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question : but I depart from the confideration of the language itself, and what I would say of it, in general, is, that it is, I fear, radically and per se, a less perspicuous one than we Englishmen might with it to be.'
From this specimen of the familiar involution and evolution of phraseology, with which this letter abounds, our readers will eally conclude, without any laboured critique on our part, that if Johnson is to be chastised, it must be by a more able hand than the author of this letter. He detects, it is true, some errors in Johnson's Dictionary : but what human production is free from errors ? He points out some foibles in his character : but what human being is perfect? Let his imperfections be acknowleged: but let not this tiny scribbler again have the presumption to say of Dr. Johnson, · This is a poor creature,' left echo from every corner of the temple of criticism should reply-Poor CREATURE! The pamphlet concludes with a large dose of dull small-talk
upon sundry topics, critical, political, and topographical. Art. 29.
Silva Critica. Sive in auctores facros profanosque commentarius philologus: concinnavit Gilbertus Wakefield, A. B. et Coll. Jefu apud Cantab. nuper Socius. Pars tertia. 8vo. pp. 197. 35. 6d. Boards. Deighton. 1792.
Of this volume of Mr. Wakefield's Critical Miscellany, our nu. merous debes to the public will not allow us to take farther notice, than by making a general acknowlegment, that it abounds with fruits of laborious study, and ingenious conjecture; which, at the same'time that they will not fail itill farther to establish the author's reputation, will afford the scholar a new course of classical entertainment. In this volume, the learned writer makes the sacred epiftles the stem, around which he entwines many beautiful wreaths of flowers, gathered from the garden of classical learning.
As we think that farther specimens of the Silva Critica are now unnecessary, we shall content ourselves with a reference to our account of the two former parts of this work; viz. Rev. vol. v. New Series, p. 54
Át the close of the present publication, the author encourages his readers to expect another volume. Art. 30. Thoughts on Dancing ; occafioned by some late Transac.
tions among the People called Methodists.' By M. Davis. 8vo. pp. 30. 6. Law, &c.
1791. Mr. Davis describes himself as a scoolmaster at Laytonstone in Eflex, and as a preacher among the Methodists; and i his publication is an appeal to the public, against a late decree issued by the leaders of that persuasion, that all schoolmasters and mistresses, who employ dancing-masters in their schools, and all parents, whose children are taught to dance, shall be excluded their society.
To this four, narrow minded, and impolitic restriction, we are in. debted for a sensible and liberal justification of the accomplishment of dancing, as an article of education : such a defence as, we imagine, if it should produce a positive repeal of the adt, will operate to its oblivion. Mr. D. is manifeftly superior to the generality of his
brethren of this perfuafion : but they may, perhaps, be prorided with a confolatory plea, and may contrive to convert ignorance into a recommendation, Art. 31. The Literary Museum ; or Ancient and Modern Repofi
tory. Comprising scarce and curious Tracts, Poetry, Biography, and Criticism. 8vo. 6s. Boards. Sold by the Editor, No. 24, Drury-lane. 1792.
The advertisement to this volume of old tracts is figned Francis Godolphin Waldron : but it does not sufficiently explain either the nature or extent of the undertaking. It appears to confit of articles entirely detached and separately paged ; and as the Literary Mu. seum, Nos. I. and Ill. are incidentally mentioned, we are war. ranted to conclude the volume to be made up from fome publication in numbers, of which we know nothing, but which either is, or ought to be, going on, as tivo or three of the tracts are imperfect. Under proper management, there is sufficient opportunity to carry on a republication of old, fugitive, and valuable productions of the English press, that have been overwhelmed by the crowd which succeflively solicits the public attention. In all the pursuits of life, a sage for novelty is predominant. Even in the produ&ions of nature, a monkey, brought from remote parts, and for which we have vo use, is more highly prized than our domestic cats, who have the misfortune of being too prolific to have their merits regarded. In gardens, general admiration firit renders a beautiful flower common, and then we despise it for being common! It is the same in litera. ture ; many a valuable tract is elbowed out of notice, and even out of remembrance, by an unceasing succession of new productions; numbers of which, after all, are only old ideas in a new dress. We therefore are disposed to look favourably on any well formed plan for rescuing the good sense and sententious advice of our forefathers, from that unmerited oblivion to which their brevity exposes them.
The editor's notes must be considered as forming not the least en. tertaining part of this volume. Art. 32. A Melancholy Tale; Dark Sentences; and a Vifion. Svo.
