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we do not have the foreign lan- it with the exquisite pleasure that guages and classics, but we can ap- one has when he finds the opinions ply all that is said with the excep- he has previously expressed, uption of what relates to these sub- held by high authority: “Furtherjects. It seems to me that the in- more, the instructor, in altogether troduction of more written work too many instances, does not know into the country schools instead how to do his part in the work, and of increasing difficulties there consequently the study of literary would lessen them. Educative sil- models, as now carried on in our ent work would be provided for schools of secondary education, not some while others were engaged in infrequently does more harm than oral classwork. I doubt the value good. Not only, as the papers of spending much time in filling show, is it marked by a pitiful waste out forms, -as is sometimes done of valuable time, but it leaves bein parsing, -and when we are aim- hind it a sense of weariness and dising at correct spelling, capitaliza- gust rather than mind hunger. For tion, punctuation, and clear expres- instance, what possible benefit can sion, abbreviations should be spar- immature boys derive from devotingly used and entire sentences ing a large portion of a whole should be the rule. No one should school term to the analysis of a ever do his work in such a way as

single oration of Webster's by parto need to apologize for it by say- agraphs, sentences, and clauses; or ing “I didn't know you were going

what but a sense of repulsion can to take it up."

result if children, needing assimiIt is not at all necessary for the

lative nutriment and craving the teacher to exhaust time and energy

stimulant of interest, are daily dosed by examining all the slates or pa

with long and to them nauseous, pers of his pupils every day. He

because unintelligible, drafts from should manage within a fixed time

Emerson, Ruskin, Cardinal Manto get an idea of how each pupil is ning, Matthew Arnold, and Walter doing his work, but his system


The province of should not be so rigid that the pupil the preparatory schools is to train could determine its workings. By the scholar, boy or girl, and train noting common errors, the teacher

him or her thoroughly, in what can can plan blackboard work that will only be described as the elements

and rudiments of written expreslead to clear discrimination on the part of pupils and be very effective in sion,—they should teach facile, showing why a thing is wrong and

clear penmanship, correct spelling, what ought to take its place.

simple grammatical construction,

and neat, workmanlike, mechanical In conclusion, I must come back execution. And this is no slight or again to the Report and quote from simple task.”

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On a day set apart for the cele- brought together a common service bration of the birthdays of a na- in honor of Washington and Lintion's heroes the exercises should coln will have in it more spirit than be of an educative and inspiring separate exercises by the various nature. They should never be schools. merely entertaining; and I think A number of noble sentiments it better not to have any exercises from our great men are given not at all than to have trivial, jingling only on account of their worth, but rhymes or trashy prose of a kind that a greater number of pupils that not only fails to do honor to may have some share in the afterthe memory of Washington but is noon's work. a positive insult to the dignity of Two years ago in making a prohis character. Some educational gram for February 22, I gave a papers publish and some teachers share of attention to Lowell. He use in their schoolrooms selections ought not to be forgotten on his that do much to cultivate a spirit birthday, especially as our country of irreverence, which all those who has produced no more patriotic thoughtfully consider the welfare poet; but as I thought it best to of our country deprecate in the combine the celebration of Linyouth of our land.

coln's birthday with that of WashIn the program that follows ington, I suggest that one of the choice literature will be found. For pupils prepare an essay on Lowell use in ungraded schools a few exer- or that the teacher give a short cises have been inserted that are talk on this fine type of the Amerdesigned mainly for the little folks.

ican citizen.

PROGRAM. But I know that they can be helped by listening to older boys and girls

Song - Columbia, the Gem of

the Ocean School. who can be trained to speak well

Concert Recitation- What Conthe orations of orators and the stitutes a State? poems of real poets. Indeed when Declamation - The Memory of I taught in the grammar schools I our Fathers (Lyman Beecher) (Mcused to think the more real worth

Guffey's Sixth Reader. Take first

two paragraphs.) in a thing the better my pupils

Sentiment - Our Native Land. spoke it. Where the pupils in (To be recited by one of the little graded schools can conveniently be children.)

Exercise - Facts in the Life of WHAT CONSTITUTES A STATE? Washington. School. Conducted

What constitutes a state? by Teacher.

Not high-raised battlement or Declamation - From Washing

labored mound, ton's Farewell Address to the Peo

Thick wall or moated gate; ple of the United States.

Not cities proud with spires and Song - The Star Spangled Ban

turrets crowned; ner. School.

Not bays and broad-armed ports, Declamation - The Character of

Where, laughing at the storm, Washington. (Fisher Ames.)

rich navies ride; Recitation Which General? Not starred and spangled courts, (Kate W. Hamilton in "The Where low-browed baseness Youth's Companion.”) (To be re

wafts perfume to pride. cited by a little boy.)

No: - men, high-minded men, Declamation - What is it to be With powers as far above dull an American? (Henry Cabot

brutes endued Lodge.)

In forest, brake, or den, Quotations from Great Amer- As beasts excel cold rocks and icans.

brambles rude, Song — “There are Many Flags Men who their duties know, of Many Lands." Younger Pupils.

