill, and on the National
Compacls sefpecting the Sugar- Trade and Slave-Trade. 8vo. pp. 99
15. 61. Johnson. 1792. The cause of the planters is here pleaded against the refiners, in these points where they really do, or are thought to, interfere: buc as we are neither planters nor refiners, we will not attempt to ascertain the merits of professional mysteries. The author remonftrates against the versatility of parliament in colonial regulations, and elpecially in the sudden alarm raised again it the use of Negros ilives; and as one novelty introduces another, and as, whatever may be the fate of the abolition-bill, he supposes the prejudice will not wear Out, he recommends the inviting over Chinese servants to
fupply their place, the Chinese national character being considered as favourable to the scheme of subititution. • Men, (he truly observe3,) love to be righteous at the expence of other people, and acting upon each other is held equivalent to acting for themselves.'
• Something, however, has been faved from thipwreck in the conteft; calumnies on the colonists have been fumewhat discredited; the poffibility of obtaining white men to labour in tropical countries is given up; the slavery actually fubfisting in the islands seems a:lowed to remain untouched; and the Negroes are agreed to be unfi: for prefent emancipation. In short, the abolition of flavery itself in the islands is left to its own fate; and, as the children of the Welt Indians, wherever sent out of the islands for education, will be made alhamed, if not ave:se, with respect to the possession of slaves, one of two chings will happen ; eitner flavery will be. come lo mild, as only to be such in name; or it will be formally abolished, as heretofore in Europe, by the decision of those who are interested in it; and thus suffer what Mr. Hume would call an Euthanasia.'
On this difficult subject, it might tend greatly to compose difturbed minds, if we could, according to a hint started by another writer, abolith the term Negroe Slaves, and call them by some more social appellation: as we doat so much on all new fainions *, even so flight an alteration, could it be made current, might rettore our relish for sugar and tobacco.
IRELAND. Art. 27. A Letter to the Societies of United Irishmen, of the Town of
Belfast, upon the Subject of certain Apprehensions which have anten from a propoled Restoration of Catholic Rights. By William Todd Jones, Esq. With the Declaration of the Catholic Society of Dublin, and some Thoughts on the present Politics of Ireland. By Theobald M.Kenna, M. D. 8vo.
pp. 189. 35. 6d. sewed. Robinsons. 1792.
This is one of those publications that do honour to the present age, and which, as friends to the happiness of mankind, we announce with pleasure. Mr. Jones, a Protestant, here offers himself in the notice of the public, as an able and Itrenuous advocate for the long proscribed and persecured Catholics of Ireland. He has evidently given the subject much thought, and the relule is, that. he considers toe penal laws against the Catholics as ' a profligate, miltaken, pasionate, and impolitic farrago of Itatutes of penalty and disqualification ;' and he argues with grear earneltness for their repeal, contending, that the entire abolition of these statutes against she Catholics is only wanting to convert Ireland into the most opulent and most happy kingdom in Europe :- but it has been objected agzinii the proposed emancipation of the Irish Catholics, " that, if
* That coarle vulgar word breeches has been abolished in favour of /mall cloaths; yet, as she correjpondence may appear too close be(ween jmall cloaihs and petticoats, we anxioully wait the decision of the poliie on this intereiting lubject !
they are restored to the legislative faculty of the conflitution, they will revive the court of clans, and inititute an inquiry into defeative titles, and an invitation of re-allumption to ancient proprietors.” 'This position Mr. Jones sidicules as extravagant and impracticable, He gives us a very melancholy pictuse of the itate of the poor Caaholics in Ireland; recalls to our secollection the horrid perfecutions of the Catholics by the Proteftants; and proves that Religion, or as least iomething which has hitherto affuned her sacred name, bas been a scourge and a sword 10 our sites Ireland. When will Chrif. cians learn the first maxim of the gospel, io love one another! Whea will rulers profit ly the history of persecution, and allow religion to be a cementto, indlead of triving to make is a principle of repullon among, the parricies composing the mass of civil fociety!
Dr. M.Kenna, who is a fpirited and sensible writer, prophefies thar an energy of character is now rising among the Catholics of Ireland, and inat ihe period of their emane pation is not far dittant,
May he be a true prophet!-- and may peace, and love, and liberality of neiri and mind, prove the treslailing cement of the Aller kiegdums!
MEDICAL. Art. 28. A Treatise on the Management of Female Breasts during
Chilabed: and several new Obiervacions on Cancerous Diseales, with Preicriptions : to which are added, Remarks on Pietenders to the Cure of the Cance. By William Rowley, M. D. Member of the University of Oxford, the Royal College of Physicians in London, &c. 2d Edit. 8vo. pp. 113. 2s. Wicgrave. 1790.
This Treatile poffeffes little reasoning and no order ; while i: abounds in unsatisfactory affertions.-Dr. Rowley's plan of remov. ing cancerous complainis, is, by peilisting in a long cousle of minesal alteratives. Speaking of these medicines in cancers of the uterus, he delivers himself with more than usual modetiy:
• From this consideration I was induced to attempt a more råtional plan of cure, by uniting the fulphureous aotimonials with the preparations of hydrargyrus. In all the cales where I have been confulied, I have never yes teen patients cured by any other methods; bue by mineral alteratives, given in very small doses, and repeate now and then, an unfortunate victim to this horrid disease has been foatched from death, and policively cured.
The reinedies I have víeu are,
faclitium, which are nearly the fame. Æthiops mineralis.
Merc. dulc. xij. cies sub. & lotus com sulph, aurat. ant. long robbed together.