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PP. 586.

Pole, Bart. of Shute, &c. in Devon hire. 4to. il. 113. 63. Boards. Nichols. 1791.

Of this performance we need not say much more than what may be collected from the editor's introduction, and from the titles al. lotted to the different parts into which it is divided. Sir W. P. was a member of the Inner Temple; and having attained a degree of eminence in his profesion, received some marks of diftin&ion: at his country residence, he was a Justice of the Peace, and also ferved the office of High Sheriff. His leisure hours seem to have been sedulously employed in gathering materials toward a Defcrip. sion of Devonshire. Several of bis manuscripts, more valuable, probably, than the present, are said to bave perished by different accidents; which consideration has operated as an additional incitement to the present publication. That it had been loog the subject of Sir William's attention, appears from an original letter written by bim, preserved in the British Museum, dated 27th April 1604. It is addressed to one of the Reynel family, which is ancient in this county.

It relates (according to the orthography of that time,) to the petegrue of the house : among other expressions, are the following:- 1 proteft I am so far from partiall dealing in these any Itudies that I will not derogate from myne enemyes, por add yt I cannot authentically prove for my friends. . I purpose (God willing,) to set out fomeibing for the antiquities of Devonshire. And therefore doe pray you of your help weh hall not want pube lick acknowledgment by mee. For I hold it good right yevery man posses his owne.-Thus with

my

kindest salutations, doe very hartily commend over my very loving affections to your gealle en. tertaynment.'

Mr. Risdon, who wrote the Survey of Devon, and was contemposary with Sir William Pole, -and Mr. Prince, who, about the close of the lat century, published she Wortbies of Devon,-speak with great regard both of Sir William, and of his manuscripts, to wbich they express their obligations.

The first part of this work relates to the baronies of the county, and then acquaints us with those persons who held their lands in, mediately from the crown, and with the names of those who have had the largest poffeflions, from the time of William the Conqueror to that of the writer. We have also a brief account of eminent men, sheriffs, baronets, judges, juftices, &c. The third book of the first part introduces, what may properly be called, the Survey of Devon, commencing with Exceffer; after a very short description of which, it is carried on throughout this book and also in the fecond part of the volume, of which it constitutes a principal portion. The whole is concluded by a verbal delineation of the arms of nobles and gentlemen who have anciently resided, or do at present Telide, in the county; with the names of such as have been distioguished, but are now not found there, and of others who, in this writer's time, retained their lands and their abode in this part of the kingdom

Should the reader imagine that in his progress through the variety of towns and villages bere enumerated, he will find what may

be

be termed their history, his disappointment will be great ; since he will meet with little more than dry genealogies, formed, we doubt not, with great labour, and with accuracy: but in truth, uninftru&tive, uninteresting, and for the greater part, useless. Ema ployment, of any kind, if it be innocent, is so far commendable : but surely, onleis necessity constrained, a man must be cast in a peculiar mould who could devote a considerable part of his time, as this writer seems to have done, to this kind of ftudy.

In the anecdotes of eminent men, one paffige particularly struck us as amusing and semarkable, which we Thall here add, according to the manner in which it appears in the volume :-- SP John de Sully, renowned for his exploits in the holy land, in which he was weakned by many wounds, return's home after many yeares discontinuance, where, upon his officeres bringing in che accounts of his rent, which amounted to a great masse of mony; he caused his cloake, being of cloth of gold, to be spread on the ground, and commanding the mony to be put therein, cast him elf thereinto, that it might be sayed for once he tumbled in gold and filver, whereof he afterward, gave one part to his wife, a 2nd to his officers and tenants, a 3d pie to the poor.'

The future Devonshire historian may, without doubt, reap ad. vantage from this collection ;--yet it appears to us improper to fuppose that the whole of this tedious volume will be employed in the new description of the county, which is undertaken by the Rev. Mr. Polwhele :--that work, we hear, is in considerable forwardness. Art. 6o. Letters between the Honourable and Right Reverend Father

in God Shute, by Divine Providence, Lord Bishop of Durham, Count of the County Palacine, Earl of Sad berge, Baron Evenwood, &c. &c. and Percival Stockdale: A Correspondence ir teresting to every Lover of Literature, Freedom, and Religion. 8vo.

