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ator," Lansing, Mich.; Wm. G. Smith, editor “School Education,” Minneapolis, Minn; W. A. Bell, editor “Indiana School Journal," Indianapolis, Ind.

“How to promote Advertising in Educational Journals” Wm. Bruce, editor “The American School Board Journal," Milwaukee, Wis.

Discussion – J. G. Reynolds, "American Journal of Education," St. Louis, Mo.; M. A. Cassidy, editor "The Southern School,” Lexington. Ky.; Tom. T. McBeath, editor "Florida School Exponent," Jacksonville, Fla.

Note The hour of the meeting of the Press Association will be nounced at the opening exercises of the Department.

February 22, 1898. Paper "Minimum Preparation for Teaching,” Price Thomas, State Supt. of Public Instruction, Tennessee.

Discussion – O. T. Corson, State School Commissioner, Ohio; Estelle Reel, State Supt. Public Instruction, Wyoming

February 23, 1898. Paper - "Reciprocal Recognition of State and Normal School Diplomas by the States," Z. X. Snyder, President State Normal School, Colorado. General Discussion,

February 24, 1898. Paper “Medical Examination of Children in the Public Schools,” W. B. Powell, Supt. of District of Columbia.

Discussion Junius Jordan, State Supt. of Arkansas.




CHARLES DeGarmo, President, Swarthmore, Pa.

CHARLES A. McMURRY, Secretary, State Normal University, Normal, Ill.

I. "Observation and Application” - Theses by Arnold Tompkins, University of Illinois, Champaign, Ill.

Discussion Edward F. Buchner, School of Pedagogy, New York University, N. Y.; R. H. Beggs, Whittier School, Denver, Colo.; M. G. Brumbaugh, University of Pennsylvania.

II. “Value of Herbart's Pedagogical Doctrines for Secondary Education.”

(Translation of Frick's Didaktische Grundsaetze, by Charles A. McMurry.)

Discussion James E. Russell, Teachers' College, New York City; J. J. Sheppard, Boys' High School, New York City.

HOTELS. The New Southern Hotel $2.00 a day on all floors when two occupy a room; $3.00 a day when one occupies a room.

The Read House $2.00 a day when two occupy a room except on parlor floor and for rooms with bath, which will be $3.00 a day.

Rossmore Regular Rate $2.00 and $2.50. Reduction of 25 per cent if two occupy a room.

The European Hotel offers 43 furnished rooms at 50 cents, 75 cents and $1.00 per day, according to size and location. Regular meals 25 cents. Rooms with or without meals.

The Inn on Lookout Mountain, which had offered a special rate, recently changed hands, and the new management declines to run the hotel during the sessions of the Department of Superintendence unless a specified number of guests is guaranteed. Address M. M. Henderson.


PERINTENDENTS. GRACE ESPY PATTON, State Supt. of Public Instruction, Colorado, Chairman of the Conference.

Aldine Hotel $1.50 per day if more which not only makes the study than one person occupy a room, and

one of pleasure and profit, but $2.00 per day if one occupy a room.

which also leads to such investigaStanton House Accomodations for 60 at $2.00 a day.

tions as will bring to the pupil in

formation of such a character as "STORIES OF PENNSYLVANIA." will enable him when he reaches The extreme importance of his- maturer years to determine for tory as one of the branches re- himself the causes of the govu. quired to be taught in our public movements which have stood out so schools is equalled only by the ex- prominently in the progress of the treme folly which too frequently world. The pupil in the public characterizes the methods used in school should be made to feel that presenting the subject. There is it is not the dead past he is studying little choice between that method in history so much as the past made which results in nothing more than alive by the stories and incidents of the mere memorizing of a few the people who create history. names, dates, and places which are That the tendency of the times learned only to be forgotten at the is toward better things in this refirst opportunity, and that other spect is plainly indicated by the method which assumes that small great improvement in the character boys and girls are in possession of of the books on history prepared that maturity of mind which will for use in the public schools. Bienable them to trace effects back ography is made much more promito their natural causes, and thus nent, and the life of the people is comprehend the “Philosophy of constantly held up to the gaze of History.” The first method is the pupils. used by teachers who know but Of all the books that it has been little history, and care less about our privilege to examine, the most the final results of their work, and helpful and inspiring one in its prethe second by college professors sentation of the subject of history and specialists in their presentation from the standnoint just outlined, of impracticable theories before is “Stories of Pennsylvania,” by teachers' institutes.

Joseph Walton of the West Chester It is only when such methods Normal School, and Martin G. are discarded entirely and the sub- Brumbaugh of the University of ject is properly presented through Pennsylvania. stories of the life and struggles of This book is not, as its title the people who have made and are might seem to indicate, merely a still making history, that children compilation of incidents which can be benefited by its study. In have only local importance and apthis manner an interest is created plication, but an intensely interest

ing and instructive narrative of the recent editorial in the New Engremarkable history of one of the land Journal of Education the folmost remarkable of the thirteen lowing glowing tribute to the meroriginal colonies—a history which its of the book is found: iairly teems with facts and deeds of

Of course every school boy and thc gravest national importance. girl in Pennsylvania will hereafter The mere suggestion of "Old Lib- hear or read these stories. There

is no other book so indispensable erty Bell," "Declaration of Inde

to a Pennsylvania schoolhouse, and pendence," and "Gettysburg" is

the public purse, rather than the sufficient to make plain to any one teacher's sacrifice, should place it the possibilities of the proper pre- therein. It should be as universentation of such a history.

sally in Maine and Texas, in FlorThe book is composed of a series

ida and Oregon, as in Pennsylva

nia. These “Stories of Pennsylvaof stories setting forth in a charm

nia” are not a glorification of men ing manner some of the most im

and women who were what they portant incidents in the pioneer were because they were born on history of the State, and reproduc

lived in the Keystone State, but of ing in a large measure the very at

character and characteristics de

veloped by dealing with the same mosphere of the early colonial life.

elements of nature and human naThe peaceful life and policy of the

ture, tamed and untamed, as have Quakers and the conflicts between been conquered on Cape Cod and the pioneer settlers and the hostile in the Everglades, in the forests of savages are described in a manner

Maine and Michigan, in the mines

of Superior and Alabama. both entertaining and instructive.

