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made by Mademoiselle de St. Aubin to obtain a light of Marshal Biron, whom she had long secretly loved, and who was now imprisoned for treason, and condemned to die. Beside this story, which is well related, the novel has little to fix the reader's attention. The cale, instead of becoming more interesting, languishes toward the close, and is lengthened by an episodical narrative. The writer seems more capable of representing the external expressions of passion, than of clothing its sentiments in suitable language; and when she ought to be unfolding a character, we find her describing the person, attitude, or dress ;-a failing very common with some adventurers in novel-writing ;--for this obvious reason, that it is eafier to observe the exterior form, than to read the language of the heart.
POLITICS and POLICE. Art. 52. Obfervations on the Politics of France, and their Progress since the last Summer: made in a Journey from Spa to Paris
By T. F. Hill. 8vo. Pp. 110. 25. 6d. Hookham. In politics, as in other sciences, that reasoning bids fair to be the belt which has fact for its bafis. This is the foundation which Mr. Hill has chosen for his observations. By going to the scene of action, he had an opportunity of viewing things as they are. His conclufions prove him to be a man of sense; and they are deduced with an impartiality, which seems to have nothing but truth for its object.
From what Mr. Hill saw of the emigrants, he judges that their caule is not likely to be crowned with success. In the country parts of France through which he travelled, the condition of the inhabicants seemed to be much improved by the Revolution. Paris was distressed by a want of money and commerce, had lost all its gay vivacity, and was much divided by political factions :-Duc yer, amid every diversity of opinion, it was evident that the great body of the people, both in the capital, and in the provinces, was de. cidedly for supporting the new constitution in all its parts, regal, as well as popular. The King, by his prudent cooduct, appeared to be rising, and the Assembly to be rather linking, in the eitimation of the people.
Though these remarks were made before the declaration of war against the King of Hungary, some of them are not inapplicable to the present posture of affairs. In particular, the emigrants seem as likely to be the vi&tims of delay as ever. Whether the Auftrians continue to treat them with the same marked contempt as they did when Mr. Hill was in the country, it is not easy to tell ac this distance : but there is no evidence of their cordiaily uniting with them. The King, too, it is pollible, from the late events, and from his judicious behaviour.under them, will derive additional ftrength to himself and his party, will defeat the republicans, and give itability to the constitution in its present form *.
If we differ from Mr. Hill in any.ching, it is, when he supposes the several tumolts that have happened, to be the effect of regular
Changes, however, seems to be indicated, fince this article was writien. Ii 3
preconcerted plans to bring about the political designs of the vari. ous parties. In the reign of Charles the Second, no event of consequence occurred in this country, without a plot being in it. These are chimerical furmises. The disturbances, ibat arise in periods of political fermentation, are mostly the efect of accident.
accident. This is confirmed by the obscurity in which their origin is almost always involved. Time generally brings feitled schemes to lighe: bet casualty is loft and mothered in the confusion that gives it birth,
As no part of the secret service money, issued either from the public or from the privy purse, takes its course through our hands, we cannot answer for the truth of the following circumftance. Should it be a fact, it is not of that nature which is calculated to give any additional relish to the payment of one million per ann. for the civil lift, or of seventeen millions for taxes ; nor any additional grace to our complaints of the underhand interference of foreigo emissaries in our domestic government. A French ambassador, assured of the fa&, would perhaps think himself justified in remonftrating against codue interposition in the concerns of his own country; irtead of vindicating his nation from a charge of such officious meddling, infiouated in a royal proclamation :
· The King of England was reported with more probability, though with more secrecy, to have replenished the empty treasuries of the emigration ; a fact esteemed highly likely, both from his fitaation and character: the same rumour was reported with added strength towards the end of last December; and a fum named to the enormous extent of half a million : it is certain that the course of the exchange was affected about that period, in a manner sufficiently fingular to authorize the supposition ; such strange irregularities had not been experienced in it for the last half century. If the chasity of his Majesty has induced him to contribute thus largely to the support of the cause of Kings from his own private fortune; certainly his subjects have, in the present situation of the political system, no right to objcct to it: but if such soms have really been issued from the public treasury for this purpose, perhaps they may think it paying rather too dear, for the purchase of possible desolation, even in France; or of the advantages of despotism in England. Probably, however, the sums issued from England, may have in great part come firft from France; and been fent this way, io conceal their real source : but I cannot help suspecting, that our country, ever renowned for giving pay to other nations, has here followed her ulual custom, at leait in fome degree.'
