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Syr'a-cuse, once a rich and popu- Three Tav'erns, place, Italy, about lous city, on the SE. part of the 30 S. by E. Rome. island of Sicily.
Thy-a-ti'ra, now Akhisar, Sychar, called also Sichem, and X. M. on the borders of Mysia Shechem, now Napolose, city, and Lydia; 40 NE. Smyrna. Samaria, between mounts Ebal Ti-beri-as, now Tabaria, t. Pal. and Gerizim; 24 N. J. Three capital of Galilee, on the west miles from Sychar was Jacob's side of the lake of G. or sea of Well, memorable for our Sa- Tiberias, 58 N. J. It has long viour's conversation with the been a place of note among the woman of Samaria. On mount
Jews, and is one of the four holy Gerizim was the temple of the cities of the Talmud, the other Samaritans.
three being Safad, J. and He. Syri-a, country, Asia, extending bron.
from A. M. and the Med. on the Tra-cho-niltis, district in the NE. west, to the Euphrates on the
part of Pal. east, and in its most extensive Tro'as, district in the NW. corsense, including Pal.
ner of A. M. Sy-ro-phe-nic'i-a, that part of Tro-sylli-um, t. on the W. coast Phænicia which bordered on of A. M. a little to the SE. of the Syria.
island of Samos. Tabor, conical mountain, Pal., to Tyre, now Sur, city and s-p. the west of the lake of G., sup- Phænicia; 20 S. Sidon.
It is a posed to have been the scene of very ancient city, in early ages the transfiguration.
celebrated for commerce It is Tar'sus, city, A.M. capital of Ci- now a mean fishing town.
licia, 100 NW. Antioch. It Wilder-ness, or Desert of Jud., was anciently large and splen- an extensive desert, extending did, distinguished in the arts from the neighbourhood of Jeri
and sciences, but now decayed. cho to the south, along the west Thes-sa-lo-ni'ca, now Saloniki, side of the Dead sea.
city and s-p. Mac., both in an- Zab'u-lon, Tribe of, district Pal., cient and modern times large on the W. side of the lake of G. and commercial. It is situated on a gulf, about 200 N. Athens.
The preceding valuable Table constitutes a brief Gazeteer of the New Testament. To compress it into the narrowest possible compass, more abbreviations have been used than the AUTHOR made. It becomes ne cessary, therefore, that the Note of Explanations at the beginning of the Table, should be thoroughly committed to memory or constantly consulted. A vague impression not unfrequently exists, that the places and events mentioned in the Scriptures, have little more connexion with this earth and our race, than the places and beings introduced in tales of Arabian nights about Fairies and Genii. A knowledge of Scriptune Geography tends to counteract this evil.
It is desirable that the map now subjoined, should be attentively consulted to learn the general circumstances, the relative bearings and importaace of seas, rivers, mountains, provinces, cities and towns delineated on it.
In a Chronological Table of the Scriptures PERFECT accuracy in dates is not to be expected. The most learned and laborious investigations have found, and left difficulties on this subject. No more is here proposed than to name the anthors of the different Books and about the time when they were written, according to the best means of deciding which the Compiler possessed.
The Creation and the apostacy David kills Goliah. A. C. 1063. of man. A. C. 4004.
Samuel dies aged 98 years. 1057. Adam died. 3074.
The two Books of Samuel, the Enoch was translated. 3017. two Books of Kings, and the two
Noah was warned of the deluge. Books of Chronicles were proba2468.
bly compiled by Ezra, from Jewish Methuseleh died and the de-authentic records to which he had luge commenced. 2348.
access, and must be dated later. Tower of Babel built. 2233. Book of Psalms principally writAbram was born. 1996. ten about this time. Isaac was born. 1889.
Absalom's rebellion and death. Abraham offers Isaac. 1871. 1023.
Esau and Jacob were born. David's advice to Solomon, and 1836.
death. 1014. Joseph was born. 1745. Solomon commences building Joseph was sold into Egypt.the Temple. 1013. 1724.
finishes and dedicates Joseph's exaltation. 1711. Jit; between this date and the next Jacob goes to Egypt. 1706. he writes the Canticles, Proverbs Aaron was born.1574. and Ecclesiastes. 1003. Moses was born. 1571.
