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rolled as members of teams that enter ate appliance are removed.” These repa contest flying college colors. Yet, resentatives of some of the most noted "we must have football anyway" colleges in the country evidently did whether its objectionable features be not share in the belief of the noted eliminated or not.
sports that the rules governing footThe saloon is a catch basin for some ball “are now practically perfect.” They of the drift that floats along with every did not "in any event believe in football." football tide. I venture the assertion Their first decision was that preparathat few saloon-keepers can be found tory students should be ruled out of who are not pronounced in their ap- the game; their next, that a student proval of football. These worthies, who should have one year's attendance at thrive by the undoing of their fellows, college before being eligible to play on reap a money harvest upon the advent a college football team. A resolution to their vicinity of people who patron- calling for less brutality in football conize prize fights, dog fights, cock fights, tests was passed without a dissenting and football. The demoralization of vote. football is seen in the increasing drun- All persons having the interest of kenness connected with it. A body of higher education at heart will comcollege students, free from thought of mend the action of these college replesson and lecture, with no keen sense resentatives. Some may regret that acof propriety or duty, en route to or from tion looking to the prohibition of the scene of a football contest, that match games between the football teams does not contain a number of half- of different institutions was not taken. drunken, loud-mouthed, shallow-pated In college circles it is sometimes rowdies, is the exception. Any one claimed that football advertises an eduwhose misfortune it has been to be a cational institution. So it does, but not passenger in a car filled with students, in a manner that promotes its upbuildand hangers-on, returning from a foot- ing. Says the Cleveland World: ball match will have no difficulty in call- "Strange as it may seem to the faculing to mind scenes and incidents ties of colleges and universities, there which more than prove my statement. are parents who will not send their sons
Perhaps some may think that the to an institution which brags of its abil. football "craze" is given undue notice ity to do them up; send them to the in this paper.
My words could not hospital; and maim them for life in give it more prominence than it has football games, cane rushes, and other assumed in the educational life of the head-breaking, leg-dislocating, backcountry.
injuring sports." The representatives of seven collegi- If football "has come to stay”, as preate institutions met in Chicago in dicted, its brutal and dangerous featThanksgiving week. These institutions ures must be proscribed. Its demoralare named "western" though they be- izing accompaniments idleness, long to the north half of the Missis- gambling, and drunkenness must be sippi valley. The first subject that sternly and unflinchingly repressed. came up for consideration was the foot- Its practice must not be permitted to ball question. There was a marked make such inroads on the student's unanimity of opinion that the football time as to wreck his legitimate college phase of athletics was in need of prompt work. The game, as played at college, and wise modification and control. must have no tendency to profession“Diseases desperate grown, by desper- alism. There are enough sports now,
who live by their wits and the labor of others, without the establishing of recruiting offices, in our educational institutions, to swell their number. The wished-for victory in a match game is the chief stumbling-block in the way of wholesome college athletics. This desire limits the number of active players, calls upon the chosen few for the “incessant practice" that demoralizes their college work, and sends a wave of unwholesome excitement whole student body. An expert, a professional must be called in to give direction to the “constant drill" required. This person swells at once into great importance, and his appearance in chapel is the signal for an outburst of student enthusiasm that manifests itself in prolonged and unrestrained hoots and yells.
When the rules governing football shall eliminate its time-wasting, dangerous, and brutal features; when they shall provide a game in which other players and in much larger numbers
than a few broad-chested, stronglimbed athletes can engage; when they shall be framed in recognition of the fact that all athletic games in college are but means to an end, and that end always subordinate to the accomplishment of scholastic work, yet promotive of it, something will have been done to divest the game of its most objectionable features.
Some recognized demoralization of college effort and discipline would also be removed by faculty regulations prohibiting all match games that take students away from the institution at any time in the college year. These match games are what arouse an interest and excitement inimical to study, to literary work of the college societies, to the right use of the library, to serious thought and moral elevation, and to the soul's growth under religious teachings and influence. Where interest is
centered, there is the direction of effort. Lessons and other college duties must suffer neglect, when such absorbing and exciting interest is focused upon things without the orbit of legitimate college work. College spirit of the right kind is commendable; fool spirit is to be deplored, and ought to be suppressed.