23. 6d. Ridgway. 1792. The Bishop of Durham's part in this correspondence is very short, while Ms. Stockdale's Letters, and introductory observations, make the pamphlet. The facts are these. --Mr. Stockdale presented the Bishop of Durham with his Poetical Thoughts and Views on the Banks of the Wear, (noticed in our last Review, p. 227) in which the Bishop is praised; this complimentary offering of the Muses was followed, some time after, .with an application for the living of Hartburn, about to be vacant by the expected death of Dr. Sharp. The Bithop replied that, when Mr. Stockdale asked for the living, Dr. Sharp was alive; he moreover exprefled his surprize that Mr. Stockdale should folicit more preferment in a county, whose severe climate he bad urged as a plea for non-residence. Mr. Stockdale rejoined that the living of Hartburn would make him afluent; that he would encounter the climate with pleasure, notwithitanding it had not agreed with him; and chat, by tuch an inttance of good fortune, his best feelings and sentiments woulu be urspeakably enriched. In answer to these reasons, with wbich he urged his request, Bishop Barrington returned the following laconic card : “ The Birhop of Durham acquaints Mr. Stockdale that the living of Hartburn is difposed of." On this, Mr. S. grew angry, repeated him of the

fraise

pp. 67.

praise which he lately bestowed, and expoftulated sharply with the Prelate. He then requested an interview, to which the Bishop agreed, on condition that Mr. Jerningham be present. At this condition, Mr. Stockdale grew more angry, and threatened to publifh the correspondence.

He has been as good as his word: but we cannot commend his prudence. Much as we wish prosperity and ease to Mr. Stockdale, we do not, on the face of this publication , perceive sufficient ground for his attack on the Bishop of Durham, for refusing to give him the folid pudding of Hartburn in return for his empty praise. It does not appear that the Bishop ever promised him preferment: but, fays Mr. Stockdale, 'I feel sentiments within me which deserve good fortone.' Other clergymen may feel the fame sentiments; and it must lie with the Bishop to determine whose feelings shall be gratified. Art. 61. Advice to the Poor, with a short Remonftrance to those in

higher Circum!tances. By James Stovin, Efq. 12mo. PP. 66. 18. Clarke. 1792.

This is a short fummary of useful philosophical hints to the rich as well as to the poor ; which both may read to advantage: but, as is usual in all such cases, those who have the greatest need of good counsel, are the persons who will not receive it. The bulk of mankind are incorrigible in habits dictated by their paffions; and scorn to seek for knowlege in books: they are thinking individuals only who are wise enough to know the value of good advice, to accepe it cordially, and to profit by it. To all fuch, this little manual may be recommended, as containing more profitable and ftriking truths than might be expected in a monitor of so humble a size, and with so plain and unassuming a title. Art. 62. A Treatise on the Game of Criblage ; fhewing the Laws

and Rules of the Game, as now played at St. James's, Bath, and New Market: with the belt Methods of laying out your Cards, and exposing all the unfair Aris practised by Sharpers. By Anthony Pasquin, Esq. 169. pp. 96. 25. 60. Ridgway, &c.

That cribbage is a favourite game at court, &c. will be news to many of our readers in the country. Mr. Pasquin afirms the fa&t, and we dare not dispute such authority. He, we understand, is “ a man of wit and pleasure about town,” and frequents the scenes of grandeur and gaiety ;-scenes, of which we recolleet but little: for it is a long time since the early days of Geo. II. when we now and then contrived to take a peep at what was going forward in the fashionable world. Aye! those were pleasant days, when Harry Lintot used to lend us his father's old coats with embroidered butionholes : under favour of which, we could take a peep up the great stairs at St. James's; or solace ourselves with an evening's regale at Vauxhall, and Coper's Gardeos:--but, now, fic transit gloria mundi! Art, 63. Of the Proportions of Eclipse. By Mr. Charles Vial de

Saint Bel, Equerry to the King, and Head of the Academy at Lions; antient Profeffor of the Royal Veterinary School of the fame City ; Demonstrator in Comparative Anatomy at Montpellier; and Profesor of the Veterinary College of London. 4to. French and English. Pp. 67, 11. 18. Edwards, &c. 1791.

Presuming

the toe;

Presuming that it may gratify some of our Equestrian readers to know how the proportions of a horse are determined scientifically, we shall copy the description of this high mettled racer, according to a table of the geometrical proportions used by the pupils of the veterinary schools in France.

cit, in that table, the horse should measure three heads in height, counting from the foretop to the ground. Eclipse measured upward of shree heads and a half.

2dly, The neck hould measure but one head in length; that of Ecliple measured a head and a half.

