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God) and dare not trust it without the interposition of those perfons ; concerning whom they are taught, " Such men may really be considered in the high* 66 character of mediators and intercessors between God .66 and men : They bring down divine blessings, and 6 avert divine judgments : They engage the favour Cc of the Deity, and they alluage his displeasure.Hence the godly man ceaseth to be looked upon as the one God, and one Mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.

This veneration for great names among men, also leads to a regard for their authority in matters of religion, both as to faith and practice. So that their opinion or practice will powerfully influence, when the written word has no place—which was prophesied of Haiah xxix. 13. “ their fear towards me is taught by the precepts of men." So the godly man ceaseth to be looked upon as the just one that ruleth in the fear of God. When we fee to what length these things have been carried in the church of Rome, it shews the fulfilment of 2d of Thessalonians ii. 3, 4-" and that, . man offin be revealed, the son of perdition : Who op- * poseth and exalteth himself above all that is called God; so that he as God fiteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God." And when we see the great fondness for these things among those called protestant reformed churches, it brings to mind Rev. xviii. 3. 16 ALL NATIONS have drunk of the wine of the wrath

of her fornication." What else but this intoxication · could cause a society to desire the printing of such lan; . guage as has been described ? What else-excites the

fondness in the Clergy of all denominations for that title given to Christ in Pfalm exii. 9? which Pfalm connected with the foregoing, shews, that after the con

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* This doctrine may be seen in a discourse occasioned by the death of Mr. Samuel Checkley, "published by the desire of the society, called, " the New South Church of Christ in Boston,” See page 8, &c. and the title page.

templation of Christ's ascension, and fitting at the Fat ther's right hand, and the glorious fruits thereof, the church breaks forth into Hallelujah, verse 1. in the contemplation of that honourable and glorious work. which shews his righteousness endureth for ever, verse 3. and in that memorial he has fixed whereby his mar. vellous work should be made to be remembered, verse 4. probably alluding to the first day of the week, and the disciples meeting together to break bread thereupon, which they were to do in remembrance of him which leads them to say, " the Lord is gracious and full of compassion: He hath given meat (or a prey; as in the margin) to them that fear him," verse 5. namely, the fruit of his conquest and victory, in whicho they share with him." He sent redemption unto his people, he hath commanded his covenant for ever : Holy and REVEREND is HIS NAME,'' verse g..

When we behold this title thus given to Christ in such a shout of praise, what other cause than the in toxication before mentioned, can be assigned for the fondness of the Clergy of all denominations to compliment one another therewith ? as may be feen in the

enormous bulk of ordination sermons that are extant; • fo that you can scarce cast your eye over any common

book-shelf, but you may find more or less of them though no fcrip of such a sermon is to be found preserved in the New Testament, at the ordination of the elders of the first churches. These ordination sermons are full of evidence of the fondness of these men thus to compliment one another.

The tokens of their expecting that respect, being hung out on the upper border of their garments, to be especially observed, when compared with Matthew xxiii. 5. make them look, as like the difciples of the ancient Pharisees, as modern and ancient can be expected to resemble each other. The difference is, that the Pharisees had a precept for wearing their - phylacteries in common with the other. Jews. See

Num.

Númlet's ***. jg to 41. But out clergy have none. The former were only reprehended for making their broad; and enlarging them to serve the purposes of feeding their pride which were enjoined on them for this exprefs Feafon; that ye may look upon it, and temember all the commandments of the Lord' to do them. *. But there can be feither precept nor exam ples that i know of; fotfid in the New Testament for the moderni pradice:)., winne

.

4 Thall pafticularly terhind you of what is annexed to the sermon preached at the last ordination at the Old South Church in Boston to wit, a catalogue of the ministers of that church from its beginning. It is introduced with; the holy Thatcher; while the Reverend is pretixed to his owo name whøproduced the catalogtre?