An editorial in Silver and Gold, the student publication at the State University, Boulder, after expressing regret that representatives of Colorado College, at Colorado Springs, had been in advance of the University students in securing a debate with representatives of the University of Nebraska, continues as follows:
"Now that football season is over, a new apology will have to be devised for non-existence of the literary societies.”
That apology will be found whenever some other call, such as bicycling, skating, sleigh-riding, dancing, or cardplaying meets with attention from those who have practiced themselves in neglect of duty in their quest of amusement and sport. Things harmless in themselves become hurtful and demoralizing when engaged in to excess at the wrong time.
Is all college sport to be monopolized and demoralized by a coterie of students whose presence in college suggests everything else than the performance of its scheduled work? Few opposed to football, as the game is practiced and thereby known, would deny to students opportunity for proper physical culture. There many proper, innocent games which, played in the open air and with moderation as to time and effort, give the participants the glow of health and increased power for mental effort. The best gymnasium in Colorado is the out-of-door one which our health-giving climate makes accessible almost throughout the year. Our young people ought be
ashamed to confess that they have no some relaxation from study unattendzest for health-giving exercise secured ed with bodily harm, loss of interest in in the practice of out-of-door sports any phase of our literary work, or any unsuggestive of danger to life and limb, infraction of college discipline. Many the loosening of moral fiber, and the of what we now call field day exercises palsy, if not death, of all Christian were in vogue. It was thought some character.
honor to be a swift runner or a good Town ball, a popular game in my jumper, but no hideous chapel din welboyhood days, was participated in by ccmed the winner of a race or the vicall the boys of the school. The ball, a tor on the jumping ground. Such athhome-made product, of yarn letic sports as found favor were inwound by deft fingers about a small dulged in with moderation and with piece of rubber or, in lieu thereof, a scarcely a ripple of excitement on the marble. The leather covering, when current of student life. the ball had one, was taken from the It must be enforced upon the public top of a cast-off boot. The bat was mind that the college is not a sporting usually a pine paddle so fashioned as arena. Its mission is not to demoralize to present, when wielded by the batter, character but to build it up. Games a broad surface to the ball. None of and contests that interfere with legitithe players was encased in sheet iron mate college work, that bring close in or upholstered with cotton batting. their train forces strong to work harm All padding obtainable was used to to body, mind, and soul, must find no make less effective the downward favor with college patrons, no apolocurves of the teacher's paddle. The gists in college faculties. What kind rules of the game made it permissible of athletic sports may students indulge for the catcher to use his hat if he in? and to what extent, and under what were not expert enough to stop the limitations, shall such sports be pracball with his hands. The batter could ticed? – these are the burning quesdemand high or low ball and dictate tions to be considered to-day by college the speed of its delivery. Simple as authorities and the public. was the game, it was thoroughly en- It is not strange that the lawless joyed by all who participated in it. spirit evoked by football should quesThere was no demoralizing of study, no tion any one's right or authority to put danger to health, no incitement to metes and bounds to its practice. After gambling, no provocation to idleness, the "grand game", as one of the newsno wrecking of morals in its practice. papers called it, between the high
I have not forgotten some of the school teams of East and West Denver open-air recreation in which I indulged a game "fought desperately on each when a college student. Baseball was side, the features being left-handed jolts the popular sport. Match games, on the jaw, by some player on the opwholly within college circles, were not posing side, followed by joyous exclainfrequent. I was pitcher in one of the mations from the rooters" Principals college nines nearly three years and, Smiley, Bradley, and Hermans took acwithin that time, never played a game tion to prevent the recurrence of such outside of the college grounds or one disgraceful scenes as marked that game. that awakened any one's fighting or Pupils notoriously derelict in the pergambling enthusiasm. Our victories formance of school duties were required and defeats were accepted pretty much to let football alone long enough to get in the same spirit. There was whole- their lessons. This brought "music in THE CRITIC'S REVIEW OF THE HARVARD REPORT
the air", to use the expressive language of a newspaper reporter, and "indications of a mutiny" unless the "obnoxious order” was revoked. The students were quoted as being of “the opinion that they reside in a country whose inhabitants enjoy the luxury of personal liberty.” It was reported that any attempt to suspend the refractory and rebellious students would make the school authorities defendants in suits at law. This statement presupposed that the pupils' parents would stand by them, to the utmost, in their rowdyish, senseless, and law defying course. In this there was an evident error, as football in the high-schools of Denver has fallen into “innocuous desuetude" and the Goddess of Justice has not had to bare her arm or lift her sword in defence of the right of school youth to have everything and everybody turn to the right when they cry gee.