Mr. Hill is the editor of some ancient Erse poems reviewed in our 73d volume, page 70. Art. 53. Two Letters to Lord Onslow, Lord Lieutenant of the
County of Surry, and one to Mr. Henry Dundas, Secretary of State, on the Subject of the late excellent Proclamation. By Tho. mas Paine, Author of Common Sense, Rights of Man, &c. 8vo. 6d. Ridgway. Another Edition is fold by Parsons.
In the letter to Mr. Dundas, which stands foremost in this col. lection, Mr. Paine repels some attacks made on himself and his books in the course of the debate in the House of Commons, on the
Subject of an address to his Majesty for his late proclamation. He affirms that he has not, as it was faid by some of the members, deAtroyed (in his Rights of Man,) all the principles of subordination, and established nothing in their room. On the contrary, he says he has shewn that if a frugal government, someshing like the American, were established in this country, in the room of that which now prevails, Englishmen would be great gainers by the change. The expence of government in America, he says, is only 66,2751. 115. per annum : while we in England pay annually seventeen millions of taxes ; of which enormous sum eight millions go to defray the cur. rent expences of the year, and the other nine to pay the interest of that load of debt contracted by uncontrolled adminiftrations. In America, he adds, where the whole expences of Government do not amount to so much as the penfion-lift alone in England, the people do not need to be told by a proclamation that they are happy.
The second letter is addressed to Lord Onflow as Chairman of the meeting held at Epsom for the purpose of returning thanks to the King for his proclamation. The author thinks it very wrong that any man should thank his Majesty for endeavouring to suppreis a publication, unless he know the nature and contents of that pub. Jicarion. He therefore begs' leave to present his Lordship with an hundred copies of the second part of Rights of Man; and also with a thousand copies of the foregoing letter to Mr. Dundas, giving some account of the object and design of the Rights of Man. He also says that such meetings are calculated to influence the minds of the jury, who will have to decide on the prosecution commenced against the Rights of Man.
The remaining letter is an expoftulation with Lord Onflow for improper behaviour as chairman, in not suffering Mr. Paine's former letter to be read. This, he contends, was indecent conduct in one who, on account of his finecure place of one thousand, and his pension of three thousand, per annum, made up of taxes paid by eight hundred families, may be fairly considered as the principal pauper quartered on the county in which he lives. Art. 54. Ten Minutes Caution from a Plain Man to bis Fellow-Citi. 8vo. Pp. 20.
6d. R. Edwards. 1792. This plain man tells us not to listen to foreign incendiaries, but 40 be contented with the good things which we at present enjoy, without striving to increase them.-If he should gain no converts to his doctrine, he may help to ftrengthen the faith of those who al. ready think with him. Art. 55. A Letter to the Farmers and Manufa&urers in Great Bri
tain and Ireland, oo the audacious Attempts of obscure and unprincipled Men to fubvert the British Government. 8vo. Pp. 39.
Stockdale. 1792. This letter appears to have been written under the impolle of an iragination haunted by visionary terrors. The writer sees, in the attempts which are now making for the reformation and improvement of the British Government, the entirc defruction of all order,
and the introduction of a fate of anarchy, in which a filthy set of ragamu fins will ride lords-paramount over the whole nation, levying contributions at will, and inflicting death at random and at pleasure on those whom they dislike.' When he corns his eye 10wards France, every tree he fees is a gibbet, and every other man a hangman ;' and all the great officers of Government are a promiscuous groupe of coblers, cailors, tinkers, hungry attorneys, and police men. Ac home, he sees similar mischief brewing; and be apprehends that freebooters, who are enemies to all government and legislation, are becoming reformers. It is no wonder inar, with such terrible apprehensions, he should have an insuperable antipathy to night-cellar citizens, and halfpenny club politicians; and should be of opinion, that if the demon of innovation cannot be laid by the force of reason, it ought to be laid by the force of coercion, Cooler men, however, who are not thus panic-struck, will perceive no such hazard in indulging persons in the natural and analienable right of free discussion, and will hope to see the temporary ferment of discontent happily allayed, by means of a temperate but effe&ual reform.
