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tention and consideration to the The "Four-County Teachers' "Consolidation of Rural Schools," Association,” including Crawford, and his views on this very import- Marion, Morrow and Richland ant subject are clearly and forcibly Counties, held its second annual stated in a paper recently published session at Galion, February 19. in The Mechanicsburg News. The idea of the association origi

nated with Supt. Guinther of Galion -The Cincinnati Normal School

who was elected at the first meetheld its twenty-ninth commence- ing as its first president. A large ment, Thursday evening, February number of teachers was present, al17. The class numbered fifty-five.

most every town and city in the

four counties being represented. -- The North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary

The program was on the roundSchools of which Dr. J. H. Canfield, spirited. The assocciation was en

table plan, and the discussions were O. S. U., is president, will hold its

tertained several times by pupils of next meeting at Chicago, April 1

the Galion schools, in pantomimes, and 2, 1898.

calisthenics and choruses. Prin- Judging from the reports cipal D. C. Meck, of the Mansfield which reach us, the “Experiments” High School, was elected president which are outlined by E. E. Rich

of the association for another year. ards of Newark, O., are proving Wherever the meeting may be very helpful to many of our read- taken next year it will be difficult ers. Mr. Richards has had a large

to make it better than this one was. and successful experience in teach- -- A large and enthusiastic ing science, and is well equipped to meeting of the Champaign County do practical and helpful work in Teachers' Association was held in teachers' institutes. Institute com

the beautiful new high school buildmittees desiring work of this kind

ing at Urbana, February 19. At will do well to write him at once. the morning session a Class Recita— The Morgan County Teach

tion in Long Division was coners' Association held its second ses

ducted by Miss Mary F. Roach, of

This sion for the year at Malta, Febru

the Urbana City Śchools. ary 12. The attendance was large,

was followed by a general discusand the interest fully up to the

sion. At the afternoon session standard. A large number of top- Supt. H. C. Minnich, of Hillsboro, ics were discussed, two of the most

made an address upon “Imitation important being the “Workman

as a Factor in Education"; and Law," and "Township Supervis

Miss Margaret W. Sutherland ion.”

spoke on “The Teaching of Read

ing." - We are under obligations to E. T. Zerkle, county secretary of Supt. W. L. Griswold of Collin- the O. T. R. C., reports an enrollwood for one of the most complete ment of 135, an increase over the Public School Library Catalogues report of last year, which was 96. we have ever seen. The classifica- We are glad to note that there tion is according to the Dewey will also be a large enrollment of System.

readers in the Pupils' Reading Circle. Champaign County is alive to

BOOKS AND MAGAZINES. the best educational interests.

American Book Co., Cincinnati,

0, : - The pupils of Centerburg schools are taking great interest in

Eclectic School Readings- Story their school library. During the of Aeneas—By M. Clarke, Author first term of sixteen weeks the fol- of “Story of Troy,” and “Story lowing books were taken out: His

of Cæsar.' tories, biographies and literature, Minna Von Barnhelm--Lessing 208; novels and stories for chil- - Edited by M. B. Lambert. dren, 201.

Eclectic English Classics - Selec- The superintendents and

tions from the Poems of Lord teachers of Wayne and Stark coun

Byron, and Selections from the ties are preparing to hold a large

Poems of Robert Burns. Both Edieducational gathering at Massil

ted by W. H. Venable, LL.D. lon, April 22 and 23. Supt. J. B. Applied Physiology including the Mohler of Orrville will preside, and Effects of Alcohol and Narcotics. M. W. Oberlin of Massillon will act By Frank Overton, A. M., M.D., as secretary. The Executive Com- Late House Surgeon to the City mittee consists of Superintendents Hospital, New York. For use in John E. Morris, Charles Haupert, Advanced Grades. The book is and J. L. Zaring, Principal John M. the outgrowth of a series of popuSarver and Prof. Nelson Sauvain. lar lectures delivered by the author

in which the essential principles of – The Butler County Teachers' physiology were presented in an Association held an interesting exceedingly practical and instrucsession at Hamilton, January 29. tive manner. Throughout the book The principal address was delivered the fact that the cells are the units by Principal J. P. Cummins of Cin- in which life exists, is emphasized. cinnati on "Thoughts after Read

A Laboratory Manual in Practiing a Book.”

cal Botany. By Charles H. Clark, -- The Shelby County Teachers' A. M. D. Sc., Principal of Windson Association held their bi-monthly

Hall School. meeting at Sidney, January 22. Graded Work in Arithmetic Several topics of a general nature First and Second Year -- By S. W. were discussed and a lecture on Baird, Principal Franklin Grammar "Alfred Tennyson" was delivered School, Wilkesbarre, Pa. by Dr. E. S. Cox.

Douze Contes Nouveaux. Edited - The teachers of Trumbull

for School Use by C. Fontaine,

B. L., L. D. county are taking deep interest in the work of the O. T. R. C. Supt. D. F. Grier of Cortland reports that

Ginn & Co., Chicago, .: at least 90 per cent of all the teach- Flowers and Their Friends, and ers in the county are taking the A Few Familiar Flowers. By Marcourse.

garet Warner Morley.

cago, Ill..

Stories of Insect Life. By Clar- Charles Scribners's Sons, New ence Moores Weed. Well illustrated York.: and adapted to the work of the

Horace Mann, and the Common public schools.

