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Classics for Children: Undine. recent New York Election, entitled, A Tale by Frederick Baron De La "The Political Regeneration of New Motte Fouque. Translated into Eng. York.” lish by Abby L. Alger. Price 30c.
Among the many interesting
things found in Harper's Magazine A. C. McClurg & Co., Chicago, for January are “Roden's Corner” M.:
- A Novel -- by Henry Seton MerThoughts and Theories of Life riman; “A Group of Players" by and Education. By J. L. Spalding,
Laurence Hutton, and “The New Bishop of Peoria. Price $1.00. North-west" by J. A. Wheelock.
Scoll, Foresman & Co., Chica- Gainsborough's Portrait of Gen
eral James Wolfe, Engraved by
Richard A. Muller, furnishes the A Parliamentary Syllabus. By Joseph T. Robert, Principal, The
Frontispiece for the January СenRobert School of Parliamentary
tury. The first number of The Law, Chicago. Contains twenty
Adventures of Francois" by S. Weir four progressive Lessons.
Mitchell appears, and Martha Lit
tlefield Phillips gives a very interStories of Greek Gods, Heroes esting account of the “Recollectand Men. By Caroline H. Harding ions of Washington and His Friends and Samuel B. Harding.
as preserved in the family of NaGetting On in the World, or thaniel Greene." Hints on Success in Life. By William Mathews, LL.D.
The January St. Nicholas is full
if interest for both young and old. G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York: Among the many valuable articles
The American College in Ameri- are the following: "A Bird's Storecan Life By Charles Franklin house," "Reasoning out a MetropThwing, D.D., LL. D.
olis," "Johny and the Giant," and "Christmas Eve at Mother Hub
bard's." The January Atlantic contains contributions from J. Firmin Coar, "Our Coast Defences" by Maj.. Edwin L. Godkin, Col. T. W. Hig- Gen. Nelson A. Miles, “The Future ginson, John Muir, Gilbert Parker, of Bimetallism" by Senator George Edward M. Shepard, Eugene Wam- G. Vest, and “The Political Outbaugh, and others. The paper which look” by Henry Watterson are will attract universal attention is among the many interesting artithat by Edward M. Shepard on the cles in the January Forum.
Irish's "American and British its Opportunities," by Governor Authors" is very popular both as a John R. Rogers, of Washington, a text-book for High Schools and fearless man of the people. The Colleges, also for use in reading second article, "Our Interstate Procircles, literary clubs, etc. It has tective Tariffs," by James J. Wait, recently been adopted for use in is an able exposition of the evils of the High Schools of Bucyrus, Bel- discriminating freight charges by laire, Galion, DeGraff, Pataskala, the railways of the United States. and many other places in Ohio. "Our Friends the Enemy" is a
contribution of great interest and The Educational Review opens its
value, by John Ď. Spence, of Tofifteenth volume and eighth year political, which ought to exist be
ronto, on the relations, social and with the January number, which
tween the Canadians and the peoincludes a striking paper in which
ple of the United States. "MuniSome Socialist and Anarchist
cipal Proprietorship" is ably disViews of Education are contribu
cussed in the affirmative by Auted by Messrs. C. H. Matchett,
gustus L. Mason, ex-president of Benjamin R. Tucker, Lucien San
the Indianapolis Street Railroad ial and Miss Gertrude B. Kelly; Company. Mr. B. O. Flower's inand papers on School Building in
teresting and eloquent article is on New York City by C. B. J. Snyder, "James G. Clark, the American illustrated; Education in Hawaii by
Laureate of Labor." Helen CampF. B. Dressler; etc. Other articles
bell, in a strong article on "Amerto appear early in 1898 are The
ican Domesticity," points out the Public School Community Life by
reasons of the apparent decay of Jas. K. Paulding; The Future of the Public School by E. J. James; ful conclusion as to the future.
the domestic life, but draws a hopeCivil Service Reform and the
the "Tributes to Henry George' Teaching Profession by C. W.
four American poets lay their Bardeen; Economy of High Wages
wreaths on the tomb of the man for Teachers by John Davidson;
who saw and prophesied. The Religious Instruction in American
fiction of the number is a striking Schools by Levi Seeley; Public
and amusing apologue by Charwin Education vs. State Education by
Lesbald, entitled “The Smelting of Andrew S. Draper; American
the Hon. Jerry Webb." "MistleGraduate Schools by A. H. Ed
toe" is the subject of a beautiful gren; The Educational System of
nature sketch by Rev. Robert California by E. E. Cates, etc., etc.
