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God) and dare not trust it without the interposition of those persons ; concerning whom they are taught, “ Such men may really be considered in the high* 66 character of mediators and intercessors between God ." and men : They bring down divine blessings, and " avert divine judgments : They engage the favour “ of the Deity, and they assuage his displeasure.” Hence the godly man ceaseth to be looked upon as the one God, and one Mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.
This veneration for great names among men, also leads to a regard for their authority in matters of religion, both as to faith and practice. So that their opinion or practice will powerfully influence, when the written word has no place—which was prophesied of Haiah xxix. 13. o their fear towards me is taught by the precepts of men." So the godly man ceaseth to be looked upon as the just one that ruleth in the fear of God. When we fee to what length these things have been carried in the church of Rome, it shews the fulfilment of 2d of Thessalonians ii. 3, 4" and that man ofsin be revealed, the son of perdition : Who
opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God; fo that he as God siteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God.”. And when we see the great fondness for these things among those called protestant reformed churches, it brings to mind Rev. xviii. 3,
ALL NATIONs have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her fornication." What elfe but this intoxication could cause a society to desire the printing of such language as has been described ? What else-excites the fondness in the Clergy of all denominations for that title given to Christ in Pfalm exii. 9? which Pfalm connected with the foregoing, shews, that after the con
* This doctrine may be seen in a discourse occasioned by the death of Mr. Samuel Checkley, "published by the desire of the society, called, "the New South Church of Christ in Boston," See page 8, &c. and the title page.
templation of Christ's ascension, and fitting at the Fai ther's right hand, and the glorious fruits thereof, the church breaks forth into Hallelujah, verse 1. in the contemplation of that honourable and glorious work. which shews his righteousness endureth for ever, verse 3. and in that memorial he has fixed whereby his marvellous work should be made to be remembered, verse 4. probably alluding to the first day of the week, and the disciples meeting together to break bread thereupon, which they were to do in remembrance of him which leads them to fay; “ the Lord is gracious and full of compassion: He hath given meat (or a prey, as in the margin) to them that fear him,” verse 5: namely, the fruit of his conquest and victory, in which they share with him." He sent redemption unto his people, he hath commanded his covenant for ever : HOLY and REVEREND is His NAME,” verse g.
When we behold this title thus given to Christ in such a shout of praise, what other cause than the intoxication before mentioned, can be assigned for the fondness of the Clergy of all denominations to compliment one another therewith ? as may be feen in the enormous bulk of ordination fermons that are extant; so that you can scarce cast your eye over any common book-shelf, but you may find more or less of them ; though no fcrip of such a sermon is to be found preserved in the New Testament, at the ordination of the elders of the first churches. These ordination fermons are full of evidence of the fondness of these men thus to compliment one another.
The tokens of their expecting that respect, being hung out on the upper border of their garments, to be especially observed, when compared with Matthew xxii. 5. make them look, as like the difciples of the ancient Pharisees, as modern and ancient can be expected to resemble each other. The difference is,
that the Pharisees had a precept for wearing their - phylacteries in common with the other Jews. See
tj Nümbers **. go to 41. But out clergy have none. The fotmter were only reprehended for making them Broad; and- enlarging them to ferve the purposes of feeding their pride which were enjoined on them for this exprefs reafon z that ye may look upon it, and temnémber all the cofthandments of the Lord to do them. But there can be weither precept nor exam plez that I know of; found in the New Testament for the modern pra&ice: Thall particularly Feinină you of what is annexed to the sermon preached at the last ordination at the Old South Church in Boiton ; to wit, a catalogue of the ministers of that church from its beginning. It is introduced with, the holy Thatcher ;-while the Reverend is prefixed to his own name whoproduced the catalogte:
I have been informed by one of the minifters of that church, that when the general assembly recommended to the churthes of New England, 'the baptism of the children of foben, well difpofed people, who were not of the eluteh; upon their owning the covenant, one of the churches in Bolton Atood againft it for several years, whereupont Hümbers being diffàtisfied, with dhe w., and collected together, and chose Men Thatcher for their ministetz, who at first baptised almof whole families upon their parents owning the covenantı, 9. But what was it bis:covenant ! Aing that we have any itination of in the fcriptores 'of the New Testament,
was enjoined upon or practifed by the first difci ples : To them! CHRisT was given for a covenant of the people, according to the prophecy of Ilaiala xlii ho and a selix : So when any were brought to the kifowledge of him, of to believe that Jesus was the Chrid, they worshipped him as theirs Loidiyield ing #nfeigned referred obedience a tige Kist & declared vgill without hesitation Without which there ean be me evidende of knowing His Names Fatah liv, 603: ck "Thereföre my people shall know my name...therefore they fhall know in that day, that I an he that sloth-fpeak;
behold, it is I.". Thus is HE the covenant of ibe people, the leader and commander to the people. And all other covenants that can confift with ignorance of him, and disobedience to him, look like covenants with death, and agreement with hell, according to Isaiah xxviii. 15. which shall be disannulled, and shall not stand, when the overflowing fcourge fhall pafs through, they shall be trodden down by it, perse 18.-Was it for Mr. Thatcher's influence in establishing such a covenant, that he is so long after called, the. HOLY
THİTCHER?? Certainly when such covenants prem yail, the godly man ceaseth to be known as the coyen nant of the people*.