But know their rights, and, (From Child's Song Book, pub

knowing, dare maintain, lished by Barnes & Co., Chicago.) Prevent the long-aimed blow,

And crush the tyrant while they Sketch of the Life of Lincoln.

rend the chain: Facts concerning boyhood to be

These constitute a state; given by younger children; man

And sovereign Law, that state's hood, by older pupils. (For prep

collected will, aration for this work for the

O'er thrones and globes elate, younger pupils, the teacher will be

Sits empress, crowning good, regreatly helped by Eggleston's "A

pressing ill. First Book in American History." American Book Co.)

OUR NATIVE LAND. Sentiment Closing part of Lincoln's Second Inaugural Ad- Other countries, far and near, dress.

Other people hold most dear; Recitation - O Captain! My Other countries ne'er can be Captain! (Walt Whitman.)

Half so dear to you and me Declamation - From Henry As our own, our native land. Ward Beecher's Sermon on the By it firmly let us stand. Death of Lincoln, April 23, 1865.

WASHINGTON'S FAREWELL Selection-From Richard Henry

ADDRESS TO THE PEOPLE OF Stoddard's Funeral Ode on Lin


Quotations from Great Amer- Of all the disposition and habits icans.

which lead to political prosperity, Hymn America. School. Religion and morality are indis



pensable supports. In vain would to public opinion, it is essential that that man claim the tribute of Pa. public opinion should be enlighttriotism, who should labor to sub- ened. vert these great Pillars of human

THE CHARACTER OF WASHINGTON. happiness, these firmest props of the duties of Men and Citizens.

Washington was the patriot The mere politician, equally with

without reproach; he loved his the pious man, ought to respect

country well enough to hold his and to cherish them. A volume

success in serving it as an ample could not trace all their connec

recompense. Thus far self-love and tions with private and public felic

love of country coincided; but ity. Let it simply be asked, where

when his country needed sacrifices is the security for property, for rep

that no other man could or perhaps utation, for life, if the sense of re

would be willing to make, he did ligious obligation desert the oaths

not even hesitate. This was virtue

in its most which are the instruments of in

exalted character. vestigation in Courts of Justice? More than once he put his fame at And let us with caution indulge the hazard, when he had reason to supposition, that morality can be

think it would be sacrificed, at least maintained without religion.

in this age. Two instances cannot Whatever may be conceded to the

be denied; when the army was disinfluence of refined education on

banded; and again, when he stood, minds of peculiar structure, reason

like Leonidas at the pass of Therand experience both forbid us to

mopylæ, to defend our independexpect that national morality can

ence against France. prevail in exclusion of religious principle.

If he had strong passions, he had 'Tis substantially true, that vir- learned to subdue them, and to be tue or morality is a necessary moderate and mild. If he had spring of popular government. weaknesses, he concealed them, The rule, indeed, extends with which is rare, and excluded theni more or less force to every species from the government of his temper of Free Government. Who, that and conduct, which is still more is a sincere friend to it, can look rare. If he loved fame, he never with indifference upon attempts to made improper compliances for shake the foundation of the fabric? what is called popularity. The Promote, then, as an object of pri- fame he enjoyed is of the kind that mary importance, institutions for will last forever; yet it was rather the general diffusion of knowl- the effect, than the motive, of his edge. In proportion as the struc- conduct. Some future Plutarch ture of a government gives force will search for a parallel to his character. Epaminondas is perhaps the WHAT IS IT TO BE AN AMERICAN? brightest man of all antiquity. Our Once more, what is it to be an Washington resembled him in the

American? Putting aside all the purity and ardor of his patriotism; outer shows of dress and manners, and like him, he first exalted the social customs and physical pecuglory of his country. But such

liarities, is it not to believe in Amercomparisons cannot be pursued far, ica and in the American people? Is without departing from the simili- it not to have an abiding and movtude. For we shall find it as diffi

ing faith in the future and in the cult to compare great men as great destiny of America? — something rivers; some we admire for the

above and beyond the patriotisni length and rapidity of their current, and love which every man whose and the grandeur of their cata- soul is not dead within him feels racts; others, for the majestic si- for the land of his birth? Is it not lence and fulness of their streams; to be national and not sectional, inwe cannot bring them together to

dependent and not colonial? Is it measure the difference of their

not to have a high conception of waters. The unambitious life of

what this great new country should Washington, declining fame, yet be, and to follow out that ideal with courted by it, seemed, like the Ohio, loyalty and truth? to choose its long way through sol- Has any man in our history fulitudes, diffusing fertility; or, like filled these conditions more perhis own Potomac, widening and fectly and more completely than deepening his channel, as he ap- George Washington? Has any proaches the sea, and displaying many ever lived who served most the usefulness and serenity of the American people more faithhis greatness towards the end of his

fully, or with a higher and truer course. - Fisher Ames.

conception of the destiny and posWHICH GENERAL?

sibilities of the country? Sometimes mamma calls me "gen

- Henry Cabot Lodge. eral”;

CLOSING PART OF LINCOLN'S SEI wish I knew which one;

COND INAUGURAL ADDRESS. But I always try to tell the truth With malice towards none, with So I hope it's Washington.

charity for all, with firmness in the But when I tell my papa that, right, as God gives us to see the He laughs loud as he can,

right, let us strive on to finish the And says if she calls me "general”

work we are in; to care for him She must mean Sheridan;

who shall have borne the battle, Because whenever she wants me,

and for his widow and orphans; to And I am out at play, I nearly always seem to be

bind up are nation's wounds; to 'Bout “twenty miles away.” do all which may achieve and cher


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