Solomon dies, and Rehoboam Moses goes to Midian. 1531. succeeds him. 975. God appears to him. 1491. Asa dies, and Jehosaphat suc
Israelites pass the Red Sea.sceeds him. 914. 1491.
Elijah destroys the prophets of Pentateuch written by Moses, Baal, and anoints Elisha. 908. and probably the book of Job. Ahab slain in battle. 897. 1452.
Elijah was translated. 896.
Elisha dies. 839. Joshua's victories commence. Between the time of the last 1450.
date and the succeeding one Joterminate. 1443. nah, Micah, Amos, Hosea, Joel, The Book of Joshua written. and Nahum prophecy and write 1443.
the Books which bear their names. Government of the Judges com- Isaiah concludes the writing of 1405.
Kris prophecy. 710.
The Books of Judges and Ruth Zephaniah and Habakuk "prowere probably compiled by Samu- phecy and write the Books bearel about this period. 1069. ling their names. 613.
Jeremiah begins to prophecy.'continues a dutiful child till he ar. A. C. 610.
rives to manhood. A. D. 12. Daniel carried to Babylon. 606. John Baptist commences his
Jeremiah concludes his prophe-ministry. 28. cy, and writes his Book of Lamen- Christ is baptized,-is tempted, tations about this time. 590. -calls the twelve,-delivers his
Ezekiel writes his prophecy, sermon on the mount,--and per. and Daniel interprets Nebuchad- forms many of his miracles of mer. nezzar's first dream. 588.
Jerusalem taken and destroyed. 'John Baptist beheaded. 32. 586.
Our Lord and Saviour Jesus The golden image set up. 580. Christ is crucified. 34. Babylon taken by Cyrus. 537. The following order appears to
The decree for the Jews to re- be that in which the four Gospels, turn, soon after which Daniel was the Epistles, and the other Books written.
of the New Testament were writ. Darius renews the decree. A-ten. bout this time the prophets Hag- Gospel by Matthew. 42. gai and Zechariah write the Books
Mark. 45. which bear their names. 516. Paul's first and second Epistles to
Temple rebuilt and dedicated. the Thessalonians were written.51. 490.
Paul's first and second Epistles Book of Esther written, proba- to the Corinthians, his Epistles to bly by Ezra, who about this time the Romans and to the Galatians, was sent to govern Judea. 458. and Peter's first general Epistle
Nehemiah appointed governor.were written. 57. 441.
Paul's Epistles to the Phillipi. Book of Ezra written. 435.
ans, Ephesians, Colossians, He The Book of Nehemiah and the brews, and Philemon, and the prophecy of Malachi were written Gospel according to Luke were about this time, and perhaps the written. 61. whole of the Old Testament put Acts of the Apostles were writinto its present form by Ezra be- ten by Luke. 63. fore his death. 425.
Paul's first Epistle to Timothy Annunciation of the Son of God and his Epistle to Titus, with the to the Virgin Mary ; John the Epistle of James were written. 66. Baptist born, and the Temple of "Paul's second Epistle to TimoJanus shut. 1.
thy and the second general Epistle Our Lord and Saviour Jesus of Peter were written. 69. Christ was born and circumcised Jude wrote his Epistle. 75. under the law. A. D. 1.
Revelation of John was written The infant Saviour returns from in the Isle of Patmos. 87. Egypt. 2.
John writes his Gospel and his He confutes the Doctors and three Epistles about this time. 99.
Table of References. The principal object of this Table is to direct the student of the New Testament to passages where Prophecies are either recorded or their accomplishment narrated.
MATTHEW. 2: 5 Mic. 5 : 2 : 23 Jud. 13:5 Ch. V. Ref. : 15 Hos. 9:1
Sam. 1.11 1:23 Isa. 7:14 : 17 Jer. 31 : 15 3: 3 Isa. 40 : 3
4:14 Isa. 9:1,2 113: 14 Dan. 9:27 121: 11 See
: 27 27 : 22
28 : 26 Isa. 6:9
24 : 10 3: 4 Isa. 40 : 3 8:36 Ps. 44 : 22
Isa. 61 : 1 : 33 Isa. 8:14
:17 17 : 23 Deut. 13:1 10 : 15 52 : 7
Ps. 118 : 26
9 Ps. 69: 22
: 34 : 12 Isa. 11 : 10
24: 7 Matth. 17 : 23 9:9 Ps. 112:9
2:3 Dan. 7: 25
Ps. 118 : 26
Rev. 9: 20
Isa. 53 1
3: 1 1 Tim. 4:1
6:10 : 12 Acts 14:22
Mat. 10 : 38
4 3 See 3:1
1:11 Isa. 34 : 4
Mat. 20 : 19 : 13 13 : 2 Isa.
