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conception, from the real to the eration of "Child Study," the subideal, from the concrete to the ab- ject being presented in two papers stract, from the letter to the spirit, by Prof. J. P. Gordy, Columbus, from the realm of sense to the realm Ohio, and Prof. R. P. Halleck, of reason, from individual notions Louisville, Ky, on "What can to general notions. He then clearly Child Study Contribute to the Scipointed out that in practice these ence of Education?” principles or maxims are rendered

In his preliminary remarks, Dr. relatively valueless since they figure Gordy raised the question of the an ideal process from its initiative possibility of the existence of a scito its culmination. Methods are in ence of education, and discussed at danger of two extremes — over- some length the different theories concretedness, and over-abstracted- regarding this subject. He thought ness. The first thing the elemen- that instead of talking so much tary school must accomplish is the about the science of education, it training of the feelings. Too often would be more helpful to give more the child is exhorted to think, while careful consideration to the scienit is not taught to feel. The folly of tific elements entering into educaattempting to teach everything in tion. He then discussed what is the elementary school, thus leaving meant by "Child Study," and no time for the culture side of edu- quoted the idea of Prof. Barnes that cation, was made so plain as to it is the inductive and quantitative carry conviction to all unprejudiced study of human beings, as being minds. This scholarly, practical helpful. The following questions and helpful address closed with the and answers proposed by Dr. following very suggestive words: Gordy certainly throw much light

"The elementary school fulfills its upon the important problem of edmission then by training the feel- ucation. ings; by such a simplification of the (1) The question, What is the curriculum as will give the culture end of education? must be anside of education greater promi- swered by philosophy. nence; by emphasizing the mastery (2) The question, What agencies of language, as the central posses- should society employ to realize sion of the child; by an intellectual the ends of education? must be versatility, the best mental equip- answered by a study of comparative ment for life; by promoting the vir- politics. tues of politeness, conscientious- (3) The question, What subjects ness and humility; by giving should be studied in order that the greater prominence to the perma- student may be educated? must be nent rather than the transient re- answered by general psychology. sults in teaching; and by placing in (4) The question, What methods the elementary schools teachers so shall be used in teaching these subthoroughly trained and enthused jects in order that they may be made with the ideals of the school as to to bear this educational fruit? must render the school career of the child also be answered by psychology. marvelously successful by making (5 and 6) The questions as to how it supremely pleasant.”

much the student can safely be reThe Wednesday morning session quired to do and in what order we was mainly devoted to the consid- shall take up particular subjects,


and how long we shall pursue them, not be burdened with the scientific must be answered by genetic psy- features of the study. chology.

At the close of Prof. Gantvoort's It is needless to state to any one paper President Schaeffer called to who has heard Dr. Gordy that his the platform Dr. Scovel of Woosdiscussion was well received by the ter, Ohio, who gave in a few minentire audience.

utes a most comprehensive and The audience expected much pleasing discussion of the excellent from Prof. Halleck and it was not points which the paper contained. disappointed. Among many excel- He gave special emphasis to the inlent things, he stated that observa- fluence of music upon the intellect, tion of children has certainly done and the development of National something for the science of educa- character. tion in regard to teaching morality. The remainder of the session was Such observation has shown that occupied by United States Comteaching morality by word of missioner W. T. Harris in the treatmouth is a waste of effort. Moral- ment of "The Value of the Tragic ity concerns itself with action alone. and the Comic in Education.” Where there is no action, there can The Thursday morning session be no morality. Children fre- was taken with the discussion of quently receive more training in "Vacation Schools," and "Continboth thought and morals from uous Sessions at Normal Schools," games than from books. Special

papers being presented by Richard attention was called to the fact that Waterman, Jr., of Chicago, who enheaping together a mass of statis- thusiastically favored the vacation tics about children is not studying school which he said is no longer children. Without sympathetic in- an experiment in his city, and by terest for children on the part of Irwin Shepard of Winona, Minn., the teacher, such statistics will be who strongly advocated continuous of little value.

