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liation for us; as is most beautifully, most fully, and with a wonderful power of the Holy Spirit, opened by the author of the epistle to the Hebrews.

Hence, this heavenly and golden Psalm has a blessed author (David) and a glorious interpreter (Christ.) And all the apostles, all godly consciences, and all who are not utterly unacquainted with the temptations of sin, and of Satan, know how great and firm a consolation it is against all the violent attacks of the devil, to be able to see Christ as our High Priest. Hence it is that Paul breaks forth into those great words, If God be for us, who can be against us! Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died ; yea, rather that is risen again ; who is even at the right hand of God; who also maketh intercession for us." Rom. viii. 31–34.

It is, therefore, of infinite benefit to the universal church of Christ, that the glorious things of this Psalm, the remission of sins, and the reconciliation of God toward us, which are brought in unto us by the priesthood of Christ, and which are infinite and eternal, are most carefully and most fully explained to as in the epistle to the Hebrews; and that such glorious doctrines of the truth concerning the priesthood of Christ are always present, and ready to our hands.


The Psalmist by his example inciteth others to praise God for his glorious

and gracious works.-The fear of God breedeth true wisdom.

Praise ye the LORD. I will praise the LORD with

my whole heart, in the assembly of the upright, and in the congregation.

The works of the LORD are great, sought out of all

them that have pleasure therein. His work is honourable and glorious ; and his

righteousness endureth for ever. He hath made his wonderful works to be remem

bered: the LORD is gracious and full of com

passion. He hath given meat unto them that fear him: he

will ever be mindful of his covenant. He hath shewed his people the power of his works,

that he may give them the heritage of the hea

then. The works of his hands are verity and judgment;

all his commandments are sure. They stand fast for ever and ever, and are done in

truth and uprightness. He sent redemption unto his people : he hath com

manded his covenant for ever : holy and reverend

is his name. The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom :

a good understanding have all they that do his commandments: his praise endureth for ever.

This is a Psalm of thanksgiving, and a song for the people of Israel, to be sung at the feast of the passover, or at the eating of the paschal Lamb. For by this short song the people were instructed to give thanks, and to magnify and praise God for those great and glorious works of his,- the leading them out of Egypt at the first; and also, for giving them a good and divine government, for the priesthood he established, for the law he gave them, and for appointing the preaching of his word; for their feasts and for their Sabbaths, for public peace and a good administration of the laws, and, in a word, for all bis

infinite mercies : all which I have more fully opened in my more extended commentary on this Psalm.


Godliness hath the promises of this life, and of the life to come.- The

prosperity of the godly shall be an eyesore to the wicked.

PRAISE ye the LORD. Blessed is the man that

feareth the LORD, that delighteth greatly in his

commandments. His seed shall be mighty upon earth : the genera

tion of the upright shall be blessed. Wealth and riches shall be in his house : and his

righteousness endureth for ever. Unto the upright there ariseth light in the dark

ness : he is gracious, and full of compassion,

and righteous. A good man sheweth favour, and lendeth : he will

guide his affairs with discretion. Surely he shall not be moved for ever : the right

eous shall be in everlasting remembrance. He shall not be afraid of evil tidings : his heart is

fixed, trusting in the LORD. His heart is established, he shall not be afraid,

until he see his desire upon his enemies. He hath dispersed, he hath given to the poor; his

righteousness endureth for ever; his horn shall

be exalted with honour. The wicked shall see it, and be grieved; he shall

gnash with his teeth, and melt away: the desire of the wicked shall perish.

This is a Psalm of consolation for those that fear God:

in which those that truly fear him are encouraged and praised in their Christian conversation : “ Blessed is the man that feareth the Lord,” saith the Psalmist. As if he had said, The people of God appear to them to be of all men the most miserable; and both their life and their doctrine are condemned by the world, and by those tongues which the devil raises up and uses for the work. All things in the saints make them appear to the world, as if they were left and forsaken, and deserted of God, and as if they, and their posterity, and all like them, must surely perish. And then again, their lives and conversations, (though they render most essential services, both to their nation and to the church, and though they conduct themselves blamelessly before God and man,) are, by the malice of the devil, represented as most abominable, and they themselves are looked upon as the contempt and off-scouring of the earth.

On the other hand, all hypocrites in the world are lauded as the saints of God. “But," as the wise man saith, “better is the little in the house of the righteous, than the great revenues of the wicked.” In the midst of all this false representation, however, the righteous, standing fast in all these their afllictions, and steadily trusting in God, are delivered and saved, and gain blessed consolation, while the wicked perish on every side. “To the upright,” saith the Psalmist, “there ariseth light in darkness.” Here, according to the general language of the scriptures, he calleth consolation, light; and temptation, dark


And, then, in the end of the Psalm, that noble and unsubdued steadiness of faith is greatly praised : which, in such mighty struggles, and in such agonizing conflicts, is yet unwearied and unyielding, resting in the promise of God; and wbich, though contending with such mighty waves, is yet enabled to sing with Paul, “ Thanks be unto God who always causeth us to triumph in Christ.” “He shall not be afraid of evil tidings,” saith the Psalmist, “his heart is fixed, trusting in the Lord : his heart is established, he shall not be afraid until he see his desire upon bis enemies.” verse 7, 8. For unless there were in us divine strength communicated by Christ, it would be impossible that we could stand against such numerous and mighty assaults of temptation.


An exhortation to praise God for his excellency,-for his mercy.

PRAISE ye the Lord. Praise, O ye servants of the

LORD, praise the name of the LORD. Blessed be the name of the LORD from this time

forth and for evermore. From the rising of the sun unto the going down

of the same the Lord's name is to be praised. The LORD is high above all nations, and his glory

above the heavens. Who is like unto the LORD our God, who dwelleth

on high, Who humbleth himself to behold the things that are

in heaven, and in the earth ! He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, and lifteth

the needy out of the dunghill; That he may set him with princes, even with the

princes of his people. He maketh the barren woman to keep house, and

to be a joyful mother of children. Praise ye the LORD.

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