15. Ridgway. This melancholy tale relates, in a prosaic elegy, the grief of a widow'd mother for the loss of a child, who was accidentally drown. ed: the vision, equally prosaic, celebrates the praise of religion as the only road to happiness; and the dark sentences consist of a string of thoughts and refle&ions alphabetically arranged, which are neither very dark, nor very profound. Art. 33. Maxims and Morals for our Conduct through Life. By
Lieutenant Furley. 12 mo. pp. 92. 2 s. ftitched. Ridgway. 1791.
This work may, on the whole, be styled a collection of innocent and instructive apophthegms. The author has occafional recourse to the excellent proverbs of Solomon to increase his stock, but, for the greater part, he has found different resources. Whe we are told, that he who cultivates one acre of ground, is of more real service to his species than all the philosophers who ever existed,' we must pro
test against such a maxim ;' for, certainly, agriculture is indebted to philosophy for inventions and improvements, as are most other arts and sciences. Industry, indeed, cannot be too mucb commended: but philosophy must not be depreciated; for the true and useful philosopher is not idle, though he may not drive the plougb. In another place, we read— God delights no less in a killing mercy, than in a pitiful justice.'- This we hardly comprehend. Page 59. 1. 14. the word ingenious is inserted inftead of ingenuous. Art. 34. Sbort Expoftulations and Thoughts on Suicide. 8vo. 68.
J. Evans. The principal topic of this address, (which, except that it wants a text, may be properly called a sermon,) is the inipiety of suicide, inferred from the consideration that man, having received his being from God, has no power over himself, beyond what is granted to him by his Maker.' The subject is important, and the argument is urged with much folemnity: but the pamphlet is deficient in those graces of compofition, which are requisite to captivate attention. Art. 35. The Benefit of Starving; or the Advantages of Hunger,
Cold, and Nakedness; intended as a Cordial for the Poor, and an Apology for the Rich. Addressed to the Rev. Rowland Hill, M. A. By the Rev. W. Woolley, M. A. 12 mo. 6d. Terry, &c.
An un beneficed clergyman here complains of neglect, and (yet worse!) of not being duly rewarded for his past labours in the vineyard. He states the ungenerous, unjust, and even cruel treatment which he has experienced; yet he recites the particulars of his woeful tale in fo lively a strain, that we cannot help considering him as a man of good abilities, [as a writer,) and worthy of better fortune than that which has, hitherto, awaited him. We wilh he may, hereafter, have less reason to cry out, in the words of his motto,
“ My bowels! my bowels! I am pained to my heart !" Jer. iv.19. Art. 36. Miscellanies in Prose and Verse. By Captain Thomas
Morris. 8vo. pp. 180. 45. fewed. Ridgway. 1791.
This truly miscellaneous volume contains entertainment for readers of various tastes. For the lover of historical narrative, it furnishes a journal of an expedition among the American Indians in the year 1764, full of surprizing incidents. For the dramatic connoisseur, it provides fome bold strictures in a Letter to a Friend on the Poetical Élocution of the Theatre, and the Manner of ailing Tragedy, in which Mr. Garrick's method of playing is censured, and Mademoiselle du Menil is held out as a pattern of theatrical excellence. For the classical scholar, a very pleasing version is given of the fourth and the fourteenth satires of Juvenal;mand for the friend of liberty, several pieces are added on this subject, written on one side in English verse, and translated on the other into French
THEOLOGY and POLEMICS. Art. 37. Two Treatises by Henry Ainsworth. The first, of the
Communion of Saints. The second, entitled, An Arrow against Idolatry, &c. To this Edition is prefixed, fome Account of the Life and Writings of the Author. Printed at Edinburgh. 8vo. pp. 344. 25. 60. sewed. Strachan, London.