69 : 21 8: 8 Jer. 31 : 31,
32, 33, 34
Zech. 12: 10 8:11 Zech. 8:8
56 : 7 21 : 18 2 Pet. 1:14 10: 5 Ps. 40: 6
2:6 Isa. 28 : 16
69 : 25
1:14 John 21: 18,19
22 : 18 4:25 Ps. 2:1, 2 : 3
: 15 Isa. 2 : 19
16 : 10 7: 9
42:6 :17 Isa. 25 : 8
115: 16 Amos 9:11, 12 10:11
Abaddon or Apollyon, the destroyer | Mite, the smallest Roman coin, ac-Satan,
cording to some less than an En. Allelujah, praise ye the Lord.
glish farthing. Alpha, the first letter of the Greek Omega, the last letter in the Greek alphabet.
alphabet. Amen, verily, so be it.
Onyx, a blueish white gem. Amethyst, a precious stone of a vio: Patriarchs, fathers of families. let colour.
Penny, a Roman coin, value sevenApostles, the first Missionaries of pence halfpenny English. the Cross.
Pentecost, a Jewish feast about 50 Areopagus, Marshill,where was held days after the Passover.
the highest court at Athens. Pharisees, a self-righteous sect, very Armageddon, the mount of Megiddo. rigid in their observance of the Bar, a son ; as Barjona, the son of mere ceremonies of religion. Jona,
Phylacteries, small rolls of parchBeryl, a bright transparent gem, of ment, whereon were written cera blueish green.
tain words of the law, which the Bottles were anciently made of skins. Jews wore on their , foreheads, Centurion, captain of 100 men.
arms, &c. Chalcedony, a precious stone, va- Piece of Silver, see Shekel.
riegated with divers colours. Pinnacle of the temple, the battleCharger, a large basin.
ment, or highest part. Chief-Priests, heads of the 24 courses Pound or mina, is differently valued of the Jewish Priesthood.
at from £3 to £9. sterling. Christ (Heb. Messiah) the anointed. Proscucha, an oratory or house of Chrysolite, a precious stone of a gold prayer colour.
Publicans, Roman tax-gatherers. Chrysoprasus, a precious stone of a Raca, wickedly foolish. yellowish green colour.
Ruby, a precious stone, deep red. Chrystal, a tright transparent stone. Sabaoth, or Zabaoth, hosts, armies. Cubit, a measure of about 1 foot 9 Sadducees, Jewish infidels. inches.
Sapphire, a precious stone of a beauDecapolis, a district of ren cities. tiful sky-blue. Diamond, or Adamant, the most Sardius or Sardine, a gem of a
valuable of all precious stones. light reddish colour. Emerald, a precious stone of a green | Sardonyx, a precious stone between colour.
the Sardius and the Onyx. Epicureans, who placed all happi- Scribes, writers and expounders of
ness in the gratification of the ap- the Mosaic law. petites and passions.
Scrip,a small bag used by shepherds. Essenes, a subdivision of the Pha- Shekel or piece of silver, value about risees, recluse and austere.
28. 3d. halfpenny: Euroclydon, the north-east wind. Shekel of gold, value £1. 165. 8d. Gaulonites or Galilens, a sect who Stoicks, a sect who contended that
disclaimed allegiance to a Gentile all events were determined by a Magistrate.
fatal necessity. Gentiles, all nations except the Jews. Synagogue, a place of Jewish worHerodians, time-servers of Herod. ship, but not for sacrifice. High-Priest, the only Priest who Talent of silver, about £242
- of might enter within the Holy of gold, £5475. Holies.
Tetrarch, governor of a fourth part Jacinth, a gem of a deep orange- of a kingdom. colour.
Time, the Jews began their day at Jasper, a precious stone variegated sunset, the Romans at midnight as with divers colours.
The Jewish years conLegion, a Roman legion consisted of tained 12 months of 30 days, with about 5000 men,
an intercalary month occasionally.