Blight. In “The Higher Civiliza
tion versus Vivisection," Rosa G. The frontispiece of the January Abbott presents a humane and panumber of the Arena is a portrait thetic appeal against the unwarof Henry George, the prophet of ranted abuse of animals and the the American Republic. The first dissection of them alive in particuarticle is Part II of “Freedom and lar.
THOUGHTS SUGGESTED BY THE EVENTS OF THE LAST
BY ALSTON ELLIS.
We are a pleasure seeking people, and in the chase for what we call happiness, are restive under wholesome restraint and do not like to have any duty held up before us as an admonition to a change of policy. We read the poet's statement that happiness is our being's end and aim, and devote too much time in grasping whatever goes before, evading our outstretched hand and luring us on into the paths of idleness and, mayhap, moral degradation. If a man is known by the company he keeps, he can also be guaged, morally, by the pleasures he seeks. Life must have some periods of recreation, some surcease from toil, anxiety, and nervous strain. It matters much, however, to one's moral well-being, how the mind is trained to view and define pleasure. lar idea of pleasure is frequently connected with acts that smack of moral delinquency. Some can have no real zest for a pleasure that is found wholly without the domain of sin. Our children are left unaided by their elders in
the selection of their amusements and sports. Youthful excesses are winked at and excused by the plea that boys will be boys. “All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy", we are told. Yes, and all play and no work makes Jack a fool. Rightly to blend mental and physical effort, on the part of the young, seems, in the light of events, to be a problem incapable of solution. There are pleasures that are universally recognized to be harmless and innocent, but our young people are not induced by their home and school training to seek and find therein the wholesome bodily recreation which their animality craves. The harmful sports, apparently because they are such, make the strongest appeal to the animal part of life, and the young are permitted to rush headlong into them with the approval of their elders, or but a mild protest from that quarter. The harmful sports are those that incite to idleness, those that demoralize and brutalize, and those that are secured and enjoyed at the expense of other peo
ple's just rights. Of these the game of football, as it is practiced to-day, easily holds first rank. Basket ball comes as a good second. These are the college games that demoralize educational effort and loosen the moral fiber of those who participate in them. To excuse them under the plea that they afford proper physical development, is to war against sense and set at naught the teachings of experience. Five deaths within a month, on the "gridiron”, is not a strong argument in favor of the physical development theory under which football practices are winked at. The list of the wounded is not given. The sporting club is the idler's heaven. The sporting tendency is at war with habits of economy and industry. If "manliness" is cultivated in the contests of brute strength, we are in sore need of a new definition of the term. Thomas Hughes wrote a helpful book on "The Manliness of Christ." Comment is unnecessary. The athletic club brings into college life that which wrecks just and necessary discipline and fathers sports that promote indecency, brutality, and cruelty. The members of the football team will not hesitate to stand in the presence of one another with naked bodies. When they put off their clothes they divest themselves of all sense of modesty and propriety. A selfrespecting man would be reluctant to show his naked body to a community of prairie dogs. These young men are kept in college at great pecuniary sacrifice to their parents, and any just recognition of what they owe to those at home would impel them to make the most of the opportunities which surround them. If there is abuse here, public sentiment, rather than law, must apply the remedy. It is more important that public sentiment should frown down football than that law should prohibit it.
The press is a strong molder of public sentiment, but it is also a moneymaking agency. It will not always educate aright, if it must do so at a pecuniary loss. There is hope, however, in the reflection that a newspaper will rarely put itself in the way of a strong, resolute, righteous tide of public sentiment.