I have been informed by one of the ministers of that church, that when the general assembly 'tecommended to the churthes of New England, 'the baptifm of the children of foben, well difpofed people, who were not of the eluteh, upori their owning the covenant, one of the churches in Bofton Itood against it for several pears is whereupott sümbers being diffatisfred, withs dhew, and collected fagetket, and chose Men Thatcher for their miniftet; who at first baptised almof whole ratinitie's upon their parents owning the covenantes 4. But what was it bis covenant ? Any that we have any irtination of it the fcriptures of the New Testament, that was enjoined upon of practifed by the first difcim ples -To them C#*** **given for a covenant of the people aceofding to the prophecy of Iraiali xlii.

oanh ngelix = 182.)So when any were broughe to the kifowledge of him, of to believe that Jelus was the Chrif they worshipped him as theirs Lord yield ingin feighed; wrefetted: obedience to His tered Will without helita tions Without which there ean be ins ewidende of knowing his name Malah liv, 669 inThere

føre my people shall kilaw, my name is therefore they · Thall know in that day, that I am ht that sloth. fpeak;

behold,

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behold, it is 1." -Thus is HE the covenant of the people, the leader and commander to the people. And all other covenants that can conlist with ignorance of him, and disobedience to him, look like..covenants with death, and agreement with hell, according to Isaiah xxviii. 15. which shall be difannulled, and shall not stand, when the overflowing fcourge fhall pafs through, they shall be trodden down by iť, verse. 18-Was it for Mr. Thatcher's influence in establishing such a covenant, that he is fy long after called, the HOLY THATCHER !!Certainly when such covenants pres jail, the godly man ceafeth to be known as the coyer nant of the people

sit: 3., a ich ta ' 13.9. ..

tiho Thus

All religious covenants devised by the wifdom of men, Teem cálculated to make a national religion, must like an unwarrantable imisation of the covenant that. God made with ancient Ifrael when he took them out of the land of Egypt, Exodus xix. 576. “ if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then' ye ihall be a peculiar theafare unto me abovel all people ; for all the earth is mine, And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of prieltsand an holy nation.". Which covenant they'brake, though, God made it with them, and was an husband unto them. Much less then thal? any covenant bę kept, or approved of, or be of any advantage, that he maketh not, and is not concerned in. If we consuli Jeremiah xxxi. 3!, 32, 33, 34. Hebrews viii. 6. to the end, and chap. x, 12 to the 18th, and Isaiah lix. 2 brand Romans xi. 27. we shall find that the covenant which God. would make after those days, or she new covenant, or that, wbich he callsa “' my covenant when I thall take away their fins," was not according to the covenans ho made with the Ifraelites when he took them out of the land of Egypt, BECAUSE, they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them mot, faith the Lord." This new covenant then was to be made whep hchhould take away their fins ble merciful to their unrighteoofness, and their fins and iniquities remember no more,” which has direct respectarea that one offcring of the great High Priest of the Chriftian profession, which whien be had offered, 'he forever Yat down on the right hand of God, as hav. ing fipished his works which perfects for ever them that are fandified. Now where there is full remission, and no more offering for fin, where the digoid fyre of this perfon and facrifice is made manifeit; it is underfood how he will be thej god) andothey shall beibás people in the Manikkation of this come by divine; teachipg; "they fhalf each po more evety man his neighi. boor and brother,' faying, know the Lord; for all fhall know me, from the leaft of them witorike greatest of them) vaithi thé Eorp for I will forgite? their imiquity, and I will ephember their hin ne meron Those shat knows him, as they are led to find an all'ufficiency in his one facrifice to take away finland forgive? Boldness to enter into the holiest by the Blood bf Jelos fo they know this dignity of this person, ded, his authority in his wordless

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will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them.'l So they have no ear to pay to what any one would teach them of law's and covenants that obtain by the precepts or doctrines or traditions of men. Their whole attention is to his will manifested in his word, as those that understand Isaiah lix. 21. “ As for me, this is my covenant with them, faith the Lord, my spirit that is upon thee, and my words that I have put in thy mouth, fhall not depart out of thy 'mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor qut of the mouth of thy feeds feed, faith, the Lord, from henceforth and for ever." And Pfalm cxi. 9. “ He sent redemption unta his people, he hath commanded his covenant for ever." Which shews the new covenant to be better than the old was, as being established upon beta ter promises, Christ Jesus being the mediator of it, as alope worthy to be entrusted with it.

I am aware it may be faid, that I have spoken of the law being put into the heart after speaking of the knowledge of God, and the forgiving of inie quities; and temembering fins no more, whereas it is froken of first in the texts in Jeremiah and Hebrews. To which I answer, that in the texts the latter is brought in as the ground and reason of the former. ' " I will put my law in their inward ‘parts, and write it in their hearts. For they shall all know me-BOR I will forgive their iniquities, &cx-For I will be merciful to their pnrighteousness, and their fins and iniquities will I remembes no morc.,

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