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ish a just and lasting peace among FROM HENRY WARD BEECHER'S

ourselves and with all nations.

O CAPTAIN! MY CAPTAIN ! O Captain! my Captain! our fear

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Even he who now sleeps has, by this event, been clothed with new influence. Dead, he speaks to men who now willingly hear what before they refused to listen to. Now his simple and weighty words will be gathered like those of Washington, and your children and your children's children shall be taught to ponder the simplicity and deep wisdom of utterances which, in their time, passed, in the party heat, as idle words. Men will receive a new impulse of patriotism for his sake, and will guard with zeal the whole country which he loved so well: I swear you, on the altar of his memory, to be more faithful to the country for which he has perished. Men will, as they follow his hearse, swear a new hatred to that slavery against which he warred, and which in vanquishing him has made him a martyr and a conqueror: I swear you, by the memory of this martyr, to hate slavery with an unappeasable hatred. Men will admire and imitate his unmoved firmness, his inflexible conscience for the right; and yet his gentleness, as tender as a woman's, his moderation of spirit, which not all the heat of party could inflame, nor all the jars and disturbances of this country shake out of its place: I swear you to an em

ulation of his justice, his moderation, and his mercy.



And now the martyr is moving in triumphal march, mightier than when alive. The nation rises up at every stage of his coming. Cities and states are his pall-bearers, and the cannon beats the hours with solemn progression. Dead-dead-dead he yet speaketh! Is Washington dead? Is Hampden dead? Is David dead? Is any man dead that ever was fit to live? Disenthralled of flesh, and risen to the unobstructed sphere where passion never comes, he begins his illimitable work. His life now is grafted upon the Infinite, and will be fruitful as no earthly life can be. Pass on, thou that hast overcome! Your sorrows, O people, are his peace! Your bells, and bands, and muffled drums sound triumph in his ear. Wail and weep here; God makes it echo joy and triumph there. Pass on, thou victor!


Cool should he be, of balanced

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Untried, untrained to bear
The more than kingly care.
Ah! And his genius put to scorn
The proudest in the purple born,
Whose wisdom never grew
To what, untaught, he knew.
The People, of whom he was one,
No gentleman, like Washington,
(Whose bones, methinks, make


To have him in their tomb!)

A laboring man, with horny hands, Who swung the axe, who tilled his lands,

Who shrank from nothing new,
But did as poor men do.

One of the People! Born to be
Their curious epitome;
To share yet rise above
Their shifting hate and love.
Common his mind, (it seemed so

His thoughts the thoughts of other


Plain were his words, and poor,
But now they will endure!

No hasty fool, of stubborn will,
But prudent, cautious, pliant still;
Who since his work was good
Would do it as he could.
Doubting, was not ashamed to

And lacking prescience, went with


Often appeared to halt,
And was, of course, at fault;

Heard all opinions, nothing loath, And, loving both sides, angered both:

Was not like Justice, blind,
But, watchful, clement, kind.
No hero this of Roman mould,
Nor like our saintly sires of old:
Perhaps he was not great,
But he preserved the State!

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might, and, in that faith, let us to the end dare to do our duty. Lincoln.

Force is all-conquering, but its victories are short-lived. - Lincoln. Knavery and flattery are blood relations. Lincoln.

From Lincoln's First Inaugural Address March 4, 1861.

Intelligence, patriotism, Christianity, and a firm reliance on Him who has never yet forsaken this favored land, are still competent to adjust in the best way all our present difficulty.

We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained, it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic cords of memory, stretching from every battlefield and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.

One flag, one land, one heart, one hand,

One nation evermore.

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A politician thinks of the next election; a statesman, of the next generation.-James Freeman Clarke.

One on God's side is a majority. -Wendell Phillips.

Once to every man and nation

comes the moment to decide, In the strife of Truth with False

hood, for the good or evil side; Some great cause, God's new Mes

siah, offering each the bloom or blight,

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FIG. 2. R is a receiver made from lantern globe. It is covered by a small piece of glass.

An experiment beautiful and instructive is suggested by reference to Fig. 2. Bend a glass tube as shown in illustration, leaving the arms of equal length and long enough to reach the bottom of the bottles. Fit the cork and tube of the left-hand bottle air tight but cut a small V shape air passage full length along the side of cork of the right-hand bottle. Fill half full with indigo water the left-hand bottle, connect as shown in figure and exhaust. See how many pupils in your school can explain why the liquid is transferred. You may drive the liquid back and forth as often as you wish by readmitting the air and exhausting again. This is often called the Bacchus Illustration. Why?

Exp. 13. The Magic Cork. Select a close-grained cork, size to fit a 5 cent vaseline bottle. Moisten or oil the cork, insert in bottle,

put under receiver and exhaust. By a little practice you will soon be able to adjust the cork so that it will jump up against the top of the receiver. Explain just how the fifteen pounds pressure outside the bottle has been removed and how the fifteen pounds pressure inside forces out the cork. In the so-called cyclones, the pressure outside a house is sometimes much reduced so that the inside pressure bursts the walls outward.

Exp. 14. To Boil Water Without Fire.

Pour slowly into a 4 ounce bottle one-third filled with water enough sulphuric acid to fill it twothirds full, stirring the liquid constantly. When it becomes much heated place under receiver and exhaust. The water will soon boil violently although much below the normal boiling point. If you prefer to modify this experiment place a bottle of water somewhat below boiling point under receiver and proceed as above. If your pump works well you will be much surprised at the low temperature of the violently boiling water. The reduced pressure explains to your pupils why it is not possible to boil eggs and potatoes in open vessels on high mountains.


Exp. 15. Freezing Produced by the Air Pump.

Place a spoonful of ether in a watch crystal or other shallow, wide-mouthed vessel and into the

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