The football enthusiasts have filled the columns of the press with reports of games and pictures of participants. Yielding to what was supposed to be a strong demand, from a not inconsiderable part of the reading public, newspaper managers have devoted more and more space to reports of football exploits; but, even in so doing, they have recognized the eternal fitness of things by placing these reports in the columns given up to news of the prize rings, race course, and other events so keenly enjoyed by those who inhabit the "sporting world."
There is a manifest tendency on the part of parents and others interested to look more closely into the morale of the football craze. The noisy acclaim from certain quarters, which greets the feats of the athlete on the “gridiron” does not make inaudible that voice of warning that is reaching, with effect, the ears of sensible people. An earnest protest against the dangerous and brutal concomitants of the game, is met by an editorial in one of our papers, in which it is stated that "just now there seems to be a certain milk and water condemnation of football.” That “milk and water" is becoming stronger, and football advocates have been forced within a defensive line that is daily contracting in length and dwindling in height.
It is quoted that some one said long ago that England's battles were won on the playgrounds of Eton and Harrow. Then follows the invincible logic that our battles must be won on the "grid
iron.” The time when brute force decided battles has gone by. A boy, armed with a repeating rifle, could stand his ground unscathed against the onset of Achilles and Hector combined. It was not much effort for David to slay Goliath. The mightiest pullback, holdback, or catchback of the football team, with all his budding honors thick upon him, with bandaged limbs and bathed in arnica, would be no match, physically, for a reasonably strong and agile foe. Besides, it must not be forgotten that he is thrice armed who has his quarrel just; and there is not much justice, manliness, or decency in the average football conglomeration.
The only way to give promise of doing great things hereafter is to begin the performance of something worthy now. Fulfillment does not always step close enough to the footprints of promise. The young man who neglects his college duties for the "constant practice”, the "incessant practice”, required of a member of the football team is not the one who can be relied on to fight his country's battles when duty calls him to her defence. The student who knows naught of filial obedience and respect, is not likely to make patriotic sacrifices for the public good, or show himself a respecter of lawful authority, hereafter. "As the twig is bent, the tree's inclined.” The thoughtless, selfish fellow who uses his parents' money, obtained by the sweat of their faces, not in making the most of the educational opportunities about him, but in fostering a sporting spirit that is the promoter of idleness and lawlessness and at war with all noble and generous impulses is giving no evidence of future service to those of his own household, to struggling humanity within his reach, or to the state in her time of trial and need.
A student fails in class standing, owing to his senseless devotion to so
called athletics. He becomes manly by neglecting duty and spending unprofitably the money his old gray-haired mother earned for his college support over the washtub and ironing board or by taking service as nurse or domestic in some neighbor's family. The "unexpected that happens" generally has its origin in reasonableness. The one in mind, as this account is given, sealed his devotion to sport, not by the sacrifice of life, but by the fracture of two ribs, and was carried to his room where he lay three weeks without attending a college exercise. His mother from the steams of the washtub hastened to his bedside. I looked at her wrinkled, tear-stained face and heard her say with choked utterance, “Doctor, I'd do anything for him.” What sacrifice, think you, would her son the long-haired exponent of football and a believer in "gridiron" ethics make for the warm-hearted, devoted, self-sacrificing being who gave him existence and watched his helpless infancy? “How sharper than a serpent's tooth it is to have a thankless child!" A devoted sister secures a position in the public schools and sets apart half her earnings to the college support of her brother. With the rest of her salary she supports herself and her widowed mother. For more than two years that brother has frittered away time and money at college. In the front of the football team and at the tail of his class, he is cultivating the manliness that seems inseparably connected with certain phases of college athletics. These are not isolated or exaggerated instances of the effects of the game of football in demoralizing college work and loosening the moral fiber of students. Devotion to the game is a sure indication of lessened interest in legitimate college work. Lawless tendencies, easily suppressed before, become active and unblushing under the "col