sessions in Normal Schools. In the At the evening session, the asso- discussion of these papers Supt. A. ciation was given a genuine treat T. Barrett of Chattanooga opposed in the discussion of "Influence of the idea of making the vacation Music and Music Study Upon school a part of the public school, Character” by Prof. J. A. Gant- believing that, with the average voort of Cincinnati, who is recog- child, ten months of school in the nized everywhere as a master in his year is enough. Supt. R. K. treatment of such topics. He dwelt Buehrle of Lancaster, Penn., spoke especially upon music as a medium in opposition to continuous sessions for the expansion of the soul, and in Normal Schools, believing that made very plain that music pro- teachers need the rest which comes duces such expansion. The meth- only with a vacation free from care ods of music study were criticized

and study. to some extent and a plea was made "Grading and Promotion with for more rational methods of pre- Reference to the Individual Needs senting this important subject in of Pupils” occupied the afternoon the public schools. It should be session of Thursday, papers being taught slowly and the pupil should read by John T. Prince, agent of



the Massachusetts Board of Educa- given the proceedings of the departtion, Supt. James H. Van Sickle of ment, and accept their intelligent, North Denver, Colo., Supt. Wm. J. comprehensive reports as an assurShearer of Elizabeth, N. J., and oth- ance of the efficacy of the press as

an educational factor. Mav the exAt the last session held in the ample of the press of Chattanooga new

Auditorium Thursday inspire journalism everywhere to night, President S. T. Scovel of the give closer attention to educational University of Wooster, Ohio, deliv- problems, and to lead in the soluered a masterly address on “Real- tion of questions which concern the izing the Final Aim of Education." development of intelligence.” It is impossible to give even an out- Nearly every one who attended line of this scholarly address which the meeting visited one or more of President Schaeffer considers one the historic battlefields in the vicinof the most valuable additions to ity of Chattanooga, and the followpedagogical literature made in re- ing resolution offered by the comcent years.

mittee found a hearty response in We believe that every one who the minds and hearts of all who attended the meeting really felt that were present. it was a success. President Schaef- "The profit of this meeting has fer had put forth unusual efforts to been enhanced by the privilege of arrange a profitable program, and viewing the scenes where conflicts it was the unanimous verdict that

were waged that are memorable in he made an ideal presiding officer. the history of the nation and of the To his hard work and courteous world. Though memorials of strife treatment of all, the success and and of valor stand upon the pleasure of the meeting are largely fields of Chickamauga, Missionary due.

Ridge and Lookout mountain, Supt. Barrett of Chattanooga as there has been no bitterness in our the representative of her enterpris- hearts as we have discussed measing citizens had arranged in detail ures designed to promote the perall the conveniences so necessary to manent prosperity and enduring the success of such a meeting, and peace of the republic. Let us hope he was warmly congratulated upon that education everywhere may his work. Being a Buckeye Boy, teach the sentiments of humanity, it was quite natural that he greatly and that henceforth all differences enjoyed meeting the members of between nations may be amicably the Ohio delegation.

settled through the peaceful mears The press of Chattanooga gave of arbitration.” exceptionally good reports of the One of the most pleasant features proceedings of each session, and of the meeting, from an Ohio standthe appreciation of this courtesy point especially, was the very large by the Department was voiced in vote given Columbus as the preferthe following resolution included ence for the place of holding the in the report of the committee on meeting in 1899. resolutions:

The vote was as follows: Colum"We heartily appreciate the cour- bus, 75; Detroit, 17; Austin, 13; teous attention and the full reports Asheville, 3; Albany, 5. which the press of Chattanooga has Although one of the orators representing a competing city de- much credit is due for the satisfacscribed Ohio as "owning the polit- tory local arrangements, and Presical earth fenced in,” it will be ob- ident-elect Mark are both Ohio served from the above vote that the boys; the committee on nominamembers of the Department were tions had a representative from not led by this charge to oppose to

Ohio; three of the best papers preany serious extent our Capital City sented at the meeting were read by as the place of the next meeting. Prof. J. A. Gantvoort, Dr. J. P. Now that the meeting has again Gordy, and President Scovei, all been secured for Ohio, we feel sure from Ohio. The attendance from that all the educational forces of the the state was large, and represented State will rally to the support of nearly every section, Dayton sendSupt. Shawan and his teachers in ing the largest delegation which making 1899 a memorable year in included thirteen of her principals the history of the Department. The and teachers. location is ideal in

every respect and we feel sure that the

FIELD NOTES. attendance will be larger than it was even at the great Cleveland meet

In each of the thirteen districts ing in 1895 which is considered by

of Mad River Township, Chammany as being the high water mark paign County, twenty dollars' worth in attendance and interest.