11:1. 218Gout smi w Thus
1.All religious covenants devised by the wifdom of 'mén, feem calculated to make a national religion, must like an unwarranzable imitation of the co-> venant that. God made with ancient Ifrae! when he took them out of the land of Egypt, Exodus xix. 5; 6. " if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye ihall be a peculiar tteafare unto me abovei all people ; for all the earth is mine. And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of prielts, and an holy nation.” Which covenant they brake, though God made it with them, and was an husband unto them. Much less then thalt any covenant be kept, or approved of, or be of any advantage, that he maketh not, and is not concerned in. If we consult Jeremiah xxxi. 3! 32, 33, 34. Hebrews viii. 6. to the end, and chap. x, iz to the 18th, and Isaiah lix. 2 brand Romans xi. 27. we shall find that she covenant which God
NEW covenant that wblong to the
their fins," was not covenans hd made with the Ifraelitès when he took them out of the land of Egypt, “ BECAUSE they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, the Lord.". This new covenant then was to be made when he thould take away their finsbe merciful to their unrighteoofness, and their sins and iniquities remember no more," which has direct respectare that one offering of the great High Priest of the Chriftian profesion, which when he had offered, he forever sat down on the right hand of God, as hav. ing; fipished his works which perfecta for ever them that are fan@lified. Now where there is full remission, and no more offering for fin where the digoiz By of this person and facrifice is made manifeft; it is understood how he will be thejthod, and they fhall be bis people, the hanifestation of this cong by divine teacbipgthey shall teach no more every man Hir neighboor and brother, faying, know the Lord; for all thall know me, from the Jeaftol men unto the greatell of the Vaith Me Lofpfi for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their min ne moron:Those sbarkhows him, as they are led to find an alllufficiency in his one facrifice so take away fin, and forgive Boldness to enter Unto the holieft by the Blood bf Jelos fo they know the dignity of his person, dad, his authority in his wordlan Diwa
Thus we fee how Pfalm xii. 1. may be understood of Jesus Chrift; and helps to illustrate the thoughi, that wherever the godly man, the upright män, &c.
in the fingular number, is spoken of in the Psalms, Jesus Christ is intended. And we see how he may be said to cease in consistency with Psalm lxxii. 17. "his name shall endure for ever; his name shall be as a Son to continue his Father's name for ever. (as the bible margin sheivs the Hebrew signifies.) For when Ezekiel had a vision of God, he says, chap. i. verse 26. " and upon the likeness of the throne was the likeness as the appearance of a man above upon it, (versé 28.). This was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the LORD,”-Agreeable to Collossians i. 18:—" who is the image of the invisible God. chap. ii. verse 9. for in him dwelleth all the fulness of the godhead' bodily.” Ie is called, James iii-1.“ the Lord Jesus, the glory" (as it is said the words are literally rendered) agreeable to Psalm xix, i." the heaven's declare the glory to be God.” Psalm xxix. 3. “God the glory thundereth,”—even HE E 2
will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them.'l So they have no ear to pay to what any one would teach them of laws and covenants that obtain by the precepts or doctrines or traditions of men. Their whole. attention is to his will manifested io his word, as those that understand Isaiah lix. 21. “ As for me, this is my covenant with them, faith the Lord, my spirit that is upon thee, and my words that I have put in thy mouth, hall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy feeds seed, faith, the Lord, from henceforth and for ever. And Psalm cxi. “ He sent redemption unta his people, he hath commanded his covenant for ever." Which fhèws the new covenant to be better than the old was, as being established upon bert ter promises, Christ Jesus being the mediator of it, as alope worthy to be entrusted with it.
I am aware ic may be said, that I have spoken of the law being put into the heart after speaking of the knowledge of God, and the forgiving of iniquities, and remembering fins no more, whereas it is spoken of first in the texts in Jeremiah and Hebrews. To which I answer, that in the texts the latter is brought in as the ground and reason of the former." I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts. For they shall all know me-BOR I will forgive their iniquities, &c. -For I will be merciful to their pnrighteousness, and their fins and iniquities will I remembes am more.