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We are very glad to introduce him should be addressed to Mt. to our readers this month a new Vernon, O. correspondent in the person of Dr. B. A. Fact, whose article on "The
ENOCH W. MATTHEWS. 'Smart' High School Pupil" will, We are again called upon to rewe feel certain, make plain to every
cord the sad fact of the death of one one that "he has been there” as a of our best school men. On Janteacher and close observer of the uary 25, Enoch W. Matthews, for work of the public schools. Al- so many years the very successful though the “Doctor" is a very busy principal of the Steubenville High man, he still takes time to interest School, died at Bartow, Florida, himself in what is going on in the where he had gone in the preceding educational world, and it is ear- December with the vain hope of nestly hoped that he may fre- regaining his rapidly declining quently give us the benefit of his health, keen observations and wise con- Mr. Matthews was born in Jefclusions.
ferson County, Ohio, January 30,
1856. At the age of 18, he began The teachers and citizens of Columbus and Franklin County
teaching in his home district, and
after a year's experience there, and were especially fortunate in having
another year's experience in Tazetwo addresses from Hon. Nathan
well County, Illinois, he entered the C. Schaeffer, State Superintendent
Illinois Wesleyan University at of Pennsylvania on February 18
Bloomington where he remained and 19. He discussed the subjects
for one term. Later on he entered of "The Great Teacher," and
Bethany College, West Virginia, “Thinking in Symbols and Things"
from which institution he graduin a masterly manner. No more
ated in 1881, having completed helpful speaker appears before Ohio
both the classical course, and a teachers than Dr. Schaeffer, and the
course in civil engineering. After oftener he comes the better the
graduating, he resumed the work teachers are pleased and the more
of teaching, and in 1884 was elected the schools are benefited.
to the principalship of the Fifth - For the benefit of a number of Ward Grammar School in Steubenpersons who are laboring under the ville. He held this position for two impression that Supt. Bonebrake years, and for the year following entered upon his duties as commis- was an assistant in the Steubenville sioner in January, it may be well to High School. In the fall of 1888, state that the change in the office he was made principal of this High will take place July 11, 1898. In School, a position which he filled the mean time letters intended for with marked success until April,
1897, when he was compelled to give up the work he loved so much on account of ill health.
He was an active member of the United Presbyterian Church, and in all his work both in the school and out of it, he had the perfect confidence of his many acquaintances and friends. He was a teacher o far more than ordinary ability, and stood high in the estimation of his fellow teachers.
The following quotation taken from the Steubenville Herald-Star indicates the high regard in which he is held in the community in which he taught:
"In all his walks in life he was a thorough gentleman and was much esteemed for his sterling qualities and he had the confidence of the parents of his pupils in an eminent degree — in all discussions of the positive or comparative merits of those connected with the schools of Steubenville we have never heard a single adverse criticism of Professor Matthews. He knew his duty and did it well."
ruary 18 and 19, and held a consultation as to the best ways and means of securing a large attendance from Ohio at the National Meeting to be held in Washington in July. Representatives of the different railroads met with the committee and outlined in a general way the advantages of the different routes to the National Capital. At this early date it is impossible to give any definite information regarding the plans of the committee. As soon as possible circulars of information will be issued giving in detail the plans and expenses of the trip. In the mean time it is earnestly urged that the teachers of the state and their friends make arrangements to join the Ohio Delegation for the trip to Washington. The expenses will not be great, the opportunity to attend the meetings of the great Association, and at the same time visit the most beautiful city in America may not soon again present itself. A few dollars saved from each month's salary until the close of the schools will enable any teacher to take advantage of this rare opportunity. Let us all unite in aiding this committee to such an extent as to insure that Ohio shall again be the banner state.
ON TO WASHINGTON. Supt. F. B. Dyer of Madisonville who is Director and Manager for the N. E. A. in Ohio is working hard "to get out a full vote" in the Buckeye State. He has appointed as his assistants Supt. J. P. Sharkey of Eaton, Supt. E. M. Van Cleve of Barnesville, Supt. J. A. Shawan of Columbus, Prin. J. F. Smith of Findlay, and Prin. E. L. Harris of Cleveland. The members of this committee met in Columbus, Feb
WITH THE GRAMMAR CLASS.
In previous articles I spoke at some length upon the value of the study of grammar; I wish now from time to time to give some sug
gestions that may be helpful in lead
And let thine eyes the good ing up to parsing, which rightly
behold done, is an intellectual exercise of
In everything save sin.” great value. Shorn of technicalities 2. The old have a wisdom not which weary the mind without de- gained from books alone. veloping it, parsing does much to
3. Good men seek the true and train the pupil to look at the sen- the beautiful. tence in a logical way, to discrim
“Within himself inate sharply in noticing real distinctions in the use of words.