Attorney-General Carr, of Colorado, quotes with words of approval, the language of a Texas court: "Teachers have the right, the same as boards, to prescribe reasonable rules for the goyernment of the school under their charge and to enforce, by moderate re
straint and correction, obedience to such rules. This authority of the teacher over the pupil is not, in our opinion, necessarily limited to the time when the pupils are at the school room or under the actual control of the teacher. Such authority, we think, extends to the prescribing and enforcement of reasonable rules and regulations even while the pupils are at their homes."
The education of the future, no matter where or to whom given, must make prominent the meaning of such vords as law, order, and decency. Liberty is not license. No one, so long as he forms one of a community, can govern his actions solely by his own will, often untaught and undisciplined. His liberty, for which he will contend the more persistently, perhaps, as he is the more ignorant, does not mean any right he has to do a given act irrespective of the statute and the just rights of others. Liberty protected and bounded by law, is the birth-right of every citizen of this country; and high or low, rich or poor, strong or weak, cannot, with right, claim any wider freedom than that.
BY MARGARET W. SUTHERLAND,
The Critic of November 13th has for college. It does not altogether in it an interesting and very just approve of the manner in which editorial upon “The Harvard Re- the committee attempted to get at port on English.” It shows the im- the root of the difficulty and disportance of the discussion which re- tribute the blame for its existence; sulted in a provisional scheme of and in a courteous but straightstudy, not only for composition and forward manner it objects to unEnglish, but for other subjects em- fair criticism of the work of the braced in the work of preparation teachers in the secondary schools. To quote from the article: “It is the literature which has become always desirable, even in reforms, classic is both new and old. The to be just; and particularly desira- daily use of the pen and pencil in the ble to be just to a large body of classroom may be said to be modmen and women whose devotion to ern, and while injurious to the immediate and exacting duties is handwriting when the letter is not quite as useful as that of the college yet fully settled, is so useful an adinstructors in English, and whose junct to the instruction in spelling practical assistance in the discus- and in composition, that it should sion has made possible, a reform be accepted." that was only in the air', mild and With the deepest kind of interchaotic, whose early movement into est in high schools, having spent shape was much hindered by false fourteen happy years in teaching in misdirection on the part of the them, I wish the teachers of the college."
primary and grammar schools in Agreeing with every word of this, our towns and cities, and the teachI am struck with the thought that ers in our district schools to adapt high school teachers after reading much that I have quoted and shall it once as it is, ought to read it, sub- quote to their own work, for I am stituting the word "high" for "col- of the opinion that to have the use lege,” stopping with the word “in- of good English at all general, we structors," and making the state- must begin back of the secondary ment apply to all elementary work. schools. For years we have had We all so need to cultivate the vir- a considerable amount of written tue of justice toward the schools work in the city schools, but has it preparatory to our own.
been of the right character? Have The Critic in describing some of we had a sufficient amount of writthe early attempts to build up a ing in the country schools? The system for the study of English Report of the Harvard Committee says: “But it was not a wise leader- says: “More practice, more daily ship that set the untrained youth to drill and severe discipline are renoting the errors in the English of quired. The difficulty is to find time Walter Scott and Thackeray, that for this practice, drill, and discispent its days and nights in ringing pline.
* The solution seems the changes on 'shall' and 'will, to be simple: English should be when it had taken away from the taught in the preparatory schools pedagogue the 'shall and from the
not, as now, altogether objectively, pulpit the 'will’.”
but incidentally, and in connection After describing
some other with other studies—mathematics, features of the new method now at geography, history, and, especially, the service of secondary schools the foreign languages and the classics.” writer says: "A careful tasting of In most of our elementary schools