The name of Henry Ainsworth is at present almost forgottep, except when the scripture critic occasionally confults his annotations on the Pentateuch. He belonged to the sect of Puritans called Brownists; whose chief distinction was, that they were enemies to religious establishments; and who about the end of the 16th century were driven by persecution into Holland:—for many years, Ainsworth resided among them in Amsterdam. The works here reprinted, while they afford pleasure to readers who retain the religious tenets of the Puritans, may engage the attention of the critic, as curious fpecimens of the manner of thinking and discourfing, which prevajled among the Puritanical preachers of that period. The editor expresses a purpose of publishing a more authentic and interesting account, than has hitherto appeared, of the sect of the Brownists, collected from their own works, and from other good authorities. Art. 38. The Sentiments of a Member of the Jacobins, in France,
upon the Religion of Reason and Nature ; carefully translated from the original Manuscript, commanicated by the Author. 8vo. pp. 99:
1792. The philosopher Anaxagoras, of the school of Thales, acquired an immortal name by introducing a system of nature, in which mind was separated from matter, and which taught that, from eternity, an infinite intelligent power must have existed distinct from body, having within itself the principle of motion, and being capable of communicating it to the material world. On account of this doctrine, this philosopher was honoured with the appellation of Nês, or mind. There is a set of modern philosophers, who are so fond of fimplicity, as to be ambitious of establishing a theory which is the reverse of that of Anaxagoras. These philosophers, and, among them, the author of this publication, ask whether it be not probable, “ that universe, nature, God, are not all one and the same thing, one Being posrefling one mind, unchangeable, occupying infinire space, and enduring through endless time ; who, perceiving distinctly the infinite number and extent of the parts or portions in him, which are of she same intrinsic nature, and also his own in. finite power, has employed that power to conduct these portions of himself in a regular, uniform, and eternal state of circulation and change, from one ftate or form to another." A doctrine, which thus absurdly confounds the Deity with the universe, che world with its Creator, evidently annihilates all religion. Yet the writer who teaches this doctrine, says that we are not more certain of our own existence, than that there is a supreme God the creator of the uni. verse ; that is, he asserts the gross contradiction, that the universe creared itlelf; and withal underiakes to teach a system of religion, which is to confiit in ftudying and performing the part allotted to man by his Creaior. This pamphlei contains good moral observations, but they appear under great disadvantage in conceclion with fo fanciful and coniradictory a system of theology. Art. 39. Several Difcourfis on special Subje&ts, preached before the Univerfity of Oxford, and upon other Occasions. By William
Parker, D.D. Chaplain in Ordinary to his Majesty, Rector of St. James's, Westminster, and F. R. S. 8vo. 2 Vols. PP. 246 and 279. gs. Boards. Rivingtons.
Many years have passed since the name of Dr. Parker first appeared in our journal. At the time when it was thought necefiary to defend the strong holds of religion in general, or revealed relia gion in particular, against the attacks of Bolingbroke, Morgan, and Other infidel writers; and when it was apprehended that the pillars of orthodoxy were in some danger of being shaken by the heretical writings of Middleton, and others"; Dr. Parker was one among a numerous train of able champions, who stood forth in defence of the established system. The discourses, which he published on these occasions, and of which we gave an account at the time of their appearance, make a considerable part of the contents of these volumes, They consist of Two Discourses on the Expediency of some Divine Interposition in the first Ages of the Christian Church, and the luexpediency of those that are claimed by the Church of Rome, in reply to the leading argument in Middleton's Free Enquiry*; Two Discourses on the Mosaic History of the Fall, in refutation of the hypothesis advanced in a work entitled An Examination of a Discourse on Prophecy, &c f. Two Discourses on the Nature, Evidence, and Importance of Truth, intended to provide an antidote against the poison of Boling broke's Pyrrhonism f;-Two Discourses on the Scripture Doctrine of Predestination, the design of which is 10 prove, again it the insinuations of Bolingbroke and others, that the Church of England does not teach the doctrine of absolute election s.
Beside these discourses, which may be read with advantage, as to the general questions to which they relate, the volumes contain several fermons on particular subjects and occasions, viz. On the Nature and Calling of the sacred Ministry; on the improvement of Extraordinary Divine Judgments; on the Grounds of Submillion to Go. vernment; on the Danger of Civil Suise; on Church Music; on Academic Education ; on the Authority of the Patioral Olice; on Mercy to the distressed Children of Clergy; on promoting Christian Knowledge ; and on the Sympathetic Affections; an account of each of which may be found by consulting our Review il. In these volumes, are also reprinted an Explana:ion of the Difference between the Old and New Siyle, and a Familiar Dialogee on the same subject between a Clergyman and one of his Parishioners. Art. 40. The Scripture Dogrine concerning the Coming of Chrif urfolded on Principles which are a lowed to be common to the lewe, both in ancient and modern Times : in Answer to the Objections of Mr. Gibbon and Dr. Edwards upon this Subject. To whicis is added an Appendix, cooraining some Remarks upon the Miracles of the Gospel, in Reply to an Objection of ihe latter of
* See Rev. vol. ii. p. 87.
+ Vol. iv. p.9.