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I will pay my vows unto the LORD now in the pre

sence of all his people, In the courts of the LORD's house, in the midst of

thee, O Jerusalem. Praise ye the LORD.

This is a Psalm of thanksgiving, in which the Psalmist renders thanks, after coming out of a most heavy trial, and again rejoices in God; praising God for having delivered him from the terrors of death, and from the pains of hell; for by such terms does he express those deep and heavy spiritual temptations, concerning wbich he had spoken before, Psalm vi., which are not known unto all. And the Psalmist complains also that he suffered all these things, and was thus overwhelmed and almost destroyed by these heavy trials, because of his confession of his faith and the truth of God before the world. “ I believed (saith he) and therefore have I spoken: ” but I am heavily afflicted for the word's sake. For all the saints confess and teach the righteousness of faith ; and, on the other hand, they expose and condemn all the righteousness, wisdom, and holiness of the world, and also all hypocrisy, and the outside form of godliness. And this the world will by no means whatever endure: they ever rage and roar against it: and they load the godly with every kind of affliction, because of their unsocial confession: and hence arise all those terrors without and those fears within, by which the church of Christ and the saints have ever been afflicted from the kingdom of the devil, in the midst of which their confession is made.

But amid all these great, and hard, and numerous afflictions of Satan and the world, the Psalmist has this firm consolation, that his work and cause are right before God; therefore he comforts and encourages himself by relying on the word of God, and stirs up and strengthens himself unto all confidence. “I will take (saith he) the cup of salvation, and call upon the name of the Lord.” As if he had said, If they drink my destruction from the cup of their fury, and hate and persecute me unto death ; what then? “I will take the cup of God's salvation and helping grace: that is (as if he had said), Supporting and strengthening my faith with the glad word of thy promise, as with strong and generous wine, I shall be filled with the Spirit, by drinking of that cup; and, by my continuing to preach and spread the word, I shall hold out the cups to others also, who confess with me the same truth, and preach the same word; that they also may draw the same consolation with me, out of the same most blessed word of the grace of God.

This (saith the Psalmist) is our case, and this is the way in which we drink of it and use it. We drink of it ourselves, and then we hold it out to others, and invite them to drink also ; and this is the true worship of God; and by this we laud and magnify his name. By this service we truly pay our vows unto God, namely, the vow of the first commandment, paid unto God by his people; for the greatest and highest vow of the first commandment is thisGod, the true, the living God, alone shall be our God : we will cleave unto him alone: him only will we adore; him only will we worship ; him only will we seek; on bim only will we call!

As, therefore, in many other Psalms, so also in this, you may see what is the true sacrifice of praise (of that praise which is wrought in the heart and in the spirit by the Holy Ghost, and is not lip-service only.) And in this Psalm you may also see that the true preaching of the word, and the true confession of the word, before the world, form the highest and most precious worship of God.


Anexhortation to praise God for his mercy and truth.

O PRAISE the LORD, all ye nations: praise him, all

ye people. For his merciful kindness is great toward us: and

the truth of the LORD endureth for ever. Praise ye the LORD.

This is a prophecy concerning Christ; that all peoples out of all kingdoms and islands, shall know Christ in his kingdom; that is, in his church ; in that kingdom where mercy and grace, and the remission of sins, and eternal life, and everlasting consolation, shall be preached against sin, death, the power of the devil, and all evil. This Psalm has been before explained in my more full commentary thereon.


An exhortation to praise God for his mercy.-The psalmist by his ex

perience sheweth how good it is trust in God.--Under the type of the psalmist, the coming of Christ in his kingdom is expressed.

O give•thanks unto the LORD; for he is good; be

cause his mercy'endureth for ever. Let Israel now say, that his mercy endureth for Let the house of Aaron now say, that his mercy


endureth for ever. Let them now that fear the LORD say, that his

mercy endureth for ever. I called upon the LORD in distress : the LORD an

swered me, and set me in a large place. The LORD is on my side; I will not fear: what

can man do unto me? The LORD taketh my part with them that help me:

therefore shall I see my desire upon them that

hate me. It is better to trust in the LORD, than to put conti

dence in man: It is better to trust in the LORD, than to put confi

dence in princes. All nations compassed me about: but in the name

of the LORD will I destroy them. They compassed me about; yea, they compassed

me about: but in the name of the LORD I will

destroy them. They compassed me about like bees; they are

quenched as the fire of thorns : for in the name

of the LORD I will destroy them. Thou hast thrust sore at me, that I might fall : but

the LORD helped me. The LORD is my strength and song, and is be

come my salvation. The voice of rejoicing and salvation is in the taber

nacles of the righteous: the right hand of the

LORD doeth valiantly. The right hand of the LORD is exalted; the right

hand of the LORD doeth valiantly. I shall not die, but live, and declare the works of

the LORD.

The LORD hath chastened me sore: but he hath

not given me over unto death. Open to me the gates of righteousness: I will go

in to them, and I will praise the Lord ; This gate of the LORD, into which the righteous

shall enter. I will praise thee; for thou hast heard me, and art

become my salvation. The stone which the builders refused is become the

head stone of the corner. This is the LORD's doing; it is marvellous in our

eyes. This is the day which the LORD hath made; we will rejoice and be glad in it.

I beseech thee, O LORD: 0 LORD, I beseech thee, send now prosperity. Blessed be he that cometh in the name of the

LORD : we have blessed you out of the house of

the LORD, God is the LORD, wbich bath shewed us light: bind

the sacrifice with cords, even unto the horns of

the altar. Thou art my God, and I will praise thee; thou art

my God, I will exalt thee. O give thanks unto the LORD; for he is good : for

his mercy endureth for ever.

Save now,

This is also a Psalm of thanksgiving. This Psalm, “O give thanks unto the Lord,” which I so much love and admire, is the one which I, in particular, call the golden Psalm; and is the Psalm which has often revived and comforted me in my temptations.

The Psalmist gives thanks, and at the same time utters forth a prophecy concerning Christ, who by his suffering entered into glory; who is that stone

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