The danger lies, yet lies
within his power." The first thing for the teacher to do is to lead the pupil to see that
5. “Save from sin and make me words have different offices in the
pure.” sentence. For this purpose exam
After the idea of parts of speech ples must be selected with care. It has been taught, I should present will not do to take the readers used the parts of speech in the following in the school or any other text- order:— noun, verb, pronoun, adbooks opened at random and ex- jective, adverb, conjunction, preppect to develop the idea that words osition, interjection. Sometimes I are divided into parts of speech think it is a good thing even after simply according to their function pupils have studied grammar for a in the sentence. One should select year or more for a teacher to lead or make good sentences in which skilfully to the development of a the same word has different func- concept as if it were a new thing. tions. It is a great help to the Notions tend to become hazy or inteacher to have several good text- distinct from loss of elements by books to save time in the prepara- lapse of time. Again a pupil may tion of her lesson; but for those have failed through lack of mental who have not at hand such aids, I development to make the right abshall illustrate here what I mean by stracting in the original presentathis preliminary lesson to teaching tion of the subject. Sometimes his the different parts of speech. Take notion becomes inaccurate by his these lines from Whittier and then taking into it some element that have the pupils notice the differ- does not belong there from hearence between the use of the words ing a number of pupils recite, some in italics in the stanza and in the of whom have not very accurate sentences which follow.
When we begin to teach any part 1. "I pray the prayer of Plato old God
make thee beautiful of speech to a class, we must have within;
in mind a good definition but we a scientific way.
must not begin by teaching its some time, living in the best society words. We must build up the no- in Europe." tion by presenting examples, fur- 2. “No man bore poverty and nishing such as will lead to com- narrow fortune with a more lofty parison, asking questions that will cheerfulness.” help in abstraction, and from the 3. “When he turns to Heaven a generalization lead to good expres
over that man's sion. Then after the definition has mind: and his face lights up from been thoroughly learned, it can be it with a glory of thanks and the test by which pupils can try the prayer.” words of the reading lesson, the 4. I have selected these senhistory, geography, etc.
tences from Thackeray's English form a concept there must be a wise Humorists. selection of examples which will It is to be kept in mind when not permit the taking of a passage reading this short article and others of English at random. Even the to follow, that I am of the opinion rule to give sentences that contain that grammar ought not to be information, beauty, or inspiration, taught to children until they are must be held in strict subordination sufficiently developed to study it in to the desire to build up a distinct and accurate notion. Good teaching demands the strictest attention THE CHATTANOOGA MEETING. to the proper exercise of the pow- On account of circumstances ers of discrimination and assimila- over which President Schaeffer had tion.
no control, the Department of SuI do not know that I should teach perintendence of the N. E. A. began pupils at any time any more ex- its first session at Chattanooga, tensive classification of nouns than February 22, nearly an hour late. that of common and proper nouns; Greatly to the regret and disapbut the very first time that I pre- pointment of many, Governor sented this part of speech I should Robert L. Taylor who was to have see to it that my sentences included delivered one of the addresses of a variety of nouns; otherwise the welcome was not present.
The pupil gets into his head the class
mayor of the city, Wm. E. Watkins, noun and has a difficulty for a long however, made all present feel that time afterward in recognizing any they were at home — especially the other kind. Note the varieties in ladies who were assured of proper the following sentences and present escorts chosen from the chivalrous these with many similar ones to bachelors of the sunny South,
should any of them find themselves 1. "Addison remained abroad for in need of such help. State Supt.
Price Thomas of Tennessee fol- especial emphasis upon the neceslowed in one of the most polished sity of teaching English more thoraddresses of welcome ever made to oughly. the association. He welcomed the The afternoon of each day was visitors of all sections in the name devoted to the holding of conferof education, referring in a most ences by different divisions of the appropriate and fitting manner to Association each one of which was the different sections of the Union. full of interest and profit to those The response was made by Hon. who were able to attend. Henry Houck, Deputy State Super- The first part of the Tuesday intendent of Public Instruction, evening session was occupied by Harrisburg, Pa., and was fully up reading a part of the Report on Elto the highest expectations of his ementary Schools prepared by the hosts of friends who have learned committee appointed at the Indianalways to expect something unique apolis meeting one year ago. In from him. His genuine good hu- the absence of the chairman of this mor, and his greatheartedness al- committee, John Dewey of Chiways win for him a cordial hearing. cago, the report was read by W. N. It is simply impossible to describe Hailman of Washington, D. C. either by word of mouth or pen his The editor was not able to compreinimitable manner and the force hend exactly what the report proof his utterances on an occasion posed to do except that it outlined like the one just referred to. There the duties of still another committee is only one Henry Houck in the for which another appropriation of world, and he was present, and at $2500 from the N. E. A. was asked. his best, at Chattanooga.
It would seem that the "commitThe first subject to be discussed tee business” might be given a was "The Township High School." "leave of absence” for at least a year This was treated of by State Supt. with decided benefit to the treasC. J. Baxter, Trenton, N. J., in a ury of the N. E. A., and without manner both practical and helpful.
very great disadvantage to the eduHe defended the Township High cational interests of the country at School as a measure of justice to large. the rural population, as one of the The reading of this report was greatest aids to the moral develop- followed by one of the finest adment, and general advancement of dresses of the meeting delivered by the community, and on the grounds Dr. M. G. Brumbaugh of the Uniof true economy. The paper was a versity of Pennsylvania on the substrong argument in favor of better ject of “The Mission of the Elemeneducation for the masses every- tary School.” Dr. Brumbaugh is where, and especially for a high a fine speaker, and has rare ability school education for all the boys in expressing great thoughts in a and girls of both town and county. very plain, comprehensive manner. The paper was discussed by State In the beginning of his address he Supt. J. Q. Emery of Madison, called attention to the fact that by Wis., who outlined the work being common consent, students of edudone in the high schools in his cation are taught that the movestate, and by State Supt. W. W. ment in education is from the thing Stetson of Augusta, Me., who laid
to the symbol, from sensation to