of good library books, including It is specially gratifying to Ohio

those recommended for the State teachers that Supt. E. H. Mark of Pupils' Reading Course, have been Louisville, an Ohio boy, has been

placed within the past year. Nearly! selected to preside over the next

four hundred pupils are now readmeeting. His first experience as a

ing the course. Since the establishteacher was in the country schools

ment of the two township high of Favette County. Afterward he

schools in 1891, educational sentihad charge of a village school in

ment has been constantly growing, the same county for a number of

and most excellent work is being years. He then entered the Ohio

done. We congratulate Supt. A. State University where his work in

B. Graham, his teachers, patrons, mathematics and science made for

and pupils on the splendid condihim a wide reputation. In this

tion of affairs now existing. work he was closely associated

Frank M. McMurry, Ph. D., of with Dr. T. C. Mendenhall. After

Buffalo, N. Y., has been called to this successful experience, he was

the Chair of Theory and Practice of called to the Louisville High Teaching at the Teachers' College School, and in a short time was

of New York, recently incorporated promoted to the superintendency of

in the educational system of Cothe city schools. A warm welcome lumbia University. awaits President Mark when he takes charge of the meeting in - The Tri-county Teachers' As1899.

sociation --- Ashland, Medina, and The “Ohio Man” was very much Wayne Counties-held a large and in evidence at Chattanooga. As enthusiastic meeting at Orrville, has already been stated, Supt. Bar- January 28 and 29. At the evening rett of Chattanooga, to whom so session, January 28, Supt. John E.


Morris of Alliance made an excel- -The Defiance County Institute lent talk on “Music in the Public held a quarterly session recently at Schools," and an entertainment Defiance. In spite of the profound was given by Frank S. Fox, Prin- roads there was a good attendance. cipal of the Capitol School of Ora- The Hicksville teachers came Fritory, Columbus, O.

day morning before daylight and The Saturday morning session spent the day looking into the opened with an address of welcome schools.

J. J. B. by T. W. Orr, Clerk of the Board of Education, Orrville, which was

The Pickaway County Teach

ers' Association held an interesting responded to by Supt. B. F. Hoover

session at Circleville, February 12. of Lodi. Then followed an address

The forenoon session was devoted by Joseph Porter of Hayesville on "The New in Education," and a

to a discussion of several questions paper on "The Teacher as a Moral

of a general character in which Factor" by Miss Mary Murdock of

Prof. Balthazer, Supt. Lewis and Orrville. These papers were dis

others took part. The afternoon cussed by School Commissioner

session opened with a paper on Corson and others. The forenoon

“Reading" by Delphene Trout of session closed with papers by Supt.

Nebraska which was followed by a F. H. Martin of Spencer on "Sci

paper “Æsthetics in Our entific Progress of the Century,'

Schools” by Supt. M. H. Lewis of

Circleville. The next meeting will and by Supt. S. H. Maharry of Millersburg on "The Qualifications of

be held April 23. a Successful Teacher."

- The Ohio Valley SuperintendAt the afternoon session Supt. J. ents' Association met at Wheeling, S. Miller of Seville discussed "The W.Va., February 10 and 11. Many High School Course," Miss Fannie interesting questions were disE. Thomas of Medina, “Why Culti- cussed,

cussed, special attention being vate the Æsthetic in Nature?” and given to Vertical Writing and Principal John M. Sarver of the Arithmetic. Canton High School gave a very interesting and instructive address

- We desire to acknowledge the on “My Trip through Italy.” In receipt of a copy of the Catalogue addition to the above there were

of the Bethel township, Miami general discussions of “The Di- county, Public Library. rectors' Side of Education” and kindred topics in which members of

- The Evening Tribune of Bowlschool boards and teachers took

ing Green, Ohio, in a recent issue,

speaks in glowing terms of the prospart. All who were present agreed in

pects of a “Summer Normal” to be

conducted in that city the coming the generally expressed opinion that

summer by Supt. M. E. Hard, and great credit was due Supt. J. B. Mohler and his corps of teachers

Principal J. W. Grabiel. It will cerfor their untiring efforts to make

tainly be a success under such man

agement. the meeting one of the most successful in the history of the associ- - Supt. S. H. Layton of Mechan

icsburg has been giving special at


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