MISCELLANEOUS. Art. 56. Extraits, elegant, instructive, and entertaining, in Proje;
selected from the best modern Authors, and disposed under proper Heads; intended to affift in introducing young Persons to an Acquaintance with useful and ornamental Knowlege. 8vo. Pp. 1060. 1os. 6d. Bound. Rivingtons, &c. &c. 1791.
Compilations, abridgments, extracts, &c. have frequently, withia these few years, been presented to our attention; and some works of this kind have been very properly executed.- As far as we can judge, from such a view as can be taken of this very ample collection, it is a useful and valuable publication : the best marerials appear to have been employed in forming it; and they are brought together with propriety and judgment of the five books into which the whole is divided, the firit is moral and religious ;the second, classical and historical; the third consists of orations, characters, and letters;- the fourth, of narratives, dialogues, &c. with other humorous, facetious, and entertaining pieces; the last book contains thort introductions to geography, aitronomy, chronology, natural history, &c.--Astronomy and chronology, we observe, are collected from the works of Dr. Jennings. The whole work is introduced by an essay on pronunciation, or delivery, from the Ledures of Dr. Blair.
The bulky appearance of this volume might perhaps almost dir. courage some readers; we therefore add the following lines from the preface: – As these extracts, from the variety of subjects to which They relate, and the numerous works from which they bave been selected, have swelled this publication to such a considerable fize, it has been thought proper to insert a new title-page, nearly in the middle, that the purchasers may have it in their opion to bind it in one, or in two volumes, as they shall think is most convenient for use.'
Art. 57. Extras, elegant, inftrullive, and entertaining; in Poetry,
from the most approved Auihors : dilposed under proper Heads, with a view to the Improvement and Amusement of young Perfons; being fimilar in Design to Extracts in Prose. 8vo.
PP 950. 10s. 6d. Bound. Rivingtons, &c. &c. 1791.
This volume confifts of five books, of which the first is composed of pieces on sacred and moral subje&ts, the second of such as are didactic, descriptive, narrative, and pathetic; the third contains selections from our b-ft dramatic writers, and particularly from Shakespeare, closely following Mr. Malone's edition; the fourth hock is epic and miscellaneous, to which the works of Spencer, Miton, and Pope, largely contribute ; the fifth, is formed principally of Judicrous poems, epigrams, fongs, ballads, prologues, epilogues, &c. The editor affures the reader that he has taken particular care to'admic nothing into the collection but what is calculated for improvement, or innocent recreation, without the intermixture of any thing that is pernicious. We are persuaded that this has been his endeavour, even among songs and ballads, the best of which, especially of the last age, have a degree of vulgarity, if they are not otherwise objectionable.
This collection, like the preceding compilement in prose, may bound in one or in iwo volumes, according to the choice of the purchasers, who doubtless will prefer the latter. We have only to add, that a publication similar to this appeared a very few years ago, for an account of which we refer the reader to Rev. for May 1789, vol. lxxx. p. 463. Art. 58. Epifles, elegant, familiar, and instručlive, selected from the
beit Writers, ancient, as well as modern, intended for the improvement of yoong Persons, and for general Entertainment: being a proper Supplement to Extracts in Prole and in Poetry. 8vo. PP: 790. 99. Bound. Rivingions, &c.
1791. Of the four books into which this publication is divided, the first is devoted to ancient times, and presents a large number of the cele, brated letiers of Cicero and Pliny; the second contains modern letters of an early date; the third, such as are of later dare; and the Jait, such as are called recent. — Sir John Fenn's collections furnish the most early letters of the modern kind; and'excepting there, we do not observe many differene names from those which contributed rot long since to form a volume of a like nature with the present: Montagu, Chesterfield, and Thrale, perhaps, for we are uncertain, may not appear in that compilation; or the letters selected under the same name may be different in each of the volumes, but they are chiefly taken in both from the same originals. For a farther description of the performance, we have therefore only to refer the seader to that account which has been given of Mr. Dilly's publication in 1790, and which will be found in the third volume of our New Series; Rev. for Dec. 1790, p. 476. Art. 59. Collections towards a Description of the County of Devon.
By Sir William Pole, of Colcombe and Shure, Knight, (who died A. D. 1635 ;) now first printed from the AUTOGRAPH in the Poliefion of his lineal Descendans, Sir William De La