• 3dly, The height of the body should be equal to its length; the height of Eclipse exceeded his length by one fifth. 4thly, A perpendicular line falling from the stifle, should touch

this line in Eclipse touched the ground at the distance of half a head before the toe.

5:hly, The distance from the elbow to the bend of the knee, should be the same as from the bend of the knee to the ground; these two distances were unequal in Eclipse, the former being two parts of a head * longer than the latter.'

Thus it is eitablithed, that this universal victor, of unequalled speed, had not one true proportion of a good horse about him! This appears to be rather an aukward discovery: but the comparative anatomilt may perhaps be reconciled to it by the remainder of the work. This we have ftudied with great desire to understand it, and find the easiest way is, to grant all the author's positions; for they are so elaborace and technical, that we, who know no more of the turf than we gain by our pedestrian exercises on it, to breathe a little fresh air after our labours, dare noe presume to doubt them. Art. 64. Memoirs of the Life of Charles Lee, Esq. Lieutenant Co.

lonel of the Forty-fourth Regiment, Colonel in the Portuguelc Service, Major General, and Aid du Camp to the King of Poland, and second in Command in Service of the United States of America during the Revolution : to which are added, his Polivical and Military Errays; also Letters to and from many diftinguithed Charaliers both in Europe and America. 8vo. Pp. 439. 55. Boards. Jordan. 1792. General Lee was o? Cheshire parentage; he entered young into the

« The head, divided into 22 equal parts, is the common mea. fure for every part of the body. If the head appears too long or too short in a horse, that common measure must be abandoned,

and the height of the body taken from the top of the withers to the ground. This height being divided into three equal parts, one of these three parts subdivided into 22 equal parts, will give a just geometrical length, such as the head would have given had it been rightly proportioned.'

If the head appears too long or too mort,' how appears! Does the writer mean by the eye ? Ii nedoes, the standard of measure begios in fancy. If so, the alternative, or positive height of the body, appears to be the furer ltandard, though only offered as a secondary resource.

army,

army, gained some experience in America, attained the rank of Colonel, and served under General Burgoyne in Portugal. He afpears so have been a man of spirit, and to have had the failing inci. dent to such a character, that of irritabiliıy; he was, in brief, a Hotspur. Unfortunately for Mr. Lee, his pen was as ready as his fword; and by using it contrary to the wishes of the ministry, he excluded himself from all expectation of professional advancemeat. He then entered the Polith service, and, on the commeocement of our American disturbances, went over to the scene of action, and took a warm part in the cause of the Colonies.

It is infinuated that General Lee's military credit in America gained him a strong party in the congress to raise him to the firk command there; and that the rivalship between him and General Washing'on ended in the disgrace of the former, by his conduct at the batile of Monmouch: where some management is binted, as tending to injure the credit of Mr. Washington, who dire&red the operations; fomething akin to the battle of Minden. Be this as it may, an altercation took place between them; the result of which was the trial of Mr. Lee by a court martial, wbich suspended him for twelve months. On this unfavourable turn of affairs, which took place in 1778, the General retired to his plantation in Berkeley county, Virginia ; and at the close of 1782, being weary of 10 ob. fcure a situation, he left it, and died of a fever, at an inn in Philadelphia.

General Lee is represented as the first fuggeftor of the declaration of American independence; and, from the impetuofity of his temper, the credit of promoting this measure may not be denied biis, wherever it originated. The editor confesses that his most difficult talk in arranging these posthumous papers, arofe from a defire of not giving offence to such characters as had been the object of the General's aversion and resentment. Unhappily his disappointments had foured his temper; the affair of Monmouth, several pieces of fcurrility from the press, and numerous instances of private lander and defamation, so far got the better of his philosophy, as 10 provoke him in the highest degree, and be became, as it were, angry with all mankind *' .This teftinefs appears in his writings, bere published ; and to complete his character, we may add what bis editor acknowleges in the preface,– So little of the courtier had he abour him, that he never descended to intimate any ibing. Whatever he spoke or wrote, was in the fullest style of expression, or strong figure. He used to say of Mr. Paine, the author of Commor Senje in America, and fince, of the Rights of Man in England, that “ he burst forth upon the world, like Jove in thunder;" and this strength of conception, fo natural to General Lee, had it not been mixed with as strong a turn for sacire, and too much eccentri. city of temper, would have rendered his conversation perpetually entertaining t."

A man who is hardy enough to wage war with all mankind, will foon find himself overwhelmed by numbers, whether they are right or wrong in the conceit. * Page 68. + Pref. p. vi.

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