But when the "Stories of PennWhile these stories read like a ro

sylvania” have been read year after mance, their historical accuracy year, far and near, they will not can not be questioned, as they are

have fulfilled their mission unless based upon authority drawn in they set the pace for the presentafrom the Colonial

tion of all the best historical dis

coveries through research in origiRecords, and the collections of the

nal American sources through the Pennsylvania Historical Society. laboratory methods. Whatever is Nearly every story has its appro

valuable to Americans in future priate illustration which is beauti- discoveries in nistory should be fully executed and historically cor

treated by masters for the schools,

and much of this should be given rect.

in story rather than in outline. The The merit of the book is being Messrs. Walton and Brumbaugh recognized in all sections of the may see that a better title to their country-even in New England, charming book would have been

"Stories in American History, No. which, up to the time of its publi

I," of which an early appearance of cation, was supposed to have a mo- No. II would have been welcomed. nopoly of colonial history.

There is no reason why they should



In a


not write as serviceably of other was put forth to secure the most states as of Pennsylvania. They reliable information regarding the are Americans rather than Penn

condition of these schools in every sylvanians.

section of the country. Several It is impossible in the limits of this article to call attention to the meetings of the Committee were

held and the condition of educaspecial features contained in many

tion in the Rural Schools, as in diof the chapters, but it is not too much to say that it is a book of rare

cated by the best information atmerit and value, and that its ap


thoroughly dispearance at this time will tend so to

cussed. As an out-growth of this modify the teaching of history in

discussion the suggestions and the public schools as to make it

recommendations contained in this reasonable to hope that in the near

volume were presented to the Nafuture the life of the people and not

tional Association. the dead facts connected with

Great credit is due all the memthis life will be made the prominent

bers of the Committee for their feature in all such teaching,

valuable services in presenting to

the public the best educational REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE OF thought of the day bearing upon TWELVE ON RURAL SCHOOLS.

the problem of Rural Schools, and For several years it has been the it is fitting and proper in this conpolicy of the National Educational nection to state that special credit Association to have presented to is due to Hon. Henry Sabin, State its sessions reports of special Com- Superintendent of Public Instrucmittees appointed for the consid- tion of Iowa, for his untiring efforts eration of special educational as chairman of the Committee. problems. Of the different re- Through the kindness of the ports made by these special Com- authorities of the National Educamittees no one is of greater im- tional Association in loaning the portance and value than the Re- plates, State School Commissioner port of the Committee of Twelve Corson has been enabled to have on Rural Schools made at the 15,000 copies of this exceedingly meeting at Milwaukee in July, valuable report printed for free dis1897.

tribution in Ohio, thereby more For two years this Committee, than meeting the requirements of composed of representatives from the following resolution passed by all sections of the United States, the last State Teachers' Associahad the extremely important prob- tion: lem of Rural Schools under consid- Resolved, That this Association eration, and every possible effort hereby requests our State Com

missioner of Common Schools to Noble county, Ohio, November 3, secure, if possible, the publication 1848, and at a very early age develby the State of 10,000 copies of the oped the reading habit which so report of the National Committee prominently characterized his enon Rural Schools to be made at tire life. In the old township library the coming meeting of the Na- which was found in his neighbortional Educational Association at

hood he had access to a few of the Milwaukee, and to secure the cir

best books and soon made himself culation of this report in as effec

conversant with them.

He was tive and thorough a manner as his especially interested in biography, judgment may dictate.

history and travel. In addition to A month since notices were sent

this valuable habit he also learned, to each township superintendent

at an early age, in the school of and clerk of board of county ex

hard manual labor, on the farm, to aminers in the State, stating that depend upon his own personal efsupplies of these reports would be

forts for success, and to respect and

honor all those who toil. sent to them, provided the express

At the age of fifteen, having been charges would be paid. Up to the

prohibited by his father from entime of writing this article answers have been received from about half tering the army, he ran away from

home and in January 1864 enlisted of the persons so notified and about

as a member of Company H, 116 O. 6,000 copies have been distributed.

V. I., in which company he served A second notice has been sent out

until the close of the war. He saw and it is hoped that in the near

hard, active service under Sigel, future this valuable document will

Hunter, Crook and Sheridan in the be in easy reach of all persons

Shenandoah Valley, and afterward specially interested in the welfare of

at Richmond in the Army of the the Rural Schools.

James. A few hundred copies will be re

Upon his return from the army tained at the School Commission

he again entered the district school er's office, and one will be sent to

which he attended for a short time any person in the State on receipt and then began more advanced of seven cents postage.

work in the graded school at Sen

ecaville, Ohio. During the winter HON. LE ROY DECATUR BROWN.

of 1966-7 he taught school in a disIt is with deep sorrow that we trict adjoining the one he had atrecord the death of Hon. Le Roy tended as a pupil a few years beD. Brown at his home in San Luis fore. The followina spring he enObispo, California, January 13, tered

tered an academy at Athens, Ohio, 1898. Mr. Brown was born in where he made partial preparation

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