School Revival in the United States. Educational Music Course - Fifth By B. A. Hinsdale, Ph. D., LL. D. and Sixth Readers — By Luther

The book is one of “The Great Whiting Mason, James M. Mc- Educators Series" edited by NichLaughlin, George A. Veazie, and olas Murray Butler, and will make W. W. Gilchrist.

a very valuable addition to any

teacher's library. The single purEldredge & Brother, Philadel

pose of the book is to give to the

reader the proper historical position phia, Penn.:

occupied by Horace Mann. A Text-Book of Elementary Botany including a Spring Flora. By

Silver, Burdett & Co., New W. A. Kellerman, Ph. D., Pro

York.: fessor of Botany, Ohio State University. Our readers will remem

Stepping Stones to Literatureber the very practical and helpful A Fourth Reader --. By Sarah articles by Dr. Kellerman published Louise Arnold, and Charles B. in the MONTHLY within the past two

Gilbert. years, and will no doubt, therefore, be greatly interested in his new Werner School Book Co., Chibook. Among the many excellent features of the book, we note the Language Lessons - Completespecial and unusual attention given By Charles De Garmo, Ph. D., to the physiology of plants.

President of Swarthmore College.

The two leading ideas of the book D. C. Heath & Co., Boston,

are Progressive Exercises in ComMass.:

position, and an Inductive Ap

proach to Grammar. From September to June with Nature. By M. L. Warren. The purposes of the lessons contained The Cleveland Public Library in the book are to give information, has published a little book which, to create an interest, to excite curi- while invaluable to teachers in the osity, and to develop habits of ob- third grade of the Cleveland Public servation and reflection.

Schools, will be helpful to all teach

ers of schools of corresponding adHoughton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, piled by May H. Prentice, Training

vancement. The pamphlet is comMass..

Teacher in the Cleveland Normal Riverside Literature Series School, and is entitled "References Number 119 and 120-Poems and for Third Grade Teachers, To Tales from the Writings of Edgar Books in the Cleveland Public Allen Poe. Edited by William P. Library." In any city where there Trent, Professor of English and is a library it will aid teachers by History in the University of the telling them in what books certain South.

subjects are so treated as to be helpful to the busy teacher; and in Through the Earth" (Chapter cases where the teacher has not a III) by Clement Fezandie. library to consult, it may be useful in suggesting some good books to buy. The subjects are classified as

Ohio's Jewels" is a beautiful follows: ---Plants, insects, geogra

pamphlet of twenty pages containphy, birds, physiology, literature,

ing an accurate and interesting conduct, history and government,

description of the origin and details

of the Monument exhibited near poems of seasons and occasions, stories for Christmas, poems for

the Ohio Building at the World's reading to children, children's books

Fair, and now standing in the State

House Yard. The publishers have not classified. The price of the book postpaid

several hundred copies left which is 30 cents.

can be secured at 50. each, postpaid

7c. each. Address I. J. Lazarus, Among the Contributors for the

Columbus, O. March Atlantic Monthly are Edwin One of the most interesting arL. Godkin, J. N. Larned, Hon.

ticles in Harper's Magazine for Francis C. Lowell, J. Irving Man- March is on “Stirring times in att, K. Mitsukuri, Gilbert Parker,

Austria" by Mark Twain. Joel Henry D. Sedgwick, Jr., F. Hop

Benton tells of “Reminiscenses of kinson Smith, and Kate Douglas

Eminent Lecturers," and Franklin Wiggin. The articles are all full

Matthews describes "An American of interest and value.

Army Maneuver.” The number is

a very valuable one. The March Century opens with a paper on “The Mammoth Cave of “Trusts: Their Causes and the Kentucky" by John R. Proctor, Remedy" is the subject of an article formerly State Geologist of Ken- by Hon. Marion Butler, U. S. Sentucky. John Sidney Webb de- ator for North Carolina in the Arena scribes “The River Trip to the for March. “The Victory of the Klondike," and John Burroughs Vanquished" by Hon. Charles A. writes in his most interesting style Towne, and “Currency Reform” of the “Songs of American Birds.” by Anthony W. Dimock are two

of the leading articles. In the St. Nicholas for March, “The Great Lakes" are described “An American Aspirant” is the by W. S. Harrod, “The Buccaneers title of a Complete Story by Jennie of our Coast” (Chapters XI-XV) Bullard Waterbury published in by Frank R. Stockton, and Lippincott's for March.

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WHAT CAN CHILD STUDY CONTRIBUTE TO THE

SCIENCE OF EDUCATION?

BY J. P. GORDY.

[Read before the Department of Superintendence of the N. E. A., at the

Chattanooga Meeting.)

A preliminary question must be in detail, either what human nature answered: Is a science of educa- is or what it ought to be. tion possible? We all remember It may seem at first sight as Professor Dilthey's answer to this though this kind of reasoning question, as expounded by Pro- would lead to the conclusion that fessor Royce. Professor Dilthey there neither is, nor can be, a scisays there neither is nor can be a ence of anything. Says Professor science of education and for two Dilthey: We have no science of reasons: (1) The end of education education because wide differences cannot be defined in such a way as as to the end of education have apto be true of all peoples and for all peared among different nations, times, unless the definition is stated and in the same nation at different in such general terms as to leave times; because we do not agrec the question it attempts to deal with among oruselves except in the to a large extent open; (2) because most general way, and because the material upon which the teacher what we now regard as the end of works cannot be adequately de- education, may not be so regarded fined in general terms because a hundred years from now. May each individual, by virtue of be- we not say with equal truth that no ing an individual, is more than science of biology is possible bethe type with which alone sci- cause what we now regard as its ence is capable of dealing. In fundamental law-what is at any brief, we can have no science of ed- time regarded as its fundamental ucation because we never can know law-may not be so regarded a

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